A set of internationally accepted units to aid in communication of measurements.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
83 views

Numerically solving 2D poisson equation by FFT, proper units

The 2D Poisson equation is: (1)$$\frac{d^2\varphi(x,y)}{dx^2}+\frac{d^2\varphi(x,y)}{dy^2}=-\frac{\varrho(x,y)}{\epsilon_0\epsilon}$$ And in $k$-space it is in form of: (2)$$(k_x^2+k_y^2) ...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

Speed of light definition

I understand the speed of light to be an EXACT number. If permeability of free space has a factor of pi in it, how can this be?
3
votes
0answers
32 views

What are the proposed realizations in the New SI for the kilogram, ampere, kelvin and mole?

The metrology world is currently in the middle of overhauling the definitions of the SI units to reflect the recent technological advances that enable us to get much more precise values for the ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

In the expresion $4\sin (\theta) \frac{d \theta}{d t}=\frac{dy}{dt}$ Which is the correct unit of $\theta$ ¿ radian or degrees? [closed]

If I change units of an angle for radians to degrees in the next expresion $$4\sin (\theta) \frac{d \theta}{d t}=\frac{dy}{dt}$$ the value of $$\frac{dy}{dt}$$ changes. For example at a rate of ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

Why aren't Faraday's law of induction and Maxwell-Ampere's law (without sources) symmetric?

I was wondering why Faraday's law of induction and Maxwell-Ampere's law (without sources) are not totally symmetric in the sense that Maxwell-Ampere's law has a $\epsilon_0 \mu_0$ term on the right ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Dimensional Analysis in Electromagnetism (SI vs Gaussian-cgs)

Looking at Konopinski's formula for conjugate momentum (in the comment after equation 3 of "What the Vector Potential Describes"): p = M v + q A /c it is plain enough that M v is momentum, but if we ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

25 cm of vacuum correspond to what pressure?

I the following (american) test Vacuum testing consists of placing samples from the packiging operation into a jar filled with water. A lid is placed over the samples to fully immerse them in the ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What was a second in the early universe?

I have read some popsci articles and documentaries about the early universe and they often explain how various features of the universe came about and at what time. For example hydrogen atoms came ...
5
votes
4answers
419 views

Is there a quantity measured in kilogram seconds?

I'm trying to get a full grasp on the relationship between many of the units that are used in kinetic physics. I've found that it is possible to make a venn-diagram that shows the factors of many of ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Different factors of $4\pi$ and $\epsilon_0$ in Poisson equation [duplicate]

Some authors claim the Poisson equation is $$\nabla^2 \psi = -\dfrac{\rho}{\epsilon\epsilon_0}$$ (e.g. Wikipedia) whereas other ones (e.g. Andelmann) claim it is $$\nabla^2 \psi = ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Does the definition of the SI unit “second” require that possible perturbation of primary frequency standards should be measured?

The definition of the SI unit "second" is stated as The second is the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground ...
1
vote
3answers
83 views

How units were defined?

I was wondering how we humans can be sure that one meter is one meter and that one second is one second. Nowadays, except for the Kilogram, all other units are well defined using highly accurate ...
1
vote
2answers
553 views

Why is the second the SI base unit for time?

Specifically, during the moves towards Le Système international d'unités in the 18th and 19th centuries, why didn't anyone attempt to move us away from the definition of there being 24 hours in a day? ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Why is charge not taken as a fundamental unit? [duplicate]

According to the definition of electric current, it appears to be a derived quantity. Charge on the other hand seems more fundamental than electric current. Then why is current taken as fundamental ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

How do we convert between the maximum value of the adhesive force (in kilograms or in Newton) of a magnet and its magnetic field strength (in tesla)?

On the following website they indicate how powerful is a magnet by giving the theoretical maximum value of its adhesive force in kilograms or in Newton (its adhesive force at a distance of zero). ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Are there reasons for the discrepancies in absolute temp units - Kelvin vs. kelvins vs. degrees Kelvin?

Before 1968, the units for absolute temperature were described as "degrees Kelvin" or "degrees absolute." After that, the SI system got rid of the idea of "degree" for absolute temperature, so the ...
5
votes
3answers
422 views

Why didn't we replace our SI units with a better system? [closed]

Intro It seems to me that the SI units we use today are nothing but the result of a historical 'coincidence'. I recently began researching about natural (absolute) systems of units, which are ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Definition of metre

We know that 1 meter is the distance travelled by light in vacuum within a time interval of 1/299,792,458 second. My question is why we didn't take a simpler number like 1/300,000.000 or why not just ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Why is the Coulomb taken as the unit positve test charge, though $1 C$ charge is a high value? [closed]

Why is the Coulomb taken as the unit positve charge, though $1 C$ charge is a high value?
3
votes
2answers
359 views

Uncertainty of permittivity of vacuum [duplicate]

Question: The value of permittivity of vacuum, $\epsilon_0$, is given with absolutely no uncertainty in NIST Why is this the case? More details: The permeability of vacuum can be given by ...
-2
votes
1answer
121 views

Why does milli- mean 1/1000 [closed]

I suppose this is also an English question, but I'll ask it here first. Why does the milli- prefix mean 1/1000 when it sounds so much like million? According to the internet, this dates back to the ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

The value of one atomic mass unit

In my textbook, it is given: 1 atomic mass unit equals $1/12$th mass of one carbon 12-atom. Since mass of $6.02 * 10^{26}$ atoms of carbon-12 is $12\space\text{kg}$. Thus, $$1 \text{ a.m.u ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

What is dimensional units/quantity and dimensional state

First, I am not a native English-speaking student so I am not good at physics definitions in English. I participated in the MIT e-learning course on classical physics. The 1st lesson is about 3 ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Is Sound Considered a Subtopic of Physics? What are the SI Units of Sound?

Does physics cover sound? If so, why does sound not have units in the SI system, or how would we measure sounds and frequency? I guess it's debatable, but why isn't it standard practice in physics?
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Can a value of “length, in meters” be attributed to a pair of ends which are rigid (but not at rest) to each other? [duplicate]

The definition of the SI base unit "metre" [1] doesn't seem to rule out explicitly that a certain value of "length, in meters" could be attributed to a pair of ends which are rigid to each other, but ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Definition of Ohm in SI basic units in words

One way Wikipedia defines Ohm is (this is also teached in school): $$1\Omega =1{\dfrac {{\mbox{V}}}{{\mbox{A}}}}$$ They describe this definition in words, too: The ohm is defined as a resistance ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

If two ends were a certain “length” apart were they therefore at rest (or at least rigid) to each other? [closed]

Considering the definition of the SI unit of "length" [1] and [2 (" method a.")] I'm missing any requirements about the two "ends" of the required "path travelled by light" being "at rest to each ...
10
votes
3answers
184 views

$1.7\cdot 10^{-24}$ mole apples a day

As the title suggests I was wondering why the International Bureau of Weights and Measures decided a mole to be a standard (SI-)unit. After some research I found I was not alone with this problem. ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Different units in the equations of electrostatics in macroscopic media

I have the usual equations of electrostatics in macroscopic media expressed in Gaussian units: $$\nabla\cdot\vec{D}=4\pi\rho$$ $$\nabla\times\vec{E}=0$$ $$\vec{D}=\vec{E}+4\pi\vec{P} \tag1$$ My ...
3
votes
8answers
1k views

Why does Coulomb's constant have units?

I think of Coulomb's constant as a conversion factor (not sure if this is correct). Kind of like how you would do calculations in kg and then times it by the conversion constant to convert your answer ...
8
votes
1answer
97 views

How is a standard unit divided into equally smaller or fractional units physically/experimentally?

Consider the standard unit of length: meter. How was it divided into decimeter, centimeter, millimeter, etc. when there were no shorter lengths than the standard? What is the physical/experimental ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the use of this formula 1 Tesla = 1 Newton/Ampere/Meter?

What does Newtons/Ampere/Meter stand for? From this formula: 1 Tesla = 1 Newtons/Ampere/meter what can it be used for? To do what? Ampere/meter Is the same unit as a field's intensity H? Or what is ...
-5
votes
1answer
737 views

Tesla to Newtons [closed]

Is it possible to convert Tesla to Newtons of force? Or magnetization force H:(A/m) to newtons?
2
votes
5answers
266 views

Could velocity be taken as fundamental instead of time?

In physics time and length are taken as fundamental in the SI system and, as it seems, in the thinking of physicists. Could one instead take velocity, with c as its unit, together with length as ...
8
votes
2answers
95 views

Can I use two SI prefexes

Is it ok to say $145\,{\rm k\,MPa}$ for $145\, {\rm GPa}$. We are so used to comparing stresses in ${\rm MPa}$ that I want to keep things relative to this unit. So would it be a no-no to do so.
0
votes
1answer
310 views

What is the SI Unit for intercept of a graph

I have a graph that i drew and i got all the point and a question came up that what is SI Unit for intercept of a graph. I have no idea what the answer is. (I'm a total newbie in Physics)
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Dimensional analysis of magnetic energy: dimensions of µ0 and H

When calculating the energy difference between the normal and the superconducting state in a superconductor at zero magnetic field, the result is as follows: Now I'm quite confident of this result, ...
23
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is the Ampere a base unit and not the Coulomb?

I always thought of current as the time derivative of charge, $\frac{dq}{dt}$. However, I found out recently that it is the Ampere that is the base unit and not the Coulomb. Why is this? It seems to ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Is there a name for a quantity that represents (volumetric) flow per unit of mass?

In a lot of medical literature about blood flow in the brain, researchers denote the amount of volumetric blood flow that passes through a certain amount of brain tissue as "cerebral blood flow". ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

The units of gain and number of atoms in population inversion in a laser

I am following my university course notes on amplification in laser media, and have come across expressions for the gain of a medium, but the notes are not exactly rigorous... The expression given for ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Why metric system uses kilogram as a basic SI unit?

SI system uses all (that I know) measurement basic units as 1 (single) instance: meter, second, ampere, etc, except the KILOgram. It already defined with 1000 multiplier (kilo). It prevents from ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Zero uncertainty constant and a unit change

So, we know the speed of light with zero uncertainty. We also know that values of $\epsilon_0$ (electric constant) and $\mu_0$ (magnetic constant) are known with zero uncertainty. My questions are ...
-1
votes
2answers
180 views

What Physical Quantity has SI Unit $kg \cdot m$,? [duplicate]

What is the physical quantity that has SI (System International) unit of $kg \cdot m$ (kilogram meters)?
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How do I obtain a sense of scale when thinking about webers?

This Wikipedia article provides a wonderful way to fathom the scale of the tesla. I cannot seem to find a similar set of examples about magnetic flux. I know that the milli-, micro- and nanoweber are ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Asymmetric uncertainties

Inspired by these two question on tex.SX Asymmetrical tolerancing Asymmetric uncertainties with siunitx package I'd like to ask for a nice explanation for these kind of uncertainties, like ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

A sphere, a simple object?

In this video, the woman says that a sphere is a pretty simple object. What intrigues me is the use of a sphere for such a calculation. First of all, the sphere wouldn't be perfect as a perfect sphere ...
-1
votes
4answers
1k views

Why there is no “Edison” unit in physics? [closed]

In the popular culture the XIX-XX century competition between Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla is well-known. The example could be the Prestige movie, where there are some "Edison's agents" who sabotage ...
17
votes
8answers
3k views

Is there a symbol for “unitless”?

I'm making a table where columns are labelled with the property and the units it's measured in: Length (m) |||| Force (N) |||| Safety Factor (unitless) ||| etc... I'd like not to write "unitless" ...
4
votes
1answer
972 views

How would I explain a farad being a second per ohm?

The farad has many alternative representations in SI. I can comprehend some of them. For example, a capacitance of 1 farad means that it will take a single coulomb to create a single volt between the ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Does the Kelvin have a rigorous definition?

From Wikipedia: The kelvin is defined as the fraction 1⁄273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water. That presupposes that we can take a fraction of temperature. Now, ...