Resonance is driving a vibrating system to oscillate with greater amplitude at a specific preferential ("resonant") frequency, at which the system absorbs vibrational energy most efficiently.

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How does cavity resonance produce EM waves?

My understanding is it acts like a capacitor and inductor in a loop. The capacitor releases stored energy which is absorbed by the inductor through a magnetic field which then returns it to the ...
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10 views

Excitation of air with the eigen-frequency

I was just wondering (as a layman) what the eigenfrequency of breathable air is? If it exists: what would be the effects of exciting air with its eigenfrequency (w/ regard to humans, matter nearby?)
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Lorentzian nature of reflected microwave power in Electron Spin Resonance

Reflected microwave power has Lorentzian shape when plotted against frequency in ESR. How to mathematically prove this?
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21 views

gradient strength units in MRI

This may not be the appropriate forum for this but seemed to be the closest. I am trying to understand some concepts around MRI physics and it is common to use external magnetic fields created using ...
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34 views

How is Mössbauer spectroscopy so resistant to thermal motion?

Mössbauer spectroscopy detects tiny shifts (on the order of $\mu$eV or meV) in a gamma ray's energy due to the chemical environment of the nucleus. The scan consists of moving a source of excited ...
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Why the common beam in Barton's pendulum?

N So the theory is that R vibrates with largest amplitude due to resonance. Because when measured from the common beam its length is the same as that of A, so A's vibration would pass to R the same ...
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Is the length of the day increasing?

In Frontiers of Astronomy, Fred Hoyle advanced an idea from E.E.R.Holmberg that although the Earth's day was originally much shorter than it is now, and has lengthened owing to tidal friction, that ...
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21 views

Explanation of absorption from Bloch Equation

Suppose in a magnetic resonance experiment the microwave/rf field is applied in x-direction.How to say that the component of magnetization which is out of phase with the microwave magnetic field leads ...
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338 views

Resonate frequency of an object?

Below is a paragraph taken from the web site, physicsclassroom.com: It is often useful to think of these electrons as being attached to the atoms by springs. The electrons and their attached ...
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Does the human body have a resonant frequency? If so, how strong is it?

Inspired by this question on Music beta SE, I'm wondering if the human body has a strong resonant frequency. I guess the fact that it's largely a bag of jelly would add a lot of damping to the system, ...
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1answer
47 views

Why doesn't a transmission line mess up an antenna resonance?

I don't understand why the resonance of an antenna is not affected by the transmission line to the receiver. For example, given a dipole antenna like the following: The antenna length is carefully ...
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138 views

A conceptual doubt regarding Forced Oscillations and Resonance

While studying about the Resonance and Forced Oscillations, I came across a graph in my textbook that is given below:- Now, the author writes As the amount of damping increases, the peak shifts ...
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43 views

Amplitude of damped driven harmonic oscillator [closed]

I have a question that I can reason physically but mathematically I am not sure if my approach is correct. The amplitude of the oscillator is: $$A(\omega) = \frac{QF_{0}}{m}(\frac{1}{\omega_{0} ...
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143 views

Does spatial coupling prohibit resonances due to an external source field?

The harmonic oscillator coupled to a sinodial external source $$\frac{\partial^2 x(t)}{\partial t^2}+\omega_0^2 x(t)=F_0\sin(\omega_\text{ext}\ t),$$ has the solution $$x(t)=x(0)\cos(\omega_0 t)+C ...
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127 views

Harmonics and the frequencies

Let's say we had a pipe which was closed on one side and open on the other. We can find the wavelength for the first harmonic. To find the second harmonic we just add one more antinode and find a new ...
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724 views

Why maximum energy transfer at natural frequency even if max amplitude occurs below $f_0$

This is a paragraph from my book: "For a damped system, the resonant frequency at which the amplitude is a maximum is lower than the natural frequency.However, maximum transfer of energy, or energy ...
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31 views

Sound pitch of glass with water

I have a glass (made from glass) at room temperature. I poured very hot tea in it and started stirring. No extra tea is poured in the glass. When hitting the glass with the spoon, I noticed the ...
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20 views

How can I get the Resonant Frequencies (Bode plot)? (Response of 2-DOF System)

I want to study the response of the system. I want to find the resonant frequency of the sprung mass (m1) and the resonant frequency of the unsprung mass (m2). Because I am not sure if I have ...
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1answer
45 views

What Magnitude(db) and Phase(deg) represent on Bode Diagram?

What Magnitude(db) and Phase(deg) represent on Bode Diagram? I am working on 2 DOF System and I want to understand some basic things. Below (on the picture) you can see the system, the transfer ...
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26 views

Role of Cavity Resonators in continuous wavelength-electron paramagnetic resonance(CW-EPR)

Why is it necessary to place the sample in a cavity resonator for obtaining EPR spectrum in CW-EPR? What role does a cavity resonator play in a CW-EPR spectrometer?
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158 views

Why does amplitude of a mechanical wave increase and then decrease with increasing driving frequency?

I was doing an experiment where I explore how the frequency of the oscillation of a vibrating water hose (the end of the water hose), affects the amplitude created by the water path (a wave-like ...
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1answer
162 views

Can friction change the resonance frequency of a system?

I am simulating the transient response of a mass-spring-damping system with friction. The excitation is given in the form of a base acceleration. What I am not sure about is: can the friction change ...
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41 views

Cavity resonator modelling and simulation of em fields inside the cavity

I want to model a cylindrical cavity resonator and study the different modes of em fields inside it using MATLAB/COMSOL. Please refer me books/articles or other resources so that I can achieve my ...
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36 views

Swing: why does the body position modify the amplitude?

When a person swings, why does the amplitude of oscillations increase if the person changes the body position ? That is, when descending and approaching the vertical position, if the person extend his ...
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18 views

If there are two different standing waves of different lengths in an open air column, what frequency would resonate?

Suppose I am playing a hypothetical woodwind instrument with both ends open. Somewhere along the length of the tube is a hole, which cannot be at or near the exact center of the tube for the sake of ...
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29 views

LCR circuit at resonance

I am studying about the LCR circuit and have a question regarding potential difference across inductor and capacitor. From the thing I have studied I came to know about that potential across inductor ...
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1answer
55 views

Complex resonant frequency not resonant without imaginary part. So can I still just take real part as solution?

I am working with a matrix on a harmonic oscillator problem and the lowest (absolute) frequency $\omega_0$ where the matrix becomes singular is the resonant frequency. Now I obtained this frequency ...
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12 views

If a ferromagnet has a zero resonance frequency does this mean the magnetic order is unstable?

If a ferromagnet has a zero resonance frequency does this mean the magnetic order is unstable? I'm struggling to see how resonance frequency value affects the magnetic ordering
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27 views

What is the physical interpretation of imaginary terms in the neutron optical potential model?

I'm doing a computational project on neutron scattering and I've found that if you simulate (n,n) collisions on Uranium 238, the program predicts resonances not found in experimental data. The ...
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468 views

How can a voltage across a capacitor be greater than the total voltage applied to the circuit?

I was reading about complex impedance and AC circuits, and I just came across a sentence on a website stating that the voltage across a capacitor can be greater than the applied voltage. How can this ...
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25 views

Resonant frequency(s) of system of resonant objects?

I am trying to gain a better understanding of resonance when we are dealing with a coupled system of resonating objects. For example, say we have a single gas bubble in liquid and suppose it ...
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2answers
53 views

Why are optical parametric oscillator so big?

Optical parametric oscillators have an optical resonant cavity. Why is this cavity so big when the wavelength of light is so small? What will happen if optical cavity length is shortened?
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1answer
116 views

What would the “physics” of this theoretical instrument be?

Note: I've asked questions about acoustics before in the Music Stack Exchange, but I was told it would be a better fit here. I've invented a theoretical instrument in which you have a tube that you ...
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77 views

Can a system be engineered to cause a standing wave resonance with gravity waves? [closed]

Thank you Docscience for helping me adjust my question in a better direction. My interest has been sparked by getting Into the chapter of waves in physics class and of course the new discovery of ...
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163 views

To what degree does guitar construction affects the vibration of the strings?

There's an old debate going on in the guitar community about how much does wood choice and body shape affect the sound of an electric guitar. No one denies that there's a difference acoustically (how ...
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Why do the tones differ when tapping on a different part of a coffee cup?

Let's say we have a coffee cup as shown below. The cup is, in contrast to what's shown on the image, empty (I had some trouble finding free good-quality top-view coffee cup images). When we tap on ...
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95 views

Resonant Scattering and the Breit-Wigner Formula

Most of what I ask relates to the derivation found here: https://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/qm/lectures/node91.html The basic idea is that we first consider zero energy s wave scattering from a ...
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24 views

Quality factor of an LCR circuit

The quality factor of an LCR circuit is defined as: $$\omega°/2\delta\omega$$ $\omega°$ stands for the resonant frequency, and $\delta\omega$ for the range of frequencies between half power point and ...
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58 views

Speed of Sound using Resonance

The aim of my experiment was to determine the speed of sound using the theory behind resonance; that, when a vertical pipe open at both ends is partially submerged in water, and a tuning fork ...
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20 views

Natural Frequencies determination using F.E.M analysis - Damping ratio

Good day. Assume a 3d underwater tether problem, which is modelled using FEM analysis. Global equation, after assembling terms associated with corresponding elements to a single entity, should look ...
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116 views

How is energy conserved in resonance?

According to Wikipedia, [...] resonance is a phenomenon that occurs when a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at a specific preferential ...
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25 views

Efficiency of resonant inductive coupling as a function of distance

What is the relationship between the efficiency of energy transfer between resonant inductive coupling between two coils, and the distance between the coils?
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310 views

The Solar System explosion in the Nice model

This video depicts one variant of the Nice model (pronounced "neese", like the city in France). I'll briefly describe it in case the link ever dies. Here is the initial configuration: The four ...
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Physics of waves under an ice road

As wikipedia writes, While easier to drive across in the winter than land, roads over water present a great danger to anyone using them. Speeds are typically limited to 25 km/h (16 mph) to ...
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process of spin trapping in EPR [closed]

How does the process spin trapping in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance [EPR] work? How's it done and what are the challanges?
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How much energy would it take to take down a 747 using vibrations? [closed]

Background Information: All materials have a resonant frequency, which is the frequency at which they are most easily excited (vibrated). That's how glass is shattered using high-pitched sounds. ...
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Why does concentrated parahydrogen in hydrogenation reaction exhibit hyperpolarized signals in proton NMR spectra?

In wikipedia it says "When an excess of parahydrogen is used during hydrogenation reactions (instead of the normal mixture of orthohydrogen to parahydrogen of 3:1), the resultant product exhibits ...
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What is the resonant frequency of liquid water?

I learned it's not 2.45 GHz. But what is it, then? In my failure to find the real value, I'm starting to wonder: does it even make sense talking about a resonant frequency of water molecules?
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Diagonal patterns in a Chladni plate experiment [duplicate]

I am an undergraduate student that's taking physics classes and have been assigned a seminar concerning Chladni figures. I understand the theory behind it, the standing waves in 1D and 2D, Bessel ...
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Are there materials that strongly (macroscopically) vibrate under light of certain frequencies? If so why?

Picture an imperfect plane of loose particulate matter like sand or silt. Are there materials where if I shine light (not isotropically) on the plane I could get the particles to vibrate with large ...