# Tagged Questions

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### Circuits and Power

"The diagram below represents a simple circuit composed of 5 identical light bulbs and 2 flashlight batteries. Which bulb (or bulbs) would you expect to be the brightest? a) V only b) V and W ...
108 views

### If the current is increased, is there more charge flowing or is it moving quicker?

Problem Current is the amount of charge that is flowing through a component per unit of time. For a given voltage, Ohm's law tells us that if we increase the resistance, then the current must ...
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### maximum voltage allowed in the circuit given resistance and power [closed]

I have a circuit established like this: The question is to calculate the maximum voltage the battery is allowed to provide, so each resistor can achieve their maximum power. My attempt: I tried ...
28 views

### The shape of the graph of the equation: V= -rI + E

I have recently collected data (for a school experiment) in order to measure the EMF and the internal resistance of a solar cell. The data complied with the equation: $V = -rI + E$, i.e. the voltage ...
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### What would the graph between P (power) and i (current) look like if the graph between V (potential difference) and i is parabolic?

The answer is same... That us the graph between P and I will also be a parabola.... Similar to the graph between V and I. But how? Can anyone explain through mathematical approach ? I used ...
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### Why does material resistance increase with temperature but electrolyte internal resistance decrease with increase in temperature?

The question is pretty much in the title itself, why does the internal resistance decrease with the increase in the temperature of electrolyte? Is it related to the electrolyte bring a fluid or ...
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### Does a resistor absorb and dissipate energy or just regulate the charge flow?

I've this doubt regarding resistor: suppose I make a simple circuit with a power generator of 3 Volts and 1 Ampere and a resistor of $10 k\Omega$ I know from Ohm law that the current flow $i$ is: ...
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### Do batteries lose charge?

Say I have a charge of +q and -q on the positive and negative terminals of a battery. If I connect wires to each terminal, but don't connect the wires (essentially creating an open circuit), the ...
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### Resistance of a cylinder contacted by two smaller circular faces

Suppose we have a solid homogeneous cylinder with radius $a$, heigth $h$ and conductivity $\sigma$. The top and the bottom face is contacted with a smaller circular face with radius $b$. How can I ...
131 views

### How do capacitors work?

Say you have a battery, with a wire connecting the negative and positive terminal. Initially, (the transient state) the electric field is not uniform and is perpendicular to the surface of the cross ...
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### Temperature and resistance?

Why does resistivity increase with temperature? The explanations I have heard so far are that increasing temperature increases vibrations in the lattice structure resulting in the number of ...
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### Does the presence of atoms hinder current flow?

When current flows through a material, electric resistance is observed when the electrons collide with the material's vibrating atoms. My textbook says that when we cool the material till the point ...
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### Total Resistance in a Tetrahedal loop [closed]

Imagine if I placed resistors of 1 ohm each in shape of tertahedal. What would the total resistance be between A and D? I can't find any website that gives me a good explaination.
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### How to convert RL Circuits? [closed]

How do we convert a parallel RL circuit into its equivalent series RL circuit ?
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### Why is stainless steel a poor conductor of electricity?

I recently had a metal plate put in my shoulder and was wondering why stainless steel isn't a good conductor (At least I hope it isn't). Does the alloy just lack free electrons? Why is that?
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### Capacitor related query

Why does a capacitor charge only upto the voltage of the source? I mean in an r.c. circuit if we have a resistor that is in series with the capacitor then because of the potential drop there will be ...
342 views

### How can there be a Current and an Electric field in an idealized wire with no voltage drop?

In an ideal circuit, How can there be a current b/w points a & b, when there is no potential difference and thus no electric field between a & b? If there is no current, then where does ...
103 views

### Electric field and capacitance across a resistor

Using a simple lattice model of conduction, where electrons are accelerated by an electric field, and are slowed down by bumping into the lattice, you get the following equation for current density: ...
2k views

### Why current through all the resistors in series is considered to be same? [duplicate]

Consider the circuit shown, where $R_{1} > R_{2}$. I meant to say that resistance offered by the resistor 1 is greater than the resistance offered by the resistor 2. Keep $t$ constant i,e ...
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### Resistances in a circular loop

I have no idea what formula I'm supposed to use.I just want to know the concept that would allow me to get the answer. I know basic concepts of electricity like charge, currents, etc., but as far ...
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### Does a battery in a vacuum produce a current?

I've always assumed that the strong resistance of air is the reason there is no flow of electrons between the terminals of a battery until a wire is connect. However, in a vacuum there is no resistive ...
463 views

### How does electricity 'decide' on it's pathway? [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand the fundamental concepts of electricity, more specifically, the way in which it 'chooses' its optimal pathway. I appreciate electricity will always choose the path of ...
476 views

### Calculate for Multiple Resistors with a Bridge

Background A circuit is constructed with five resistors and a battery as shown. The battery voltage is V = 12 V. The values for the resistors are: R1 = 78 Î©, R2 = 150 Î©, R3 = 132 Î©, and R4 = 83 Î©. ...
319 views

### Electric circuit question [closed]

http://www.fisme.uu.nl/nno/opgaven/bestanden/Ronde1-Theorie-2009.pdf, question 5: You have to calculate Id when the switch at S is opened, when its closed, the Id = 0.5 A. All resistors are ...
158 views

### Potentiometer voltage change

I'm trying to understand simple things about electricity reading allaboutcircuits.com web. This chapter includes image whichÂ´s principle I don't understand. Here it is: When supplying constant ...
146 views

### Effective Resistance [closed]

For the combination of the resistors, shown in the figure. Calculate the equivalent resistance between A and B, please help me to find the answer of this complicated question this is a question from ...
1k views

### why does headlights dim when a starter motor is turned on

okay first of all, what exactly does the starter motor do? does it increase the current flow and decrease voltage? and does starter motor have its own internal resistance? i understand how there is a ...
207 views

### Conductor resistance calculation method

1. What are the variables that effect on a conductor resistance (I mean all of them)? First of all I would like to say that I know how to calculate the resistance of a conductor using the method ...
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### In which direction should flow of electric current be taken while solving problems?

Consider a simple circuit with a battery of $\theta\ \text V$s, and two resistors of $R_1 \ \Omega$s and $R_2\ \Omega$s connected in series. Let us assume that $R_1$ is connected nearer to the ...
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### why is a resistor frequency independent

I had a doubt that why is a resistor, frequency independent? Since, as frequency increases the movement of electrons increases so heat increases which causes change in resistance. So my question is ...
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### Taking length/area element when trying to find E.resistance

I am trying to find out which 'element to take' (and why), When trying to find the resistance of some material with non-uniform resistivity $\rho$. I'll give an example: Say we have a co-axial cable ...
770 views

### Current Through a Circuit with an 8 Resistor Setup

The following is a question from a practice Physics GRE exam (found online at ETS's website). The circuit shown in the figure consists of eight resistors, each with resistance R, and a battery ...
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### heat energy and resistance of an elctric circuit

Very often it is said that "heat is developed" in a resistance when there is an electric current in it. But as far as I know heat is defined as a form of energy being transferred due to difference in ...
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### How does current flow in a irregularly shaped heterogeneous resistor?

The motivation for my question is understanding how electricity gets through your skin as opposed to running along it, and how the presence of things like water on the skin affect the relative ...
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### Would the empirical behavior of a simple circuit match my model of it?

I have a practical problem in E&M which has baffled me and and my electrician. The copper water pipes in my house are carrying a current of small potential (~1V) AC current. Here is my ...
560 views

### Does rubber insulate lightning more effectively than air?

Last week, an Ars Technica writer was struck by lightning. He says that the 911 operators were concerned about whether or not he was wearing shoes at the time, but he didn't think it would make much ...
82 views

### Help Understanding Non-conservative Fields

While watching a video lecture, I became uncomfortable with the results, (around 35 mins). The professor draws an electric circuit with a 1V batter, and two resistors (1 and 9 ohms). He then ...
2k views

### How exactly does a resistance reduce current?

I've heard that resistors are used to decrease current to a particular appliance, such as in the regulator of a fan. However, I've also heard that the total current in a circuit is always the same- in ...
5k views

### Physical interpretation of y-intercept in a Current vs Voltage graph

So I collected current and voltage data from a simple circuit with a power source and a resistor, using a multimeter. I created a graph for this data using excel and got the y-intercept (which is ...
3k views

### Ohmic and Non-Ohmic devices

Why do some conductors follow Ohm's law and some do not? Isn't there any universal law that can explain the flow of current?
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### Finding Current and Voltage through resistors given overall voltage and resistor values

Given a setup like: Is it possible to find current and voltage through each resistors given resistor values and overall voltage (battery voltage I suppose). I think I_0=I_A=\frac{\Delta ...
2k views

### Basic questions about voltage drop in DC circuit

I understand all the concepts of what voltage is using all the analogies but some things related to the drop of voltage across a circuit confuses me. If I had a short circuit and attached a ...
497 views

### What does a positive gradient on a graph of V plotted against I mean in terms of EMF and internal resistance?

According to the equation $V = E-Ir$, the gradient of a graph of $V$ against $I$ should be $-r$ (internal resistance) and the Y intercept should be the EMF. Am I right? In an experiment I used a ...
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### Is Joule heating only between charged particles?

The Wikipedia page for Joule heating explains "It is now known that Joule heating is caused by interactions between the moving particles that form the current (usually, but not always, electrons) and ...
389 views

### Non-conservative Electric Field

I was watching this video from Walter Lewin and while watching these two videos, I noticed there is a "contradiction" in what he is doing. All links direct you exactly to where he begins, so you don't ...
228 views

### Fundamentality of voltage to current

From Ohm's Law : Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the potential difference across the two points. I would like to know if ...
1k views

### Why does the potential drop across a battery and resistor equal the emf of the battery?

In this diagram you can see the potential difference across the battery and resistor is the same as the pd created by the battery (the battery and resistor are representing a battery with internal ...
2k views

### Is it possible to mathematically derive the formula for resistance?

Resistance is given by $\rho L/A$, where $\rho$ is the material constant, $L$ is the length, and $A$ is the area. Is there any way that this can be derived mathematically, or is the only way ...