Semiconductor physics is the branch of solid state physics that focuses on specific properties of semiconductors. It studies dynamics of different perturbations (mainly electrons and holes) in the semiconductor crystal and the ways to harness it in electrical circuits.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
1answer
172 views

How does a minority carrier diffuse?

I have gone through a lot of questions but none of them ask how do the minority carriers approach the depletion layer in the first place. When a p-n junction is formed, negative space charge ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Polarization selection rules

So, I am just reviewing some of my physics stuff, and I have read something about polarization selection rules in inter-band-transitions in quantum wells. If I calculate them, I get a strength of 1/2 ...
1
vote
1answer
640 views

Sold-State Band Structure - connection between Fermi Energy, Fermi Level and Work Fuction

I've been struggling with the concepts of these three terms - Fermi Energy, Fermi Level and work fuction. Now, I was given these definitions (in the context of semi-conductors): Fermi Level is the ...
5
votes
1answer
612 views

Why is effective mass of holes positive?

i am trying to understand this. I know that the effective mass of electrons or holes is calculated as: $$m^* = \frac{h^2}{(4\pi^2)\frac{d^2E}{dk^2}}$$ Now,if i look at this plot for example: I ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Extrinsic Photoconductor Charge Carriers

I'm studying some materials on semiconductors, and a section on photoconductivity has left me somewhat confused. In an extrinsic material, is photoconductivity the result of electrons moving from the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How does Passivation in Mercury-arc-valve cause “diode” behavior

Does passivation of lead anodes cause them to become semiconductors? Or even become diodes (eg. a p-n passage)? How does this work on an atomar level? This question has been risen by trying to ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

minority carrier life time? Why is it important for devices' switching speed. Why not majority carriers? [closed]

I am trying to get my head around why would and silicon engineer care about the minority life time carrier and how does the minority carrier affect the switching speed of PN junction. Why is it so ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

Hall Effect p-type Germanium holes density

I had to do some experiments with a Hall Effect Apparatus of Leybolds with a p-doped Germanium plate, this is the datasheet (pdf). eq. (1) $U_H=R_H \frac{IB}{d}$ $U_H$ = Hall voltage $R_H$ = Hall ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Replacing diode in circuit analysis?

While analyzing circuits containing diodes in reverse bias I replace it with a pure insulator for simplifying things. Similarly can I replace a forward biased diode with a conductor and a varying ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How does temperature affect an electrical current

Synopsis I have read an interesting article J. Halderman et al. "Lest we remember: cold boot attacks on encryption keys" in computer science regarding cold booting. The paper discusses how the use ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

In k$\cdot$p theory, how does one calculate the bulk inversion asymmetry coefficients given in table 6.3 in Winkler?

In k$\cdot$p theory, how does one calculate the bulk inversion asymmetry coefficients given in table 6.3 in Winkler? Winkler's book on spin-orbit coupling effects is available free online. In ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

Calculating band gap from band structure

If while calculating a band gap, the band just below the Fermi level touches the Fermi level, can we say the material is semiconducting?
48
votes
9answers
13k views

Why is it said that without quantum mechanics we would not have modern computers?

I've heard this in many quantum mechanics talks and lectures, nevertheless I don't seem to grasp the idea behind it. What I mean is, at which point is that our modern understanding of quantum ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Ionization energy of a donator impurity in Si vs H ionization energy

Why is the ionization energy of a donator in an $\mathrm{Si}$ semicondutor much smaller than in an $\mathrm{H}$ atom?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Semiconductor doping and conductivity

Why is the conductivity of Si dopped with P and As much bigger than the conductivity of Si dopped with In and P?
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Optical mode leakage through a layer of gold

The geometry of my semiconductor device is given below. The blue regions are gold, the grey ones - gallium arsenide (n-doped to $2.9 \times 10^{15} \mathrm{cm^{-3}}$). The dimensions are μm, i.e. it ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Reverse bias P-N junction [duplicate]

I am not able to understand why the PN junction does not conduct when reverse biased. Can't electrons travel from the N side through the power supply to the P side where they can jump from one hole to ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Spin FET Transistor

Spin FET Transistor. When a gate voltage is applied to a current of spin polarized electrons, a spin precession will occur. If this spin precession is enough to make the bulk electron spin ...
0
votes
0answers
168 views

Working of a phototransistor

Can anyone explain how photogenerated current in the base gets amplified in a phototransistor. If you use band energy diagram, then I would understand more quickly and clearly.
6
votes
1answer
180 views

How can I simulate a model electronic hole?

Suppose I can solve time-dependent Schrödinger equation for several 1D particles (currently 3). I'd like to see, what an electronic hole is and how it behaves — in a series of numerical experiments. ...
4
votes
3answers
699 views

How does temperature affect photovoltaics (PV) efficiency?

I know that photovoltaic panels are more efficient at lower temperatures: As the temperature increases, the output voltage decreases. I am looking for an explanation of the mechanism behind this ...
5
votes
2answers
458 views

Why isn't there a potential difference across a disconnected diode?

I know this question sounds silly, as if there was a potential difference a current would be created when the terminals are connected together and this would mean energy has come from somewhere. The ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the probability of quantum tunneling occurring in this CPU?

You may have noticed over the last few years that Moore's law is no longer applying to the real world. This observation states that over the history of computing hardware, the number of transistors on ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

The skin effect and the reflectivity of gold

I am simulating a waveguide in COMSOL, a FEM solver. My model looks like this (it is similar to a standard Quantum Cascade Laser geometry): Therefore there is a very thin (30nm) layer of gold ...
1
vote
1answer
469 views

CCD's and the photoelectric effect

Do charge coupled devices as found in telescopes use the photoelectric effect if not what eles librates the electons. Also what is charge intergration in reation to CCD's.
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is the valence band neutral?

While studying about band theory of semiconductors, I observed that when the electrons were excited from the valence band to the conduction band, they left behind holes in the valence band. From my ...
2
votes
1answer
591 views

Why does overclocking a CPU cause it to generate more heat?

It seems odd to me that overclocking a CPU causes it to consume more energy. The amount of energy flowing through the CPU should be related to the average number of 'gates' (or transistors) that ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

PN Junction. Germanium VS Silicon

As far as I understood, when we connect P and N materials, electrons from N drift to P, thus create negative ions in P and positive ions in N. => electric field (barrier potential) must depend on an ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

How big was the first transistor?

The first working point-contact transistor made in 1947 by Bell Labs. I'm looking for specific dimensions, all I've been able to find is "Fits in the palm of your hand".
2
votes
1answer
300 views

Why is titanium dioxide transparent for visible light but not for UV?

I wonder the reason for TiO2 thin films to be transparent for visible light but not for UV. I made a quick search and I found that it is due to the band gap of TiO2. It absorbs UV light but not ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

Model for a thin metal/semiconductor junction?

Are there any books or articles that describe models for transport in a metal/semiconductor junction where the thickness of the semiconductor is less than the thickness of the depletion/accumulation ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

n-p-n p-n-p and n-n-n heterostructure for LED

I was studying LED Heterostructures and I found out that my book is always giving reference to p-p-n type heterostructure. So I looked up into another book in order to find other type of ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What the heck is negative effective mass?

I am reading this book:Solid State Electronic Devices by Ben G Streetman and Sanjay Kumar Banerjee. I have some doubts in the article 3.2.2 Effective mass. In this the aythors say that $E=\dfrac{1}{2}...
0
votes
2answers
492 views

List of experimental band gap

does anyone know where one can find a list, database, book of experimental bandgap values of semiconductors? Is there such a collection? Or do I need to scour papers one at a time to get the values?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Band gaps: are they at the centre or at the edge of the Brillouin zone?

Reading about electronic band structures, I came across the following: Band gaps open at the edges of the Brillouin zone (BZ), since that is where the Bragg scattering occurs. I am slightly ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How depletion region is developed in a Schottky diode?

In a P-N junction depletion region is developed when electrons from N-region diffuse to P-region and hole from P-region diffuse to N-region. Here diffusion thereby development of depletion is caused ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Conductivity of a crystalline solid

In a crystalline solid each atomic level 'splits' into n levels (n = number of atoms in the system). When the number of atoms is large each level becomes replaced by a band of closely spaced levels. ...
0
votes
1answer
244 views

Light intensity (affected by semiconductor's absorption)

An experiment recently was done in order to measure the band gap of certain semiconductor. In order to gather the transmission coefficient for a spectrum of light, a light intensity of the system (<...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

Difference between steady state and equilibrium?

In semiconductor physics, what is the difference between steady state and equilibrium. How analysis of devices varies in these processes?
2
votes
1answer
437 views

Derivation of existence of energy band gap in semiconductor (solid State)

I am looking for both a mathematical and a physical reason for energy band gap in metals. For Physical reason, I was told that at each reciprocal lattice, you could have Bragg scattering, that would ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Basic concepts in quantum theory to start learning semiconductor physics [closed]

What basic concepts in quantum theory one must known to start learning semiconductor physics?
2
votes
1answer
172 views

What do I get when measuring on top of metal/insulator/metal by kelvin probe?

I am using a macroscopic Kelvin Probe for work function measurement. There's one confusing condition. If I measure a trilayer thin film stack with a structure of ITO(bottom)/PMMA(100-200nm)/Al(top), ...
1
vote
2answers
754 views

What are the differences between supperlattices and Multiple Quantum Wells Semiconductor Structures?

Semiconductor Optoelectronics: What are the differences between multiple Quantum Wells and supperlattices.
2
votes
1answer
997 views

What is the derivation of the formula for the probability of transmission through a barrier?

This site has a formula for the transmission probability over a barrier (in transistors): $$ T \propto \exp [-2(2m^*/\hbar ^2)^{1/2}(q\phi)^{1/2} d ]. $$ Where $T$ is the transmission probability ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Vacancy Generation / Annihilation Time (Relaxation Time)

Vacancy Generation/Annihilation Time, Recombination Time and Relaxation Time ($\tau$) are all synonymously used in atomic physics literatures. They're defined as the time that it takes for vacancies ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

Effective mass of a particle

I was reading about concept of effective mass on Wikipedia and came across the line that effective mass of a particle can be negative and even zero. How is this possible?
1
vote
1answer
193 views

What is the speed of electrons in a transistor?

What is the average speed of an electron in a MOSFET transistor, and how can you calculate this? I've heard people throw terms such as "drift velocity" and "Fermi velocity" around, but I've never ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Rms value of rectified output from a half wave rectifier

The rms value of an alternating quantity which is the input to a half wave rectifier is $\frac{I_{max}}{\sqrt2}$. Then the rms value of output should be $\frac{I_{max}}{2} \sqrt 2$. But it is given ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Can zinc nitride be used as light emitting material?

I cannot manage to find any journal papers about the applicability of zinc nitride as active layer of an light emitting diode (LED). But certain papers got mention that zinc nitride with a direct ...
5
votes
2answers
763 views

Why absence of electron is called hole?

I am having hard time in understanding the concept of holes: If there is no electron than how can it be a hole? For a moment lets assume absence of electron is termed as hole but how can this absent ...