Space expansion is a cosmological phenomenon wherein the proper distance between two spatial points for a given inertial reference frame increases from one moment of time to another. That is, space itself expands; the added distance is not due to relative motion of points or objects.

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Expanding universe and the peculiar velocity

Hubble's law states that the universe is expanding with a velocity equals Hubble's constant*distance from earth. But, recent findings show that the Andromeda galaxy is actually blueshifting towards us ...
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159 views

Faster than light galaxies/clusters?

A few years ago in an astronomy course, we calculated some (transverse?) velocity of a moving object and got super luminal results. The answer was apparent and not physical velocity of the object. ...
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51 views

How to apply equations to figure out how Hubble's constant affects the speed of light?

For my thought experiment, I will create my very own infinite expanding universe similar to our own assuming current cosmological theories are correct, except for a couple things: $$\text{(Hubble's ...
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132 views

Is it possible to detect if everyting in the Universe is changing size?

This may be a trivial question, but I cannot find a good answer to it. What would happen if the size of everything in the Universe is multiplied by some constant factor at the same time, let's say ...
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208 views

What is the meaning of the “expansion of space”?

When we say that "the space between galaxies is expanding," what do we really mean? For instance, if I think of space as being a Cartesian grid, then when space expands should I think of it as adding ...
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119 views

Are atoms getting weaker? [duplicate]

If the universe is expanding, it would make sense that the spaces between particles are getting bigger. If this is so, then the particles which make up atoms are also affected. Does that imply the ...
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99 views

Information content of the expanding Universe

As I understand, in physics, 'information' is closely tied to thermodynamic entropy. Does this relationship imply that if the Universe expands and ends in 'heat death' (maximum entropy?) that it ...
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1answer
61 views

Speed of light's relation with the expansion of the universe [duplicate]

If nothing can travel at the speed of light and light cannot escape the universe, then the rate of expansion of the universe should be equal to the speed of light, why it is not?
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163 views

Can the Cosmological Constant explain an accelerated expansion?

From what I've learned so far, it appears that all models that attempt to explain the expansion of the universe are either based on Lambda-CDM or quintessence. The former support a big bang with ...
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Is the Hubble parameter affected by 'peculiar velocity'?

Are there any direct observations showing the effect of peculiar velocity on the Hubble parameter. If the Hubble parameter is measured in the direction of our motion caused by our rotation in the ...
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193 views

What is the equation for the scale factor of the universe, a(t), for the best fit of data to the $\Lambda CDM$ Model of Cosmology?

Ideally I like a single formula or multiple formulas for different time ranges that would cover the time from the end of inflation through 100+ billion years after the big bang using the $\Lambda ...
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1answer
186 views

Equation for Hubble Value as a function of time

I am trying to write the equation for the situation where the Hubble parameter $H$ would be changing over time. In other words, it would represent an accelerated expansion of the Universe. That is, ...
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23 views

Inflation of universe and Information stored therein

In an inflationary model of our universe, the space-time expands within a finite boundary. Some other models are also proposed where the universe is not explained to have been expanding rather the ...
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77 views

Will a space traveller slow down due to space expansion?

Photons of relic radiation loose their energy as they propagate through space. Will a space traveler loose their peculiar velocity as he travels through vast distances? Will he stop somewhere or still ...
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108 views

If the universe can expand at a speed faster than that of light, why don't we feel the effect? [closed]

the universe, as I have read, is capable of inflating at a speed faster than that of light! How is that even possible if we don't feel the effect? or does it affect us?
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1answer
121 views

Metric expansion of space - past, present and future

Scientists say that out universe is expanding faster and faster. This was detected via the red-shift effect. Farther galaxies are moving from us faster than those that are more closely. But how can ...
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2answers
566 views

Is there a center of the Universe if the Universe is finite?

Ok, let me make myself clear. I saw all the other questions related to the question, but none of them actually asks the question the way I would put it and therefore no one answers it the way I want ...
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47 views

A true vacuum bubble will expand slower than our universe expansion rate?

Why our universe is supposed to expand faster than light beyond the Hubble limit while a bubble nucleation of true vacuum is supposed tho expand asymptotically to the speed of light ?
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Does the radius of the Universe correspond to its total entropy?

I heard a claim that due to holographic principle, the surface area of the cosmic horizon corresponds to the universe's total entropy. As such the initial state had zero surface area and later ...
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262 views

The universe is expanding but why the galaxies have no motion?

It is said that the universe is expanding and the galaxies are moving apart. I understand that the space between every two galaxies is increasing. Doesn't this seem to imply that the galaxies will ...
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177 views

Metric Expansion Of Space

I just do not understand this concept of metric expansion of space. Shouldn't the galaxies move away from each other. How can the space between them expand if the galaxies are not moving away from ...
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How is it possible the universe expanded faster than the speed of light during inflation?

In a documentary written in collaboration with Stephen Hawking, the narrator (supposedly Stephen Hawkings) says that by the time the cosmos was 10 minutes old, it had already expanded thousands of ...
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45 views

Cosmological and gravitational redshift in physics

I am interested in knowing what are the differences between gravitational and cosmological redshifts?
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8answers
615 views

As the universe ages, will we see more stars or less?

After a very long time will we see more stars (due to the fact that more light is get to us) or less stars (as the universe expends and light have to pass larger distance)? In general, can stellar ...
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Are high redshift masses corrected for relativistic mass dilation? They would appear more massive right?

A distant quasar would be less massive in its frame of reference than our observations would suggest. Are such highly red-shifted objects corrected for relativistic mass dilation?
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The influence of the expanding universe on the wave function

I was puzzled by a question on a physics fora about a possible connection between the expansion of the universe and the wave function. So, a photon's red shift tells us something about the expansion, ...
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166 views

Goodwins “proof” and space time

I read about Goodwin's "proof" that $\pi = 3.20$, it's BS and I know that. What I am wondering is whether his technique may have stumbled on something ( a warped space) years before Einstein. So I ...
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227 views

Will entropy continue to increase even if the universe begins to contract?

If the universe is heading for a big crunch, when the universe starts to collapse will entropy decrease and the arrow of time consequently reverse or not? I'm interested in the explanations, not just ...
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392 views

Does time expand with space? (or contract)

Einstein's big revelation was that time and space are inseparable components of the same fabric. Physical observation tells us that distant galaxies are moving away from us at an accelerated rate, and ...
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60 views

Will the Hubble constant reach zero asymptotically in the far future?

In the current accelerated expansion universe model will the Hubble constant reach zero asymptotically in the far future?
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75 views

What's the timescale until the Medium Crunch?

The future of the universe seems to be: clusters of galaxies drift apart due to space expansion until they all pass out of each other's cosmic event horizon. Gravitationally bound clusters overcome ...
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Does space expansion imply light will *never* reach objects currently distant enough?

Let's say two objects are at about twice the Hubble Distance from each other. One of them emits light towards the other. When light emitted from one reaches the Hubble Distance from its origin ...
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112 views

Quantum fluctuations and expanding universe

As far as I understand, Hawking radiation is formed at the edge of a black hole, when a particle/anti particle pair is formed and one of the particles falls into the black hole before the particles ...
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1answer
233 views

What limits range of gravitational attraction concerning space expansion?

Wikipedia says: Metric expansion is a key feature of Big Bang cosmology and is modeled mathematically with the FLRW metric. This model is valid in the present era only on large scales (roughly ...
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157 views

Variance in speed of light

While discussing this question (Does light have an unending journey?) I stumbled on the fact that light's speed is constant only in inertial frame. What I happened to do was add up the expansion of ...
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How distant is the origin of oldest space radiation reaching us?

A comment to my question straightens out a misconception. That places the furthest theoretically observable edge of universe at 13.798 bln light years away - this is how long light would take to ...
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Is the 74.2km/sec per megaparsec accidental? [duplicate]

The rate of expansion of the universe is 74.2km/sec per megaparsec The age of the universe is 13.798 bln years That places the furthest theoretically observable edge of universe at 13.798 bln light ...
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41 views

Calculate age of the Universe at 7 billion and 28 billion years old [duplicate]

If $1 / H_0 $ is about 14 billion years, then what happened when the universe was half its current age? Is the empirically determined $H_0$ supposed to have been twice its current value? And when ...
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295 views

Expansion of the Universe: Conversion of gravitational potential energy to kinetic energy?

Suppose there is an object floating in space which over time begins to fall toward the source of a gravitational field. As it falls, its motion happens to be such that it gets locked in orbit around ...
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Big Bang, What is wrong with such thinking? [closed]

Also if I think the Expanding of Universe like this: At the Start : The Amount of Matter and Anti-Matter is equal and they annihilate and all we had is Large Amount of energy. But some 'X' Thing, ...
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72 views

Trapping Light in a shell

I was curious about this. Is it theoretically (mathematically) possible to create a shell such that when a photon 'hits' the shell, the spacetime at the shell surface is such that the photon travels ...
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390 views

Is “A Brief History of Time” still up to date?

I have recently found my copy of Hawkings' A Brief History of Time which I have never finished. This time I'm determined to read it all the way through. However, the book is now almost 25 years old. ...
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Red Shift and Light Speed

I read several questions/answers about red shift on this web site, but there is something I still don't understand. Why is red-shift considered to be the effect of expanding space-time, why it could ...
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1answer
83 views

How does pressure relate to cosmological expansion?

In my cosmology class, we've been talking about pressure in the Friedmann Equation for acceleration: $$ \frac{\ddot{a}}{a}=-\frac{4 \pi G}{3} \left(\rho+\frac{3p}{c^2} \right) $$ In particular, I've ...
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Does the black hole only increase?

I don't understand this: The more mass a Black Hole has, the more gravity it create! The more gravity it has, the more mass it can get! With this lines, someday, all the universe will be a black ...
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3answers
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What happened to high temperatures in the universe?

We know that after the big bang the temperature was about 10^32 K. But now the average temperature of the universe is about 4 K. What happened to the temperature at that time? Where did it go?
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What is the universe expanding into? [duplicate]

Due to curiosity, it made me wonder what is outside of the universe, is it a new chemical or just empty space? But empty space have protons appearing and disappearing in it, it basically still has ...
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87 views

The speed of light through space and its effects on black holes

I was curious about a couple of things that don't quite make sense to me: (and probably won't when I get the technical answer, but I'll ask it anywise.) When light travels through space, is its ...
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2answers
182 views

What are the relativistic effects of expanding spacetime?

This is a question I've been mulling over for a while and I'm hoping someone here can point me in the right direction. Sorry if it's a bit of a novice question. For the record, I don't fully know GR, ...
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How fast is a true vacuum bubble going to expand?

If a true vacuum bubble will occur in our universe, how fast is it going to expand?