Use this tag for questions about singularities in physical quantities, i.e. cases where a quantity becomes or appears to become infinite or ill-defined. Consider the more specific tags [tag:black-holes] and [tag:wormholes] for certain kinds of singularities occuring in [tag:general-relativity]. For ...

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2answers
121 views

What does string theory predict for the singularity inside a black hole?

The usual explanation for what's going on inside a black hole goes something like "General Relativity predicts a singularity with infinite curvature, but when matters gets so tightly compressed we ...
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0answers
39 views

Do Physical Singularities Exist? Is Mass Infinite at $v=c$? [closed]

Looking at the Minkowski light cone and the STR on the Boundary at $v=c$. STR calculates infinite mass/infinite energy which would burn the universe to a crisp. Aren't we simply saying Undefined; and, ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Center of gravity of the photon beam

I have a conceptual question: In singular optics the orbital angular momentum (OAM) is represented by two components: intrinsic (no relation to spin!) and extrinsic. The first one is associated to ...
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0answers
48 views

Confusion on meaning of fugacity in scientific publication

in my research project in statistical mechanics, in the context of phase transition and condensation, I was reading the seminal paper of Yang and Lee titled: "Statistical theory of equations of state ...
6
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2answers
130 views

Are there any true discontinuities in physics?

When we first learn physics, it's often presented very 'discontinuously'. For example, pop quantum likes to talk about objects being "either" particles or waves, leading to a lot of confused questions ...
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1answer
34 views

Worldsheet metric & event horizon

Given a certain metric $g_{\alpha \beta}$ (not necessarily diagonal) in which $g_{\tau \tau}=0$ for a certain function, is there any way of determining if there is a singularity in that point, or if ...
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0answers
36 views

Nature of the singularity in the Taub-NUT metric

Consider the Taub-NUT metric $$ds^2=-V(dt+2N(1-\cos\theta)d\phi)^2+\frac{1}{V}(dr^2)+(r^2+N^2)(d\theta^2+\sin^2\theta{}d\phi^2),$$ where $$V=\frac{(r-r_+)(r-r_-)}{(r^2+N^2)} \qquad r_{\pm}=M\pm \...
2
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2answers
103 views

What is the singularity of an actual collapsing black hole?

In most general relativity texts, the singularity is treated as a point removed from the manifold, to avoid having to deal with the infinite curvature of the Ricci scalar. But in the case of a more ...
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0answers
23 views

Solving ODE with essential singularity [migrated]

I would like to solve the following linear ODE. $y''(x) -\frac{2}{x} \frac{1-3x^4 +2x^3}{1+3x^4-4x^3} y'(x)+\frac{\omega^2}{(1+3x^4-4x^3)^2} y(x) = 0$ Here $x$ is a dimensionless variable which runs ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Schwarzschild metric black hole

Schwarzschild metric solution presents two singularities. An apparent one at $r=2GM$ and a real one at $r=0$. It is known that everything freezes at the event horizon from an outside observer point of ...
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1answer
46 views

Why source point singularities are inevitable in Physical Fields?

Any physical phenomena is explained by stating some relations between certain physical quantities. The physical quantities, if having a certain value for each and every point in space and time are ...
4
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1answer
61 views

How can you tell if spherical-like coordinates are locally flat across the origin?

In general relativity, with spherical-like coordinates in a radial gauge, I have a metric that looks like: $$-g_{tt}\mathrm{d}t^2 + g_{rr}\mathrm{d}r^2 + r^2(\mathrm{d}\theta^2 + \sin^2\theta\ \...
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0answers
59 views

Is it almost impossible to separate two point charges stuck together?

$$F=k\frac{qQ}{r^2},$$ if $r\rightarrow 0$ then $F\rightarrow \infty$.
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0answers
28 views

Is it possible for a particle to orbit a singularity inside the event horizon [duplicate]

Event horizon just means a distance from singularity, where there is no "going-away" from the black hole. But is it possible, that there are particles with enough momentum to actually orbit the ...
2
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1answer
100 views

What does it mean by “infinities” when dealing with QFT? [closed]

I found this PDF online here while browsing Nobel Prize winner contributions, which explains a bit about renormalization (a concept for which Kenneth G. Wilson won the Nobel). However I was somewhat ...
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1answer
37 views

If black hole is a “hole”, how can its position be pinpointed from every position in universe? [closed]

Ok, this is going to sound lame but, here goes: When we say that a black hole is situated at a distance of 1 light year(let) FROM EARTH, that means it may situated at a distance of 100 light years ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Big Bang not really the beginning of a completely new universe? [closed]

From what I know about the origins of the universe and the big bang, it is stated that it all started from an intensely hot and dense mass. This sounds like a singularity to me, which means a black ...
1
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1answer
47 views

What effect would a singularity have on the fabric of space time?

Galaxies are always moving and it seems that there are SMBHs at the heart of most galaxies. If black holes actually twist up spacetime so much thru infinite density how do we know that after the ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Energy stored in electric field [duplicate]

I know that energy stored in electric field / unit volume = $\frac{1}{2} \epsilon\,E^2$. so can I say that for any configuration calculating $\int \frac{1}{2} \epsilon\, E^2 \,d^3r$ over whole space -...
17
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0answers
168 views

Curvature Invariants in General Relativity and Singularities

Suppose that I want to check if a given metric is singular or not. I'm interested in curvature singularities, not coordinate singularities, so I can look to scalars made with Ricci, Riemann and Weyl ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Does a singularity appear the instant a black hole is formed? [duplicate]

Imagine a very heavy (tens of solar masses) star in its final moments before collapsing to form a black hole. The gravitational force exerted by the weight of the star overcomes the neutron degeneracy ...
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0answers
24 views

The big bang singularity and entanglement [duplicate]

Since our universe began as a singularity would that mean that everything in the universe is entangled with itself? I am not sure that makes sense, but hopefully some one can figure out what I am ...
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0answers
17 views

Ask help for calculation from Veneziano amplitude to expansion at small $s$? [closed]

The Veneziano amplitude \begin{eqnarray} A_{ven}(s,t)={\Gamma(-\alpha_0-\alpha^\prime s)\Gamma(-\alpha_0-\alpha^\prime t)\over \Gamma(-2\alpha_0-\alpha^\prime (s+t))}, \end{eqnarray} as claimed in ...
10
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2answers
215 views

Can you have black holes in your black holes?

Inspired by Are we inside a black hole?, can you have a black hole such that other black holes are in them? In particular, the event horizon of the larger black hole should completely enclose the ...
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4answers
6k views

Are black holes very dense matter or empty?

The popular description of black holes, especially outside the academia, is that they are highly dense objects; so dense that even light (as particle or as waves) cannot escape it once it falls inside ...
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0answers
43 views

Can a lightlike singularity have nonzero mass?

The effective mass of the Schwarzschild solution is valid at $r=0$. For $m>0$, we have a spacelike singularity, while for $m<0$ we have a timelike singularity. Suppose, instead of a spacetime ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Spaghettification on an atomic scale?

Spaghettification occurs when an object approaches a singularity. As one comes close enough to the singularity, the gravity at the feet (if this is a human) is greater than that at the head, ...
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0answers
26 views

Potential of a long cylinder from infinity

I have a question about a long, effectively infinite, cylinder. The cylinder has a radius of $R_{1}$ and charge density $\rho.$ For $r>R_{1}$, the potential difference is $\Delta V_{ab} = \int_{a}^{...
0
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1answer
165 views

Could the uncertainty principle create matter in the Universe?

According to quantum mechanics we have the uncertainty principle: $$\Delta E \ \Delta t \geq \frac{\hbar}{2}$$ Near the beginning of the Universe $\Delta t$ is very small and therefore $\Delta E$ is ...
0
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2answers
118 views

In what other fields of physics does “math break down”? [closed]

I've heard numerous articles and videos state that when it comes to black holes and singularities our "math breaks down". Is there any other areas in physics where math similarly "breaks down", where ...
0
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2answers
50 views

How Can a Singularity contain different things? [closed]

According to the Big Bang model, space and everything in it was squeezed into a infinitely small point which subsequently expanded. But if everything is squeezed into a point of zero size than there ...
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2answers
67 views

Free falling and bouncing back

My confusion arises with free falling body. For a free falling body the displacement ~ time graph has a kink (at the time when the body hit the ground ). at a kink point, a function is not ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Black hole's singularity: Does it has to be multi-dimensional?

We assume that there is an infinite density at the center of a black hole. But we also know that if it was really infinite, it would apply an infinite gravitational force to masses even if they were ...
1
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2answers
90 views

Does anything exist between singularity and the event horizon of a black hole

It is said that anything that falls into the event horizon, quickly reaches the singularity. That would imply - there should be nothing between event horizon, and the singularity. Is that true? If not,...
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0answers
68 views

Black Holes and the Multiverse [closed]

Are there any peer-reviewed theories which explore the idea that black holes in our universe may spawn other universes - or that our universe came from a black-hole-like event in another universe? ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Conservation of energy in the “ideal physics world”

Let us assume we are in the textbook ideal physics world, without any friction. Now, if I place a ball at the top of a parabola U and let it go under gravity, the ball should roll up and down forever ...
5
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3answers
177 views

Singularity - exactly what is it?

In quantum mechanics and gravity theories one always meets the word "singularity" in connection with talks about black holes and the big bang, etc. Now in mathematics a singularity is well defined – ...
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5answers
91 views

Solving for $r=0$ in an inverse square law

This occurred to me in thinking about Coulomb's Law for a spherical insulator, but obviously can be asked of any inverse square law force calculation. For example, all things on the surface of he ...
3
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2answers
115 views

Can we make any implications about the internal structure of black holes from the 'chirp' that LIGO observed?

Are there any implications about a black hole's internal structure we can make based on the chirp issued? For example that a black hole does in fact contain or does not contain a singularity rather ...
0
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1answer
114 views

How can a five-dimensional black hole 'break' general relativity? [closed]

By the laws of general relativity and the existence of black holes, what makes our universe to be just 4 dimensional but not 5 or more because a 5-d black hole can violate theory of relativity? ...
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1answer
57 views

Positions where the electric field is not defined

Can anybody help me to understand this statement given in my book? The electric field due to a discrete charge configuration is not defined at the locations of the discrete charges. For ...
1
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4answers
78 views

Distance can be zero

Can a distance between two particles can be exactly zero? Example: If I have two opposite charged particles having uniform charge. They will attract each other and the distance between them will ...
7
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0answers
47 views

What is the structure of an event horizon for colliding black holes?

I would suspect that two black holes within close vicinity of one another would warp each other's event horizons such that the Schwarzchild's radius would no longer apply. Do the event horizons ...
5
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2answers
83 views

Black hole singularity from collapsing light vs dust

Consider two black holes, one formed from a spherical cloud of electromagnetic radiation, and one formed from a non-interacting dust solution. The stress energy tensor is traceless for ...
4
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1answer
92 views

Superficial degree of divergence on Weinberg

Reading volume 1 of Weinberg's QFT book, chapter 12, page 505 he says that if you consider a diagram with degree of divergence $D\geq{}0$, its contribution can written as a polynomial of order $D$ in ...
0
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0answers
23 views

strength of each dipole charge

If I have a two dimensional dipole whose line charges are located on the y axis, I know that the electric flux through a gaussian pill box containing both the charges will be zero, that is \begin{...
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0answers
27 views

Can a solid object inside the black hole event horizon avoid the singularity? [duplicate]

I will ask this as a simple lay man. Let's consider an astronomical black hole that was creating by in falling matter on a neutron star. As neutron star get heavier it gets smaller and a Schwarzschild ...
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1answer
73 views

What does singularity mean in the context of black holes? [duplicate]

Non-rotating big stars can be subject to a gravitational collapse increasing their density. When the density is so high that the mass volume shrinks below the event horizon, a black hole is formed. ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Is there any possible evidence that can give us insight into what happened exactly at the Big Bang/why it happened?

It's mostly well accepted today that the Big Bang was the reason for today's universe, mostly due to the expansion, the cosmic microwave background etc. and mathematically the FLRW metric supports it. ...
1
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1answer
126 views

What was outside the singularity during the Big Bang? [closed]

What was outside the proposed singularity during big bang?What was the size of singularity?