A system of coordinates used as the basis for describing the position and motion of objects

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Two clocks along different worldlines

I have been reading and watching videos about this subject for a while now. I just can not seem to grasp the idea. Let's say we have two clocks. I leave one at home and keep one in my pocket. Then, ...
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3answers
425 views

A man running on the treadmill

Imagine a man is running on a treadmill. His inertia with respect to floor will be zero because he is not moving with respect to floor. If both he and the tread mill suddenly stops he will not fall, ...
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2answers
106 views

What will be the relative speed of a photon in a light ray to another photon of opposite direction light ray?

If two light rays start simultaneously in the space from exactly opposite ends in opposite direction that is separated by a distance of 600000 km in a way they meet at the mid point (300000 km from ...
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2answers
121 views

How a accelerated object sees another accelerated body in Special relativity?

Assume two objects are moving with a constant acceleration $a_1$ and $a_2$, which are the measured accelerations by respective object (or constant force being applied to each of the objects) . My ...
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2answers
63 views

Is the assumption that the two reference frames be inertial required in the derivation of transformation equations?

In the derivation of Galilean transformations the only assumption is that the two frames are moving with some uniform relative velocity $u$. Suppose with respect to some inertial frame $O$ the two ...
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2answers
258 views

Why do we feel the passing of time?

Why do we feel the passing of time? Why do we feel the time is changing with increasing speed $d\tau=\gamma^{-1}dt$? In other word why Lorentz factor (or scientifically relativistic velocity function ...
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1answer
127 views

Pseudo Force Other Than Centrifugal Force In A Rotating Frame

I read in HC Verma that if we are observing the motion of a body from a rotating frame and the body under the observation is NOT in motion with respect to our frame than centrifugal force is the ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Do particles keep on emitting energy?

Accelerated electrons emit electromagnetic waves, but those at rest do not. So accelerated electrons emit energy and those at rest do not. (At rest hypothetically, I know it is not permissible ...
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1answer
51 views

Why does moment of force depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
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1answer
80 views

Derivation of Euler's equations for rigid body rotation

Sorry for using this image, but I thought this was the most convenient way of asking this question. Please zoom in. I do not understand from the line, "Now, in the body frame $T = (T_{x'}, T_{y'}, ...
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1answer
23 views

How would an electron bunch/beam look different in the rest and lab frames?

With respect to special relativity, I was wondering how the spatial dimensions would differ between the rest and LAB frame of an electron beam. System: Electron bunch/beam traveling in linear motion. ...
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1answer
127 views

Satellites and gravitation

A satellite with mass $m$ orbits a planet of mass $M$ in a circular path with radius $r$ and velocity $v$. Due to some internal technical failure, the satellite breaks into two, similar parts with ...
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0answers
70 views

What coordinate system is used to describe planets positions in the universe?

How are planets positions described in the space and in respect to what? For example is Sun the origo and right now at this moment Earth has [coord_X, coord_Y, coord_Z]? or maybe [lng, lat]? ...
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94 views

Principle of relativity - a second, equivalent form, using invariants

Most people state the principle of relativity like this: "The rules of physics must take the same form in all inertial frames." Question: is this an equivalent way of saying the same thing: ...
4
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0answers
817 views

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics. I am completely new to fluid mechanics. Until now definition $F = ma$ was sufficient for me to solve any rigid body problems ...
4
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0answers
229 views

Tensor equations in General Relativity

In the context of general relativity it is often stated that one of the main purposes of tensors is that of making equations frame-independent. Question: why is this true? I'm looking for a ...
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0answers
68 views

Why rendezvous attempt failed on Gemini 4?

It is said in Wikipedia, that On the first orbit, McDivitt attempted to rendezvous with the spent Titan second stage. This was unsuccessful for a number of reasons: NASA engineers had not ...
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0answers
59 views

About the speed of light

If Mr. E is aboard a spaceship traveling near the speed of light the usual reason for the spaceship not going faster than $c$ is the (relativistic) mass of the ship increases without bound, I think. ...
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0answers
87 views

Car parking special-relavity puzzle

Hi I read the following puzzle from an old text book long time ago. However it doesn't provide the answer. So what is the solution? Let's suppose a car is going to park to a garage and the garage is ...
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0answers
252 views

The definition of Lorentz transformation

I know that the Lorentz transformation, when two frames $\mathcal{S}$ and $\mathcal{S}'$ are in standard configuration (the axes are all parallel to their counterparts in the other inertial frame) is ...
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0answers
50 views

does an object travelling close to the speed of light in an inertial frame of reference behave Relativistically

The two tenants of Special Relativity are: The laws of physics are the same in all inertial frames of reference. The speed of light in free space has the same value $c$ in all inertial frames of ...
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0answers
93 views

Short term track of a hand held sensor (gyro, accelerometer) data with rough precision

I have acceleration and attitude data for the movement of a device in 3d space. what transformations, before numerical integration, are required, in order to produce a 3D track of the the movement in ...
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0answers
115 views

About the theory of relativity

Why is speed of light constant in every non inertial frame of reference? Is there any theoretical explanation behind this postulate Since we cannot completely depend upon the experimental results?
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95 views

Determining Ether Drag - Aberration of Starlight

In order to determine the relative motion between the Earth and the ether (the medium through which light supposedly propagated. It has zero density and complete transparency), scientists used the ...
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37 views

Is gravity just relative rotational velocity?

Einsteins law of relativity states that velocity is relative. so when object $A$ passes object $B$ at $v$ kph, object $B$ also passes object $A$ at $v$ kph. Maybe gravity is the universes way of ...