Circular motion about a central point or axis

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3
votes
1answer
165 views

What exactly is the definition of motion and its relation to Mach's conjecture?

The notion of "movement" seems to be well understood in physics. In fact, I don't recall any physics text-book defining motion. Special relativity theory says that there is no absolute frame of ...
3
votes
1answer
971 views

Help understanding a Magnetic Levitation “Physics Toy”

I was shown a toy, yesterday, which I would like help understanding qualitatively. A fellow engineer showed me a kit which included three main parts: 1.) A base (black box), approximately 4 ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Simple Harmonic Motion - What are the units for $\omega_0$?

I'm trying to understand the units in: $$mx''+kx=0$$ And the general solution is $$x(t)=A \cos(\omega_0 t)+B \sin(\omega_0 t).$$ Let $\omega_0 =\sqrt{\frac{k}{m}}$ - the unit for the spring ...
1
vote
2answers
287 views

Doubt concerning centripetal acceleration

What is the centripetal acceleration and angular velocity of a child located 8.2 m the center of a carousel? The speed (size of the tangential velocity) of the child is 2.1 m / s A train moves in a ...
6
votes
3answers
325 views

What frame(s) of reference are used to measure the rotation of the Sun around the galaxy ?

I can find various speeds and estimated durations listed at numerous places but none specifically describe the frame of reference. Possible options as example of kind of answer I expect. Local ...
-3
votes
1answer
318 views

How can the Earth's day increase and its rotation slow down at the same time? [closed]

I heard that the Earth rotation is slowing down, but I also heard the Earth's length of day is increasing. Does the two theories go together or conflict with each other?
9
votes
6answers
2k views

How is it that angular velocities are vectors, while rotations aren't?

Does anyone have an intuitive explanation of why this is the case?