Does the universe expansion theory take into account that light emitted by massive stars is red-shifted?
I have recently noticed this answer to a Physics.SE question, if a star is not a black hole, light shone upwards will escape the star's gravitational field, although light is red-shifted in doing ...
As I understand it, CMB (cosmic microwave background) is the radiation emitted when matter decoupled at the early stages of the big bang. The thing I don't understand is do all stars emit this kind of ...
I was thinking that maybe photons loss energy naturally when they travel great distances. Or maybe the mass of all matter is increasing over time and therefore photons emitted in the past are ...
I am interested in knowing what are the differences between gravitational and cosmological redshifts?
Following Edwin Hubble, it is widely believed that the universe is expanding, which is based on the red-shift of light from distant objects. Can dark matter cause light to be red-shifted and make it ...
Distant galaxies are said to be moving away from the Milky Way (and us) at speeds approaching the speed of light. Since Special Relativity tells us that any object moving away from us at a velocity of ...
I reformulate the question a little bit because I feel that I was misunderstood. There are cosmic observations that tell us the universe seems to expand. It also seems to expand always faster ...
If we know the universe is expanding in whatever direction we look, can't we reasonably estimate where the 'center' of the Universe is? Is the rate of expansions in all directions the same?