4
votes
2answers
157 views

If atoms have specific energy levels, why do opaque solids absorb all visible light, not just some? [duplicate]

Here's my question: if atoms have well defined energy levels and those differences correspond to the frequencies of light that can be absorbed, how is it that opaque objects absorb all or most visible ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

The speed of electrons moving in different medium

Can one have a simple (dimensional-analysis) model to evaluate the speed of electrons moving in: (1) a copper wire (2) a silver wire (3) a gold wire (4) a semiconductor wire let's use meter over ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

In a positively biased PN junction, where do the injection carriers come from?

I am not quite understand i-v character of PN-junction diode. Here is the model in textbook. The PN junction diode can be divided into three regions. They are One depletion region near the PN ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

What's the typical material used as a low-k ILD in semiconductors?

Semiconductor companies (namely IBM, Intel, TSMC and etc.) may use different low-k materials as inter-layer dielectric (ILD) in their fabrication process. I'm wondering what is the most typical one. ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Electric field and capacitance across a resistor

Using a simple lattice model of conduction, where electrons are accelerated by an electric field, and are slowed down by bumping into the lattice, you get the following equation for current density: ...
11
votes
2answers
286 views

Why does a cathode have to be heated to emit electrons?

Considering that electrons are highly mobile inside of a metal, why do they have such a tough time getting out at the edge of it and continuing their trip ballistically?
3
votes
1answer
941 views

Fermi level alignment and electrochemical potential between two metals

I'm trying to get a more intuitive/physical grasp of the Fermi level, like I have of electric potential. I know that, for just a single piece of metal in equilibrium, you have to have the electric ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

Electrical Resistance and chemistry

Can some one describe or explain what happens when too much current is passed through lets say a copper wire, I am looking for an explanation to do with physics and chemistry. For instance we have ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

maximum positive electric charge of solid body

What are the limiting factors on the positive charge of a solid body? If I assume a 'perfect insulator' environment that would not exchange charge with my solid body, I would guess that I can remove ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the approximate electrical conductivity $\sigma$ of graphene in S/m or S/cm?

I am trying to find an approximate value of the electrical conductivity $\sigma$ of graphene in units of S/m or S/cm. This table on Wikipedia gives $\sigma$ values for a variety of materials ...
0
votes
1answer
567 views

Pull up and Pull down register

Currently I am working with Pull up and pull down registers and trying to understand what does it mean? But could not able to understand. I searched in Wikipedia ...
2
votes
1answer
803 views

How is contact resistivity defined for a Schottky contact, or the Schottky barrier height for an ohmic contact?

Based on the transfer length method (TLM), one can accurately calculate the contact resistivity for an ohmic contact, by evaluating the absolute resistance measured through the test structure and ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Are all metals good conductor of electricity?

I am writing an article for kids, which is on conductors and insulators of electricity. If I make a statement that "All metals are electrical conductors and all non-metals are electrical insulators" ...