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2
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2answers
30 views

How does change in medium affect object distance/image distance?

Say,we have a container filled with a liquid of refractive index $7/5$ upto a height up $H$. There exists a plane glass mirror at the bottom of the container. Now if a fish were placed at a height of ...
1
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0answers
11 views
2
votes
2answers
365 views

Law of reflection for a moving mirror

An elementary fact that people learn about mirrors is the law of reflection, that the angle of incidence of a light beam striking the mirror (as measured with respect to a normal) equals the angle of ...
0
votes
2answers
171 views

Optical path difference

I have question about calculating optical path difference. $$\Delta L = \mathrm{(BC+CD)}\cdot n_2 - \textrm{BF}\cdot n_1$$ - why calculating path difference here we are subtracting $\mathrm{BF}$ ...
14
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3answers
3k views

Is true black possible?

Black is the absence of light because it absorbs light, but when we create black paint or black objects, light is always reflected, either in all directions in matte or smoothly in shiny black ...
1
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2answers
117 views

How to calculate reflection profile of a beam shining onto a moving mirror?

I want to build a projector, where a beam of light is shining on to mirrors, placed at different angles, which are spinning fast enough to draw lines. The question is, how to calculate the needed ...
1
vote
3answers
70 views

Why don't E&M fields change orientation after hitting a surface?

In essentially every derivation of the Fresnel equations, the general problem of radiation hitting a surface at a certain angle is broken into two parts (out of which we hope the solution any general ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Will the thickness of a material affect the reflection properties

Does a thicker piece of material(lets say metal) reflect wifi signals the same as a thinner piece of material? I realise that thicker materials would block out more at the back, but my question is ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Frequency dependence of electromagnetic reflection

I was surprised to see that the Fresnel equations for reflection depends on refractive index and angle of incidence, but they do not depend on frequency. Why is this case? Are they restricted to ...
0
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0answers
5 views

Height of a point in a plane given a measure of luminance

Context Assume a left-hand rule coordinate system and X points right, Y points up, Z points out. I have a camera facing perpendicular to the X-Z plane in the negative Y direction. I have 4 ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Mirror shake emulation for the light

Is there any way to simulate mirror shaking? Final goal is to make send light beam to the mirror and get reflected beam the same, as it happens if mirror is vibrating. Mechanical vibration is limited ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

Is perfectly diffuse reflection entropy maximizing?

Suppose that I shine light on a surface and none of it will be absorbed or transmitted, and the spectrum doesn't change (so that all that's left to determine is the power reflected from the surface as ...
0
votes
2answers
347 views

Bragg diffraction and lattice planes

Crystalline substances show, for certain sharply defined wavelength and incident directions, very sharp peaks of scattered X-ray radiation. From the illustration below we see that we get constructive ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

What is the difference between a white object and a mirror in terms of heat absorption?

Will a white object be cooler than a mirror when exposed to direct sunlight? Or will it be the other way around? If mirrors bounce all visible light and some of the other elements of electromagnetic ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Blue light is reflected, red is not. What happens to other visible/non-visible light?

The problem says: The certain film on the glass reflects blue light of wavelength 480nm, but does not reflect any red light of wavelength 640nm. 1) If we say that it reflects blue light but no red ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Why does phase of a wave change after reflecting from a denser medium?

Why does phase of a wave change when reflected from a denser medium, but no change takes place in phase during transmission?
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Reflection in Finite Square Wells

For a Finite Square Well where we have a wavefunction $\psi(x)$ which is an energy eigenfunction with eigenvalue $E = 2V_0$ in the following potential: $V(x) = \begin{array}{ll} 6V_0 ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

How does QED explain reflection? [duplicate]

By reflection of photons from a mirror, the mirror must get an impulse of 2p=h/pi.l for every photon. This means that the mirror receives kinetic energy. But the photon has the energy it has before ...
3
votes
3answers
78 views

Why do shiny surfaces reflect more light than other surfaces?

I'm an A-level student and I love learning new things in physics. A new concept that I learnt says that the reflection is due to the scattering of light by electrons in the material. I've got my ...
38
votes
11answers
13k views

Why don't we hear sound reflecting from buildings, mirrors, etcetera?

We can see buildings, doors, cars etc. as light falls on it gets reflected to us. but why doesn't the same thing happen with sound? I mean why don't we hear sound reflecting that much?
14
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1answer
896 views

Why is everything not transparent? [duplicate]

There is a related question on this site here: Why glass is transparent? Which explains that glass is transparent because the atoms in glass have very large energy differences between energy levels ...
0
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0answers
29 views

How can air pollution contribute towards light pollution?

I was just wondering if air pollutants such as soot, could reflect light into the night sky, and thus be a potential source of light pollution. If that's true, can you please suggest any other air ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Explanation for Refraction of light (change of angle) and Reflection

Refraction: I want a qualitative Quantum Mechanical explanation of why do we see light rays -in the classical picture- bend when light goes from one medium to another. I read that it is due to ...
5
votes
4answers
817 views

Wave reflection and open end boundary condition intuition

I need to understand one seemingly simple thing in wave mechanics, so any help is much appreciated! When a pulse on a string travels to the right toward an open end(like a massless ring that is free ...
9
votes
2answers
88 views

Why is reflected light polarised?

Why is reflected light polarised? I have learnt about Brewster's angle, and how at a particular angle all light reflected is polarised, but do not understand why. Is this something that could be ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

What happens to Newton's Third Law during the reflection of a pulse from a free end?

Well, it is known that a pulse gets inverted when it gets reflected from a fixed support while the polarity of the pulse remains same when the incident pulse gets reflected from a free end. However, ...
28
votes
6answers
7k views

Why did high quality mirrors use aluminum coatings instead of silver?

I have two questions on mirrors. I’ve read that in the past quality mirrors were coated with silver but that today vacuum evaporated coatings of aluminum are the accepted standard. When I look at ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Why do different color materal differ temperature in the same sunlight?

I have a blue, red, and green cup and put a thermometer in each. Of the 3 the blue cup had the coldest temperature inside, then green, then red. I understand there may be differences in the ...
10
votes
3answers
763 views

Using a black hole as a mirror?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENd8Sz0AFOk The YouTube video is a good example how the gravity of this merging binary black holes bend light around themselves.
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Fresnel equations for perpendicular angle of entry [closed]

In many text books one finds for the fresnel coefficients for light perpendicular to the surface: $$r = \dfrac{n_1 - n_2}{n_1 + n_2}\quad\text{and} \quad t = \dfrac{2n_1}{n_1 + n_2}.$$ When I try to ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Number of photons through glass [closed]

I am getting mixed information on the total photon count involved with light transmission through glass. I'm not looking for percentages and I don't have equipment to count photons. For simplicity ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

On which factors does reflectance depend?

For my college physics project I'm planning to measure the change in reflectance of an object with respect to a factor (temperature, current going through, etc., not angle of incident, wavelength, ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Is there any limit to distance between two waves when used in Huygens principle?

Apologising for not being clear. When I used Huygens principle to determine the spherical wavuefront of radius $R/2$ created by reflection from a spherical concave lens of radius $R$, I got amazingly ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Standing Waves in a String of two Linear Densities

Given a string with sections of two linear densities like this: Does the point where the two linear densities meet have to be a node if a standing wave is produced? Are there alternatives? Could I ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How do Hertzian dipoles relate to reflection of EM waves?

We recently performed an experiment where the intensity of microwave radiation reflected off different materials was measured. A comment in the script noted that the mechanism by which reflection of ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

What happens to light in a perfect reflective sphere?

Let's say you have the ability to shine some light into a perfectly round sphere and the sphere's interior surface was perfectly smooth and reflective and there was no way for the light to escape. If ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Can decoherence occur just by simple reflection?

I create an entangled photon pair. One photon is sent inside a resonant cavity which reflects the photon many number of times. Will there be decoherence between photon in the resonant cavity and its ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Why is this laser beam being scattered(and not)?

I was shining a laser beam through a liquid filled test tube(an ester particularly),and I found this phenomenon rather intriguing.Have a look. Now when I passed the laser straight through the ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

How does light change directions? [duplicate]

To the best of my knowledge, light will always travel at the speed of light. How then does it get reflected and change directions? Wouldn't it have to decelerate, come to a stop, and then accelerate ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Please explain this optical phenomenon, as seen from the top of the cup [closed]

So here is a cup, and i poured some water in it. The question is why do i see those multiple reflections? What causes these images?
115
votes
2answers
9k views

Why does a mirror split my laser beam?

Last night my daughter was asking why a mirror "always does that" (referring to reflecting a spot of light). To help her figure it out, I grabbed my green laser pointer so she could see the light ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

What happens when a photon hits a mirror?

When a photon of light hits a mirror does the exact same photon of light bounce back or is it absorbed then one with the same properties emitted? If the same one is bounced back does it's velocity ...
-3
votes
1answer
78 views

Which gives the most realistic pictures, Mirror, camera or their combination? [closed]

By googling, I have found several different opinions about how to take one's own facial images more realistically: Some said photos taken by cameras (smartphone's cameras, if specific) are more ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Why is the moon white? [duplicate]

Why is the Moon white? What is it's geological composition and how does that relate to it's apparent "color"?
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Deep confusion with conventions and signs in geometric optics

This is an equation given in my book. The question is why have they used a negative sign on the LHS? Now, if you try to derive the mirror equation with simple geometry, you get 1/v +1/u =1/f . ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How does the deflection of force on a tire work?

So, considering the example of a car that is turning, is all the force lost that's not along the axis of rotation of a tire, or is there some way to calculate how much of that force gets deflected ...
3
votes
2answers
50 views

Is it possible to save the light?

I am just thinking why can't we save the light (not a bulb). Lights normally get reflect by mirror, when source is off reflection is gone or absorbed or discharged by other object in room. Can't we ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Blue hues in Aluminum mirror

[][] When depositing Aluminium sometimes I end up with a bluish hue to my film especially when changing angle of view. I use a very high rate of deposition and low temperature. What would cause this?
0
votes
1answer
24 views

What happens to light when an optical cavity path length doubles instantaneously?

Let's say we have light contained in a cavity (of initial length $L$) and then instantaneously remove the second mirror, thus removing the barrier between the first and a third mirror which is some ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Reflective angles from a CD [closed]

How do I estimate the diffraction angles of laser light which illuminates a CD? Does the storage capacity have an impact? Theories I have considered are: refraction diffraction $\sin(\theta)=\frac ...