A tag for questions about rotational motion, including angular velocity and angular acceleration.

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interpreting aspects of rotational motion conceptually [closed]

Level - First Year Physics University I don't understand the concept of angular momentum, conceptually. What is it? if I were to explain it how would I go about doing that? without having to explain ...
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1answer
31 views

Asking about centrepetal acceleration

please look at the fig first 1) How can you claim that the triangle ABC is same as the triangle PQR? 2) How can you claim that the angle between V1 and V2 is same as the angle between AC and AB? ...
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130 views

Rotation of Spacetime => Change in orbit/path

Along the idea of frame-dragging; Will the rotation of a black hole, which has some velocity v and angular momentum, influence its path in 3D space? I've seen the fact that depending on the ...
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2answers
1k views

3D: Get linear velocity from position and angular velocity

I want to find out the linear velocity of a point in 3D space, (Euclidean), given: Its position Its angular velocity The point it's rotating around (fulcrum) (This is a problem I need to solve ...
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2answers
527 views

Kinetic energy of a cylinder

It is a long cylinder (you can approx $R=0$), and it has a fixed point in one os its ending points, it's rotating on a plane and I have to calculate the kinetic energy from reference systems situated ...
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1answer
3k views

What is negative angular acceleration?

I was doing an exercise in physics and I noted that the angular acceleration was negative. What does that mean?
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1answer
558 views

Non-commutative property of rotation

Addition of angles are non-commutative in three dimensions. Hence some other angular vector quantities like angular velocity, momentum become non-commutative. What is the physical significance of this ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is the velocity on the top of a wheel twice the velocity of its axle?

When a wheel is rolling, not skidding, and its axle moves at velocity $\vec{v}$, then a point on the top of its circumference will move at velocity $2\vec{v}$, shown below. I really don't ...
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1answer
578 views

How does weight/mass affect angular momentum?

How does weight/mass affect angular momentum? For my 8th gr science fair project I have to do an experiment on angular momentum. My problem is that we have not been taught any of that in physics yet, ...
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1answer
382 views

Definition of angular velocity

I'm trying to follow the Feynman lectures and I'm stuck on a particular piece. Let me frame it for you before I ask my question. Nobody does it better than the author himself, we must find out how ...
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0answers
43 views

Calculate Rotational Intertia

If a can of soup, and a can of beans (tightly packed), are set in a race down a rough hill (has friction), the soup wins, because the inside of the can (soup) is not drawing energy from the system. ...
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4answers
2k views

Two axes for rotational motion

I understand that angular momentum is a vector, etc.. But, what really happens when some object, say a ball for example, is set to rotate along two axes? What would the resulting motion look like?
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2k views

Finding Constant Angular Acceleration

The question is, "A centrifuge in a medical laboratory rotates at an angular speed of 3500 rev/min. When switched off, it rotates 46.0 times before coming to rest. Find the constant angular ...
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2answers
790 views

Vector Nature Of Angular Velocity

I am currently reading about angular position, angular velocity, and angular acceleration. I came across this paragraph that was particularly confusing, and was wondering if someone could perhaps help ...
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2answers
1k views

Applying angular velocity to a rotation matrix

I have a very simple question. In our project we store an object's orientation as a 3x3 matrix which holds the orthonormal base of that object's local space. For instance if the object is aligned with ...
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1answer
291 views

Determining friction for unbalanced wheel to roll without sliding

I'm trying to model a weighted wheel rolling without slipping. I understand that friction, by virtue of being an off-center force, affects both linear and angular acceleration. So my train-of-thought ...
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2answers
787 views

Does uniform circular motion occur in real life in a non horizontal plane?

I have a question about UCM, as I am studying it in my Physics course. I understand that Non-UCM experiences a tangential acceleration component, which is the result of changing speed along its ...
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1answer
488 views

Euler angle: space-fixed vs body-fixed axes

I am sooo confused!! Between active and passive, intrinsic and extrinsic, vectors and basis .... Stipulate that we stick to active rotations only. Then Standard derivation of $R(\alpha, ...
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1answer
164 views

Creating a fair 3 sided coin

I want to make a cylindrical three sided fair coin, with sides: heads, tails, and edge. What should the area of the edge be in relation to the area of the head of the coin? Assume it is all made of ...
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1answer
325 views

Relating angular and linear kinematics

In my physics book "University Physics", there is a chapter on relating linear and angular kinematics. I understand the parts where it shows $v = r\omega$ and $a_{\text{tan}} = r\alpha$. However in ...
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3answers
457 views

Do rotating bodies emit gravitational waves?

Suppose we have a cylinder of mass $m$, radius $R$ and height $h$ in rotation with speed $\omega$ around its symmetry axis with no friction (ideal situation). I'd expect this cylinder to emit ...
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1answer
4k views

What's the right way to calculate the principal moment of inertia?

I am writing a program that incorporates calculating the principal moment of inertia for a protein residue based on its component atom XYZ coordinates. I am exceedingly confused about which formulas ...
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2answers
740 views

motion in the body-fixed frame?

This is really basic, I'm sure: For rigid body motion, Euler's equations refer to $L_i$ and $\omega_i$ as measured in the fixed-body frame. But that frame is just that: fixed in the body. So how ...
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5answers
669 views

Why can mass not be considered concentrated at CM (center of mass) for rotational motion?

Could anyone explain the following expression: Why can mass not be considered concentrated at CM (center of mass) for rotational motion?
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2answers
495 views

Piston movements in four stroke cycle?

I was reading about a four stroke cycle. Here's what I understood: In the first stroke, the piston starts at the top and moves down. In the second stroke, the piston moves upwards. In the third ...
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3answers
1k views

Angular momentum equations

I do not understand this because angular momentum is $L=I\omega$ ($I$ is moment of inertia;$\omega$ is angular velocity) but it I have also seen equations where $L= rmv\sin(x)$. I do not understand ...
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2answers
360 views

Spin angular momentum of a system of particles : Is there any energy associated with it?

Consider a system of point particles , where the mass of particle $i$ is $μ_i$ and its position vector is $\vec{r}_i$. Let $\vec{r}_\text{cm}$ is the position vector of the center of mass of the ...
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1answer
287 views

Paradox of the Relativistic Record Player [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Invariant spacetime - distance - Circular Motion This is a question that I thought up a few years ago when I was taking mechanics. I asked the professor but didn't ...
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2answers
945 views

What are the expressions for rotational and translational kinetic energies of a system of point particles?

Consider a system of point particles , where the mass of particle $i$ is $\mu_i$ and its position vector is $r_i$. What are the expressions for translational kinetic energy and rotational kinetic ...
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1answer
2k views

Merry go round physics problem?

So I have the following statement. "A merry-go-round is spinning with a fixed angular speed. As a person is walking towards the edge, the force of static friction must increase in order for the ...
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4answers
751 views

Why does a ping pong ball change direction when I spin it on a table?

When I spin a ping pong ball on the table, it rolls forward in the opposite direction of the spin, and then eventually changes direction and rolls backward. Here's a video demonstrating the effect. ...
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1answer
935 views

Hollow Wheels Down a Hill

Lets say I have a hoop of mass $M$ and radius $R$. It is rolling down a hill without slipping, so I don't need to worry about friction doing work on it. Lets say the angular speed is $\omega = ...
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2answers
307 views

Combined Translation and Rotation of a disk possible? material and references?

I am considering building a robot that can rotate and move at the same time. Since it's just a theoretical idea at the time and I need read up material, I thought I would ask here. I am thinking of a ...