The union of special (SR) and general (GR) relativity. Use this tag if both SR and GR apply.

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How do I start studying astrophysics and it's relations with relativity?

I am a high school student who's very interested in astrophysics and the whole idea that space time is infact a fabric rather than nothing. Unfortunately, my school teaches no where near to any of ...
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4answers
48 views

Are there any known non-zero mass objects travelling at almost $c$ observed in the universe so far?

Have we ever observed a body or particle with non zero mass traveling at almost $c$? I'm asking this because according to relativity as an object approaches light speed it's mass approaches infinity, ...
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Exercise 18b in Schutz's First course in GR

The question is as follows: Show that a timelike vector and a null vector cannot be orthogonal. So we have a timelike vector $\vec{A}$, s.t $\vec{A}^2<0$; and a null vector, $\vec{B}$ s.t ...
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If a 1kg mass was accelerated close to the speed of light would it turn into a black hole?

I'm a big fan of the podcast Astronomy Cast and a while back I was listening to a Q&A episode they did. A listener sent in a question that I found fascinating and have been wondering about ever ...
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Are objects like $a^{\mu \nu} a_{\mu \nu} b^{\mu \nu}$ consistent with Einstein summation?

I'm familiar with Einstein' summation notation and I understand objects like $a^{\mu \nu} a_{\mu \nu}$ just fine. But I'm wondering why I've never come across objects like this: $a^{\mu \nu} a_{\mu ...
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27 views

Classical Quantum or Relativistic? [on hold]

An ensemble contains free electrons at 10^3 electrons per m^3 at 10^7 K. What can this ensemble be treated as: a Classical Quantum or Relativistic gas or in some overlapping domain?
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44 views

When travelling in the direction of light, what is my relative velocity?

If suppose I am traveling in the same direction as that of light, the relative velocity I am traveling with is speed of light + my speed in the direction of light. Is this correct? Does this have ...
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1answer
59 views

Michelson Morley experiment - why is there an interference pattern in the first place?

In descriptions of the experiment, the two arms of the interferometer have the same length. There's an interference pattern which was expected to be shifted when the system was rotated 90 degrees. But ...
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38 views

What is a Geodetic?

What is a geodetic? First I thought it was a typo (hehehe..). To me, the term "geodetic" is used to describe a curve that belongs to a congruence of geodesics...but, I also think I'm wrong. ...
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45 views

Is light relative? [duplicate]

I was wondering, if two cars (A and B) are going at different velocities let's say A=90km/h, B=80km/h then if we add the two speeds we get 170km/h meaning they are relative to each other. But if one ...
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31 views

Relativity Mapmaking in spacetime [closed]

The problem as stated: I do not know how I am supposed to map this. The instructions don't make sense to me and the textbook is really un-helpful. This is the map that I have to draw this on. I ...
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35 views

Does a photon arrive at the time it was emitted [duplicate]

I was thinking about the implications of time dilation and wondering if it has an effect on photons. Obviously a photon doesn't age. But is there any other effects on a photon traveling massive ...
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2answers
562 views

Introduction to relativity books for an engineer [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Getting started general relativity I am an engineer who loves to read science fiction books especially when there's more science than fiction but usually I see that I ...
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72 views

Faster than the speed of light? [closed]

Just a conceptual question here. I have read that this is impossible as nothing can travel faster than light. But if an observer were travelling faster than the speed of light from a particular point ...
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1answer
108 views

When will Einstein's theories become laws? [closed]

Einstein theories , specifically relativity, have been fascinating us for around 100 years yet with all the real and actual evidence of its validity we still consider it a "theory"..... How much more ...
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22 views

Topic on relativistic celestial mechanics [closed]

I have to do a small 10-15 minutes presentation about celestial mechanics, and I am searching for a topic. As a mathematician my background in physics is not very extensive, but I have some notions ...
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2answers
166 views

Can photons travel through space independent of time?

I read an article about advanced photons and they stated that photons traveled back in time to hit an electron. Can photons really travel back in time and if so, how?
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159 views

Does relativity violate uncertainty principle?

Let us say I sit on an electron. According to me the electron is at rest. Also, I will know the position of the electron accurately as I can take the electron as the origin. So, I know both position ...
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1answer
118 views

Time dilation triplet paradox

Here is the twin paradox with a twist. Scenario 1: An observer (A) leaves from the equator of the earth and travels with an acceleration of $9.8\,\mathrm{m/s^2}$ in a north direction ( i.e. in the ...
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Is gravity Lorentz-invariant?

If I go whizzing past the Sun in my spaceship at 0.8c, I will see that the Sun looks like it has been squished. That is, it will be Lorentz-contracted along the direction of my motion (by a factor of ...
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3answers
142 views

Is it possible to express various nonlinear motions as straight lines in transformed spacetime?

I am trying to understand simple examples of space-time curvature. Assume for the moment that $c$ is infinite (classical curvature due to Newton's laws). Also, I will only consider 1+1-dimensional ...
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2answers
70 views

What happens during mass-energy conversion

A mass is another form of energy. When a mass ceases to exist as 'matter', it exists as energy - in the forms of energy we generally know ( light,heat ). But is this so simple? When a mass exists in ...
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1answer
39 views

Is the matrix representation of the Lorentz transform the same for all 4-vectors?

If I have a four vector of the form: $$ \left( \begin{array}{ccc} T\\ \vec{X}\end{array} \right) $$ where $T$ is the analogous time component (i.e. energy, angular frequency, scalar potential, charge ...
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6answers
253 views

Could the universe be accurately simulated with an infinitely powerful computer? [duplicate]

This would mean that every event happens because of what has hapened before it and there is no randomness factor. At a microscopic level, the motion of atoms is a result of the motion of other atoms ...
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29 views

Reference request for relativistic imaging

Being a high-school physics teacher, I always am searching for compelling and different approaches to the subject. In the case of (special) relativity a frequent curiosity arises while discussing what ...
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28 views

Energy of a relativist electron [closed]

I need to find a way to obtain $E = mc^2(\gamma -1)$ by starting with : $E = mc \cdot p = mc \cdot v \cdot \gamma$ with $ \gamma = \frac {1}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}}$
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Why time slows only for moving object and not stationary observer? How the “stationary” & “moving” are decided? [duplicate]

Explanation for the questions in the title: According to the the (special theory of) Relativity, if an observer is stationary and sees a fast moving object then time runs faster for the observer ...
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1answer
103 views

If time is like space, why entropy always increases with time? [duplicate]

If time is like space, why entropy always increases with time I should not be able to distinguish whether I am going forwards or backwards in time. As entropy always increase with time. I can ...
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3answers
69 views

Are all conserved scalars proportional to relativistic mass? [closed]

I have read in Rindler's relativity book that all scalars depend only on the magnitude of velocity of a particle and that are conserved are proportional to relativistic mass. ...
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2answers
99 views

Particle accelerators reaching light speed [duplicate]

I just have a question in mind that's stuck in my head, and it's why particle accelerators cannot accelerate any particle to the speed of light. I'm assuming it involves Einstien's theory of ...
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2answers
105 views

Stripped twin paradox [closed]

Consider an empty space, except for Alice and Bob. Suppose Alice sees Bob move away and then come back again. Suppose Bob sees Alice move away and then come back again. Suppose either of them will ...
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2answers
69 views

Can the single object accelerate? (Relativity theory) [closed]

Suppose space is empty except for one single object. According to relativity theory it doesn't matter whether we assign a constant velocity to it or not; in both scenarios the same is predicted. The ...
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1answer
52 views

Magnetic field existence - a relativistic approach

Recently I learnt that magnetic force is equal to relativistic electrostatic force. With this approach I was able to understand the motion of a charged particle kept near a current carrying conductor. ...
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if a meteorite is moving in space fast enough to generate a lot of mass shouldn't it generate gravity because its moving? [duplicate]

is it how planets form when is happens to have alot of mass to generate a little bit of gravity, oh and bullets for example they generate mass when moving and causes it generate mass?
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1answer
53 views

Relativity of simultaneity subtle example [closed]

imagine three persons, Person A is standing next to a device these device is an AND gate if two photons(one from right and one from left) reaches the AND gate at the same time the device explodes and ...
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3answers
203 views

How can the past, the present and the future coexist at the same time? [closed]

We all heard it many times, the theory of Time suggest it is parallel rather than being linear. This leaves the door opened for alternate realities and well, immortality. However, even after reading ...
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Are gravitational waves constrained by special relativity (speed of light)? [duplicate]

In Lawrence Krauss's excellent book "Universe from Nothing" and his related lectures, he cites findings of the BOOMERANG-instrument observations in Anarctica as used to measure the diameter of ...
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1answer
52 views

How can I properly learn relativity with an electrical engineering background? [closed]

I want to properly learn the theory of relativity, purely for self-interest. When I say relativity, I mean both flavours: special and general. Are there any good books which go into both the ...
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29 views

Getting an object to travel at or near light speed by adding velocities [duplicate]

Firstly I'll just give a brief example of where my query came from. I was watching the episode of Futurama where Bender meets God after being fired from the planet express ships torpedo tube. The crew ...
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1answer
266 views

Perfect fluid and Cauchy momentum equation

The stress-energy tensor of a perfect fluid is given by $$T^{\mu\nu}=\left(\rho+pc^{-2}\right)u^\mu u^\nu+pg^{\mu\nu}$$ The divergence of the stress-energy tensor is zero: $\nabla_\mu T^{\mu\nu}=0$. ...
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2answers
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Double the mass in the universe, double the inertia

If I double (halve) the mass in the visible universe, will my inertia double (halve)? I think it should, at least as soon ''I have received the news of this doubling''. But what does the General ...
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Inertial Frames of Reference - Inertial vs. Accelerated Frames

According to Robert Resnick's book "Introduction to Special Relativity", a line states the following as the definition of an inertial frame of reference: "We define an inertial system as a frame of ...
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126 views

Space: a vacuous void or an entity?

I am a chemist and, until recently, a senior Research Manager with a major chemical company. Please excuse the potentially naive ramblings of an idiot in what follows, but I do not have the ...
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4answers
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Special Relativistic approximation to GR

Some time ago I was talking to a professor in college about some of the fundamental aspects and origin of General Relativity. I was surprised to learn, in fact, that a pretty good approximation to GR ...
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1answer
120 views

F=ma is true in an accelerating coordinate system [closed]

There are plenty of similar topics about the physical or intuitive meaning of the equivalence principle or statement such as ''laws of physics are true in every frame of reference''. Usually answers ...
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Basic Special Relativity Problem [closed]

A cylindrical rocket 10 m long and 2 m in diameter moves at a speed $ V=0.9c $ with respect to earth, where $c$ is the speed of light in vacuum. I. Knowing that the pilot's heart beats 70 times per ...
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Real and relative velocity formula

What i need is a thing more complicated than the usual relative velocity formula. Imagine a radar. You are at the center, moving at some angle, but lets make it clear, you are always at the center. ...
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Would a star be observed to burn brighter traveling at relativistic speeds?

Would a star, similar to our own, be observed to "burn" differently at relativistic speeds? I am only thinking this because the observed relativistic mass would change.
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Can you break causality if you are able to instantaneously perceive a distant system? [closed]

It is known that relativity plus FTL communication implies violation of causality, but now I propose the following thought experiment: Suppose that you have a magical spyglass that can be used to ...
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Why Use the Non-Relativistic Momentum Operator in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics?

In deriving the Klein Gordon equation one starts out with the relativistic energy relation E^2 = p^2 + m^2 and substitutes the quantum momentum operator that corresponds to non-relativistic QM, p = -i ...