A set of internationally accepted units to aid in communication of measurements.

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6
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2answers
3k views

Why metric system uses kilogram as a basic SI unit?

SI system uses all (that I know) measurement basic units as 1 (single) instance: meter, second, ampere, etc, except the KILOgram. It already defined with 1000 multiplier (kilo). It prevents from ...
0
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1answer
140 views

Zero uncertainty constant and a unit change

So, we know the speed of light with zero uncertainty. We also know that values of $\epsilon_0$ (electric constant) and $\mu_0$ (magnetic constant) are known with zero uncertainty. My questions are ...
-1
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2answers
187 views

What Physical Quantity has SI Unit $kg \cdot m$,? [duplicate]

What is the physical quantity that has SI (System International) unit of $kg \cdot m$ (kilogram meters)?
2
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1answer
55 views

How do I obtain a sense of scale when thinking about webers?

This Wikipedia article provides a wonderful way to fathom the scale of the tesla. I cannot seem to find a similar set of examples about magnetic flux. I know that the milli-, micro- and nanoweber are ...
2
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2answers
282 views

Asymmetric uncertainties

Inspired by these two question on tex.SX Asymmetrical tolerancing Asymmetric uncertainties with siunitx package I'd like to ask for a nice explanation for these kind of uncertainties, like ...
1
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1answer
103 views

A sphere, a simple object?

In this video, the woman says that a sphere is a pretty simple object. What intrigues me is the use of a sphere for such a calculation. First of all, the sphere wouldn't be perfect as a perfect sphere ...
-1
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4answers
1k views

Why there is no “Edison” unit in physics? [closed]

In the popular culture the XIX-XX century competition between Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla is well-known. The example could be the Prestige movie, where there are some "Edison's agents" who sabotage ...
19
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8answers
4k views

Is there a symbol for “unitless”?

I'm making a table where columns are labelled with the property and the units it's measured in: Length (m) |||| Force (N) |||| Safety Factor (unitless) ||| etc... I'd like not to write "unitless" ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How would I explain a farad being a second per ohm?

The farad has many alternative representations in SI. I can comprehend some of them. For example, a capacitance of 1 farad means that it will take a single coulomb to create a single volt between the ...
5
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1answer
188 views

Does the Kelvin have a rigorous definition?

From Wikipedia: The kelvin is defined as the fraction 1⁄273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. That presupposes that we can take a fraction of temperature. Now, ...
0
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2answers
172 views

Are the SI units used in astrophysics?

Just a curious question, do astrophysicist use the SI units, for example in this equation, $r = 5pc$, will this be converted to meters? And what does this $\nu$ stand for?
-2
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1answer
714 views

Spectral radiance unit conversion [closed]

I have spectral radiance data in SRUs (spectral radiance units), as a function of wavelength: $$a = \mu W cm^{-2} sr^{-1} nm^{-1} $$ However, I am working with software which requires my data in the ...
0
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3answers
422 views

What physical quantity has SI unit $\mathrm{kg}/\mathrm{m}$?

What physical quantity has SI unit $\mathrm{kg}/\mathrm{m}$? For example, the physical quantity with SI unit $\mathrm{kg}\cdot\mathrm{m}/\mathrm{s}^2$ is force $F$ and the physical quantity with SI ...
8
votes
2answers
894 views

Intuitive meaning of Newton (units)

Is there any intuitive reasoning behind why the units of a "Newton" is $kg \frac{m}{s^{2}}$ and how it represents force? I always wanted to understand why objects of different mass fall at the same ...
0
votes
1answer
524 views

CGS Units to SI Units

This may be a stupid question but I am having trouble getting the same result in CGS units as I would if I used SI units for a unitless calculation. I have to calculate $E_c=\frac{m_e c\, ...
4
votes
1answer
492 views

$E^2 = (mc^2)^2 + (pc)^2$: What units are used to measure $E$, $m$, $c$ and $p$?

\begin{equation} E^2 = (mc^2)^2 + (pc)^2 \end{equation} If I am using this equation to figure out the energy of something, what units would I use? Would it be the metric system? I.e. kilograms ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

SI units with more than one prefix in fractions

Is it (in the view of SI) correct to note units with more then one prefix? I discuss this since several months with friends, but we could not find a proper source for our statements yet. Examples for ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

Why the kilogram is not defined? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do we still not have an exact definition for a kilogram? I was thinking about SI units. I found the following definition for the base units: Meter: distance ...
5
votes
1answer
974 views

The origin of femto, atto and zepto SI prefixes

Do you know why the SI prefixes: femto, atto, zepto have been accepted by Scientific Community, if this triad of metric units, is neither greek nor latin?
4
votes
1answer
287 views

There are plans to develop a better definition of a “second”. How does the current definition fall short?

The current definition of a second is stated here and I found a presentation on the BIPM site which discusses plans to change to a "better" definition of a second. You can find the presentation here. ...
1
vote
3answers
235 views

Can you use PCR to make a standard kg?

While reading this question: Why do we still not have an exact definition for a kilogram? , I had a crazy thought. Using PCR, you make a known number of copies of a DNA strand where the length and ...
6
votes
3answers
904 views

Why do we still not have an exact definition for a kilogram?

I read that there is an effort to define a kilogram in terms that can exactly be reproduced in a lab. Why has it taken so long to get this done? It seems this would be fairly important. Edit Today I ...
3
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1answer
724 views

Conversion from natural units to SI

I got questions about converting units from natural system of units to SI. To be exact, I'm solving the problem in Heisenber interpretation of quantum mechanics, and I'm using Heisenberg equation of ...
5
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3answers
465 views

What is a “measure equation” as mentioned by this TeX Users Group guide?

In this TeX Users Group (TUG) document, Typesetting mathematics for science and technology according to ISO 31/XI by Claudio Beccari, the author makes various typesetting recommendations including: ...
3
votes
1answer
816 views

Do the trigonometric functions preserve units?

I saw an exercise where you had to calculate the units of $C_i, i=1,2$ from an equation like this: $v^2=2\cdot C_1x$ and $x=C_1\cdot \cos(C_2\cdot t)$ where $x$ means meters, $t$ means seconds ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Is there any literature that compares the candle-power to the candela?

I am unable to find anything in the literature to back up the claim that appears all over the internet that: ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Relating milliampere-hours to watt-hours for batteries

I've seen many batteries that are measured in milliampere hours (mAh), while others are measured in watt hours (wh). How can I convert them between each other so that I can actually compare them? It's ...
4
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1answer
388 views

Avogadro's number

Could I get an explanation of Avogadro's number and how it relates to determining the mass of a substance? My chemistry textbook only serves to confuse me and the Wikipedia article is aimed towards a ...
-1
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2answers
5k views

Unit for Impact Force

Forgive me if this is a newb question but I am not a trained scientist, much less a physicist. I'm just curious and would like to know if there's a unit to measure impact force. I know the newton is ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Is anything actually 1 meter long (or 1kg of weight)?

I believe that no real objects are actually (exactly) 1 meter long, since for something to be 1.00000000... meters long, we would have to have the ability to measure with infinite precision. ...
23
votes
11answers
9k views

What is the logarithm of a kilometer? Is it a dimensionless number?

In log-plots a quantity is plotted on a logarithmic scale. This got me thinking about what the logarithm of a unit actually is. Suppose I have something with length $L = 1 km$. $\lg L = \lg km$ It ...
0
votes
3answers
169 views

units of measure

This question is rather historical one. kilometres can be defined in metres, metres in centimetres, centimetres in millimetres. There must be some elementary unit (like millimetre or smth.) which ...
3
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1answer
1k views

what is an inverse femto barn?

I came across the use of the unit barn and inverse barn while reading about the operation of LHC. What is an inverse femtobarn ? What does it tell about the experiment being described ?
3
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1answer
414 views

How large is the information collected from an inverse femtobarn of collisions?

I ran into this while looking at measures of humongous amounts of data. How does the information (data) collected in an inverse femtobarn exposure compare to a gigabyte of data ?
7
votes
5answers
913 views

Whats the range of dimension exponents in the SI Units system?

I am working on a software library for Units of Measure. To represent dimensions, I need to know the required range of exponents for each of the seven base units (precisely, I need to know the ...
2
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2answers
809 views

Fundamental units

Is it right that all units in physics can be defined in terms of only mass, length and time? Why is it so? Is there some principle that explains it or is it just observational fact?
0
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2answers
154 views

What is “International Service of Weights and Measures”?

In the Resolution 2 of the 3rd meeting of the CGPM, defining the kilogram, “the International Service of Weights and Measures” is mentioned (the French original text reads “le Service international ...
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3answers
327 views

Help getting the distance an object has moved

What is a distance an object went through at the speed of 14hm/min for 6 hours? I am having problems with conversions. First, I tried passing 14hm/min to m/s. I did it alright. But now I am unsure. ...
0
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2answers
2k views

Why does $E=mc^2$ give results in Joules?

Why does $E=mc^2$ give results in Joules ? Why didn't Einstein need to create a separate unit and how come using two standard units (speed of light in km.s and mass in grams) give another result in ...
4
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3answers
1k views

How to write units?

In a scientific article, should I write "3m", "3 m", "3 meters", or "3 [meters]" ?
0
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1answer
406 views

what does 'same energy as a ton of TNT' mean?

Very often the energy released in large-scale events (e.g., earthquakes, meteor impacts, etc) is described in terms of some number of 'tons of TNT'. This may be all well and good for those with an ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

gauss vs mW/cm^2: same thing?

A friend of mine is concerned about electromagnetic field negatively affecting their health and got a "DMF meter" to measure the field strength in their house in units of milliGauss. They are trying ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Coulomb force in SI and cgs

Coulomb force in SI is $ F = \frac{Q1*Q2}{4\pi\varepsilon R^{2}} $ while in CGS $ F = \frac{Q1*Q2}{R^{2}} $ why is it? I mean doesn't it any make difference in dimension? since $ \varepsilon $ ...
6
votes
1answer
754 views

“Natural units” of mass

Gravitational attraction is given by $\frac{GMm}{r^2}$ while attraction due to electric charge is given by $\frac{q_1 q_2}{r^2}$. Why does gravity need a constant while electric charge doesn't? ...
3
votes
3answers
653 views

Light emission spectrum units

Do someone knows the units of the spectra provided here ? It seems obvious enough that it's said nowhere, but even Wikipedia and other sites are quite blurry on this point. So, is it power ($W$), ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

What's keeping us from simply redefining Avogadro's Number / the Mole as a definite integer?

This might be a question to ask in a Chemistry site, but because there is a lot of talk about redefining many units of measurements in terms of Avogadro's Number / the Mole, I was wondering why we ...
3
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5answers
491 views

Does this statement make any sense?

I am asking this question completely out of curiosity. The other day, my roommate, by mistake, used 'Light year' as a unit of time instead of distance. When I corrected him (pedantic, much), he said ...
7
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5answers
591 views

Why were the SI base quantities chosen as such?

The reasons for choosing length, mass, time, temperature, and amount as base quantities look (at least to me) obvious. What I'm puzzling about is why current (as opposed to resistance, electromotive ...