2
votes
1answer
40 views

Why does the raising and lowering operator not affect total angular momentum?

My notes define: $$ L_{\pm} = L_{x} \pm i L_{y} $$ and states: $$ [L_{z},L_{\pm}] = \pm \hbar L_{\pm} $$ I'm fine with this as it's easy to show the result with some ugly algebra. It then says: ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Asymptotics of the Wigner 6j Symbol

So, in doing some numerical computations in QFT, I've run into the following Wigner 6j-Symbol: $ \left\{ \begin{array}{ccc} x & J_1 & J_2 \\ \frac{N}{2} & \frac{N}{2} & \frac{N}{2} ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

What is the physical importance of the commutation relations of angular momentum?

What is the physical meaning of these commutation relations: $$[L_{z},L_{\pm}]=\pm\hbar L_{\pm}\tag{1}$$ and $$[L_{+},L_{-}]=2\hbar L_{z} ~?\tag{2}$$
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Angular momentum eigenstates

My textbook says that if $L^2$ is the square of the angular momentum and if it's eigenstate is $|\alpha,\beta>$ then its eigenvalue is $\hbar^2\alpha$ i.e. ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Given eigenvalues of $\vec l^2$ and $\vec s^2$, calculate the eigenvalue for $\vec j^2$

There was an exam question that read approximatly: Let $\vec j = \vec l + \vec s$. Given eigenvalues of $\vec l^2$ and $\vec s^2$, calculate the eigenvalue for $\vec j^2$. We came up with $$\vec ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Formalism and representation in Quantum Mechanics

I am just curious about the formalism of basic Quantum Mechanics. Lets take for instance the system of a spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ particle. The state of the particle is described by a vector in an abstract ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Angular momentum - maximum and minimum values for $m_{\ell}$

I want to work out the maximum and minimum values for $m_{\ell}$. I know that $\lambda \geq m_{\ell}$, therefore $m_{\ell}$ is bounded. In the lectures notes there is the following assumption: $$ ...
8
votes
3answers
383 views

Addition of spin angular momentum for massless particles

How do I add the spin angular momentum of massless particles, like photons, where only the transverse polarizations are allowed? If all three polarizations were allowed, this would be an easy ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

A tensor product of two spin-1 particles

I'm rather confused, and I was hoping if someone could help me figure out this (probably rather elementary) issue. I have two particles with spin 1, whose state I describe by $m_S$ and $m_I$ ...
1
vote
1answer
560 views

Understanding Triplet And Singlet States

We know, $2\otimes 2=3\oplus 1$. Thus we have a spin triplet of states and a spin singlet. Can we regard these states as the spin part of wavefunction for the excited states and the ground state of ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

How does $SU(2)$ group enters quantum mechanics?

What is the reason that $SU(2)$ group enters quantum mechanics in the context of rotation but not $SO(3)$? What really rotates and which space it rotates? It cannot be the physical electron that ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Triangle inequality Clebsch-Gordan coeffcients

The Clebsch-Gordan coefficients can only be non-zero if the triangle inequality holds: $$\vert j_1-j_2 \vert \le j \le j_1+j_2$$ In my syllabus they give the following proof: $$-j \le m \le j$$ $$-j_1 ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Finding possible values of $L_x$ given $L^2$

Here's a homework problem I'm working on. I am not asking for the answer, but any guidance or comments on the approach are appreciated. Given that a measurement of $L^2$ for a free particle has ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Quark space tensor product Vs Angular momentum space tensor product

For two triplet angular momenta states, say $J=1$ and $I=1$, if we wanna look at it in the coupled basis $F=I+J$, we use the regular Angular Momentum rules: $$|I-J|\leq F\leq I+J,$$ and from that ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Matrix operations on Quantum States in a composite quantum system

Intro (you may skip this if you're an expert, I'm including this for completeness): Say I have two bases for two systems, The first is a spin-1/2 system $|+\rangle = \left(\begin{array}{c} 1\\0 ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Rotation matrix for a coupled spin system

For an angular momentum basis with magnitude $F$ and magnetic numbers $m_F\in [-F,F]$, the unitary matrix that will perform the Euler rotations is the Wigner-D matrix of order $F$. I have applied the ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Shouldn't the addition of angular momentum be commutative?

I have angular momenta $S=\frac{1}{2}$ for spin, and $I=\frac{1}{2}$ for nuclear angular momentum, which I want to add using the Clebsch-Gordan basis, so the conversion looks like: $$ \begin{align} ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Commutation of abstract $O(3)$ generators and vectors

I've been given the following problem, and I'm quite lost with it. Let $L_1$, $L_2$, and $L_3$ denote the abstract o(3) algebras. You are given that $\vec{A} = (A_1, A_2, A_3)$ and $\vec{B} = (B_1, ...
1
vote
1answer
408 views

Total angular momentum - single electron

I have been dealing with total angular momentum of the single electron which is outside the closed shells in which sum of the angular momentums is zero. My book says that total atomic angular ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

How to theoretically determine the angular momentum of an atom?

To determine if an atom is a boson or a fermion I have to count the fermions that constitute the atom (protons, neutrons and electrons). My question is: How to theoretically (as opposed to ...
5
votes
1answer
328 views

Intuitive understanding of the irreps like Wigner-D matrix?

Wikipedia defines Wigner D-matrix as an irreducible representation of groups SU(2) and SO(3). What is a good way to visualize this representation? Is there any physical system which can be kept in ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Quantization of Electron Spin

Why is electron spin quantized? I've seen the derivation for the Hydrogen atom's energy levels, but my professor jumped to electrons having spin 1/2 or -1/2 as experimental. Why do electrons obey the ...
5
votes
2answers
183 views

Problem counting spin states

I can't figure out how many different spin states I can create with a four-electron system. I think I can create a spin-zero state, three spin-one states, and five spin-two states. That gives me nine ...
11
votes
2answers
216 views

When are there enough Casimirs?

I know that a Casimir for a Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is a central element of the universal enveloping algebra. For example in $\mathfrak{so}(3)$ the generators are the angular momentum operators ...
4
votes
1answer
321 views

Different representations of the Lorentz algebra

I've found many definitions of Lorentz generators that satisfy the Lorentz algebra: ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Mathematically, how do we deduce that angular momentum is bounded?

So, how do we know $J_{+}|j,(m=j)\rangle =|0\rangle$? I.e. that m is bounded by j. We know that $J_{+}|j,(m=j)\rangle =C|j, j+1\rangle$, but how do I know that gives zero? Is it by looking at its ...
4
votes
2answers
764 views

Why do many people say vector fields describe spin-1 particle but omit the spin-0 part?

We know a vector field is a $(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2})$ representation of Lorentz group, which should describe both spin-1 and spin-0 particles. However many of the articles(mostly lecture notes) I've ...
4
votes
1answer
425 views

Holstein-Primakoff and Dyson-Maleev representation

In Holstein-Primakoff and Dyson-Maleev representation, spin operators are represented by bosonic operators. Roughly speaking, a state with $S^z=S-m$ corresponds to a state containing $m$ bosons. In ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Multiplicity of eigenvalues of angular momentum

Reading Dirac's Principles of Quantum Mechanics, I encounter in § 36 (Properties of angular momentum) this fragment: This is for a dynamical system with two angular momenta $\mathbf{m}_1$ and ...
8
votes
3answers
569 views

Why does spin have a discrete spectrum?

Why is it that unlike other quantum properties such as momentum and velocity, which usually are given through (probabilistic) continuous values, spin has a (probabilistic) discrete spectrum?
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Eigenvalue of $L_z$

In section 4.3 of Griffths' "Introduction to Quantum Mechanics", just below Figure 4.6, the sentence begins Let $\hbar \ell$ be the eigenvalue of $L_z$ at this top rung... Why is this valid? ...