Colloquially referred to as one of the hardest professions, rocket science is actually a common name for spacecraft/space-systems engineering. However, one can also generalize this to include all forms of rocketry, including rockets that are not capable of space travel.

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Could the International Space Station get us to Mars?

I read that many space scientists feel that the International Space Station has not contributed much by way of scientific discovery, and compared to say the LHC, has been a very bad value for money ...
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Rocket Altitude Calculation

Assignment Basic data I was launching a rocket model and I tried to calculate the reached altitude. The engine (C6-0) impulse is 10 Ns Total weight is 65,7 g (includes the engine) I calculated ...
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2answers
67 views

How do rockets spin and pitch at the same time

How do rockets spin and pitch at the same time? Thrust vectoring using a gimbal which basically just always faces down, so that shouldn't cause it to pitch. Since the rocket is spinning, using the ...
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6answers
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Could we send a man safely to the Moon in a rocket without knowledge of general relativity?

I'm wondering if it's possible to send a man to the Moon using equations consistent with Newtonian gravity and without the elaborate tools of Einstein gravity. Are the predictions made by Newtonian ...
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1answer
40 views

rocket propulsion [closed]

As I understand it, in rocket propulsion a converging/diverging nozzle is used to convert the random velocity vectors of the combustion chamber gases into a mostly unidirectional velocity field at the ...
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1answer
53 views

Do we need Escape Velocity [duplicate]

This may seem silly a lot but I really need some clarification on the necessity of escape velocity for a rocket leaving the Earth's gravity. A stone thrown vertically upwards reaches to a certain ...
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72 views

Intuition behind Rocket propulsion equation (in Momentum context) [closed]

What's the intuition behind the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation: $$v - v_0 = v_{ex} \ln{\frac{m_o}{m}}.$$
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Why doesn't a cigarette lighter generate thrust?

The way thrust is created by a rocket is discussed here: How does fire create thrust in rocket? If you look at a typical rocket, say V2, it has two primary tanks — one which stores the fuel and the ...
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2answers
345 views

What are the main issues that are preventing a human mission to Mars? [closed]

Is it just because it'd be very expensive? Or are there serious problems that need to be dealt with, studied and solved? If so, what are they?
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43 views

Accelerating rockets by periodic explosions? [closed]

Since in the outer space friction is almost 0, couldn't we accelerate a rocket to reach much faster speeds than that of the current limit by periodically starting and stopping the engines? I think ...
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1answer
998 views

Why doesn't NASA use RAMJET rockets to get into space?

I would think an open cylinder type rocket where the rocket fuel gets injected into the "hollow" cavity that air is going through would be a more effective than the rocket fuel just burning itself. ...
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61 views

Thrust and specific impulse of a rocket

A picture of the question this originates from is given below. Note: I normally work with SI units and am mostly unfamiliar with those used here. The specific impulse of a rocket can be calculated ...
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How can I caculate the time to traverse a distance with the Tsiolkovsky equation?

Using the Tsiolkovsky equation I know what the change in velocity is after burning x amount of fuel. $$ \Delta V = V_e \dot\ log(\frac{m_1}{m_1-m_2}) $$ $m_1$ is my starting mass and $m_2$ is the ...
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2answers
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Rocket Propulsion, delta V, acceleration and time. How do they relate?

I'm trying to understand rockets in a vacuum. As I understand it the, Tsiolkovsky rocket equation gives me the change in velocity of a rocket + payload after expelling a certain amount of fuel. But ...
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0answers
35 views

Rocket in constant gravitational field [duplicate]

A Rocket in a constant gravitational field, what are the conditions required for the rocket to take off immediately? (in terms of $m_0,μ,g,v_r$), where $m_0$ = mass of the rocket at $t=0$ $μ$ = mass ...
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1answer
80 views

How does the space shuttle move in a vacuum? [duplicate]

If there is no friction in space, then how does the space shuttle boost? According to Newton's law we move by pushing something; in space, there is vacuum, so how the space shuttle moves without ...
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2answers
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How to find a condition that ensures that the rocket immediately takes off?

For the rocket in a constant gravitational field, how to find a condition that ensures that the rocket immediately takes off? Update: I apologize. Let's try again. So my question: For the rocket in ...
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4answers
108 views

Which is the right explanation for rocket motion? [duplicate]

What actually causes a rocket to move? Is it the pressure in the rocket engine or the amount and velocity of mass that is being ejected out. The reason I am asking is, I found these two explanations ...
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1answer
53 views

Does the outflowing water create a thrust on the bucket?

Let's consider the the bucket with water, which has a small hole at the bottom. Let the bucket lift up with a constant force $\vec F$. Water in the bucket, of course, flows out of it. Questions are ...
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1answer
100 views

Do objects launched from Earth retain the Earth's lateral inertia (67,000mph)

We've probably all heard of the gun on a train theory. Fire a bullet that would normally travel 500mph on a train that's moving 200mph (in the same direction the train is moving) and you've now got ...
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2answers
129 views

Delta-V of ion thrusters

So I recently started a podcast along with a cohost. It's all about spaceflight. We ran into a question we couldn't quite resolve due to conflicting information on the internet. Put simply: Can ...
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1answer
50 views

What are the preferred height and diameter proportions for a rocket model?

I'm pretty sure, that if you make a rocket that's relatively small in height compared to diameter, it will most likely not fly very high and probably spin out of control. What about a rocket that is ...
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5answers
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Does lunar module need the same amount of fuel for landing and take off?

Let's assume there is no atmosphere and let's assume there is no change in weight due to fuel consumption, will reactive rocket need the same amount of fuel for landing on a planet as for take off? ...
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1answer
53 views

Relationship between momentum and energy for rocket-powered aircraft

I'm trying to write a problem for my students in an algebra-based physics class. We have a flight simulator and I've got a glider in the simulator that has a couple rocket boosters attached. Students ...
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1answer
147 views

What would have been required to boost Mir into a stable orbit?

In 2001, the Russian space station Mir was deorbited and burned up in the atmosphere, after $4.2 billion in expenditures. As it was orbiting within the thermosphere, it was encountering perpetual drag ...
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1answer
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Trying to modify the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation for the real world

Everyone knows about the famous Tsiolkovsky rocket equation. However, he formulated the equation neglecting many things. So, here, I am trying to find the real equation. My thinkings: Suppose, the ...
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Relativity question [duplicate]

If a rocket is traveling away from earth, why does time pass slower for the rocket if from the rocket's perspective, earth is going away from it?
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Understanding of the $m v^2/2$ formula for kinetic energy

I have some problem to intuitively understand why the kinetic energy grows quadratically with the velocity (at least in non-relativistic case). Assume the following experiment: we launch an unmanned ...
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4answers
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Why is $M\frac{dv}{dt} = v_{rel} .\frac{dm}{dt}$ correct and $(M - dm)\frac{dv}{dt} = v_{rel} .\frac{dm}{dt}$ wrong?

Newton's 2nd law of motion can't be applied for mass-varying systems. Another force, known as Thrust must come to play. It can be measured using law of conservation of linear momentum. ...
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Do de Laval nozzles have to be asymmetric?

All pictures of de Laval nozzles I've seen have an hourglass shape where the convergent section is shorter than the divergent section. Is this necessary to attain supersonic exhaust velocities, or ...
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47 views

Why does NASA use gold to hold heat in even though its conductive? [duplicate]

I heard that NASA uses gold to prevent heat loss even though gold is conductive. How does NASA prevent heat loss with a conductive material?
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1answer
67 views

Delta-v required to get to Medium Earth Orbit?

Does anyone know what's the delta-v you need to get to Medium Earth Orbit (the delta-v for 7,000 km high orbit for example)? I know that to get to LEO you need around 9.5 km/s (including gravity and ...
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1answer
115 views

Why is specific impulse measured in seconds?

Specific impulse is usually defined as: $$I_{sp} = \frac{F_T}{\dot m ~ g_0} $$ This comes out in seconds. I interpret it as follows: If I want $F$ Newtons of thrust, every second I must burn a ...
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3answers
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Would the rotation of a space ship in vacuum slow it down

Firstly , a few disclaimers : English is not my native language so I may use the wrong technical terms. Please notify me and I will correct the question. As a CS major , I've only taken one class ...
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Variable mass dynamics: Particle and Rigid Body

I'm encountering some issues in the understanding of some basic concepts about the dynamics of variable-mass particles and rigid bodies. For what I found, for example reading On the use and abuse of ...
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2answers
34 views

Detecting radioactive material at a distance

I have heard a lot about the failures of even the best-funded anti-ballistic missile technology. The usual explanation is that ABM is very hard after the boost phase because of evasion techniques and ...
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1answer
154 views

Burning fuel in space while accelerating and deaccelerating

Is it true that for acceleration in space we need not the same quantity of the fuel than during the deacceleration stage?
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1answer
95 views

Why does Philae have only three legs?

Can anyone explain why comet lander Philae has only three legs? Isn't it obvious that it now has problems that it would not have had if it had four legs arranged as a regular tetrahedron - or even ...
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1answer
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Maneuvering a space shuttle using propulsion systems?

A colleague and I randomly started on this subject, and, not being very good at anything science / physics related we were stumped at how this might work. So the question is: If I park my space ship ...
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Why didn't all three of my electrical fuses ignite? [closed]

I built a rocket that used 3 x solid fuel motors. To ignite them I used 3 electrical fuses, which are basically a thin filament of wire which heats up when given enough voltage. Only 2 of the 3 fuses ...
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8answers
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What is a rocket engine thrusting against in space?

I know Newton's third law of motion might be the answer for this but still I am wondering how the rockets could thrust in the empty space and move in the opposite direction. I guess an astronaut ...
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1answer
99 views

The Law of Conservation of Energy and Time

The Law of Conservation of Energy essentially states that in a given closed system, the total energy at any instance of time should be equal. This includes the kinetic energy, gravitational potential ...
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63 views

Why was the asteroid 101955 Bennu chosen by the NASA OSIRIS-REx sample return mission?

Please explain it in simple terms. Why was THIS asteroid chosen among all the thousand of asteroids?
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2answers
977 views

Why do rockets jettison fuel tanks? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand why rockets have multistages releasing their fuel tanks. Say a rocket $R$ has two fuel tanks $A$ and $B$, which respectively have masses $m_a$ and $m_b$, and the mass of the ...
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1answer
96 views

How much fuel is needed for a constant-acceleration rocket?

My son and I have been discussing the concept of a constant-acceleration rocket, as described here and here. We're willing to assume advanced technology such as a fusion rocket, which, according to ...
3
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3answers
281 views

Escape velocity of satellites

I know that the equation for it is $$v^2 = \frac{2GM}{r},$$ and with that, the rocket should be launched at that speed. But could it go much slower spending much more fuel to escape from gravity ...
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108 views

Is it possible to build a huge spaceship like the one of of Star Trek or Prometheus?

Ok, so theoretically, is it possible to build a spaceship like the ones we see off of Star Trek or Prometheus or will physics not allow it? What are some challenge faces such an task. Also, is there ...
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spacecraft thrust through means other than liquid propellants

Is there any way of achieving effective thrust in space without using conventional fluid or gas propellants such as rocket-fuels or supercooled material? For instance: gaining thrust through solar ...
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Can we use water as fuel for nuclear thermal space propulsion?

As I know, the working fuel of choice is Hydrogen because of its low molecular mass. When it comes to escape velocity, the estimate vary too much, from $8$km/s to $50$km/s (gas core reactor). ...
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364 views

How can Excel be used to model the flight of a rocket? [closed]

Firstly, sorry for any silly mistakes or improper use of this website - this is my first time using it! I am trying to use Excel to model the flight of the Apollo 11 Saturn V rocket using the real ...