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2answers
40 views

Is shape of a black body much of a concern in physics?

When I read a book on computer vision, I stumble upon the ideal black body model. Using Lambert's cosine law (wiki), one is able to compute the intensity of an area element dA w.r.t. some observer. ...
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0answers
29 views

Why do some materials follow Lambert's cosine law?

I perfectly understand Lambert's cosine law, so I can apply it, it isn't really that hard (now that I got it :) $$I_n=I_\theta*\cos\theta$$ What I don't understand is why some materials follow this ...
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0answers
24 views

What exactly is $\theta$ in Radiance formula?

The definition of radiance is: $$L\equiv\frac {\partial^2 \Phi}{\partial \omega\,\partial A\,\cos\theta}$$ where: $\Phi$ is the radiant flux $\omega$ is the solid angle $A\cos\theta$ is the ...
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2answers
55 views

What's the meaning of partial derivative for radiance?

The definition of radiance is: $$L\equiv\frac {\partial^2 \Phi}{\partial A\,\partial\omega\,\cos\theta}$$ where: $\Phi$ is the radiant flux $\omega$ is the solid angle $A\cos\theta$ is the ...
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2answers
95 views

How does a radiometric infrared camera estimate an objects temperature?

Say we have an infrared camera which measures some amount of radiation, in a spectral bandwidth which is given, between wavelength $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_2$ from a perfect black body. How is it ...
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1answer
147 views

Polonium tea emergency [closed]

Let's assume that I just realised that tea I drunk 30 minutes ago during meeting with a secret agent was doped with radioactive polonium. What should I do? What the doctors will do? Are there ...
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1answer
43 views

Why is radiance measured normal to the beam?

Radiance is defined as: $L=\frac{d \Phi}{\mathop{d \omega} \mathop{d A} \mathop{\cos\theta}}.$ I’m wondering why there is a $\cos \theta$ factor in the denominator of the radiance ($\theta$ is the ...
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0answers
40 views

Reflectivity of gases

According to the principle of the conservation of energy, the following is true for an object: emissivity+reflectivity+transmittance=1; where emissivity=absorbtivity according to Kirchoff. When ...
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5answers
554 views

Is there no radioactive decay between nuclear fusion and solid material formation?

I'm aware my question might be considered a duplicate of this one: Radio-dating and the age of the earth I read that one and I looked everywhere and I still can't find my piece of mind. I would ...
3
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3answers
318 views

Why does lambertian surface reflection result in uniform radiance measured from every direction?

I'm reading through the light measurement handbook and page 28 is confusing me. I knew previously that lambertian diffuse reflections distribute the reflection of incoming intensity such that the ...
1
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2answers
152 views

Irradiance at surface point due to lighting from point light source

I'm reading through a computer graphics paper and author says that the radiant intensity emitted by an infinitely small surface point $p$ with normal $ n $ into direction $ \omega $ is $$ I_p(\omega) ...
1
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1answer
380 views

Lambert's cosine law

I am learning how to physically render images in computer graphics. I just saw that the area that gets light is given by the Lambert's cosine law. In my head it makes perfect sense the relation but ...
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0answers
31 views

Hemisphere irradiance

How do I calculate sky irradiance from radiance (L) from a hemisphere above a surface which is tilted relative to the normal (x=0,y=0,z=1). I have L as a function of zenith (0 to 180deg) and azimuth ...
4
votes
1answer
684 views

Relationship between irradiance and radiance

A question related to radiometry: Irradiance $E$ at a point $x$ can be written as: $E = \int_\Omega L(x, \omega) cos(\theta) d\omega$ I understand this formula and where it comes from. The equation ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Relation between Radiance and Irradiance

I know the radiance is expressed as $$\text{[Radiance]} = \frac{W \cdot m^2}{\text{sterad}}$$ and $$\text{[Irradiance]} = W \cdot m^2$$ But what's the relation between theese two quantities? Is the ...
3
votes
1answer
615 views

Radiance equation

I am trying to understand the equation of the radiance, but there is one thing i don't understand: $L_r = \frac{d^2\Phi}{d\omega \space dA\cos{\theta}}$ Why is that second exponent there in the ...
1
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1answer
307 views

Photosensitivity of Photodiodes, lower wavelength -> lower sensitivity?

I saw a diagram of the photosensitivity (Current per Power) of a photodiode. So there is this diagonal stating the 100% quantum efficiency. I wondered why the sensitivity for bluer light lower ...
0
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1answer
305 views

Implementing a black-body using Planck's Law in a 3D ray tracer

1_ In one of my software projects, I need to implement Planck's Law in terms of wavelength. I can't be sure if it's right because I've seen different variations of it, and all the implementations ...
0
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1answer
184 views

Leaching of radiometric material, is it possible?

I've been doing some reading about radiometric dating and I've come across an interesting find. If anybody has any additional information on this, that would be great. First my question: In regards ...
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2answers
2k views

How reliable is Radiometric dating? Are there limitations? [closed]

Young earth creationists dismiss radiometric dating as unreliable, whats the truth?
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2answers
271 views

Visibility of moon-based laser from Earth

If someone (or some robot) on the moon were to point a laser at the Earth, how many watts would the laser need, to be easily seen with the un-aided eye from Earth? Obviously this depends on a number ...