3
votes
2answers
100 views

How does the gravity well change as space expands? [duplicate]

How does the gravity well change as space expands? If we assume that the Earth's gravitational field curves flat space to create a gravity well then how does the gravity well change as space expands ...
3
votes
3answers
81 views

Does or should the metric expansion of space imply a locally observable increase in kinetic energy?

The title is the question. Here's why it seems like local kinetic energy should increase: Numerous questions and answers here and elsewhere suggest that the reason the metric expansion of space is ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

How far can something travel in a straight line?

Suppose you have an object some distance from you and moving at a velocity different to the Hubble velocity you'd expect at that point. How does the motion of this object change with time? Does it ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Conservation in space-time curvature

Pardon this possibly naive question. I'm starting to poke around in the topic of General Relativity (as soon as I can pull myself back up out of the vortex of underlying mathematics that I've gotten ...
-2
votes
0answers
34 views

Can you explain the rationale of FLRW cosmology and the expansion of space? [duplicate]

I have read here and there about Friedman equations and that they interpret/simplify GR cosmology. The main idea is that mass curves spacetime, then there are the stress/energy tensor and the density ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Calculating Hubble's constant at earlier times [duplicate]

I want to calculate Hubble's constant at some redshift $z$. I have found the following formula: $$H^2=H_0^2\left(\Omega_m\left(1+z\right)^3+\Omega_{\Lambda}\right)$$ Now it's obvious that at higher ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Maybe photon energy is constant as the Universe expands?

This is a question following on from my previous post Time-like Killing vector in FRW metric? For simplicity I take the spatially flat FRW metric in cartesian co-ordinates given by: $$ds^2 = -dt^2 + ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Measuring proper distance using a light beam

I wonder if someone can help me with the following problem. I send a light beam to a distant galaxy which then bounces back to me. I measure the travel time of the lightbeam using say a light clock ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Does a hydrogen atom today have same mass as a hydrogen atom in the future?

Does an atom of hydrogen today have the same rest mass energy as an atom of hydrogen a billion years in the future? Standard cosmology seems to tacitly make this assumption. But surely one can only ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Time-like Killing vector in FRW metric?

The spatially flat FRW metric in cartesian co-ordinates is given by: $$ds^2 = -dt^2 + a^2(t)(dx^2 + dy^2 + dz^2)$$ As I understand it there are Killing vectors in the $x$, $y$, $z$ directions implying ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Time slowing down vs. universe expanding

Einstein said that it is impossible to distinguish between the effect of gravity and acceleration (so if you stand in an accelerating elevator in space it would not feel any different than if you were ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Is the cosmological redshift caused by the Planck mass increasing?

The standard explanation for the cosmological redshift is that photons emitted from far away galaxies have their wavelengths lengthened as they travel through the expanding Universe. But perhaps the ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Modified gravity and dark energy

Is there a model of modified gravity that either was close to or have succeeded in modelling the problem of dark energy, and suffers from no instabilities and explains the observational data. Also has ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Metric to describe an expanding spacetime from coordinates reflecting the perspective of a local observer

The FLRW metric describes the metric expansion of spacetime from the perspective of comoving coordinates. Given the way this metric is usually formulated, comoving distances stay constant, and the ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Direction of expansion of the universe

From what I understand the expansion of the universe has no "center". If we're flying through space away from the "center of the big bang", there's basically no way to tell. Every two given points in ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How is the scale factor from the FLRW equation used with Volume?

I'm trying to put a spreadsheet together that shows the co-moving volume of the universe from the time soon after the Big Bang through the present and then as predicted into the future. I am pretty ...
0
votes
3answers
172 views

Space and the size of infinity [duplicate]

If you could build a spaceship and keep travelling in one direction, what would finally happen? One answer is that you would never ever reach the end. But this sounds purely platonic space and comes ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Twin paradox on a cosmic scale

I am referring to yet another version as the classical twin paradox. In my version the moving apart of the twins is entirely induced by space expansion between them and they move apart each other at ...
5
votes
2answers
191 views

What is the meaning of the “expansion of space”?

When we say that "the space between galaxies is expanding," what do we really mean? For instance, if I think of space as being a Cartesian grid, then when space expands should I think of it as adding ...
-1
votes
3answers
161 views

Can the Cosmological Constant explain an accelerated expansion?

From what I've learned so far, it appears that all models that attempt to explain the expansion of the universe are either based on Lambda-CDM or quintessence. The former support a big bang with ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

What is the equation for the scale factor of the universe, a(t), for the best fit of data to the $\Lambda CDM$ Model of Cosmology?

Ideally I like a single formula or multiple formulas for different time ranges that would cover the time from the end of inflation through 100+ billion years after the big bang using the $\Lambda ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Equation for Hubble Value as a function of time

I am trying to write the equation for the situation where the Hubble parameter $H$ would be changing over time. In other words, it would represent an accelerated expansion of the Universe. That is, ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Will a space traveller slow down due to space expansion?

Photons of relic radiation loose their energy as they propagate through space. Will a space traveler loose their peculiar velocity as he travels through vast distances? Will he stop somewhere or still ...
1
vote
4answers
258 views

The universe is expanding but why the galaxies have no motion?

It is said that the universe is expanding and the galaxies are moving apart. I understand that the space between every two galaxies is increasing. Doesn't this seem to imply that the galaxies will ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Metric Expansion Of Space

I just do not understand this concept of metric expansion of space. Shouldn't the galaxies move away from each other. How can the space between them expand if the galaxies are not moving away from ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Are high redshift masses corrected for relativistic mass dilation? They would appear more massive right?

A distant quasar would be less massive in its frame of reference than our observations would suggest. Are such highly red-shifted objects corrected for relativistic mass dilation?
2
votes
1answer
375 views

Does time expand with space? (or contract)

Einstein's big revelation was that time and space are inseparable components of the same fabric. Physical observation tells us that distant galaxies are moving away from us at an accelerated rate, and ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Variance in speed of light

While discussing this question (Does light have an unending journey?) I stumbled on the fact that light's speed is constant only in inertial frame. What I happened to do was add up the expansion of ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Trapping Light in a shell

I was curious about this. Is it theoretically (mathematically) possible to create a shell such that when a photon 'hits' the shell, the spacetime at the shell surface is such that the photon travels ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

What are the relativistic effects of expanding spacetime?

This is a question I've been mulling over for a while and I'm hoping someone here can point me in the right direction. Sorry if it's a bit of a novice question. For the record, I don't fully know GR, ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Fulvio Melia's linear Universe

I would be interested in what people think of Fulvio Melia's argument for a linearly expanding Universe. I realize that the experimental evidence seems to be pointing to an accelerating Universe ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Red shift and the expanding universe

Given that the universe is expanding because space itself is expanding, is that expansion occuring in all places and on all scales? Consider a photon emitted from a source billions of years ago. As it ...
3
votes
3answers
168 views

What would be the effect on gravity if space expanded at > $c$?

If space were to expand at > $c$ (as in inflation) would that mean gravity would no longer have any effect on the curvature of space, since gravity can only propagate at $c$?
4
votes
4answers
229 views

Basic Question About General Relativity?

I'm a layman that loves Physics. I'm also horrible at math. Having said that I have many, many questions in regards to physics and General Relativity in-particular. I will try to keep my question(s) ...
7
votes
3answers
700 views

A Cosmological horizon at the Hubble radius?

I have calculated that if one extends a rigid ruler into space by a fixed proper distance $D$ then a clock at the end of the ruler, running on proper time $\tau$, will run more slowly than time $t$ at ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Evidence for expansion of space [duplicate]

If I understand correctly, Einstein's theory of General Relativity predicted the expansion of space itself, and Hubble confirmed this prediction by observing the red shift of receding galaxies. I ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Why don't orbits expand with the Universe?

Consider two bodies orbiting each other. As the Universe expands would the distance between them increase? Most people say that a gravitationally bound system will not expand with the Universe. They ...
9
votes
1answer
211 views

Equation of state of cosmic strings and branes

I'm sure these are basic ideas covered in string cosmology or advanced GR, but I've done very little string theory, so I hope you will forgive some elementary questions. I'm just trying to fit some ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Does the amount of gravitational potential energy in the universe increase as it expands?

It seems to me that extra gravitational potential energy is created as the universe expands and the distance between massive objects such as galaxy clusters increases; this implies that energy is not ...
4
votes
3answers
370 views

Could metric expansion create holes, or cavities in the fabric of spacetime?

Is it possible for metric expansion to create holes, or cavities in the fabric of spacetime? According to the Schwarzschild metric, the metric expansion of space around a black hole goes to infinity ...
1
vote
2answers
252 views

Cosmology questions from a novice

These ideas/questions probably represent a lack of understanding on my part, but here they are: 1) Cosmologists talk about the increasing speed of expansion of the universe and talk of dark energy as ...
0
votes
3answers
227 views

The radius of the universe and time [closed]

Ok - fair warning - Non-physicist asking dumb-assed questions here again. I've been reading a lot of Einstein, Feynmann, Ferris etc. I'm just loving this stuff. But I suddenly found myself looking at ...
0
votes
1answer
323 views

Space expansion looking like time dilation

Space looks like time depending on the motion of the observer so I was going to ask if space expansion was the same as the unfolding of time, but this was asked on physics.stackexchange before and the ...
1
vote
1answer
396 views

Do atoms expand with universe? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why space expansion affects matter? Why does space expansion not expand matter? As we know, the universe is expanding, galaxies are away from each other. But what ...
3
votes
5answers
364 views

Space Expansion vs. Relative Motion

Inspired by a recent dialogue from another question: Given 2 objects moving at some velocity $v$ relative to one another, is it possible to determine whether they are moving or whether the space ...
1
vote
1answer
465 views

spacetime expansion and universe expansion?

First of all, does the expansion of spacetime solely cause the expansion of universe? Secondly, if spacetime is the sole cause, do objects(matter with mass) themselves expand? Thirdly, by spacetime ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

How to test whether galaxies are moving away from each other in a static background or whether space is being created beween them?

Observations show that galaxies are moving away from one another on the macroscopic scale. Now, scientists interpret this by saying this happens not because galaxies are really moving away from each ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

how many times have the first photons lapped the universe?

I'm not really interested in the actual number of times, but rather an explanation of a closed Universe. How do we still measure the background radiation of the Big Bang? Those electromagnetic waves ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Value of the Hubble constant over time

There is something I don't understand about the Hubble "constant" H, as it seems to clump two concepts together that I can't quite unify in my head. On the one side, we have V = D * H which means ...