A tag for questions about the mechanical interactions of rotating objects, including torque and angular momentum.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
3answers
65 views

Will computer fan rotate slower if one makes impeller heavier?

Imagine that we replace plastic fan impeller with identical metal impeller (same form, heavier weight). Would maximum fan speed decrease? Common sense suggests that air resistance and bearing ...
1
vote
2answers
265 views

What would happen if we tried to run a motor in space when it is not attached to anything to provide support to it?

I know that a when a motor runs it generates torque and that torque can be used to do useful work. On the other hand, the motor needs strong support that absorbs the reaction torque. In our case let ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

How to Calculate Engine Torque from Wheel Torque?

Not sure if this is the right place to post - so feel free to tell me to go away :) Im trying to understand how I can use wheel torque curves to estimate the engine torque vs engine rpm relationship. ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to make a body rotate about a line that does not go through its center of mass by applying external torques

In space, is it possible to make a body rotate a point that does not go through its center of mass by applying external torques?
0
votes
2answers
85 views

how is this kind of rolling motion possible?

I was solving this problem : Suppose you put a sphere in a rough ground with velocity of center of mass $v_{cm}= v_o$ in the positive $x$ axis and with anticlockwise angular momentum $\omega_o$ so ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Particle slides on incline where incline angle increases with rate $\omega$: why does kinetic energy have a term $(1/2)m(\omega^2 x^2)$?

A particle slides on a smooth inclined plane whose inclination is $\theta$ is increasing at a constant rate $w$. If $\theta = 0$, at time t = 0 at which time the particle start from rest, Find the ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Will this system of magnets rotate?

A system of four magnets are placed as shown in the figure. As per the application of Maglev, a stationary magnet produces electro motive force with the magnets in motion. Note That the point O is ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

Trajectory of rolling billiard ball after collision with another billiard ball with same mass

So, according to this article http://www.real-world-physics-problems.com/physics-of-billiards.html , the trajectory of white (cue) ball is always perpendicular to the line connecting center of ball ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

A lever arm-definition question

My question is regarding Torque, and specifically the definition of the lever arm. As far as I've understood, the lever arm is the line perpendicular to the line of action to your reference point. ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Protoplanetary disks, angular momentum and prograde orbits

So you've got a protoplanetary disk and you're going to gravitate yourself some planets together. The disk is made up of the usual planetary system stuff, dust and gas and whatnot, orbiting a common ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Sum of forces with liquid in rotation

It's not homework (I'm teacher). I would like to compute sum of forces on this study : The shape is symmetrical like that I'm sure the center of gravity is in the center of the shape. I compute ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Can we spin a top in vacuum?

What happens to a top if we spin it in vacuum. Will it have any difference to rotating in a normal surface to a surface in vacuum.
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Torque angular acceleration units check [closed]

Given : A (hypothetical) wheel with a m.o.i. of 1 lb*ft^2 Radius of wheel = 1.9099 inches, therefore circumference of wheel = 1 foot The wheel is initially at rest (rotation = 0) A torque of 1 ...
-1
votes
0answers
28 views

Is atmosphere rotate with Earth? [duplicate]

How can an aeroplane reach its targets if it is moving in the direction of rotation of the earth? Earth is revolving 1640 km per hour but aeroplane speed is 1200 km/h mathematically it is not possible ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Basic moment of inertia problem [closed]

We are given a hollow disc with mass m and radius R, as shown in the picture: The disc is rotating around an axis perpendicular to the disc basis, which pierces it at its center of mass. Now, I've ...
1
vote
1answer
599 views

How easily can the Earth flip?

The recent media attention to sunspot activity (however warranted) reminds me of a question I had long ago. Given the angular momentum and the slight 'wobble' of the earth, and remembering the ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Damping Constant for a Ball Rolling in a Bowl

How would you find the damping constant of a ball rolling without slipping in half of a sphere? I know how to find the period of the oscillation, but how would I find the damping constant ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Can the anti-torque of a motor be used to spin a space vehicle about it's axis?

Imagine an electric motor together with its power supply in space. What exactly will happen to it if it is suddenly powered? Will it spin about its axis, or it will experience no motion relative to an ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

How many hours will be in a day if the radius of Earth increases by 70 m?

I am little confused about the linear momentum and angular momentum, will the linear momentum of earth change due to changing of its radius or it will stay as it was and i know that the moment of ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Why does locking the rear tires on a vehicle cause it to spin?

Handbrake Turns are often used in motor-sports and stunt driving to turn around tight corners. Essentially, the driver applies the handbrake as he enters the turn, in order to "kick out" the back end ...
0
votes
3answers
168 views

Forces and acceleration on rotating objects?

Suppose you have an object undergoing uniform circular motion, with force vector pointing towards the center and another force vector tangential. Can it be said that the net force pointing in the ...
5
votes
3answers
655 views

How can I relate linear and angular motion using a single formula?

I want to relate linear and angular motion using a single formula. Assume I have a 10m rod, and I apply a force of 5N on it, 2.5m away from the axis of rotation for 1s. How can I determine the ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Compute distance travelled based on a yaw-rate

Assume that a rigid body is traveling with constant velocity $v$, and (this rigid body) is rotating with a constant yaw rate of $\dot{\theta}$. Find the distance travelled in one time step, $\Delta ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Reduction of Earth's Rotation due to increase in humidity

I came to know that, moon is moving away from earth, resulting reduction of Earth's rotation. Similarly, if Earth's humidity increases, water vapor will be move up to the air from water sources, will ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How do I calculate the experimental and theoretical rotational inertia of a point mass?

I'm getting some weird results from a calculation I'm doing and quite honestly, I'm pretty sure it's due to human error. I do have an apparatus involved for the experimental process for my lab but I ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Determine fan sound (dB) based on its rotational speed (RPM)

I am trying to find the sound amplitude or level produced by a fan, knowing its RPM. Is there a simple formula for it? What other parameters does it depend on? Assume I have all the fan properties, ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Changing linear to angular velocity

Suppose a 1m rod with a hook is travelling at $v$ m/s, and the hook is caught on a hanging line. The rod will change its translational motion into rotation around the hook. Since it is not an ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Moment of inertia of a connecting rod in a crank-slider mechanism

PROBLEM I am trying to determine the moment of inertia of a connecting rod (conrod) in a crank-slider mechanism. $r$ is the crank radius. $l$ is the length of the conrod. $I_{rod}$ is the moment of ...
40
votes
4answers
9k views

How do bicycle spokes work?

As you know, it is quite obvious that bicycle spokes attach the hub in the center to the rim. What else do they do? If you compare the wheels today with the ones from ancient times, there are more ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Rigid Body Dynamics - Calculating Rotation of an Object

I've looked everywhere and I can't quite find a concise answer, especially due to my limited knowledge and understanding of terminology. I found something called Rodrigues' Rotation Formula that ...
0
votes
3answers
691 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum, as related to a flywheel

Trying to work out some pesky flywheel dynamics for a project I'm working on, would love some for your assistance to better understand the underlying concepts. For a given flywheel (thin-walled ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Rotational dynamics equation for a variable mass system?

I'm searching for the formulation of Euler's rigid body dynamics in the case of a variable mass system. I'm reading the book Mechanics of Flight by Warren F. Phillips (2nd edition) and unfortunately ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Free rotation of a rigid body

So I am currently reading Fowles and Cassidy and there is something I'm confused about in the section about geometric description of free rotation of a rigid body. I will present the stuff first that ...
-2
votes
1answer
29 views

Torque-direction of rotation

Taking moment about $A$, the mass of 2.0g and 0.50g is rotated in the clockwise direction is because they are both directed in downwards position? while $R2$ is acted in upward direction, so it is ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Can a mouse rotating a wheel violate conservation of angular momentum?

I have been thinking on the following problem. Part I. Imagine we have a mouse enclosed in a rigid box. We placed the box on a frictionless surface (ice might be a good example). Can the box start ...
-1
votes
0answers
11 views

How to calculate the inertia tensors of an irregular polygonal right prism?

I am attempting to program a physics simulation and need to do calculate the inertia tensors of a mesh constructed of a series of irregular polygonal prisms. Now, I am aware that you can calculate ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

How does ground interact with a box rotating around its corner?

I have some questions about how forces $F$, friction force $F_{friction}$, and normal $N$ interact in order to the box below to turn (clockwise) about the red corner, without sliding. The force $F$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Spinning rubber ball with equatorial ridge

I have this rubber ball with something like a very slight equatorial ridge (sort of like Saturn's moon Iapetus) which I often spin around on my desk. I keep noticing that no matter the inclination of ...
2
votes
5answers
4k views

Force applied to wheel in pure rolling motion at contact point with road [closed]

Suppose a wheel with radius $R$ is resting on a non-inclined surface. A torque $\tau$ is applied to the wheel center. In an attempt to prevent wheel from spinning, the ground applies a static friction ...
15
votes
8answers
6k views

What is the electric field generated by a spinning magnet?

Consider a cylinder of permanently magnetized material, with uniform magnetization pointing along the cylindrical symmetry axis (the $z$-direction). The magnet is rotating about its cylindrical ...
3
votes
2answers
170 views

Conceptual rolling

If you could roll a ball down a slope with friction, we would all know which direction the ball is rolling. However, say we have a frictionless slope and we roll the ball in the opposite direction and ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How do I incoporate gyro information in my position and velocity calculation? [closed]

The velocity in 1 direction can be calculated as : $V_t=V_0+at$ And position could be calculated as $P_t=V_0t+1/2at^2$. Besides time, acceleration, I was also given information from 3 axis ...
4
votes
3answers
207 views

What is an intuitive explanation using forces for the equatorial bulge?

The earth is not a sphere, because it bulges at the equator. I tried fiddling with centripetal force equations and gravity, but I couldn't derive why this bulge occurs. Is there (a) a ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Cylinder inside a cylinder - moment of inertia

A homogeneous cylinder with radius a and mass m rolls in a hollow cylinder with radius R. Determine the kinetic energy of the cylinder as function of $\dot{\theta}$. I'm sorry for ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Advantages of a deadblow hammer?

A deadblow hammer is a type of mallet with a hollow head filled with shot or sand. When you hit with it, say on an anvil, the mallet does not rebound, but just falls flat and heavy. I don't ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Autocorrelation function corresponding to density of states with significant rotational motion

Most statistical physics textbooks (at least the ones I've found) state simply that the density of states of a system can be found as the temporal Fourier transform of the velocity autocorrelation ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Will increased weight slow a pendulum?

When a pendulum is swinging, if you could instantly add significant weight to the bob without altering it in any other way, will that weight increase drag and cause the pendulum to move to equilibrium ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Friction in Rolling Motion [duplicate]

My understanding of rolling motion: When a body rolls, at every instant, there is just one point of contact between the body and the plane and this point has no motion relative to the plane. Now ...