Change in the direction of propagation of a wave when its transmitting medium changes.

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3answers
167 views

How does one determine whether an object will make an EM wave refract in a qualitative way?

for example, i have a vague notion that the actual answer is that the permittivity and permisivity are different in each different material, so all waves refract at every boundary, but we only call it ...
5
votes
2answers
997 views

Real and imaginary parts of dielectric constant vs refractive index?

So for a complex dielectric constant $\epsilon = \epsilon_a + i\epsilon_b$, the wave vector and index of refraction are related to it through $k = \frac{\omega}{c}n$ and $n = \sqrt{\frac{\mu ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Apparent size of objects under water

A friend of mine has a homework question and we're having some trouble figuring out what physical mechanisms come into play for this. An underwater swimmer sees a spherical air bubble that appears ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Does a high energy photon experience deceleration or direction-change when it impinge into water or something due to the change of refraction index?

Wave experiences refraction when it propagates into another medium which has different refraction index. Lights surely does experience refraction at the border of mediums which have different ...
2
votes
0answers
276 views

Nonlinear refraction index of vacuum above Schwinger limit

This question is more about trying to feel the waters in our current abilities to compute (or roughly estimate) the refraction index of vacuum, specifically when high numbers of electromagnetic quanta ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Modeling a spray painted polyurethane surface reflection

I'm modeling light interaction/reflection from a fiberglass surface with polyurethane epoxy (that is very reflective) that has been spray painted with a matte black paint. I'm looking for some input ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Dispersion in a rectangular prism

Why are the colours visible only at the fringes of the light refracted through a rectangular prism?
1
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0answers
18 views

How much can a thin layer of hi-speed material within a low-speed volume block a wave due to total internal reflection?

Consider a block of isotropic material with compression wave velocity associated with it, $v_1$. Consider a thin flat layer of high compression wave velocity $v_2, v_2>v_1$ that is buried within ...
1
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0answers
113 views

If a beam of light follows the path $y(x)=y_0\sin(x/y_0)$, what is the index of refraction?

An exam question that showed up while I was studying: A plane wave refracts and follows a ray given by the equation $y=y_0\sin(x/y_0)$ where $y_0$ is a constant. Find the refractive index $n(y)$ ...
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0answers
65 views

Energy distribution between long- and shearwaves after refraction of sound

From this explanation, I learn that sound is refracted according to Snell's Law upon passing a border between materials of different sound speed. I also learn that upon passing the border, a mode ...
1
vote
0answers
257 views

What defines the thickness of a Nomarski prism?

Lets say I want to design a Nomarski prism that would split the ordinary and extraordinary beam by an angle of 0.32 mrad. I used a raytracer to find the internal angle between the quartz wedges. ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Difference between the increase in optical path due to refraction and that due to reflection

If we place two glass plates of refractive index n and each having thickness t,on the way of a light ray the increase in optical path becomes (S2P-S1P)=2(n-1)t due to refraction through them,and the ...
0
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0answers
9 views

Refractive Index of Super Critical Fluids

I'm studying optics at the moment and I am wondering how the refractive index changes when a liquid is in super critical state? Thank you.
0
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0answers
512 views

Question about the refraction of light in a swimming pool

Here is a homework question that I'm having a hard time understanding: Out of pure intellectual curiosity you have donned a snorkeling face mask and allowed yourself to sink to the bottom of the ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Planar Electric Field in Glass, how to express it?

The field must have properties such as planar wave and moving in glass so $$\bar E=E \left( \hat i t + \hat j \sin(kz-wt) + ...