The Sun plus the collection of bodies in orbit around the Sun such as planets, dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, comets, etc.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

19
votes
3answers
5k views

What on Earth is this drawing of Venus?

The Wikipedia article for Venus's alleged moon Neith has this picture: And a tantalizing remark regarding paramecia (vandalism?). I know the grey ball is supposed to be Neith, the white is Venus, ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How is SUN rotating? [closed]

Is Sun rotating anti clockwise similar to planet Venus or is it continuously changing it rotation ?
3
votes
1answer
25 views

Why Has The Orbit Of Mercury Such A High Inclination To The Ecliptic?

From an excellent Wikipedia Mercury Article Mercury's orbit is inclined by 7 degrees to the plane of Earth's orbit (the ecliptic), as shown in the diagram below. As a result, transits of Mercury ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

How can an asteroid fall to a planet?

According to the Kepler's first law, the orbit of an asteroid would be an ellipse having the planet at one of the focuses (to a good approximation). Then how come can it ever fall to the planet?
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Juno probe's speed is in relation to what frame of reference?

When describing the velocity of space probes in general (the Juno probe in particular) what frame of reference is the velocity quoted in? This is in relation to the news of the Juno Satellite ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

What are the theoretical bounds on the Gas Giants' Cores

According to the popular Solar System formation models, what are the bounds on the Gas Giants' cores (note I am only interested in the bounds for our Solar System). For example according to Wikipedia ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

is the sun going to make an electromagnetic pulse in the next 50 years?

EMP is very damaging and can cause blackouts and other bad results specially on electronic devices , so i heard that our sun is going to make an electromagnetic pulse during the next 50 years ..is ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Gravitational force between Earth and Sun is decreasing

According to one of the most famous equations in physics, i.e. $E=mc^2$, the mass of the Sun is decreasing as it emits energy. So there must be some kind of disturbance in planetary orbits, and if ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Uncertainty in the distance between Sun and other planets

I have read about the orbit distances between Sun and the planets and have come to know for example: Earth is around 150 million km away from the Sun. However I have seen that tht value is only an ...
7
votes
1answer
78 views

Details of Newtonian Prediction for Mercury's Precession

Could anyone point me to a book or outline the methods used to actually calculate the 532 arcseconds per century that Newtonian theory apparently predicts for Mercury's precession. I am completely ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Error measurement barycenter of the Solar System - NASA data

What are the possible measurement error barycenter of the Solar System in NASA data? In the data JPL's HORIZONS system for NASA (http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/?horizons): Target Body: Solar System ...
-3
votes
1answer
54 views

How is the Earth moving in a elliptical orbit around the Sun? [duplicate]

If gravity is transmitted by a four-dimensional fabric of spacetime and the Sun creates a bend in it ,which causes planets to orbit it , shouldn't the planets move in a circular orbit around the Sun ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Barycenter correction for inner planets in solar system?

I want to run simulations of the solar system, and I've read in some papers that to speed up the simulations it is useful to use the barycenter correction of the inner planets (from Mercury to Mars), ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

The impact of the Oort cloud to change the barycenter of the solar system

Is the Oort cloud changing the position of the barycenter of the solar system? Does it affect in a significant way? How significant?
1
vote
1answer
33 views

The observation of changes barycenter of the solar system

Is it possible to observation changes in the barycenter of the solar system? There are graphics showing changes barycenter but they are made on the basis of computer simulation (E.g.: here and here). ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Gravity Sun Earth Moon [duplicate]

The gravitational pull the Sun has on the Moon is roughly two times greater than the pull the Earth has on the Moon. If this is the case, why does the Sun's gravity not pull the Moon away from the ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Why doesn't sunlight flicker like candle or flame torch?

Why sunlight appears constant and stable like sun is a bulb? If the surface of the sun and processes going in it are not completely uniform why don't we notice any flickering or non- uniformity in ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

What is the difference between habitable and Goldilocks zone?

If I am right, Habitable Zone means that a planet is on such a distance from its Star which makes it good candidate for supporting some sort of life. But then what is Goldilocks zone and how is it ...
1
vote
3answers
91 views

Experiment proving that the Earth is rotating around the Sun [duplicate]

Is there any simple experiment done on Earth proving that the Earth is rotating around the Sun? Something in the same spirit of what Foucault did proving that the Earth is rotating around itself. P.S....
4
votes
1answer
75 views

How far has Earth moved from its birth orbit?

It says earth is almost as old as 1/3 of the universe's age which would mean 4.5 billion years . So how far has earth moved towards or away from the sun in these 4.5 billion years? Now perfect ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

All the planets in our solar system rotate 'Anticlockwise', except Venus. Why is the only planet that rotate' clockwise'? [duplicate]

All the planets in our solar system rotate 'Anticlockwise', except Venus. Why is the only planet that rotate 'Clockwise'?
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Spacetime Mercury vs Earth

What is the time dilatation of the planet Mercury compared to Earth? Can a person survive on the dark side of Mercury in the In the L2 position to Mercury and the Sun?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Does Spin-Orbit resonance tune Mercury's eccentricity?

More fully, the resonance is remarkably close to friction locking of a fluid sphere, given Mercury's observed orbital eccentricity, while Mercury is instead a nearly elastic prolate spheroid. So is ...
-1
votes
2answers
76 views

How could a solar eclipse cause my light bulb to explode? [closed]

Any explanation to this? as it happened right during the phase of eclipse or is it just coincident? I had just finished my breakfast and on the way to go outside to watch the eclipse and before it ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

What is the centre of the Solar System before the Sun? [closed]

According to this link, much of Earth's water is older than the Sun, which implies that Earth itself is older than the Sun. If this is the case, then what is the centre of the Solar System before the ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Does Earth eclipse the Sun at the L2 Lagrange point?

Is Earth's diameter large enough to eclipse the sun at the L2 Lagrange point? Or does the sun shine around the edges of the earth? I understand the useful area of the L2 Lagrange point is somewhat ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

If the solar system is a sensitive chaotic system, can gravity waves make orbits unpredictable?

Scott Tremaine says here ..for practical purposes the positions of the planets are unpredictable further than about a hundred million years in the future because of their extreme sensitivity to ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Would the Moon be able to take water from Earth?

I know that if you add mass to the moon, it would get closer to the Earth. We all know that the moon causes the tides because it's gravity pulls the water. So, my question is: If the moon gained more ...
16
votes
8answers
4k views

How do stars from far away affect Earth?

I know that we obviously get light (or we wouldn't be able to see them), but are there any other ways that they affect Earth and maybe just our solar system in general?
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Why is meteor speed what it appears to be?

Is the speed of a meteor through our sky because of the speed of the earth's axis rotation, or because the meteor is speeding towards us at that speed?
14
votes
4answers
7k views

Can the Earth leave orbit if the population of humans and other live forms increases?

I don't know a lot about physics, but this seemed like the correct place to ask my question. I apologize in advance if it is a ridiculous one. It's actually a two part question: If the population ...
11
votes
3answers
448 views

What is the safe distance to a supernova explosion?

In other words, what stars near the Sun may have an impact on the Solar system equilibrium or the Earth life if they become supernova ? Is SN 1987 A too far ?
3
votes
0answers
53 views

How is sun's atmosphere (corona) hotter than the surface itself? [duplicate]

Through some research online, I found out that the sun's corona is hotter than it's surface. How's that even possible?? Is the sun releasing it's heat from the surface!!! Need a complete answer.
4
votes
1answer
82 views

How does Planet 9's perihelion and aphelion affect the Kuiper belt objects?

Assuming that the existence of Planet 9 is confirmed and it really exists, how does it affect the orbits of the Kuiper belt objects? My understanding is that the discovery came in part from the ...
58
votes
6answers
6k views

How can we see planets thousands of light years away but don't know if there are more planets in the solar system?

That is basically my question, it arose when I saw an article (here is the scientific paper, which should be free to read) saying two Caltech scientists might have found the 9th planet of the solar ...
0
votes
3answers
110 views

Could the recent evidence of a gravitational force orbiting the solar system indicate not the existence of a ninth planet, but rather a black hole?

In case you haven't heard already, researches at the California Institute of Technology discovered mathematical evidence of large object orbiting the sun at a distance about 20 times further than that ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

How is the temperature of a star related to gravity?

As far as I know the Sun gets its energy from the fusion reaction, where Hydrogen is converted into Helium. I was watching an episode of Cosmos: A spacetime odyssey. There Neil deGrasse Tyson said, ...
-1
votes
3answers
97 views

Gravity effects when deleting stars or planets

In one of the latest SCIFI movies, they collect a star absorving it entirely in a kind of planet size gun/machine. As mass cannot disappear, I assume it was just concentrated inside their machine (...
3
votes
0answers
152 views

Nine Planets in the Solar System?

I just discovered that there is a Caltech team1 that suggests that there is "Evidence of a Ninth Planet": The object, which the researchers have nicknamed Planet Nine, has a mass about $10$ times ...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

What powers a comet? [closed]

I know that a comet is a ball of ice, and I have tried the NASA page. http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/dr-marc-solar-system/en/#/review/dr-marc-solar-system/comet-power.html but they swerve around the ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Where can I find accesible educational material on the formation of the solar system?

I'm kind of scathing my head over this. First of all, I'm not a physicist of any kind, I'm a software developer, but I'm also a bit passionate about astronomy(usually read the news) and in my free ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Limitations of 2D point-mass Dynamics of the solar system

To model the solar system, I took the planets to be point masses, used newtonian mechanics and modelled the orbits as circular (only Mercury's orbit has appreciable eccentricity). The entire system is ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Gravitational potential of planets

How do you work out the gravitational potential of planets in the solar system? Do orbiting planets have gpe? And what would it be relative to? The equation I know for it is mgh. But what would the ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Testing the accuracy of a solar system simulation

I've written a java program to model the solar system, and I need to test its accuracy. What would be some good ways to do that? I've checked for conservation of energy and angular momentum. I'm using ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Orbital but stationary motion

Is there a place between the Moon and Earth where an object can rest freely and revolve with the Moon? What is that called?
2
votes
2answers
45 views

The way planets rotate and revolve [duplicate]

Why is that the all planets move in the same plane?(correct me if I'm wrong) Why not some of them in anticlockwise direction and others in clockwise direction?
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What would happen if the Earth was in a polar orbit around the sun?

This is a question that has been bugging me for a while now, I was wondering about the effects on the Earth if it was in different orbital situations to what it is now, and one of those was what would ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Three-body problem - sun velocity around barycenter

I am really, really stuck! I am trying to write Java code to model the solar system, or at least currently just earth, the sun and Mercury. I just wanted to check that my actual physics equations are ...
1
vote
2answers
351 views

Why Sun is not able to attract mercury closer?

As sun have a huge amount of attraction pull force , why its not able to pull tiny mercury? Is the whole solar system works in a push and pull network? Why bigger planets like earth, Saturn and ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Conservation of energy and angular momentum

I'm writing a java program to simulate the solar system. All planets are modelled as point masses. How do I check if my solar system is conserving energy? I'm not sure how to calculate the energy of ...