The union of special (SR) and general (GR) relativity. Use this tag if both SR and GR apply.

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heliocentricity and the theory of relativity [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do we say that the earth moves around the sun? I should preface by stating that I'm not a physicist and my knowledge of the theory of relativity is limited to what ...
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237 views

Negative energy of free particle: classical and quantum picture

Classically, the energy of a free particle consists of only the kinetic energy given by $E=\frac{|\textbf{p}|^2}{2m}$ Since $|\textbf{p}| $is real and $m>0$, $E\geq 0$. However, since ...
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Relative Movements Agreement on Object speed

I am confused about Relative Motion.Lets suppose we have one train and two observer.One of them inside the train and the other one is outside.Lets think the outside observer see the train moves a ...
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268 views

How can light travel at a speed greater than the speed of light

I was reading John Rennie's answer here, Can light travel faster? I now know that the sentence ''the speed of light is always constant in vacuum'' is just an oversimplification, for example light ...
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81 views

Is the charge of a current carrying wire real or hypothetical?

Realist753 Theory Relativistic Electrodynamics assert that a current carrying wire being neutral in a laboratory frame of reference appears electrostatically charged to an observer in relative ...
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If time stops for an object, does that object feel gravity?

As far as I understand The GTR, it is said that Mass bends space-time which causes gravity. So every Mass in this universe is flowing through space-time example earth is moving along with space-time ...
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Does relativity violate uncertainty principle?

Let us say I sit on an electron. According to me the electron is at rest. Also, I will know the position of the electron accurately as I can take the electron as the origin. So, I know both position ...
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252 views

Can relativistic momentum (photons) be used as propulsion for 'free' after the initial generation?

In discussing this question about propelling a spacecraft with photons and their relativistic momentum, the author asked that I restate my comment as another question. If photons can really be used ...
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13k views

Could the shadow move with faster-than-light speed? [duplicate]

If I make a huge laser with a figure for shadow in front of the laser, and I shine it on to the moon, will I see the light from the laser AND the shadow moving the same speed? (I read somewhere the ...
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349 views

What if a normal digital clock used to measure time in twin paradox?

Last night I was watching a youtube video about twin paradox. It still continues to baffle me :). In that video, the speaker conceptualizes a clock that measures time by reflections of light. If we ...
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What will happen if we use a speed greater than light speed and find a body'motion and energy relative to it?

In Einstein's papers, he used light speed as a reference speed. What if we use a greater finite speed and do the same calculations. Won't this greater speed then be the limit.
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How can you explain objects of unequal masses falling at the same rate using GR?

Isn't gravity caused by the curvature of space-time, and the stronger it's curved the stronger the attraction? it makes more sense to me that if a heavier object is falling on earth it would fall ...
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What is the proper time interval for simultaneous events?

Let us take a rod of length L and the two ends A and B have two photon guns. A----------------------B Let the end A fire a pulse (event ...
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110 views

Minkowski metric and definition of coordinate differentials?

This is probably a really silly confusion I have about the definition of “coordinate differentials”, which I thought were things like $dx,dy,dz$ etc. The Minkowski line element ...
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11k views

If nothing in the universe can travel faster than light, how come light can't escape a black hole? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How does gravity escape a black hole? If nothing in the universe can travel faster than light, how come light can't escape a black hole? I mean, Einstein's relativity ...
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405 views

length contraction question

we know from eintein's theory of relativity that lets say, a ruler is travelling to a speed if light, then we can say that the ruler (from our view as observers) has shorten. but why, lets say we have ...
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Equal and opposite reaction at light speed

My knowledge of physics is very limited. And this question is only really to help me put to rest a question i have had for some time. I would like the answer to be a simple one as i am not really in ...
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261 views

Is it really “time” that is dilating?

Consider the following variation of the twin paradox: A clock or a biological system ultimately is an electromagnetic system. First, let’s devise a new time measuring device. Imagine a tank of ...
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Am I faster than my shadow?

I guess that everything that happens to me (or I do), happens before my shadow "records" the information. Is that right? Is it the same for any observer?
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Why is the speed of light being invariant and finite in all inertial reference frames?

I understand the basics of Lorentz transformation and Riemann Geometry but I still cannot understand why the speed of light is the same in all inertial references. Has anyone ever researched about ...
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135 views

can a spaceship decelerate relativistically? [closed]

Say I have a spaceship, and on board is a laboratory set to accomplish some sort of experiment, simulation, or computation which might take upwards of a few hundred years or more to complete. Instead ...
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167 views

Meaning of Proper time

Sorry for a bit of a basic question, but want to clarify things in my head. Is proper time quantified by the amount of physical process that an object, or physical system undergoes, for example the ...
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346 views

Why does time slow down the closer you are to a mass?

When ever i look this up all I get is sites saying how its because general relativity says "-" why does it do it though? it is because there is more motion near gravity than further away? Or is it ...
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On Group Theory: Symmetry Groups and Our Interest

Over the past few years, I've been doing a lot of self education in the Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity, and of course, there are mathematical elements of both doctrines that are matrices. ...
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182 views

Apparent paradox in special relativity: transmitting a message and setting off after it

I have a question about special relativity, which is set in the context of the science fiction anime Voices of a Distant Star, though it is independent of that context. Mikako goes on a spaceship ...
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231 views

Violation of Newton's 3rd law

I'm just expressing my guess. Let two particles A and B experiences forces $F_1$ and -$F_2$ between them and let guess also there are two observer, one is stationary and other is moving with ...
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How to show invariance using the Maxwell tensor?

I want to show the invariance of $E^2-c^2B^2$ under the Lorentz transformations. The obvious way to do this is to show that $$E^2-c^2B^2=E'^2-c^2B'^2,$$ where $E'$ and $B'$ are the Lorentz ...
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Tensor manipulation and showing equality

Im taking GR for the first time and it is definitely throwing me for a loop. The question I am working on is this: Prove that if a contravariant tensor $A^{uv}$ is symmetric, then it remains ...
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Special Relativity and Gravity

As Einstein was seeking a relativistic theory of gravity, he thought that special relativity should be upgraded to general relativity thus promoting the Minkowski space to curved pseudo-Riemannian ...
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Question regarding FTL information transfer between two inertial frames

Why can’t information travel faster than the speed of light, if the two endpoints to and from which the information is being sent are moving relatively to each other, as long as the information ...
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145 views

Relativistic Time Difference

I thought that it might be interesting to calculate the time difference between a clock placed on Earth when I was born and a hypothetical clock placed at the centre of the sun at the same time. I ...
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The elevator and the bolt [closed]

I had this question, I don't seem to get what I am doing wrong so here it goes:An elevator car whose floor to ceiling distance is equal to $2.7 m $ starts ascending with a constant acceleration of ...
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43 views

When e/m varies with velocity, charge is variable

It is found that the e/m ratio of an electron varies with velocity. Current physics assumes that it is mass that is variable with speed. Is there any fundamental reason why it cannot be assumed that ...
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90 views

Universe expansion and general relativity [closed]

If the universe is expanding faster and faster, won't we reach a moment where the general relativity will make the mass so big, that the universe will have to decrease its acceleration?
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Is the matrix representation of the Lorentz transform the same for all 4-vectors?

If I have a four vector of the form: $$ \left( \begin{array}{ccc} T\\ \vec{X}\end{array} \right) $$ where $T$ is the analogous time component (i.e. energy, angular frequency, scalar potential, charge ...
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65 views

Spacelike interval and length contraction

I am having a serious trouble finding an agreement between the two facts in Special Relativity: (1) given two events $A$ and $B$ in spacetime separeted by a spacelike interval $s$, the distance in ...
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189 views

Can you tell your absolute speed in space?

Normally in relativity your speed can only be known relative to another object, given that as one approaches light speed more energy is required to accelerate faster, based on the energy consumption ...
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What is the pace of absolute time

How fast or slow compared to my alarm clock time does time passes in a place where there is no gravitational pull and where you are not moving. I don't know if my question is clear, but is there some ...
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487 views

what if an object moves with speed of light,does it converts into energy or mass?

If a mass is moving with speed of light does it converts into energy of remains as mass it self?As per relativity theory if a mass moves with speeds comparable to speed of light then the time on the ...
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141 views

For a rocket travelling to a planet, which reference frame measures the dilated time?

I'm getting into some confusion with relativity. Consider a rocket and the Earth as two observers, and then the rocket travels to a distant star. Is the proper time taken measured in the frame of ...
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299 views

Expected result of vertical Michelson-Morley Experiment [duplicate]

What would the result of a vertical variation of the Michelson-Morley experiment be? I.e., if one were to compare light traveling along a horizontal arm with light traveling along a vertical arm ...
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445 views

What happened to potential energy?

I was learning how charge can be virtue of a body's potential energy.Meanwhile,I was hung by this question. [gravitational and other forces except coulombic,are assumed to be not acting on the ...
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79 views

gamma-gamma collision seen from a relativistic rocket

This is a thought experiment. Consider two photons traveling at right angles and intersecting at some point. As seen from Earth these photons will not interact with each other because their energy is ...
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285 views

light travels a maximum speed… /? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible for information to be transmitted faster than light? we know that speed of light is an unconquerable term in physics..light takes about 1 year to travel ...
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370 views

The Lorentz Transformations in the Micro-World

Two particles[or micro-observers] A and B are in relative uniform motion wrt each other in the x-x’ direction. The “observer” A decides to deduce[or interpret] the Lorentz Transformations wrt to B. ...
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45 views

Relativistic Electrodynamics [closed]

What are the applications of relativistic electrodynamics I've been learning about it in a theoretical physics module however I don't understand what implications or uses it has in real life and ...
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1answer
37 views

Three time dimensions and one spatial dimension degeneracy

Is there a sort of degeneracy in the space-time metric for our universe? What I mean is that it seems you would observe all the same properties of our universe if you simply placed a minus sign in ...
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1answer
55 views

When travelling in the direction of light, what is my relative velocity?

If suppose I am traveling in the same direction as that of light, the relative velocity I am traveling with is speed of light + my speed in the direction of light. Is this correct? Does this have ...
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55 views

Magnetic field existence - a relativistic approach

Recently I learnt that magnetic force is equal to relativistic electrostatic force. With this approach I was able to understand the motion of a charged particle kept near a current carrying conductor. ...
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How to prove that “all unaccelerated frames behave likely for all isolated bodies”? [closed]

Say in an unaccelerated frame "S" a "isolated body A" moves with constancy of velocity , can we predict mathematically that any other such body B will move with same velocity in that frame.... My ...