A tag for questions about the mechanical interactions of rotating objects, including torque and angular momentum.

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4
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1answer
46 views

What is rotational potential energy?

I don't understand the concept of rotational potential energy. During linear motion, when a force is applied, the work it does gets converted to kinetic energy and there is no change in the ...
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

Force applied to the rod [on hold]

How much force is applied to the other end of the rod the moment you cut the string? (g=10m/s^2)
-3
votes
0answers
19 views

Loop the loop question: A marble of mass $m$ and radius $r$ rolls along the looped track in the image [on hold]

A marble of mass m and radius r rolls along the looped track in the image: What is the minimum value of H if the marble is to reach the highest point of the loop without leaving the track?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Expressing virtual force in terms of muscle contraction force

Two bodies connected with a hinge joint with axis in J. They also connected with a muscle at points M and M`. I’m trying to express virtual force Fv in terms of muscle force Fm acting at the point M ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Tention in a string with pulley and two objects at opposite ends

Tension is confusing me. According to my understanding of tension the tension in a string is uniform but while going through the solution of a problem I read that tge tension on the left part of the ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Verifying directions of forces during pure rolling?

Let us take a cylinder on a rough horizontal surface. The cylinder undergoes pure rolling A vertical downward force acts on the cylinder to produce a clockwise rotation. The point at which it acts ...
40
votes
3answers
7k views

Why don't galaxies orbit each other?

Planets orbit around stars, satellites orbit around planets, even stars orbit each other. So the question is: Why don't galaxies orbit each other in general, as it's rarely observed? Is it considered ...
0
votes
4answers
44 views

Force needed to flip/overturn object [on hold]

I can't find a way to solve this physics problem: I have an l-shaped object (Mass: 10KG and edge of length a) on a surface and I need to calculate the force needed (applied on the top right corner,...
4
votes
3answers
156 views

How to find the center of rotation? (2D)

First off, I'm assuming that a free floating polygon doesn't always rotate around its center of mass unless the net force is zero (based on the points below). If this isn't correct please tell me. ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

How does ground interact with a box rotating around its corner?

I have some questions about how forces $F$, friction force $F_{friction}$, and normal $N$ interact in order to the box below to turn (clockwise) about the red corner, without sliding. The force $F$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Force required to rotate around an axis [on hold]

So I have a rather simple physics question that I am not sure where to begin with. I am designing a dumper and I need to figure out the amount of force required to rotate and lift it around a bearing. ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What is the degree of freedom of pure rolling motion?

A cylindrical body is pure rolling, what will be the degree of freedom for it? I am confused between 2 and 1 if slipping occurs than it has 2 but in pure rolling there's no slipping so what will it ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Velocity of a body in a pulley problem involving a spring fixed to the ground

So the picture shows the whole situation. My question is, how do you find the velocity of the object after it had descended 10 cm (0.1 m) ? Pulley's radius 0.2 m, moment of inertia 0.2 kg/m I have ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

Animating Differential Equations

I was tasked with creating a $3D$ animation in Mathematica, which aims to describe the movement of a football through space as it's kicked. There are several differential equations regarding this ...
3
votes
3answers
72 views

Friction-free rolling/sliding on an inclined plane

Suppose a sphere is rolling down an inclined plane. There is no friction. The body will not roll and undergo just a translation. But why is this so? If we consider the axis to be along the point of ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Torque and a pulley

I'm supposed to find, symbolically, what the moment of inertia of the pulley is using $T_1, T_2, r,$ and $a$. Obviously the base equation would be the sum of the torques equals $Iα$. I have the ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Normal Force in Circular Motion

In the above diagram, sec1(on the left side), an object of mass $m$, after releasing from rest from a slant track, continues into a vertical circular track. At a random position on the circular track, ...
1
vote
5answers
374 views

Forces and acceleration on rotating objects?

Suppose you have an object undergoing uniform circular motion, with force vector pointing towards the center and another force vector tangential. Can it be said that the net force pointing in the ...
1
vote
2answers
84 views

Rotational work and forces such as static friction or ropes tension

I'm confused about the rotational work, defined as $W=\int_{\theta_1}^{\theta_2} \tau_z d \theta $ Where $\tau_z$ is the component of the torque parallel to the axis of rotation $z$. Consider a ...
0
votes
2answers
328 views

A lever arm-definition question

My question is regarding Torque, and specifically the definition of the lever arm. As far as I've understood, the lever arm is the line perpendicular to the line of action to your reference point. ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Why golf balls travel faster if they spin?

From the book I have been given to read I found that balls spin due to the centripetal force but i am confused about how exactly do the resultant force causes it to spin and move forward about the ...
5
votes
1answer
282 views

Sum of forces with liquid in rotation

It's not homework (I'm teacher). I would like to compute sum of forces on this study : The shape is symmetrical like that I'm sure the center of gravity is in the center of the shape. I compute ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Total torque about any line when resultant force is zero [closed]

While reading about rotational equilibrium I came across a statement which I was unable to understand: The torque can be taken about any line perpendicular to the plane of the forces. In general,...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

dc motor rotational kinetic energy [closed]

Rotational Kinetc Energy of an armature in left DC motor is given as: $\frac12n^2J_m(\dot\theta_l-\dot\psi)^2$ where n = Gear ratio $J_m$ = DC motor inertia moment $\theta_l$ = left wheel angle $\psi$ ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Dynamics of swinging

My husband built a 20'-high tree swing, using 3/16"-welded-link chains to suspend it approximately 2' off of the ground. To our disappointment, pumping barely gets the swing going, with little height ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...
2
votes
2answers
345 views

Will the day/night cycle change when the poles melt?

I want to know what will happen to day and night if poles melt i think it will change but I don't know why? ^_^
1
vote
0answers
27 views

A trio of spinning marbles

My little brother showed me this devised act in which he stuck three marbles in a triangular pattern When he spun any of those marbles, the triplet would first rotate normally, but moments later, ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Does zero net force imply zero net torque?

I wonder, for a rigid body, if the vector sum of all external forces acting on it is equal to zero ($F_{\rm net} = 0$), does this imply that the vector sum of all external torques acting on it about ...
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

In pure translation why the body does not exhibit rotation only and only about the CM? [closed]

Suppose I have a rod in pure translation as shown in the picture with some constant acceleration. The two forces $F_1$ and $F_2$ act as shown. So clearly due to the definition of pure translation ...
1
vote
3answers
233 views

Does center of mass affect how an object falls?

Suppose you drop an object which has two ends, of which one is heavy and the other is pretty light. Will the object fall with its heavier end downward or with the lighter one? Why does it happen?
2
votes
1answer
207 views

To prove uniqueness of the rotation tensor associated with rotation of a rigid body

Suppose there are $N$ particles embedded in a rigid body which undergoes some random rotation such that: $$ \overline{\overline {R}}_{ij} \otimes \vec{a}_{ij} = \vec{b}_{ij}$$ where, $i$ and $j$...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

How to calculate torque needed to rotate a ring held captive between two parts with a known compression force?

I'm wondering how to find the torque needed to rotate a ring that is held captive between two plates with a known friction coefficient, radius, and compression force. I'm assuming that the mass of the ...
4
votes
7answers
168 views

Why does a rigid body rotate and not simply translate when pushed with an instantaneous force?

Let's say we have a metal rod of consistent density sitting flat on a frictionless surface. I intuitively understand that if I push one of its ends away from me, (at a right angle to the length of the ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

What is intertia tensor for tapered cylinder (solid and with separate inside and outside radii)?

I need the inertia tensor for tapered cylinders, both solid and hollow, and if possible with independent inner and outer radii on the $x$ and $y$ axes (so the cross-sections of the cylinders can be an ...
0
votes
3answers
948 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum, as related to a flywheel

Trying to work out some pesky flywheel dynamics for a project I'm working on, would love some for your assistance to better understand the underlying concepts. For a given flywheel (thin-walled ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

Resultant angle of a suspended body after torque is applied

A common driveshaft connects two machines. Between the machines a chassis hangs freely from that driveshaft. A power source is rigidly attached to the chassis. The power source rotates the driveshaft ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Physical pendulum dynamics confusion

I'm validating a Matlab Simulink SimMechanics model analytically. The model consists of a physical pendulum (uniform rod with length $l$ and width $w$) which is torque driven. I'm somewhat confused ...
3
votes
1answer
380 views

How do I treat the Lagrangian in the case of a rigid body?

Here's Exercise 1.11 from Goldstein's Classical Mechanics 3rd edition (the first one after having derived the Lagrangian basically): Exercise 1.11: Consider a uniform thin disk that rolls without ...
1
vote
1answer
242 views

What is really the force required to open a door?

I found a few Phys.SE threads in which an impulse is used to exert a torque on a rod, is it possible to get a realistic description of the force required to open a door?: If we have a free 'door' ($l ...
1
vote
2answers
208 views

Rigid Body Dynamics - Calculating Rotation of an Object

I've looked everywhere and I can't quite find a concise answer, especially due to my limited knowledge and understanding of terminology. I found something called Rodrigues' Rotation Formula that ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Determining bond length of HCN using rotational constant (Physical Chemistry 2)

Context: 2nd year undergraduate student taking Physical Chemistry II. Question: Determine the HC and CN bond lengths in HCN from the rotational constants: B($^{1}H$$^{12}C$$^{14}N$) = 44.316 GHz B($...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Sum of energy for 2 solids in rotation

I would like to compute the sum of energy of the following case: Two solids are turning (disks). Yellow solid is turning at $w_1$ radians per second around its center of gravity and blue solid is ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

What's behind the moment of inertia and other “body-global” properties of bodies?

I'm an electrical engineer currently doing some (computational) mechanics stuff. In introductory literature about mechanics, you can read plenty about the moment of inertia and how you use it in ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Solving 9 variable Normal Reaction equations of Sudoku board [closed]

We have a rigid Square board of negligible mass, which has been divided into a grid of 9 small squares(like a Sudoku Board), at centre of each square a point mass is attached. The gravity on the board ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Balancing an object with two loads

Suppose a bar (black) sitting on a suspended ball (blue) has two rigid loads of equal weight attached to it (red): Will the ball balance on the blue ball given even when the connection points of ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Dampening a swinging mass

Suppose a bar (black) sitting on a suspended ball (blue) has two rigid loads attached to it (red, green): Because the bar sits on a ball, the bar can swing clockwise or anti-clockwise. Suppose the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Is moment of inertia numerically additive?

NOTE: The following argument is being made for square only, not any general shape. We have this square plate: From Perpendicular Axis theorem, $$I_1 + I_2 = I_z \\ I_3 + I_4 = I_z$$ Also, $$...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Protoplanetary disks, angular momentum and prograde orbits

So you've got a protoplanetary disk and you're going to gravitate yourself some planets together. The disk is made up of the usual planetary system stuff, dust and gas and whatnot, orbiting a common ...