Radiation is a process in which energetic particles or energetic waves travel through a medium or space. The particles or waves radiate (i.e., travel outward in all directions) from a source.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

3
votes
1answer
65 views

How do molecules absorb heat?

How do molecules absorb and retain heat, and how is that heat able to still affect nearby molecules? On Venus there is a green-house effect where the large, dense Carbon-Dioxide atmosphere absorbs ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

How can I estimate the number of X-Ray photons generated from a x ray tube?

I have this problem. I have an x ray tube of which I know the specific (kV, mA, anode material) and I have to estimate the number of X ray photons hitting the sensor after passing through air and ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Radiation by an accelerated charge

An elastically bound electron vibrates in simple harmonic motion at frequency $\omega$ with amplitude $A\;.$ Find the average rate of loss of energy by radiation. So I think I can use Larmors ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Understanding Vaidya metric and pure radiation stress-energy tensor

I am following Vaidya metric and how it is related to pure radiation from Wikipedia. But when it reaches the line where stress-energy tensor is equated to product of two four-vectors, I cannot follow ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How does a gas emit radiation with temperature when it's particles motion are linear?

Particles in gas move faster with temperature in a linear motion (root mean velocity equation?) right? It explains increase in pressure and effusion proportional to temperature. Solids emit radiation ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Effect of radiation pressure on Earths orbit in large timescales

I have seen some posts concerning the radiation pressure exerted by the Sun on Earths surface (Force on Earth due to Sun's radiation pressure). Though it is fairly small may it have a considerable ...
0
votes
3answers
54 views

What is the difference between beta positive decay and proton decay?

Though beta positive decay's have been observed, in which a proton decays into a neutron, positron and an electron- neutrino; the why is it not the same as the exotic proton decay which is ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How does mass affect the range of a nuclear particle?

Heavy particles such as protons and alpha particles of certain energy will lose all their energies in a definite distance in a medium, and this distance is called the range. The range is the distance ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Relativistic explanation of Radiation

I ask this question again in a simpler, shorter form. Maxwell's equations can be derived with Special relativity starting from the Coulomb's law. Therefore all the phenomena of classical ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Radiation heat loss and reuse

When the human body lose radiation heat rays, is there a way we can pick it up and collect it? And then use it over again by fex. using a heat exchanger and a device that can emit them (rays) back out ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Light interference with light and other EM waves [duplicate]

Lets assume a room with one or two sources of light (normal light bulbs or fluorescent lamps). So if we look at lamp from any direction we see it. We also see different objects in the room because of ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Is there a gravitational radiation reaction force?

As you may know, the linearized relativity theory (or gravitoelectromagnetism), obeys equations analogous to Maxwell's equations in electrodynamics. These equations in ED result in the troubling ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Can alpha, beta or gamma radiations emitted by a radioactive substance be controlled? [duplicate]

Just saw this question in a school class 10 exam. Google search did not yield useful results. Can anyone please explain the answer here?
0
votes
2answers
101 views

How Much Does Roof Color Affect Energy Consumption?

I'm not sure whether this is off-topic; if so, I do apologize and will fully understand votes to close. That said: I live in a climate that's quite cold much of the year but gets pretty hot in the ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Beta decay - Relative probability of electronic conversion for different disexcitations energies

I'm studying, experimentally, beta decay phenomena. Internal conversion of electrons happens when we have a sobreposition between a excited nucleus with it's electronic cloud. The colision between the ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Does adding static charge to a body increase its mass?

If a body becomes charged by losing electrons for example, it will experience a braking force when it is accelerated due to radiation called Bremsstrahlung radiation. Part of the energy used to ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

how is the state parameter determined?

For radiation, dark energy and dust the pressure and energy density are related, respectively, by: $p=\frac{1}{3}\rho$ $p=-\rho$ $p=0$ My question is why? How does one show that this is how ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Confusion about radioactivity

The following question is from General Problems on Physics by I.E Irodov 6.220. Find the decay constant and the mean lifetime of $^{55}\operatorname{Co}$ radionuclide if its activity is known to ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Smart capsules for radioactive metals

If we add or remove an election to the atoms of radioactive metals, they will become the isotopes of their adjacent chemical elements in the periodic table. I ask the community whether the resulted ...
1
vote
3answers
29 views

Measuring Activity

The formula for Activity of a radioactive substance is $ \frac{dN}{dt}=A=λN $. If we have an initial number $N(0)$ of some Radionuclide, which has a halflife of, say, 12 hours, is there any ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Modeling total absorption using absorbance of multiple visual layers

I have a question involving light absorbance versus absorption. It applies to a stack of different photoreceptor types. I understand the difference between absorbance, which is basically equal to $$-\...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Question on decay constant

I have a model of the radioactivity of a target which is undergoing Neutron Spallation. The Protons are incident upon the target for approximately 200 hours. Within the model, over the course of ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Is (or why isn't) static charge as lethal as ionizing radiation?

Ionizing radiation, e.g. the "stuff" emitted by radioactive materials, is dangerous to humans since changes to the electron configurations (in the human body) causes the various molecules (in the ...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Can a single particle be “heated” by radiation?

From the point of view of statistical thermodynamics, a single particle doesn't have a phase (state of matter), nor temperature. What would happen if heat is transported to this single particle via ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Determination of radiation pressure

Consider the incidence of an electromagnetic wave on the plane $x=0$. We have that: $$f_x=\frac{dF}{dV}$$ $f_x$ is the volumic force density on the medium. My doubt is purely mathematical. I ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the direction of gamma-ray emission by a nucleus totally random?

Let's consider an excited nucleus emitting one gamma-ray (not cascade etc). Is the direction of gamma-ray emission completely random? In other words, is the probability to detect this gamma equal for ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

If UV radiation 1 cm away from the halogen bulb is equal to Sun's radiation, what is the level of radiation 1 meter away?

Halogen light bulbs emit some amount of UV radiation, and some sources consider them dangerous. Here it is written, that UV radiation (of certain types) from a particular halogen bulb was equal to the ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

How can a string vibrating in a plane radiate sound?

If a plucked guitar string vibrates in a plane, how are waves produced that travel in all directions? I'd have thought that a vibrating string can only produce waves in its plane of motion.
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Why doesn't the formula for the Einstein coeff contain a radius?

I am trying to understand the Einstein coefficients and using the formula found on wikipedia ,the coefficient for spontaneous emission is equal to (emission coeff * 4*pi)/(hfn2) (first formula on ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Method used to prove emissive power, $E \propto T^4$

Stefan's Law states that emissive power($E$) of a black body is proportional to $T^4$. But how did Stefan arrive at the conclusion? I mean, it is not possible currently to get a perfectly black body, ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

How does a photon raise the temperature of a gas?

The temperature of a fixed volume of a gas is increased when it interacts with radiation. Why does the temperature increase (i.e. why does the velocity of a gas molecule increase) when a photon is ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

What happens to mass during beta decay?

Sorry for being ignorant, but I'm in high school and our chemistry teacher barely went over beta decay. I decided to do some research and learned that in β+ decay, positrons are emitted from protons ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

What would be the dose rate of 109 grams of uranium per day/year?

I know that with a Pancake probe that can read alpha you can get up to 30K CPM on a small plate. I ordered a 6" red plate off ebay and measured outside the box when it came in. It registered around ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

signal from uniformly moving charge

As a charge moves, its field changes, and this change can only be propagated outward at the speed of light. Thus the field lines will be curves that keep changing apparent source point and direction. ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How do amorphous objects emit blackbody/thermal radiation? [duplicate]

How do amorphous objects emit blackbody/thermal radiation when such objects don't have optical phonons?
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Meaning of angles on Feynman diagram

In physics class, I am currently studying Feynman diagrams. We are taught the basics like conservation of charge and the direction of time but the examples in my book all seem to follow specific paths ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Order of emission of radioactive particles

Is there any sort of sequence in the emission of radioactive particles? ie. alpha, beta, gamma or any other type of decay I don't know about. Specifically, I wanted to know is there any evidence to ...
-3
votes
1answer
104 views

Can a sample of beta radiation be considered as the fabled philosophers stone? [closed]

Given that it is possible to produce gold in nuclear reactors (even if not economical), is there a natural source of beta radiation whose half life is similar to that of human lifetime and whose beta ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How does an object in vacuum loose its temperature? [duplicate]

Well, it radiates in the infrared, I guess. But how exactly are these photons created? The atoms have some kinetic energy, which makes up the temperature. So while the atoms or molecules jitter a bit ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Is there an orbit decay associated with synchrotron radiation of a relativistic particle?

I had a question about a particle (say a proton) with relativistic energies interacts with a magnetic field (in the z direction). As it is accelerates the particle emits synchrotron radiation. ...
3
votes
1answer
23 views

Models for populations of decay products

I'm looking to create a population model for the specific nuclides in a neutron spallation source. The source is a target (Tantalum clad Tungsten) which is being bombarded with protons, and in turn is ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Notation on chart of the isotopes

I recently purchased a complete chart of the isotopes, (this one: https://shop.marktdienste.de/shoppages/produktuebersicht.aspx ) and have it on the wall next to me in work. The different coloured ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

How to detect a secret nuclear detonation here on the earth?

How can we know that North Korea and Iran (to name a few) are exploding nuclear weapons if no inspectors have ever been granted access to suspected nuclear sites in these countries? How can we ...
-1
votes
1answer
154 views

How much radiation does the Earth receive from the Sun's total radiation? [closed]

I was thinking how to solve this problem. $1\,\mathrm{AU}$ is roughly the distance from the Earth to the Sun, $1.4960 \times 10^{11}\,\mathrm{m}$. The radius of Earth is approximately $6.4 \times 10^{...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Radioisotope beta decay generator

Why are there no electrical generators utilising the electron/s of beta decay from a radioisotope for generating a working current? For example, how much radioisotope would I need to generate 1A or ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Why spurious pulses are likely in partial discharges?

My notes The gas multiplication in the proportional counters is based on the secondary ionization created in collisions between electrons and neutral gas molecules, resulting in some visible ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Measuring the energy of an alpha particle

I would like to measure the energies of particles emitted from a variety of ionizing radiation sources (alpha and beta), and then convert these energies to velocities. However, I am not too sure about ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

In Electron Spin Resonance, what provides the energy for the transition?

I recently performed an ESR experiment at M.Sc. level. The experiment manual says that the energy for the transition is provided by magnetic field oscillating at radio frequency. I am little confused ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

How does scintillation gamma-spectrometers work?

As far as I understand, the incident photon interacts by photoelectric, Compton scattering or pair production with the electrons of the crystal (NaI(Tl) in our case). The electron that emerges from ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

To what altitudes does cosmic radiation penetrate?

How far does high energy (Cosmic) radiation penetrate(km above sea level) into the planet earth? And at what rate(/m^2/s)? (limited set of rates here) (The Aurora is low energy protons that stop at 90 ...