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2
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1answer
64 views

Normal Ordering the phi^4 interaction

I am trying to quantize the quartic potential $\frac{\lambda}{4!}\phi^{4}$ in a box of side length $L$, with periodic boundary conditions. I have expanded the field ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Why is this equation regarding boson coherent states true?

I'm reading the proof of the closure for boson coherent states and it involves the following step: $$ \int \prod_{\beta}\frac{\mathrm d \phi^*_{\beta} \mathrm d \phi_{\beta}}{2 \pi i} e^{-\sum_\beta ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How does vacuum state look in first quantization?

Wikipedia says that the vacuum state is the unit of tensor product. In my understanding then, a first-quantized wavefunction for the vacuum state would be just constant in the each particle's ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

A problem about solving energy bands by the method of second quantization

In hopping model, we can get the Hamitonian as $H_0=-t\sum a^\dagger_ia_{i'}$. Then we take the fourier transform and put the operator which are in momentum space in the Hamitonian above. However, I ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Annihilation Operator on the Fock space

I agree that $$\hat a|0\rangle=0$$ But then, based on the above, the following should hold $$\hat a_k |N_1,...,N_{k-1},0,N_{k+1},...\rangle=|N_1\rangle\oplus\cdots\oplus |N_{k-1}\rangle\oplus \hat ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

What is the general theory that describes the interactions between strings?

What is the general theory that describes the interactions between strings? I mean the basic object in the theory is (closed) string and they have interactions among them. The string theory, as I ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Why do we need 2. Quantization of the Dirac Equation

As a Mathematician reading about the Dirac equation on the internet, leaves me with a great deal of confusion, about it. So let me start with its definition: The Dirac equation, is given by $ i ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Hermiticity of the quantum field

The quantum field resultant from the quantization of a real classical field is hermitian, but why the quantum field corresponding to a complex classical field should be non-hermitian?
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Are constant terms in second-quantization relevant?

I have a rather broad question and a specific problem. Let's take a orthonormal single-particle basis $\{ \vert i \rangle \}$, a simple single-particle Hamiltonian $$\tilde{H} = \sum_{i, j} h_{i j} ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Normal ordering

If I understood correctly there are two terms called normal ordering: $:c c^\dagger: = c^\dagger c \hspace{.5cm}$so shifting all creation operators to the left and all annihilation operators to the ...
9
votes
3answers
258 views

In what sense is a quantum field an infinite set of harmonic oscillators?

In what sense is a quantum field an infinite set of harmonic oscillators, one at each space-time point? When is it useful to think of a quantum field this way? The book I'm reading now, QFT by ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Tricks at manipulating creation/annihilation operators

Manipulation of terms in algebras different from the standard one (e.g. boolean algebra) can be a bit unnatural but there are always shortcuts that can help you. I was wondering if there is a list ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Schrödinger evolution for a Klein-Gordon equation

I have a problem with the transition from quantum relativistic wave equations (specifically Klein-Gordon equation) to QFT, since a lot of assumptions seem implicit. For example I have a problem with ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Solving the BCS Hamiltonian via the Bogoliubov Transformation

I was doing a calculation in Giamarchi's Introduction to Many Body Physics, chapter 3, on BCS theory and second quantization, and ran into some confusion with the BCS Hamiltonian. The pdf is here for ...
11
votes
2answers
322 views

Correct way to write the eigenvector of a diagonalized hamiltonian in second quantization

I am studying diagonalization of a quadratic bosonic Hamiltonian of the type: $$ H = \displaystyle\sum_{<i,j>} A_{ij} a_i^\dagger a_j + \frac{1}{2}\displaystyle\sum_{<i,j>} [B_{ij} ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

How to formulate collapse in polarization subspace of a photon?

I am wondering how to describe the collapse of a photon state when it is measured in the polarization degree of freedom (say by a filter which let pass just one particular polarisation). Let the free ...
1
vote
3answers
227 views

Bogoliubov transformation with a slight twist

Given a Hamiltonian of the form $H=\sum_k \begin{pmatrix}a_k^\dagger & b_k^\dagger \end{pmatrix} \begin{pmatrix}\omega_0 & \Omega f_k \\ \Omega f_k^* & \omega_0\end{pmatrix} ...
3
votes
0answers
199 views

Is non-relativistic quantum field theory equivalent with quantum mechanics?

Related post Can we "trivialize" the equivalence between canonical quantization of fields and second quantization of particles? Some books of many-body physics, e.g. A.L.Fetter and ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Deriving commutation relations in second quantisation

I am trying to start from: \begin{align*} [\phi(x),\pi(x')] = i\hbar\delta(x-x') \\ [\phi(x),\phi(x')] = [\pi(x),\pi(x')]=0 \end{align*} to derive: \begin{align*} [a(k),a(k')^\dagger]=\delta_{kk'}\\ ...
2
votes
3answers
263 views

Dirac equation in QFT vs relativistic QM

How does the Dirac equation in quantum field theory solve the existing problems in the interpretation Dirac equation (as a single-particle wave equation) in relativistic quantum mechanics? EDIT: The ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Second quantization Hamiltonian Matrix for an aggregate

I am working on the matrix form of the Hamiltonian in the second quantization. I haven't taken any course on second quantization and I'm learning it on my own. I'm a little bit confused about the ...
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

Bath Hamiltonian in second quantization

I'm trying to write down the bath Hamiltonian for a system of dimers and trimers. Imagine each of the monomers in the excited state can interact with several phonons with given frequencies. The bath ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Second quantization of Klein Gordon field

Does the second quantization of the Klein Gordon field which involves using the harmonic oscillator paradigm ultimately lead to the conclusion that electromagnetic field is nothing but photons(bosons) ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Entanglement entropy of 1D chiral Fermion

I was told that the entanglement entropy $S_E$ on the ground state of a (1+1)D conformal field theory (CFT) follows the logarithmic behavior $S_E=\frac{c}{12}\ln L$ where $L$ is the length scale ...
2
votes
3answers
209 views

Schroedinger field operators and their commutation relations

I've got several questions regarding the so called second quantization of the Schroedinger equation. My professor introduced the field operators for the Schroedinger field by simply stating them as ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

A naive question about the Second Quantization?

Let's consider a single-particle(boson or fermion) with $n$ states $\phi_1,\cdots,\phi_n$(normalized orthogonal basis of the single-particle Hilbert space), and let $h$ be the single-particle ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

Trace of the number operator in second quantization

I would like to find the helmholtz free energy of a system $F=-T ln(Tr[e^{\frac{-H}{T}}])$ namely a bcs superconductor (using Annett's notation) $H=\sum E_k (b_{k\uparrow}^\dagger ...
12
votes
5answers
493 views

Can we “trivialize” the equivalence between canonical quantization of fields and second quantization of particles?

As Weinberg exposited in his QFT Vol1, there are two equivalent ways of arriving at the same quantum field theories: (1). Start with single-particle representations of Poincare group, and then make a ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Fock state and corresponding relations for continuous momentum label

In Wikipedia I found following relation for Fock state: $$ \hat {a}_i| \{n_j\}_j\rangle ~=~ \sqrt{n}_i| \{n_j-\delta_{ij}\}_j\rangle, $$ where $n_j$ refers to the number of $j$'th particles. This ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Matrix elements of a one-fermion operator (first and second quantizations)

I'm currently struggling with the expression of operators in second quantization. I did an exercise in which I had to consider a fermion in a central potential $V(\vec{r})$ and show that the matrix ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

How to understand the entanglement in a lattice fermion system?

Topological insulator is a fermion system with only short-ranged entanglement, what does the entanglement mean here? For example, the Hilbert space $V_s$ of a lattice $N$ spin-1/2 system is ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Fock Subspaces and Weight Vectors

This is my first time taking a physics course (I'm a mathematics major), so I'm encountering a lot of new things, which I'm kind of expected to know. In particular, how to work with Bosons. I've got ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Scalar QFT Fock Space

I want to demostrate the following relation of the normal ordered product: $\Omega\equiv:\exp{\left(-\int d^3k~a^{\dagger}(k)a(k)\right)}:=|0\rangle\langle0|.$ I proved the commutation relation ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

A change of sign in the electron-hole second quantization form

It is common to see people do a change of sign in the so called electron-hole representation, namely, $$ b^{\dagger}_{-k}=a_{v,k} $$ similar argument also seen in 1992 mattuck's book "guide to ...
0
votes
2answers
381 views

Occupation Number Representation in Second Quantization Formalism — What do the entries mean?

I'm reading about the second quantization formalism. I can see the advantages of using number states to represent multiparticle states. Here's my question: Let's say we're given a single-particle ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

generation / destruction of fermions by phonons

my Hamiltonian consists of 1D free fermions coupled to a bosonic bath. The interaction is dictated both by scattering terms $H^{scatt}=\sum_{kq}\alpha^S_{kq}c^\dagger_kc_{k+q}X_q+h.c.$ as well as ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Second quantization with qubits

Is "second quantization" means system wich can contain variable, unknown, superposed and otherwise uncertain number of qubits? Can "second quantized" system contain 0.5% of 1 qubit and 95% of 2 ...
4
votes
2answers
299 views

Second Quantization - Texts

I am trying to familiarize myself with the ideas of Second Quantization. However, the literature that I can find online seems only to outline the tools of this formalism of quantum mechanics. There ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Reason behind canonical quantization in QFT?

Reason behind canonical quantization in QFT? In the scalar field theory we simply promote the scalar field, $\phi(x)$ to a set of operators: $\hat{\phi}(x)$. What is the reason behind this?
3
votes
2answers
250 views

Composition of squeeze operators?

I'm wondering if it exists a composition law for the squeezing operation ? I guess so for geometric reason, since they are (generalized, and the phase is annoying of course) hyperbolic rotations of ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

One body harmonic oscillator states expressed in terms of creation operators

I am reading trough chapter one of Moshinsky's "The harmonic Oscillator in Modern Physics". However i am having some trouble with the mathematics in section 8 of chapter 1. I will sketch a summary of ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Time ordering and Fermions

Having time ordering operator for fermions, should it reverse sign if it swaps operators with opposite spin variable? In other words should $T[c_{t_1,\uparrow}c_{t_2,\downarrow}^\dagger]$ return ...
8
votes
1answer
368 views

Some questions about anyons?

(1) As we know, we have theories of second quantization for both bosons and fermions. That is, let $W_N$ be the $N$ identical particle Hilbert space of bosons or fermions, then the "many particle" ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

Density operator in second quantization

I would want to understand why the density operator in second quantization takes the form: $$\rho_\sigma(\mathbf{r})=\Psi_\sigma^\dagger(\mathbf{r})\Psi_\sigma(\mathbf{r})?$$ Is this a definition or ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Classical second quantization paper by Jordan and Wigner - ref. request [closed]

I am looking for the following paper in electronic format (I can get it in hard copy from my university library). P. Jordan and E. Wigner, Z. Phys. 47, 631 (1928) Does anyone know how to find it?
5
votes
1answer
549 views

How to evaluate spin operators in second quantization for spin symmetry-broken Slater determinants?

Suppose we have the following Slater determinant: \begin{equation} | \Psi \rangle = \prod \limits_{i,i'} a^+_{i\alpha} a^+_{i'\beta} | \rangle \end{equation} where $a^+_{i\alpha}$ creates an electron ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

Why is the Wick contraction in HFB or BCS equal to a single-particle density?

I'm trying to understand how in Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) or BCS theory we can write a product of creation/annihilation operators as single-particle densities under the guise of "Wick's theorem". ...
7
votes
2answers
190 views

Scalar product between Fock states

Suppose to have a chain (of size $L$) with bosons, and $\hat{a}_i^\dagger$,$\hat{a}_i$ are the associated creation and annihilation operators at site $i$. A Fock state can be written as: ...
5
votes
1answer
219 views

Is it possible to make statements about bosonic/fermionic systems by taking the limit $\theta\to \pi$ or $\theta\to 0$, of an anyonic system?

One might naïvely write the (anti-)commutation relations for bosonic/fermionic ladder operators as limits $$ \delta_{k,\ell} = \bigl[ \hat{b}_{k}, \hat{b}_{\ell}^\dagger \bigr] = ...
1
vote
3answers
257 views

EM field quantization

I'm trying to quantize the electromagnetic field by solving the vector potential wave equation, that is: $$\nabla^{2} \mathbf{A} = \dfrac{1}{c^{2}} \dfrac{\partial ^{2} \mathbf{A}}{\partial t^{2}}, ...