1
vote
1answer
50 views

Sold-State Band Structure - connection between Fermi Energy, Fermi Level and Work Fuction

I've been struggling with the concepts of these three terms - Fermi Energy, Fermi Level and work fuction. Now, I was given these definitions (in the context of semi-conductors): Fermi Level is the ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Why is effective mass of holes positive?

i am trying to understand this. I know that the effective mass of electrons or holes is calculated as: $$m^* = \frac{h^2}{(4\pi^2)\frac{d^2E}{dk^2}}$$ Now,if i look at this plot for example: I ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

in an organic semiconductor, what is the average distance travelled by an exciton?

In an organic semiconductor, what is the average distance travelled by an exciton up to recombination? How is this value related to the morfology / structure of the organic semiconductor?
2
votes
1answer
59 views

How does temperature affect an electrical current

Synopsis I have read an interesting article J. Halderman et al. "Lest we remember: cold boot attacks on encryption keys" in computer science regarding cold booting. The paper discusses how the use ...
31
votes
7answers
4k views

Why is it said that without quantum mechanics we would not have modern computers?

I've heard this in many quantum mechanics talks and lectures, nevertheless I don't seem to grasp the idea behind it. What I mean is, at which point is that our modern understanding of quantum ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

How can I simulate a model electronic hole?

Suppose I can solve time-dependent Schrödinger equation for several 1D particles (currently 3). I'd like to see, what an electronic hole is and how it behaves — in a series of numerical experiments. ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Derivation of existence of energy band gap in semiconductor (solid State)

I am looking for both a mathematical and a physical reason for energy band gap in metals. For Physical reason, I was told that at each reciprocal lattice, you could have Bragg scattering, that would ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Basic concepts in quantum theory to start learning semiconductor physics [closed]

What basic concepts in quantum theory one must known to start learning semiconductor physics?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the derivation of the formula for the probability of transmission through a barrier?

This site has a formula for the transmission probability over a barrier (in transistors): $$ T \propto \exp [-2(2m^*/\hbar ^2)^{1/2}(q\phi)^{1/2} d ]. $$ Where $T$ is the transmission probability ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Semiconductors: why the mass action law is not valid for very low temperatures?

I thought that it was valid for very low temperatures since for it to be valid I think that it is necessary to be in the non-degeneracy condition, which requires $E_G >> k_B T$ (with $E_G$ being ...
2
votes
2answers
663 views

Determining if a semiconductor is n-type, p-type or intrinsic

The probability that an energy state in the conduction band is occupied by an electron is 0.001. Would this semiconductor then be n-type, p-type, or intrinsic? Notation that I use: $E_F$ represents ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

A change of sign in the electron-hole second quantization form

It is common to see people do a change of sign in the so called electron-hole representation, namely, $$ b^{\dagger}_{-k}=a_{v,k} $$ similar argument also seen in 1992 mattuck's book "guide to ...
3
votes
2answers
640 views

Need help understanding Semiconductor physics

I am trying to read Kittel for a project, and he mentions the properties on silicon and germanium so briefly, that I don't understand it at all. He talks about p states, and I don't really know what ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Quantum Cascade Laser [closed]

I want to learn about quantum cascade laser in a six month time. Can anyone please suggest me any reading materials or video lectures. I have background in calculus and linear algebra. I am learning ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Semi-conductors

Suppose there is a semiconductor with Fermi energy $E_f$ and that there are $N$ bound electron states. I'd like to know why the mean number of excited electrons takes the form $$\bar n={N\over ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Tunneling v. Hopping

Can someone explain the difference between hopping and tunneling? The context I'm considering is conduction in semiconductors, specifically between impurity states within the bandgap. It's always ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

How can electrons be confined in Quantum dots?

Atoms are in the range of $1$ Angstrom while Quantum dots are in the range of $2$-$10$ nm. In any atom, $99.9$% is unoccupied. So if I have a Quantum dots of size $3$ nm and suppose in my Quantum dot, ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Semiconductors and localization of the electrons

When looking at the band diagram of a semi-conductor, direct conclusion of the invariance under discrete translations, for a filled state with an electron, one does know precisely it's momentum, so my ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Quantum Mechanics Text for Electrical Engineers [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is a good introductory book on quantum mechanics? What is a good introductory text on quantum mechanics that could be used to train electrical engineers in device ...
1
vote
1answer
297 views

Why do the drift and diffusion components cancel for each type of carrier if EHP generation plays such big role in p-n-junctions?

I have always argued to myself that drift and diffusion components of the current though a p-n-junction cancel for each type of carrier because any electron diffusing from n into p will sooner or ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Why minibands are formed in superlattices?

In a single, finite quantum well, there are energy levels defined by the eigenstates - the solutions of the Schroedinger's Equation. The corresponding wavefunctions leak to the barrier because of its ...
5
votes
5answers
798 views

Derivation of Schrodinger equation for a system with position dependent effective mass

How to derive the Schrodinger equation for a system with position dependent effective mass? For example, I encountered this equation when I first studied semiconductor hetero-structures. All the books ...
2
votes
0answers
327 views

What is effective mass approximation

Currently i am studing about quantum confinement in semiconductors and came across effective mass approximation.but i am unable to understand this concept. what is the use of effective mass ...
3
votes
1answer
637 views

Selection rule used in singlet/triplet recombination in LEDs

In organic light emitting diodes, only singlet excitons contribute to the light emission (this is flouresence). Everything I read, say that triplet excitons cannot recombine on the same timescale as ...
8
votes
2answers
725 views

Modern and complete references for the $k\cdot p$ method?

I've recently started studying the $k\cdot p$ method for describing electronic bandstructures near the centre of the Brillouin zone and I've been finding it hard to find any pedagogical references on ...