The quark model postulates that the hadrons such as protons and neutrons have an inner structure; quarks.

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Possible implications of Quark Quartet

Today on Nature's website appeared a news about the discovery of a quark quartet (formed from two quarks and two antiquarks). They say that this particle containing four quarks is confirmed. This is ...
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Can quark-gluon plasma ever be close to an ideal gas of asymptotically free quarks?

The question inspired by an upcoming colloquim at UCB. A naive interpretation of quark asymptotic freedom seems to imply that at high enough energies they should be weakly interacting. On the other ...
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Why does strong interaction increase with distance?

I read numerous times that strong interaction increases with distance. But how can one actually derive the force-distance relation from the lagrangian (quark field + gluon field + gauge coupling)? ...
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How could we find preons?

If I understand correctly, scientists were able to find strong evidence for the existence of quarks by using deep inelastic scattering. If quarks (hypothetically) are composed of preons, could we use ...
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flavor splitting of quark masses

It seems pretty clear that flavor symmetry splits the quark masses. It seems extremely odd that a global gauge symmetry of the Standard Model fields could or would produce such extreme splitting as ...
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Strong decays of baryons via quark-antiquark pairs

I have the doubly charmed $\Xi_{cc}^{++}$ consisting of ccu quarks. This is meant to decay via strong force, producing a light baryon (cud/uuc/udc etc...) and a quark-antiquark pair along with a ...
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What forms are theoretically predicted for orbitals or quarks in hadrons and of hadrons in tritium?

We all know very illustrative spatial representations of predicted electron orbitals in atoms which are essentially spatial plots of the solutions of wave equations. In all atoms the electrons occupy ...
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What is new with quark-Gluon Plasma and the bubble formed at RHIC?

RHIC experiment results of forming Quark-Gluon Plasma and a possible bubble was news few months ago. I cannot find any follow up news after that. Does anybody know anything new in this front? I am ...
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How to calculate U-spin for baryons

I am trying to calculate U-spin for sigma baryons. I don't know why U-spin for (sigma+) and (sigma-) and (sigma*+) is 1/2 but for (sigma*-) is 3/2? I know that (sigma+) and (sigma-) are octet and ...
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How to calculate D0->K+K- decay with QCD factorization?

I am studying the decay of D0->K+K- and I calculated the result of Branching Ratio by Naive QCD and I wrote all the equations for amplitude and branching Ration and Hamiltonian and... for this decay ...
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What is the physical meaning of U- and V-spin?

$SU(3)$ group has three $SU(2)$ subgroups. The first one (with generators $\lambda_{1}, \lambda_{2}, \lambda_{3}$ of corresponding algebra) is called I-spin, the second one (with generators ...
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Simplify QCD Lagrangian

How we can derive the electric charge of the field theory for each field? For example lets say that we have the u-quarks (3-colors) and electron that we know that has charge -e) free Lagrangian ...
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Origin of CP violation in CKM matrix?

I have already seen this question but I am not very familiar with the group theoretical framework of the Standard Model and was hoping for a more diluted answer. So I have come across this slide: ...
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Averaged energy of quark in proton

I need to evaluate scattering cross section $pp \to ...$, where $p$ corresponds to proton and dots denote any final state; more precisely (for a given question), I need to know cross section of $qq ...
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Why are quark up and down an isospin doublet?

I have some difficulties in understanding the isospin of quarks. As far as I am concerned, the isospin formalism is used to express the physical property of electric charge. I mean: what I know ...
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Quark confinement

What is the reason why quarks moving freely in confined nucleus do not radiate energy like any accelerated charge banging around in a bag? If the answer is that they have distinct energy levels like ...
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Are quarks the limits? The end of the fundamental science. For collisions on more higher energies will lead to black holes after all?

Are quarks the limit and the Plank scale is believed to be the limit of distance when the very concept of space and length cease to exist (10^-19) Any attempt to research the existence of shorter ...