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0answers
23 views

Modified gravity and dark energy

Is there a model of modified gravity that either was close to or have succeeded in modelling the problem of dark energy, and suffers from no instabilities and explains the observational data. Also has ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Does dark energy bring both universe curvature and expansion? [on hold]

These are Basic questions . Does dark energy bring universe curvature for both sides of the Minkowski space's future and past to shape the de-Sitter space? Or just the single side curve? What it ...
0
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2answers
92 views

How does measuring redshift make us conclude that rate universe expansion is accelerating?

The universe is expanding in all directions. We can detect this by the redshift of electromagnetic radiation from other galaxies. We detect a larger redshift in galaxies which are further away, and ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Instabilities in the CDMT

Could anyone explain or refer to references on why the CDMT f(R) gravity model suffers from Instabilities any why the sign of ${\mu}^{4}$ matters.
0
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1answer
76 views

Dark energy and conservation of energy [duplicate]

With accelerated expansion of universe which is same in all direction we know that dark energy increase with time because space between any two point in space time increases with time. So after some ...
3
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1answer
37 views

Qualtitative explanation for the link between low magnitude of high z supernova and accelerated expansion

Is there any explanation on a qualitative level why we can see in the observed magnitude vs. redshift z plot that the universe is expanding accelerated? See for example here: ...
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0answers
33 views

Is Dark Energy Pushing Us Or Pulling Us? [duplicate]

This may seem silly, but how do they know that the effects we are seeing from dark energy, (which we only assume must be there due to observed acceleration), are not from gravity pulling us out from ...
4
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1answer
33 views

Open Big Bang-less universe?

This came up in discussion around a class I'm taking. For a Universe with $\Lambda$ and matter contributions to energy density (and implicitly curvature, but no radiation), can you have a universe ...
6
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5answers
324 views

Can entropy of Universe be constant?

If I understand entropy correctly, then for example two objects orbiting a centre of mass have lower entropy than when said objects eventually crash into each other and form a new one. So let's say ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Does the rate of expansion of the universe exceed the rate at which the local group is being pulled toward the Great Attractor?

I understand that the expansion rate of the universe driven dark energy exceeds the rate at which the local group is being pulled toward The Great Attractor (Hydra-Centaurus Supercluster). Does this ...
0
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2answers
66 views

How does “space” expand? [duplicate]

According to Big Bang theory and The Red shift theory "space" is "expanding". Keeping this notion of "space" as physically something in and of itself(space -time did not exist before The Big Bang); ...
0
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1answer
56 views

How does someone move space?

I've heard that we've known components of the universe appear to be flying apart faster than $c$, and that this can happen because the space containing these materials are also moving apart. How does ...
-2
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1answer
52 views

Is Dark Energy A Constant?

My understanding of dark energy is that it's like hot air bouncing around in a balloon, except the air is tiny subatomic particles that can't be seen or even detected in any way except for their ...
5
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2answers
305 views

Light takes too long to get here

When looking at the night sky, we see lots of stars. Several places tell you that the light of those stars has traveled to many light years to reach Earth and there may be others where light has not ...
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0answers
26 views

Metric to describe an expanding spacetime from coordinates reflecting the perspective of a local observer

The FLRW metric describes the metric expansion of spacetime from the perspective of comoving coordinates. Given the way this metric is usually formulated, comoving distances stay constant, and the ...
0
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0answers
121 views

If nothing can travel faster than the speed of light, how can there be parts of the universe we can't see? [duplicate]

Assuming we originated from a single infinitely dense point in space time in the big bang, how can there be parts of the universe that we can't see as the light has not reached us yet, if nothing can ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Many times speed of light [duplicate]

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/24/theory-of-everything-big-bang-discovery_n_5019126.html What does "many times speed of light" really mean in this context? For a layman it's easy to draw wrong ...
3
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1answer
22 views

Are photons absorbed by expanding space?

Can a photon/EM-field-excitation redshifted by spatial expansion be completely dissipated? Does the energy reach a minimum value (Planck's constant) and continue on as normal? Does expansion also ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Recession of galaxies

when you take such a given galaxy and it is said that you are moving away from us with a speed $v$, what do you mean really? Let me explain: is the galaxy itself which has an intrinsic velocity of ...
5
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4answers
128 views

Do photons make the universe expand?

I have a problem understanding the ideas behind a basic assumption of cosmology. The Friedmann equations follow from Newtonian mechanics and conservation of Energy-momentum $(E_{kin}+E_{pot}=E_{tot})$ ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Direction of expansion of the universe

From what I understand the expansion of the universe has no "center". If we're flying through space away from the "center of the big bang", there's basically no way to tell. Every two given points in ...
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1answer
129 views

Can we have a static point in the universe? [closed]

Big bang theory states that the universe began from a single point (which we may consider as a central frame of reference for the objects in the Universe). In 1929, Edwin Hubble confirmed that the ...
-3
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4answers
244 views

Was Einstein wrong when he said nothing can go faster than the speed of light? [duplicate]

If the universe is constantly expanding faster than the speed of light, how could Einstein be right?
1
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1answer
106 views

What is happening as our Universe is expanding? Is entropy increasing or decreasing?

Scientists say that entropy of our universe is increasing as it is expanding and our universe is cooling down gradually from the time of it's birth.If something is getting cooler and cooler then how ...
0
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0answers
24 views

How is the scale factor from the FLRW equation used with Volume?

I'm trying to put a spreadsheet together that shows the co-moving volume of the universe from the time soon after the Big Bang through the present and then as predicted into the future. I am pretty ...
1
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1answer
55 views

Acceleration of the Expansion of Universe

Is the acceleration of the expansion of the universe (AEU) uniform in direction? Meaning that if a particular direction in the sky is chosen and the AEU is measured and then other directions are ...
1
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2answers
114 views

How can space expand?

How can space expand when it is only a perception of the separation between at least 2 objects. Isn't saying "space expands" implying it has properties?
-1
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2answers
64 views

A way to determine the exact location of the Big Bang?

See What is our location relative to the Big Bang?, which contains the following: The conclusion is that the Big Bang happened everywhere, all at once. Phys.SE users Ali and WernerCD reached this ...
2
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1answer
69 views

If we were able to double the mass of the ordinary matter in the universe it will recollapse?

What will happen if we suppose to be able to add mass at the universe? For example doubling the mass of the ordinary matter?
0
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3answers
124 views

Space and the size of infinity [duplicate]

If you could build a spaceship and keep travelling in one direction, what would finally happen? One answer is that you would never ever reach the end. But this sounds purely platonic space and comes ...
3
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2answers
82 views

Why doesn't everything expand when the universe expands? [duplicate]

Everybody has been taught at one point, "oh the universe expands, but that doesn't mean that everything is expanding uniformly, since that means we can't detect the expansion, but only that huge ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Twin paradox on a cosmic scale

I am referring to yet another version as the classical twin paradox. In my version the moving apart of the twins is entirely induced by space expansion between them and they move apart each other at ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

What is the universe 'expanding' into? [duplicate]

We say the universe is expanding, and by expanding we mean the distance between objects gets larger over time. We call that "Metric Expansion of the Universe". So far so good. I kind of get the idea ...
1
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2answers
60 views

Expanding universe and the peculiar velocity

Hubble's law states that the universe is expanding with a velocity equals Hubble's constant*distance from earth. But, recent findings show that the Andromeda galaxy is actually blueshifting towards us ...
3
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3answers
147 views

Faster than light galaxies/clusters?

A few years ago in an astronomy course, we calculated some (transverse?) velocity of a moving object and got super luminal results. The answer was apparent and not physical velocity of the object. ...
0
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0answers
39 views

How to apply equations to figure out how Hubble's constant affects the speed of light?

For my thought experiment, I will create my very own infinite expanding universe similar to our own assuming current cosmological theories are correct, except for a couple things: $$\text{(Hubble's ...
2
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2answers
109 views

Is it possible to detect if everyting in the Universe is changing size?

This may be a trivial question, but I cannot find a good answer to it. What would happen if the size of everything in the Universe is multiplied by some constant factor at the same time, let's say ...
5
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2answers
146 views

What is the meaning of the “expansion of space”?

When we say that "the space between galaxies is expanding," what do we really mean? For instance, if I think of space as being a Cartesian grid, then when space expands should I think of it as adding ...
4
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4answers
95 views

Are atoms getting weaker? [duplicate]

If the universe is expanding, it would make sense that the spaces between particles are getting bigger. If this is so, then the particles which make up atoms are also affected. Does that imply the ...
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1answer
68 views

Information content of the expanding Universe

As I understand, in physics, 'information' is closely tied to thermodynamic entropy. Does this relationship imply that if the Universe expands and ends in 'heat death' (maximum entropy?) that it ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Speed of light's relation with the expansion of the universe [duplicate]

If nothing can travel at the speed of light and light cannot escape the universe, then the rate of expansion of the universe should be equal to the speed of light, why it is not?
-1
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3answers
144 views

Can the Cosmological Constant explain an accelerated expansion?

From what I've learned so far, it appears that all models that attempt to explain the expansion of the universe are either based on Lambda-CDM or quintessence. The former support a big bang with ...
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0answers
27 views

Is the Hubble parameter affected by 'peculiar velocity'?

Are there any direct observations showing the effect of peculiar velocity on the Hubble parameter. If the Hubble parameter is measured in the direction of our motion caused by our rotation in the ...
2
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1answer
96 views

What is the equation for the scale factor of the universe, a(t), for the best fit of data to the $\Lambda CDM$ Model of Cosmology?

Ideally I like a single formula or multiple formulas for different time ranges that would cover the time from the end of inflation through 100+ billion years after the big bang using the $\Lambda ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Equation for Hubble Value as a function of time

I am trying to write the equation for the situation where the Hubble parameter $H$ would be changing over time. In other words, it would represent an accelerated expansion of the Universe. That is, ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Inflation of universe and Information stored therein

In an inflationary model of our universe, the space-time expands within a finite boundary. Some other models are also proposed where the universe is not explained to have been expanding rather the ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Will a space traveller slow down due to space expansion?

Photons of relic radiation loose their energy as they propagate through space. Will a space traveler loose their peculiar velocity as he travels through vast distances? Will he stop somewhere or still ...
-1
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1answer
94 views

If the universe can expand at a speed faster than that of light, why don't we feel the effect? [closed]

the universe, as I have read, is capable of inflating at a speed faster than that of light! How is that even possible if we don't feel the effect? or does it affect us?
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Metric expansion of space - past, present and future

Scientists say that out universe is expanding faster and faster. This was detected via the red-shift effect. Farther galaxies are moving from us faster than those that are more closely. But how can ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

Is there a center of the Universe if the Universe is finite?

Ok, let me make myself clear. I saw all the other questions related to the question, but none of them actually asks the question the way I would put it and therefore no one answers it the way I want ...