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2
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3answers
43 views

What about a surface determines its color?

Light falls on a surface. Some wavelengths get absorbed. The other are reflected. The reflected ones are the colors that we perceive to be of the surface. What is the property that determines, what ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Probability current in scattering problems

This is a section from Wikipedia: In regions where a step potential or potential barrier occurs, the probability current is related to the transmission and reflection coefficients, respectively ...
0
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0answers
23 views

About the property of the mirror [duplicate]

It is actually said that left appears to be right and right appears to be left in a mirror. But when I stood in front of the mirror and raised my right hand, then according to this property my mirror ...
0
votes
2answers
198 views

Light-matter interaction and an object's appearance

I am taking a course in Computer Graphics, and the teacher said we could put materials in there main categories: mirror like glossy or specular diffuse He suggested that the law of reflection is ...
2
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0answers
16 views

statistical property of light reflected from a coarse mirror

This is a problem comes up in my study in correlation reflectometry. I'm wondering if there is a straight-forward way to interpret the phase and amplitude of the reflected light from a perturbed ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

combination of mirror and lens [on hold]

a convex lens forms a real image of a point object at a distance of 50 cm from convex lens. a concave lens is placed 10 cm behind convex lens on image side. on placing a plane mirror on the image side ...
2
votes
3answers
89 views

Violation of conservation of energy?

Imagine a perfectly spherical mirror with 100% reflection. Imagine a point source of light in the center. The point source keeps radiating light. Will the light undergo destructive interference ...
6
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3answers
937 views

reflection at intersection of two mirrors

Consider 2 mirrors which intersect at an angle. If we draw a light ray intersecting the mirrors at their point of intersection, how will it reflect? What will be the normal at that point?
1
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2answers
133 views

Basic rule for diffraction

I'm a high school student. I still don't understand the reflection, diffraction and refraction of light. It seems to me that in concept of quantum physics, reflection is just a process of object ...
10
votes
2answers
421 views

Why does sunset over a body of water cause a path of light stretching towards the horizon?

Have you ever notice the sunset's image in the sea? It's like long light path to the end of the horizon! I've attached a sample of this: How can we explain this? I know that it can happen even in ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Why does a circle of light form around a wire when a laser is pointed at it? [duplicate]

Referencing this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Q_4SNbpBfo Why does a circle of light form? I've seen previous Phys.SE posts on this topic relating the answer to reflection, but I have ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

Long, blurry reflections in wet road [duplicate]

When driving on a wet highway at night, any surface emitting or reflecting light will have a reflection right under it that is blurry and seems to stretch to infinity. This is not exactly what I am ...
0
votes
2answers
722 views

Colors in the secondary rainbow reverse of that in the primary rainbow

Why the colors of Secondary rainbow is reverse of that in the color in the Primary rainbow? What can be the possible reason among the following options Because it is formed by one internal ...
22
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5answers
5k views

Does a well-lit mirror weigh more than an unlit mirror?

If you weighed a mirror in a room with no light, and then weighed a mirror in a well lit room so that the mirror reflects light, would the weight be different?
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Polarization and Reflection [duplicate]

The polarization is a property of waves that can oscillate with more than one orientation. Given this, when the light is reflected from a surface, does the reflection change the property/orientation ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Is image scale the same as focal length?

I am supposed to show using a diagram how image scale is related to focal length. But my formula for image scale is $$\text{image scale} = \frac{y}{\theta} = F$$ where $y$ is the image size on the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

If I observe a planet because of reflected sun-light, how does the radiant flux vary with distance?

I wish to figure out how the flux of the sun's reflected light from a planet varies with distance, so assume an observer is on the sun, looking at a planet, and the light originating from the planet ...
1
vote
4answers
175 views

Double rainbows

In my garden, when I'm watering the plants I sometimes see a rainbow or two. How did two rainbows appear? Why can't I see three rainbows then, or how can I see three rainbows?
0
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0answers
22 views

Why the underside of an object isn't a different colour after light reflects off a different coloured surface

If you were to place a blue plate in front of a green background and shine a light at the blue plate. The light that hits the blue plate would reflect the blue wavelength and when the reflected ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

What really makes a rainbow happen?

Yes, a rainbow is formed when a raindrop refracts light, but why then does the whole sky not become a huge rainbow when it rains? Would the light not be dispersed into ordinary 'white' light? What ...
19
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7answers
6k views

Why do solar panels not have focusing mirrors?

Most of the solar panels that I have seen do not have any mirrors, etc., but usually solar cookers have mirrors. What is the reason for solar panels not having focusing mirrors?
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0answers
23 views

Help with finding an equation to work out the length of cable required to produce loss of colour on an analogue video signal

When I briefly taught Broadcast Engineering I set up an experiment in order to demonstrate the effect of signal reflections along coaxial cable on an analogue PAL waveform. It involved getting the ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

Polarisation by Reflection - oscillation direction

I'm currently studying polarisation by reflection, and have come across two pieces of information from the same source, which I can't seem to understand on how they differ. The oscillation direction ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Is true black possible?

Black is the absence of light because it absorbs light, but when we create black paint or black objects, light is always reflected, either in all directions in matte or smoothly in shiny black ...
3
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0answers
29 views

What are the limitations on the Paraxial Approximation?

What my physics book referred to as the paraxial approximation derived to be thus: $$\frac{1}{s}+\frac{1}{s'}=\frac{2}{R}$$ as a way of showing that in a concave spherical mirror, all reflected rays ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

Bragg diffraction and lattice planes

Crystalline substances show, for certain sharply defined wavelength and incident directions, very sharp peaks of scattered X-ray radiation. From the illustration below we see that we get constructive ...
0
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0answers
34 views

hiding joint lines of plain mirrors

For some experiment I took two rectangular pieces of front surface mirrors, and joined it at 30 degree. However, the joint line is visible clearly, how do I hide it ? I guess I need to apply some ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Can a one-way mirror effect be reversed?

I understand to get the effect of the one-way, one side needs to have light to produce the mirror, leaving the darkened side with the ability to see through. I would like to know if there is a way to ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Question on Minimum Glare from Reflected Sunlight

I'm studying for the IB Physics HL exam, and I came across a question neither my physics teacher or I can solve. It has a diagram like so: http://imgur.com/hYssY5o The text of the question is this: A ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

What happens when light is reflected from a surface moving in a medium with a huge refractive index?

Imagine a mirror is moving away from a light source in a substance through which the speed of light is very slow -- so slow that the speed of the mirror is close to being the same as the speed of the ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Calculate required power output for a laser

How to calculate power rating required for a laser in order to produce a dot at a specific distance after reflection? For example, the laser is 10cm from the mirror, at an angel of 30 degrees it ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Increase contrast on the image taken by CCD camera

I project a pattern on a reflecting object and I capture the reflected pattern (reflected via the object) using a CCD camera. However, the reflected pattern has a very low contrast (due to volume ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Optical system for cloning an image of a light source?

I need to create an optical system for cloning an image of a light source to human eyes. Is there a correct solution(design) for this problem. Reflectivity of the mirrors must be equal. Because ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

How would a plane hitting a ball move (opposite of Pong)?

When a moving ball hits a stationary plane at an angle of incidence to the normal, it bounces away at the same angle (the angle of reflection), which is commonly understood. My question is 1) What ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Would we see the past if we look to a mirror 1 light year away? [duplicate]

What would we see if we place a mirror 1 light year away? Would we see the present or the past?
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Wave interference on window film coating

"The windows in an office tower are coated with a film to minimize reflected light of wavelength 550 nm. If the glass has an index of refraction of 1.52 and the film coating has an index of refraction ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Distinguishing between perfect rigid mirror and symmetrical universe

I have a relatively bizarre question which I'm not even fits into the category of mainstream physics, but here I go anyway. I want to consider two hypothetical situations. Then I want to see if there ...
16
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5answers
16k views

Phase shift of 180 degrees on reflection from optically denser medium

Can anyone please provide an intuitive explanation of why phase shift of 180 degrees occurs in the Electric Field of a EM wave,when reflected from an optically denser medium? I tried searching for it ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Phase change on reflection only 0 and $\pi$ allowed

We know that when a wave on a string is reflected from a hard boundary, the phase change is $\pi$, and from a soft boundary, the change is 0. My question is: this two conditions (hard and soft ...
1
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0answers
15 views

Phase change by reflection [duplicate]

Let's consider a light ray falling on a cuboid made of glass at the angle $\alpha$. Then there will be a reflected ray $A$. The ray will also refract. Let the refracted ray be $B$. Ray $B$ will be ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Surfaces that reflect UV rays

I've been trying to research what surfaces reflect UV rays for the past day but it's been difficult coming up with definitive answers. So far what I've found is that surfaces that reflect visible ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Why does the light instantly disappear when we switch off the source?

For example i take a box which is completely covered by the most perfect mirrors possible inside and inside that box i have a bulb whose bulb holder is also covered with the most perfect mirrors ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

What is the “Obscuration Factor (OBF)”?

In a paper I am reading for my master thesis I came across this "obscuration factor (OBF)". The authors indicate that it is a measurement of the average intensity of reflection. They do not give a ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

What causes these rainbow effects using a polarizing filter on an airplane?

I know that light reflected from a surface at 45° is polarized and that for a similar reason skylight arriving from a direction orthogonal to the sun is polarized too. Photographers make use of this ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Would you be able to see yourself in a mirror in front of you as you two are in a room traveling at the speed of light? [duplicate]

Veritasium talked about this in one video. If you are in a room or a train, plane, car or whatever just a closed space traveling at the speed of light and you put a mirror in front of you, could you ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Metal Refractive index

I'm working on Fresnel equation for calculation of reflection of a light (532 nm) on Iron. I've got a question: Is metals refractive index always a real number or it can be a complex number?
2
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0answers
32 views

Model of scattering in wet things

You know that clothes and some surfaces become darker when wet (covered in an earlier question: why wet is dark?), because of the disordered reflections or of the refractive index of water or ...
3
votes
3answers
373 views

Why does lambertian surface reflection result in uniform radiance measured from every direction?

I'm reading through the light measurement handbook and page 28 is confusing me. I knew previously that lambertian diffuse reflections distribute the reflection of incoming intensity such that the ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Reflection in a cylindrical mirror

Suppose I have a completely cylindrical surface which is silvered on the inside. I want to know what type of reflection takes place when an object is placed inside the ring. Does infinite reflections ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Light absorption for different liquid

when I was working on a cylindrical glassy bottle that filled with water, I found that the initial light intensity is less than the final light intensity. (It's clear but I experiment this) This is ...