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48 views

Resonance peak broadening due to losses: physical reason

I wonder why when losses are present in a oscillator, the width of the resonance peak is broadened. More precisely: why, when losses are present, can the amplitude reach nearly the maximal one (the ...
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2answers
131 views

Does spatial coupling prohibit resonances due to an external source field?

The harmonic oscillator coupled to a sinodial external source $$\frac{\partial^2 x(t)}{\partial t^2}+\omega_0^2 x(t)=F_0\sin(\omega_\text{ext}\ t),$$ has the solution $$x(t)=x(0)\cos(\omega_0 t)+C ...
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2answers
67 views

Resonate frequency of an object?

Below is a paragraph taken from the web site, physicsclassroom.com: It is often useful to think of these electrons as being attached to the atoms by springs. The electrons and their attached ...
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2answers
67 views

Capacitor/Inductor Resonance

I am struggling to understand the concept on resonance in electric circuits. I understand that a inductor builds up a charge on it, then the current flows to the capacitor, charging it. But then ...
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1answer
40 views

Why in particle physics the background of resonance is a decaying exponential?

When in particle physics they plot the mass histogram we see a resonance on top of a decaying exponential background? Why is the background modeled to be that way? what is the physical explanation? ...
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1answer
39 views

Can someone give an intuitive understanding of Fano Resonance?

I'm reading about Fano Resonance. The line that almost every source I can find gives is something like (from the wiki): The Fano resonance line-shape is due to interference between two ...
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1answer
63 views

Could someone explain the “revolving frame” to me, as it is used in basic NMR?

I am an undergrad intern at a national lab currently working with a basic proton NMR device. The device consists of two big coils which provide the static magnetic field, and a smaller coil, which ...
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1answer
616 views

Open pipe resonance

I read somewhere, a closed pipe has resonance with a sound of wave length 4 times the length of pipe (from open end to closed end), when putting a source above the open end (since it reinforces the ...
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0answers
129 views

To what degree does guitar construction affects the vibration of the strings?

There's an old debate going on in the guitar community about how much does wood choice and body shape affect the sound of an electric guitar. No one denies that there's a difference acoustically (how ...
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0answers
50 views

Driven Pendulum

If the point of suspension of a pendulum is driven periodically in the vertical direction , we can derive the equation of motion for the suspended mass to be of the form, $\ddot{\theta}(t) + ...
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0answers
206 views

Calculation of a Gravity Resonance Keyhole

Can anyone describe the mathematics behind the calculation of a resonance keyhole (for a two-body model)? It seems like the size and position of the keyhole should be a function only of mass and ...
2
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0answers
18 views

Is there a resonance within the earth, separate from the Schuman resonance?

In a very recent biography of Nikola Tesla by Bernard Carlson, the author explains that Tesla measured the resonant frequency of the earth using his invention - the amplifying transmitter. Tesla came ...
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0answers
82 views

Resonance condition in confocal cavity

In a confocal cavity, a beam traverses the length of the resonator 4 times between two transmissions along the same ray. . For example, in the above figure, path difference between two beams that ...
2
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0answers
113 views

Reflector Klystron and Isolator for ESR/EPR Experiment

I am doing a lab on ESR/EPR, and I would like to know how the reflector klystron operates. It is very old and the company who made our model does not exist anymore and there are no operation manuals. ...
2
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0answers
693 views

Chladni Plate Mathematics

I am a high school student doing an IB Extended Essay investigation concerning the resonant frequencies of Chladni plates of differing materials and sizes. Would someone please explain the definition ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Is there an equation that tells you more about the amplitude of an object which is in resonance?

I'm a high school senior and I have to write a paper about resonance and differential equations. I've been searching the Internet for a long time, but I haven't found an equation that is properly ...
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0answers
31 views

What is the mechanism of subharmonic oscillations?

It's clear to me from linear systems theory that energy manifested within a fundamental mode of resonance can saturate with the excess energy spilling over into harmonic frequencies greater than the ...
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0answers
44 views

Exploiting Resonance to Make a Bound State with Gamma Rays (and other Very High Energy Particles)

One obvious consequence of any finite potential is that a high enough energy wave-function will not form a bound state, either they are high enough energy they will generally just bypass the barrier ...
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0answers
28 views

What are resonant tori?

What is the definition of a resonant/invariant torus (in the phase space of a Hamiltonian system)? Are there non-resonant tori?
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0answers
172 views

Why the current through a resonant tunnel diode drops when the bound state goes below the conduction band?

The IV curve of a resonant tunneling diode is N-shaped. The rise in current flow happens because the bound state (the energy state in the well) enters the thermal area of the conductor ($\mu_1 + ...
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0answers
25 views

Earth connection through resonant inductive coupling with Schumann resonances possible?

I have been playing around with Tesla coils for a while now, but one limiting factor for portability is the fact that it requires an earth connection on the secondary coil. Since a Tesla coil works ...
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0answers
13 views

Can a $TEM_{00}$ beam incident on a confocal cavity along its optical axis excite modes other than $TEM_{00}$ in the cavity?

Can a $TEM_{00}$ beam incident on a confocal cavity along its optical axis excite modes other than $TEM_{00}$ in the cavity? If not, is the FSR of the confocal cavity $\frac{c}{2L}$ in this case, ...
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0answers
94 views

What is the magnitude of the sound that a Helmholtz Resonator attenuates?

I know that the shape of the Helmholtz Resonator, specifically its neck shape and the volume of its cavity, determine the resonance frequency of the resonator. Moreover, the resonance frequency is ...
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0answers
14 views

How to assess the acoustic power gain of resonnators (openended waveguides and Helmholtz)

I'm looking for a way to link acoustic power gain and time delay to geometries for these kind of resonnators. The botttom idea would be to design and 3d print an acoustic guitar that does not rely on ...
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0answers
11 views

CW laser or pulsed laser for coherent population trapping

Consider a two level system with two possible quantum states. The two energy states are separated by a transition with frequency w0. If I want to excite the atoms from the ground state to the excited ...
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0answers
22 views

Metastable bound state in resonance scattering

In resonance scattering, why does the mean lifetime of the "metastable" bound state depend inversely on the width of the resonance?
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0answers
18 views

Why does the 180°-pulse in mrt not sync all phases like the 90°-pulse does?

As far as i understand, in mrt with the constant field B0 pointing in the z-direction, the 90°-pulse "screws" some of the relaxed spins, so that the expectation value of their magnetic moment rotates ...
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0answers
79 views

Stability of Mathieu's equation and parameteric resonance

I am given the following equation (Mathieu's equation) in my subject of Numerical Analysis : $$ \frac{d^2 x}{dt^2}=-\omega^2(1+\epsilon\cos(t))x $$ I am supposed to find those frequencies $\omega$ ...
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0answers
32 views

What is the limit of directly detecting a resonance?

Some resonances are extremely short-lived. With a lifetime of $10^{-23}$ seconds, they would travel just about the size of the proton ($10^{-15}$ m) even if they traveled at the speed of ...
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0answers
31 views

Why is permittivity or permittivity negative in certain metamaterials?

I read some papers and I think the explanation is that the driving electric (magnetic) field leads the response by π, thus making the effective permittivity (permeability) negative. But my question ...
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0answers
16 views

Does the mediation of electric or magnetic force require distinct electron orbitals?

In the case of ordinary photons of light, matter interacts with light via electrons that orbit the nucleus. If the specific energy of a photon E = hv can be found in the atom as the energy difference ...
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0answers
125 views

Amplitude resonance

Why does amplitude resonance occur at a frequency lower than the natural frequency of a body? specifically, why is $w=\sqrt{w_0^2-2a^2}$ where $a=\frac{damping\space force}{2\cdot mass}$
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0answers
37 views

Near field and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

Why does Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) physics not concern itself with near field physics? All resonance wavelengths in NMR are much larger than bough sample, pick-up coil and excitation coil. ...
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0answers
40 views

Can radial mode standing waves exist in a column of gas?

In a solid bar such as aluminum one can excite transverse, longitudinal and torsional standing waves. In a column of gas bound within a tube, whether open-open, open-closed or closed-closed, physics ...
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0answers
34 views

Practical Resonance Derivation?

To my understanding, practical resonance occurs when the amplitude is at a maximum. Is this correct? Also I have looked all over for a derivation of the formula for angular frequency of practical ...
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0answers
43 views

Resonance force with multiple emitters

Will I get a stronger resonance if I put multiple frequency generators around the same object? example image