1
vote
0answers
17 views

Can the short-time dynamics of an open quantum system be approximately unitary?

Considering the physics of an open quantum system described by a Hamiltonian $H=H_S+H_E+H_{SE}$, where the subscript $S$ refers to the system of interest, $E$ to the environment and $SE$ to the ...
5
votes
0answers
109 views

What is the physical interpretation of the Papadodimas/Raju mirror operators?

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.6335, the authors discuss the firewall problem and contruct so called mirror operators appearing in the correlation function. The key part seems to be (2.6) ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

Any open areas to work in non equilibrium thermodynamics for a Phd student? [closed]

I see that many papers written on fundamentals of thermodynamics(theory) nowadays are by some old professors somewhere(there may be exceptions). Most active young faculty don't seem to be seriously ...
4
votes
1answer
242 views

Reasons for violation of universality in statistical mechanics

The Universality in statistical mechanics is nicely explained by the renormalization group theory. However, there are fair amount of numerical and theoretical studies show that it can be violated in ...
8
votes
0answers
135 views

Measure of Lee-Yang zeros

Consider a statistical mechanical system (say the 1D Ising model) on a finite lattice of size $N$, and call the corresponding partition function (as a function of, say, real temperature and real ...
11
votes
2answers
124 views

Discussions of the axioms of AQFT

The most recent discussion of what axioms one might drop from the Wightman axioms to allow the construction of realistic models that I'm aware of is Streater, Rep. Prog. Phys. 1975 38 771-846, ...
8
votes
1answer
143 views

Do thermodynamic quantities in CFT correspond to something different in AdS/CFT?

From what I've (hopefully) understood from the AdS/CFT correspondence, physical quantities have a dual version. For example, the position in the bulk is the scale size (in renormalization), and waves ...
7
votes
0answers
58 views

Do bipartite spin glasses have simple relaxation dynamics?

From what I gather, a Boltzmann machine (BM) is essentially a spin glass with no applied field evolving under Glauber dynamics (if this is at all mistaken, I don't think it will be off enough to ...
6
votes
1answer
270 views

Thermodynamic limit “vs” the method of steepest descent

Let me use this lecture note as the reference. I would like to know how in the above the expression (14) was obtained from expression (12). In some sense it makes intuitive sense but I would ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Random bond Ising model and computational efficiency

If you want to find the ground state of the 2d random bond Ising model (no field), a computationally efficient algorithm exists to do it for you (based on minimum weight perfect matching). What about ...
9
votes
1answer
303 views

Reduced density matrices for free fermions are thermal

Many recent papers study entanglement in eigenstates of fermionic free hamiltonians (normally on a lattice) using the basic assumption that the reduced density matrices are thermal (e.g. Peschel ...
4
votes
0answers
221 views

Stability of the vacuum state of interacting quantum fields

"Stability" is generally taken to be the justification for requiring that the spectrum of the Hamiltonian should be bounded below. The spectrum of the Hamiltonian is not bounded below for thermal ...
7
votes
0answers
252 views

Information geometry of 1D Ising model in complex magnetic field regime

Consider the one-dimensional Ising model with constant magnetic field and node-dependent interaction on a finite lattice, given by $$H(\sigma) = -\sum_{i = 1}^N J_i\sigma_i\sigma_{i + 1} - h\sum_{i = ...
9
votes
1answer
62 views

Renyi fractal dimension $D_q$ for non-trivial $q$

For a probability distribution $P$, Renyi fractal dimension is defined as $$D_q = \lim_{\epsilon\rightarrow 0} \frac{R_q(P_\epsilon)}{\log(1/\epsilon)},$$ where $R_q$ is Renyi entropy of order $q$ ...
9
votes
0answers
74 views

Quantum statistics of branes

Quantum statistics of particles (bosons, fermions, anyons) arises due to the possible topologies of curves in D-dimensional spacetime winding around each other What happens if we replace particles by ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Connections of iterative solvers for large systems of equation in Physics?

I am trying to find the domains in physics where solving large systems of equations is computationally expensive. The sparse systems are of my particular interest, where the input matrix A is in GBs ...
25
votes
5answers
525 views

What are some critiques of Jaynes' approach to statistical mechanics?

Suggested here: What are the justifying foundations of statistical mechanics without appealing to the ergodic hypothesis? I was wondering about good critiques of Jaynes' approach to statistical ...
12
votes
1answer
124 views

Fluctuations of an interface with hammock potential

This question is related to that one. I ask it here since comments are too short for the extended discussion that was going on there. I am interested in a very simple interface model. To each ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

Canonical averages in a Fermi gas aka generalized Fermi-Dirac distribution

I am in the process of applying Beenakker's tunneling master equation theory of quantum dots (with some generalizations) to some problems of non-adiabatic charge pumping. As a part of this work I ...
13
votes
1answer
117 views

Phase Transition in the Ising Model with Non-Uniform Magnetic Field

Consider the Ferromagnetic Ising Model ($J>0$) on the lattice $\mathbb{Z}^2$ with the Hamiltonian with boundary condition $\omega\in\{-1,1\}$ formally given by $$ ...
22
votes
0answers
184 views

Systematic approach to deriving equations of collective field theory to any order

The collective field theory (see nLab for a list of main historical references) which came up as a generalization of the Bohm-Pines method in treating plasma oscillations are often used in the study ...
14
votes
2answers
46 views

Sampling typical clusters between distant points in subcritical percolation

I have on several occasions wondered how one might proceed in order to sample large subcritical Bernoulli bond-percolation clusters, say on the square lattice. More precisely, let's consider the ...
14
votes
1answer
739 views

Onsager's Regression Hypothesis, Explained and Demonstrated

Onsager's 1931 regression hypothesis asserts that “…the average regression of fluctuations will obey the same laws as the corresponding macroscopic irreversible process". (Here is the links to ...
20
votes
5answers
129 views

Connections and applications of SLE in physics

In probability theory, the Schramm–Loewner evolution, also known as stochastic Loewner evolution or SLE, is a conformally invariant stochastic process. It is a family of random planar curves that are ...
22
votes
1answer
301 views

Mermin-Wagner theorem in the presence of hard-core interactions

It seems quite common in the theoretical physics literature to see applications of the "Mermin-Wagner theorem" (see wikipedia or scholarpedia for some limited background) to systems with hard-core ...
69
votes
6answers
2k views

What are the justifying foundations of statistical mechanics without appealing to the ergodic hypothesis?

This question was listed as one of the questions in the proposal (see here), and I didn't know the answer. I don't know the ethics on blatantly stealing such a question, so if it should be deleted or ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

How Non-abelian anyons arise in solid-state systems?

Recently it has been studied non-abelian anyons in some solid-state systems. These states are being studied for the creation and manipulation of qubits in quantum computing. But, how these ...