A reference frame is a particular coordinate system chosen to represent physical entities. The notion is most often used in special and general relativity to dentoe particular coordinates chosen on the spacetime manifold.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
36 views

Why are the proper time and the proper length not defined in the same frame of reference?

I've just read this interesting Wikipedia article about time dilation and length contraction in special relativity. . Derivation of time dilation Applying the above postulates, consider the ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Mass-Spring system on an accelerating jet

Imagine a perfect mass spring system. If it's put on an accelerating plane, how will the motion change? Is the plane's acceleration like a driving/damping force, where: $$F_{\text{driving}} = ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Earth's direction in space [on hold]

After watching videos about the rotation of the planets being helical and not heliocentric, I wondered, as Earth travels through space, which part of Earth is the forefront?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Location of singularity in moving black hole

Say a black hole is travelling at $c/2$, does the shape of the event horizon change? What about the location of the event horizon? If it is travelling at a hypothetical $c$, does the event horizon ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Why did Feynman tell “we cannot locate earth's angular position, but we can tell that it is changing”?

I was reading "Symmetry in physics" by Feynman, where he wrote: If we perform sufficiently delicate experiments, we can tell that the earth is rotating, but not that it had rotated. In other ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Reference frames and special relativity [duplicate]

Hello I would like some clarification with the idea of inertial reference frames. From my understanding each inertial reference frame displays a behavior in which nothing travels faster than the speed ...
-1
votes
0answers
50 views

What is the general proof of Earths “True gravity”?

What is the proof that while calculating gravity, the experiment was not affect by the following factors: Earths Centripetal Force Moons Gravity Centripetal Force due to Sun Earths Rotational ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why collide a moving particle with a particle at rest, rather than two moving particles?

I was just reading some lecture notes about relativistic and quantum mechanics, and in the later part of this page the author demonstrates that any relativistic particle collision in the "lab" ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Starting point for a derivation of fictitious forces

I came across this expression at the start of a derivation of fictitious forces: $$(dA/dt)_L = (dA/dt)_R + \omega \times A$$ Where the $L$ subscript refers to the laboratory (inertial) reference ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Time, time perception and time dilation [closed]

I'm new to this stackexchange, I usually wander in the worldbuilding one and there I've read time and time again questions and answers about the different "passings of time" depending on where you are ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Special relativity and Lorentz transformation

I recently learned about special relativity and different reference frames. The conversion from two inertial reference frames is given by Lorentz transformations: $$x' = ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

The athlete feels a centrifugal force when whirling the hammer - is there always a centrifugal force associated with a centripetal force? [closed]

(this is a homework question) To this, I would say that the centrifugal force is just the reactionary force of the centripetal force, which is causing the hammer to 'want' to move away. Therefore, ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Does the rotation of the Earth affect time?

If the Earth were to spin from east to west instead of west to east, how would that affect time or our perception of it?
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Conceptual doubt about mechanic energy and two body problem [closed]

Suppose that two bodies are in plane, let's call the first m and the second M: In the first case m is moving in plane, so it has kinetic energy. M is attached at the origin (i.e not moving), so it ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Particle disintegration (Landau & Lifshitz)

In the particle disintegration problem in the book by Landau and Lifshit(z), it is considered a particle with velocity $\vec{V}$ in the lab frame, which disintegrates into two particles with masses ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Do rotation matrices rotate about inertial or body angles? [closed]

I have Yaw, pitch, and roll angles in that order (Euler 321) to apply to a body reference frame in cartesian coordinate system. I want to know what the body reference frame vector coordinates are ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Are reversible and irreversible processes frame dependent?

since it is all about time. If I have a look at an irreversible process from a frame where time runs really slow. is there a possibility of considering that process reversible from that frame?
5
votes
2answers
126 views

Can the Unruh effect be confirmed by the LHC?

Two short questions regarding the Unruh effect. There are related answers on this forum and on wikipedia, but I am looking for confirmation of my own intuitive assumptions, so a straightfoward yes or ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Calculating the first cosmic velocity / velocity for a circular orbit

Today in class we calculated first cosmic velocity using this equation $$G\frac{mM}{(R+h)^2}=\frac{mV^2}{R+h},$$ where $m$ = mass of the body, $M$ = mass of the Earth, $R$ = radius of the Earth, $h$ = ...
1
vote
3answers
100 views

Coriolis force on bullet vs airplane

Why do airplanes experience negligible Coriolis force while bullets experience the Coriolis force in long range shooting, even though the mass of airplane is much bigger than a bullet?
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How to define the parameter $\beta_{CM}$ of the transformation of pseudorapidity of the referencial LAB to CM

How can I determine $\beta_{CM}$ knowing the energy of the center of mass (CM), and without knowing anything about the particle mass? I have only information about the pseudorapidity in the ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

From Lorentz Invariance Violation to the preferred frame of reference

I've read here and there that Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV) would imply the existence of a preferred frame, a frame where some physical laws are valid, while invalid in other frames. The fact ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Can I see stars in my light-cone that you can never see?

The light cone of our galaxy is a lot different to the light-cone of a galaxy 5 bly away. Our Hubble volumes are much different. Everyone is born in/at a different space/time. Can I see stars in my ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

If an object rests on a table, not accelerating, how much work do both the object and the table do?

Obviously, the net work done is zero, because there's no motion, but is the proper way to look at it that both the object's gravity and the table's normal force do zero work, or that one does positive ...
-2
votes
0answers
34 views

Special relativity: Two particles are accelerated to $.99c$ in opposite directions, what is their relative velocity? [duplicate]

Special relativity makes sense to me for objects moving at small fractions of $c$, but I am puzzled by how it works as we approach the limit. We are able to accelerate particles at CERN to speeds of ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Can a point in empty space be motionless with respect to light?

Being that the speed of light is constant throughout the universe, can a point in empty space be motionless with respect to light?
5
votes
3answers
86 views

Has anyone tried Michaelson-Morley in an accelerated frame?

After doing much more digging than I thought I had to do, I found out that the speed of light is NOT invariant in an accelerated reference frame. Has anyone done any experiments to confirm this? In ...
-1
votes
1answer
47 views

Relativity of simultaneity in Galileo's Leaning Tower of Pisa experiment

Galileo's conclusion can be roughly summed up as: objects of different masses, when dropped from the same height, descend in the same time interval, independent on their masses (neglecting friction). ...
3
votes
5answers
219 views

How is Angular Momentum Conserved when Mass is Released?

I am not a physicist (math/comp-sci) but I understand that Angular Momentum is supposed to be conserved. I find this confusing because there seems to be many simple, common cases where a restrained, ...
5
votes
3answers
138 views

How can a Physical law not be invariant?

In Relativity, both the old Galilean theory or Einstein's Special Relativity, one of the most important things is the discussion of whether or not physical laws are invariant. Einstein's theory then ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

Speed of light constant for all observers [duplicate]

General relativity has been proven many times over to be correct. In my meager understanding of things, they are all premised on the fact that the speed of light is constant to all observers. I would ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Conceptual Understanding of Reference Frames correct?

The problem is as follows: A cart has a velocity to the right. There is a wheel on the cart (fastened to it). Determine the angular speed of the wheel so that the velocity at a point on the top of ...
-2
votes
1answer
65 views

When is an object at rest?

When is an object considered to be at rest?
1
vote
2answers
68 views

$V_{\rm ball}=V_{\rm train}+V_{\rm ball}$?

30 years after reading Einstein's books I'm having another go at understanding astrophysics, but one thing I didn't understand back then still doesn't make sense to me. It is the example of a ball ...
2
votes
4answers
377 views

What is the universal speed limit relative to? [duplicate]

If all speeds are relative, then what "governing" force is that speed limit relative to? Is there some sort of fixed or absolute grid with locations everything is compared to? Does this also mean ...
5
votes
3answers
996 views

Is it possible to stop time? [duplicate]

Assuming the spacetime principle, if the space is modified the time does too. So if the velocity in the space is increase, does the time slow down? What happens if the speed is the speed of light, ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Reference frames are frame fields on spacetime?

The idea of a reference frame as discussed in this question is that of a viewpoint. So that we have some phenomenon, we want to describe be able to predict things and we must specify the viewpoint ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Are all reference frames equally valid?

Are accelerated reference frames as valid / real as inertial frames, or are accelerated frames a convenience of integrating across a continuum of inertial frames? For instance, it makes sense to ...
2
votes
4answers
62 views

A reference frame is any coordinate system or just a set of cartesian axes?

In Physics the idea of a reference frame is one important idea. In many texts I've seem, a reference frame is not defined explicitly, but rather there seems to be one implicit definition that a ...
3
votes
4answers
820 views

Puzzling : Relative motion of two points on a rotating disc

Consider two points on a radial line for a rotating disc. One point, $A$, is at the circumference and the other, $B$, is at distance $R/2$ from disc's centre. Relative velocity of $B$ w.r.t. $A$ ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Velocity increase calculated from kinetic energy in different frames

Say we have an aeroplane cruising along at constant height with velocity $v_0$. It dives by height $h$ and levels out, at a new velocity $v_1$, in a gravitational field of strength $g$. If all the ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Relative acceleration of two planets orbiting a star

Let us suppose we know the radii and periods of two planets' circular orbits around a star -say Earth, Venus and the Sun-, which allows us to calculate the planets' centripetal acceleration, ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

why the z axis points into the Earth in the inertial frame

I've seen a lot of papers define z-axis to be upside down when they define the inertial frame for the Earth. Is there any sensible explanation for that. To me, the more convenient way is that the ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Why does the thought experiment of a photon bouncing of a mirror imply anything for other objects?

Okay, so I am reading a book, "The Elegant Universe" by Brian Greene, which talks about motion and its effect on time. Greene makes the point that time changes with motion by saying that if you have ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Who is moving and with who's relation?

What if we are in a cube of 3×3 m  which is further enclosed in a sphere of radius 50 m? And the sphere start to rotate on its own axis would we experience force? If not then what happens if there is ...
-1
votes
2answers
78 views

Special relativity thought experiement

Say you see a spaceship moving relative to you. On this ship you see a timer. When a beam of light is emitted from one end of the ship the timer starts. When the light reaches the other end of the ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How can I calculate time dilation as viewed from an accelerated frame?

Imagine I am speeding past you at near the speed of light, at a constant velocity. It is very simple for me to calculate what I will see looking at you. According to the Lorentz transformations from ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

How can a moving frame transmit energy (a fighter plane shoots a bullet)? [duplicate]

This question shows that a bullet shot from a flying plane receives a large amount of energy from the plane, even much more than the energy from the propellant of the bullet. But I wonder how can the ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Inertial and Non-inertial frames of reference

I'm really beginner in physics and I recently started to study the concept of frames of reference, inertial and non-inertial ones. In the end, I thought I had understood it: frames of reference ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Kinetics energy with different reference frame (a fighter plane shoots a bullet)?

Let say a plane flights at 1km/s, shoots a 2kg projectile at 1km/s, so to the Earth, the projectile flights at 2km/s with 2*2*2/2 = 4MJ. The same gun when fixed on Earth, shoots the same 2kg ...