Scattering is a general term for several physical processes in which radiation of some sort changes direction due to an interaction with a particle. Scattering can be classified by the type of radiation (ie, electromagnetic, x-ray, neutron), or by the relative sizes of the wave and the particle (ie, ...

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Some strange transformation [closed]

In a lecture (look at the chapter "The fermion determinant in a constant field", p. 5) I found some strange transformation, which is given by eq. 18. How to prove it? Exactly, I don't understand the ...
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131 views

Importance of MHV amplitudes

Why are MHV amplitudes so important? How/where are they used and why do people keep trying to rederive them in many different ways?
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180 views

Do higher frequency EM waves travel longer than lower EM frequency waves?

In radio communication, the distance traveling seems to be an important parameter before we choose the frequency band of communication. There is also a path-loss model that describes a distance ...
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2answers
98 views

Is ocean color affected by Rayleigh Scattering?

We know that sky color is due primarily to Rayleigh scattering. Is Rayleigh scattering the dominant effect for ocean color too?
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153 views

How does light pass through rough glass?

Light incident on a rough surface will be diffuse after passing it. Angular intensity depends on the grinding of the glass surface. I'm trying to find information about the scattering indicatrix of ...
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46 views

How common is compromised reference data for physical properties of materials and elements?

This question concerns Monte Carlo simulation of electron scattering in complex material structures, especially the reliability of publicly available source codes and reference data for physical ...
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90 views

Møller scattering: twisted?

I am studying the Møller scattering, but I don't know how to get the twisted diagram from the S-matrix. Has anybody a good explanation?
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346 views

Scattering amplitude and LSZ formula

I'm arriving at a contradiction. To calculate the scattering amplitude, one usually follows the prescription given by the Feynman rules that you only consider fully connected diagrams with the ...
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54 views

Electron scattering

I'm trying to figure out the missing step here, in a problem about X-ray crystallography. I am referring to the attached image: In the image, $A =$ electron density, $Z =$ distance traveled, ...
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183 views

Virtual particles and S-matrix

One of methods of introducing of virtual particles is using perturbation theory. We say that scattering matrice amplitude $M_{in \to out}$ contains of $\delta(P_{out} - P_{in})$, which realizes ...
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1answer
311 views

Transparence of an infinite square well? [closed]

What does it mean by an infinite square well being transparent? I have been doing the calculation of the infinite square well and I came up with an answer $T = 1$ where $T$ for Transmission ...
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297 views

QM Question about the Dirac Delta Potential

I just wrote down the solution for the bound state of the Dirac delta potential well, for $E<0$, and apparently there is only one specific energy for the bound state, and it is negative. I solved ...
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71 views

Scattering matrix and braid operators (Yang-Baxter equation)

From the definition, I understand that the operators are scattering matrices in the Yang-Baxter equation. But this paper, 'Quantum entanglement and topological entanglement' by Louis H Kauffman and ...
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284 views

Quantum tunneling effect in a potential of the kind $V(x)=A\frac{x^2}{1+x^4}$

Given a potential: $$V(x)=A\frac{x^2}{1+x^4}$$ with $A\gt 1$ and a quantum particle inside the well around the point $x=0$. I'm stuck on the calculation of the transmission and reflection coefficients ...
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101 views

Why do planets other than earth have colours?

I know Mars has many red rocks and mountains. But since it does not have any atmosphere, it shouldn't have any color. So, why does it appear red?
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1answer
42 views

Decrease in Intensity [closed]

A beam of particles pass through a target made of thin foil of a very small thickness $\Delta x$ having $N$ particles per unit volume. Let the collision cross section be $\sigma$ . If the intensity of ...
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1answer
114 views

Why multiply by volume when integrating over final momenta in scattering amplitude calculations?

I am learning about calculating decay rates from quantum field theory amplitudes from David Tong's lecture notes (page 74 in the notes, 24 in document). However, I have some doubts: When he says the ...
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198 views

What happens to the amplituhedron in a non-peturbative context?

The Amplituhedron has recently been popular; it supposedly encodes perturbative scattering amplitudes in a simple, geometric fashion. What happens to it in a non-perturbative context? Is there ...
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1answer
145 views

Does QED provide a closed form for Coulomb logarithms?

The classical models for the integrand as well as the cut-offs in computing the Coulomb logarithm are pretty rough. Does quantum electrodynamics have definite expressions for the quantity ...
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85 views

Collision of 2 neutrons

If two neutrons collide in 3D space and we want to determine the final velocities of both nuetrons (3 components for each neutrons), we can use the conservation of momentum equations and the ...
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292 views

Locality in the scattering amplitude

Early in this talk by Nima Arkani-Hamed, he describes what locality means for scattering amplitudes. "Locality tells you that the only poles in the scattering amplitude occur when the sum of a subset ...
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891 views

How does one actually compute the amplituhedron?

I was watching Nima's very popular talk (download if you're using chrome) (also mirrored at youtube here) about the "Amplituhedron", which has suddenly become very popular recently. He talks all ...
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1answer
378 views

Why depolarization of light by scattering

I am trying to understand the concept of depolarization of light by various particle shapes. For example, depolarization light scattered (re radiated) from a sphere illuminated with vertically ...
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1answer
190 views

Classical Rutherford scattering (partial) derivation

I am having trouble answering the following question, please could you help! Thank you in advance for any assistance you can give. Consider classical Rutherford scattering of a particle with mass $m$ ...
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117 views

Is Veneziano amplitude able to explain the physical properties of strongly interacting hadrons (such as proton and neutron)? [duplicate]

In theoretical physics, the Veneziano amplitude refers to the discovery made in 1968 by Italian theoretical physicist Gabriele Veneziano that the Euler beta function, when interpreted as a scattering ...
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146 views

Divergence of One and Two Graviton Exchanges

At the bottom of pg. 3, Kiritsis states the following To appreciate the difficulties with the quantization of Einstein gravity, we look at a single-graviton exchange between two particles (Fig. ...
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1answer
123 views

Is there a better alternative to assuming $a=0$ and then calculating acceleration? (Exam question: radiated energy after Coulomb scattering)

My classmates and I are having some debate about how to solve this problem which came up on one of our comprehensive exams. A full, step-by-step solution is not needed, an outline is enough. A ...
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1answer
269 views

How exactly do I calculate this correlation function?

I found a research paper (from 1977) that has a particular equation I need to reproduce. The paper essential calculates dynamic light scattering correlation functions. The full equations I need to ...
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1answer
425 views

Evaluation of QED amplitude with 1 external photon

I'm trying to compute the exact QED amplitude with one external photon. Suppose that the photon has 4-momentum $q$ and polarization $\varepsilon^\mu$. Peskin and Schroeder (p318) claim that ignoring ...
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520 views

Scattering Amplitude in second Born Approximation for the Yukawa potential

Does anyone know where I can find the analytical expressions of the scattering amplitude in second Born Approximation for the Yukawa potential? I need it for the both cases of the method of partial ...
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1answer
102 views

What is the intensity of this light?

I am struggling with a derivation that calculates the cross sections for Mie scattering and since the incident light is considered to be a x-polarized plane wave I thought that we would have $$I_i = ...
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72 views

1D Foldy for the scalar wave equation

In 1D since the Green Function for the scalar wave equation is nonsingular, there is no need to exclude the self interaction term from Foldy's sum over scatterers. In fact you MUST include it since ...
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68 views

Mie Scattering for spheres with constant dipole moment

I was wondering whether there exists a theory that describes Mie Scattering for spheres that have a constant dipole moment. Since there are theories that describe Mie scattering in the case of a ...
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1answer
247 views

Charge Renormalization and Photon Propagator

I'm trying to understand charge renormalization in QED. I know that one can write the full photon propagator as $$\frac{-i\eta_{\mu\nu}}{q^2(1-\Pi(q^2))}$$ where $\Pi$ is regular at $0$. Obviously ...
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36 views

Total scattering rate of light for an atomic transition given a laser field with an intensity distribution?

I have a laser with an intensity distribution $I(\lambda)$ over a broad wavelength range (arroun 40 nm), I want to calculate the total scattering rate due to the full spectrum of the laser; the the ...
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57 views

String total cross sections at asymptotically high energy

I only have a vague understanding of string theory, but a solid understanding of particle physics. At asymptotically high energy (Regge limit), the string cross section is dominated by the exchange ...
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1answer
1k views

Star visibility in outer space even during the day?

Say I am in a space shuttle and have reached outer space. Is it true that during the day it possible to see stars outside through the window? Do I have to wait until night? Why is this the case?
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50 views

Origin of crossing relations in relativistic scattering amplitudes

What is the origin of crossing relations in relativistic scattering amplitudes? At first I thought it was CPT, but then it turned out that was not correct. That is, what is the formal reason that ...
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1answer
140 views

Compton scattering - Does this example have a solution if i get negative number under the square of quadratic eq.?

1. The problem statement Incomming photon gives half of its energy to an electron during scatering. After scattering, photon is headed $\phi=120^\circ$ according to the original direction. ...
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88 views

Compton scatering problem - How to solve this large problem faster using the momentum system?

I have encountered a hard exercise which i cannot quite solve. Could anyone help me with it? This is the exercise: Lets say we have a photon whose energy $W_f$ is equal to the relativistic ...
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1answer
54 views

Photon propagation direction prediction possible after interacting with neutral hydrogen?

My current line of research deals a lot with hydrogen's Lyman-alpha emission and subsequent interactions of the Lyman-alpha photons with the surrounding hydrogen gas. My question is whether ...
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2answers
65 views

Does the particle number in the universe need to increase?

Can someone give me an example of a physical process - some (realistic) scattering process - in which one can observe that the particle number has decreased? I was wondering, because it is relatively ...
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472 views

Why can the Euler beta function be interpreted as a scattering amplitude?

The Wikipedia article on the Veneziano Amplitude claims that the Euler beta function can be interpretted as a scattering amplitude. Why is this? In another word, when the Euler beta function is ...
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1answer
239 views

What does this feynman diagram represent?

This feynman diagram represents the elastic proton scattering of electrons. The $e^-$ has an initial momentum $k$ and a final $k^\prime$. The circle represents that the target(the proton that is) ...
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2answers
89 views

Reconciliation of a particle's rest frame and the uncertainty principle

When calculating in a rest frame, doesn't one assume both, definite velocity (zero) and position (origin)? Why is Heisenberg okay with that? Edit: E.g. For a decay we can do calculations in which we ...
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2answers
1k views

What is a photopeak?

I'm currently studying for an exam, where I'm looking into decays and gamma radiation. I then have a diagram where there are stuff like "Compton scattering", "Single Escape Peaks", "Double Escape ...
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1answer
63 views

Elastic vs Inelastic vs isospin violating scattering particle physics models

I'm looking for a nice paper that explains the difference between three particle physics models for spin-independent dark matter interaction with nuclei: elastic, inelastic and isospin violating ...
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357 views

What is the formal definition of spin-independent vs. spin-dependent scattering?

In the search for WIMPs as the dark matter particle, there is an important distinction between spin-independent and spin-dependent scattering. Roughly, WIMPs scattering from nucleons through a ...
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45 views

Concerning Mie scattering and phase function dependance

In general, scattering intensity is written as $I = I_{0} \frac{\pi a^2 Q_{sca} P(\theta)}{r^2 4 \pi}$ It is also written as $I = I_{0} \frac{i_1 + i_2}{2 k^2 r^2}$ I am sort of confused, given the ...
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499 views

Origin of Rayleigh scattering

Is Rayleigh scattering simply the elementary result of scattering theory, that, at low energies (long wavelengths) the scattering is dominated by $s$-wave scattering?