The quark model postulates that the hadrons such as protons and neutrons have an inner structure; quarks.

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How would one go about drawing a Feynman diagram of color screening and anti-screening in QCD?

Title really explains this one. I'm not sure how to put together a diagram of the lowest order for colour screening and anti-screening in QCD. Seems to be a lack of diagrams for this in the ...
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1answer
20 views

Why do certain mesons not self-destruct? [duplicate]

As I understand it, particles and antoparticles annihilate one another. But some mesons (and pions?) consist of a quark and its antiquark. How can they exist without the two particles annihilating ...
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25 views

Parts of the Quark Wavefunction

Quarks are fermions meaning that they have an antisymmetric wavefunction. Under particle exchange the sign of the wavefunction. The wavefunction is made up of a few different parts $$ \psi_{Total} = ...
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40 views

Raising and lowering operators for a composite isospin $SU(2)$ system

Consider pion states composed of $q \bar q$ pairs where $q \in \left\{u,d \right\}$ transforms under an $SU(2)$ isospin flavour symmetry. These bound states transform in the tensor product $R_1 ...
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537 views

Why is the charmed eta meson its own antiparticle, but the neutral kaon is not?

I have a limited understanding of antiparticles, so this may be why I am unable to explain why certain mesons are their own antiparticles, while others are not. My understanding is that antiparticles ...
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33 views

Can a massless quark exist?

Is there any possible way to extract all the mass of a quark? Probably under extreme Gs or heat or pressure?
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How can $\Lambda^0$ and $\Sigma^0$ both have $uds$ quark content?

Title says it all: How can $\Lambda^0$ and $\Sigma^0$ both have $uds$ quark content? Doesn't this make them the same baryon?
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58 views

Why is the baryon number of B mesons -1 and not 0?

It is my understanding that the baryon number is defined as a third of the difference between the number of quarks and the number of anitquarks in a hadron. It's clear to me that mesons have a baryon ...
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Are the properties assigned to quarks meaningful?

Suspect this may have been asked before, but can't find it. My question is: If you can never have a free quark, what sense does it make to attribute properties to them, since you can never ...
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69 views

On shell and off shell simultaneously?

I am considering the following one loop virtual correction in the DIS process: where I have a quark of momentum $p$ coming in, emitting a gluon before interacting with a photon of momentum $q$ to ...
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32 views

Gluon to quark scattering

I am trying to calculate the $g g\to q \bar q$ amplitude but am finding it intractably complex. I have determined that there are only two independent polarizations that contribute non-zero ...
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81 views

Is there a theory where there are (recursively) infinitely smaller particles?

So I read that electrons are just points, with no mass, and furthermore, protons look like they have some "size" but that's really 3 "point-like" quarks. We first thought atoms were the smallest ...
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Why are quarks and gluons confined [duplicate]

I understand that quarks and gluons are confined to the particle they are part of but why is this? It seems that the color force is the only force that causes confinement so what is different about ...
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71 views

What is cause of quantization of charge? [duplicate]

What is cause of quantization of charge? When we rub two objects only an integral number of electrons or charges can be transferred is this the reason? Why electron has the smallest possible charge? ...
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27 views

What maximum energy can be stored in a gluon field flux tube

Question is as clear as stated in title. What is the maximum energy that can be stored in a gluon field flux tube without production of an quark anti-quark pair? And how much it usually store in a ...
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107 views

What is mass constituted by quarks in a proton?

In a question I read Quarks in a hadron- where does the mass come from "The sum of the masses of the quarks in a proton is approximately $30~\text{MeV}/c^2$, whereas the mass of a proton is ...
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137 views

Fractionally charged Quarks

Just wondering what the evidence is for fractionally charged quarks, is it simply enough to say that as we see deep inelastic scattering of electrons (at high energies) off the nucleus of an atom ...
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44 views

Coulombs Law on Quarks [closed]

As from opinion from others the question don't seem to be clear so I did some changes. What is 5.33... it is 5+0.3+0.03+0.003+.... this sequence does not ends. now if we have a ball and we need to ...
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1answer
60 views

When were quarks discovered?

I know this sounds stupid. Especially to those of you who are actual physicists. I am a 7th grade above-level student who knows a little bit more that the basics of physics. I have recently discovered ...
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53 views

How to build tetra-quark mesons symmetry group?

I was thinking about the issue while reviewing my group theory notes. One can construct mesons with a nonet as an octet and a singlet, $SU(3)\otimes SU(3) = 8\oplus \bar{1}$. In a same way but for ...
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51 views

Why is the top quark mass reconstructed too high when the bottom quarks were swapped (semileptonic decay of a ttbar pair)?

I use a dataset containing simulated events of semileptonic $t\bar{t}$ decays ($t\bar{t} \rightarrow W⁺b W⁻ \bar{b} \rightarrow q\bar{q}bl\nu_l\bar{b}$) at CMS, LHC. For each event, the four-momenta ...
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Doubts about quark confinement, the pole mass and the quark gluon plasma

I have seen written a few times that the notion of a pole mass for a quark contradicts the quark confinement picture and that non-perturbatively it is expected that the quark pole mass be infinite. ...
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Is it possible to create a quark-gluonic reactor to produce energy with help of strong interaction?

Is it possible to create a quark-gluonic reactor to produce energy with help of strong interaction? Can it be done with quark-gluon plasma?
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What evidence is there of the existence of quarks?

What is the experimental evidence that suggests the existence of quarks? How were they discovered? I'm going to assume a particle collider is involved, as it tends to be the case with most subatomic ...
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115 views

Quark composition of the neutral pion

I wonder why the neutral pi meson is $$ | \pi^0\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left(\vert u\overline {u}\rangle - \vert d \overline{d} \rangle \right) $$ and not $$ | \pi^0\rangle = ...
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Ratio of decays rates for $\rho \to \pi + \gamma$ and $\omega \to \pi + \gamma$

How easily are the ratio of decays rates for $\rho \rightarrow \pi + \gamma$ and $\omega \rightarrow \pi + \gamma$ obtained? I know we should use somehow flavors and quark model, but I don't ...
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40 views

Quarks and theory on nuclear forces [closed]

I wonder if there existed a complete theory describing the behaviour of quarks in nucleons and other baryons and mesons and the behaviour of gluons. Does QCD alredy describes it all in perfect detail ...
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59 views

Why do we need the strong interaction if we have Yukawa's meson theory?

How is Yukawa's theory of mesons different from the standard model's strong interaction? I mean if Yukawa's theory is complete then why do we need quarks and gluons?
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111 views

Why are quarks fundamental particles? [closed]

A neutron decays into a proton by changing one of its down quark into an up quark and releasing energy, positron and neutrino particle. So, a down quark can decay into an up quark. If a quark ...
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96 views

Why do protons not break into quarks?

I know that free a neutron breaks into a proton because a proton has less mass and energy. Then, why do protons not break into quarks, since they have even less energy? Or why do gluons join quarks? ...
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T invariance in flavored meson system

Consider Kaon CP conjugate states $\left|K^{0}\right>$ and $\left|\bar{K^{0}}\right>$. The physical states i.e, eigenstates of effective hamitonian can be written as \begin{equation} ...
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77 views

Does quark confinement imply indivisibility of quarks?

I recently heard the statement$^1$ that quark confinement is evidence for the indivisibility of quarks (i.e. that they are indeed fundamental and have no substructure), but I don't see any reason why ...
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Valence sea quarks parton distribution functions

There's somethin from Thomson (Modern Particle Physics) that I am a little mythed by. Section 8.4.3, eq. 8.3 is given as $$ ...
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How often do quarks annihilate?

How often do quarks annihilate? Quarks bond frequently with quarks, and antiquarks bond frequently with antiquarks. So why do quarks not annihilate antiquarks extremely quickly? More to the point, ...
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Why do quarks tend to bond in groups of three?

Why do quarks tend to bond in groups of three? I understand why they might in bond in groups of three to create a net charge of zero (i.e. neutrons), but I don't understand why they form protons and ...
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Can the Higgs mechanism provide complex masses for quarks and neutrinos?

Can the Higgs mechanism give complex masses to quarks and neutrinos, or is only real mass generation possible? There exist complex phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices, can they be explained through ...
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Subnuclear reactions: combining quarks

When you try and pull two quarks apart, you don't get two separate quarks, but instead: the energy stored in the field between them gets high enough to create more quarks, and instead of two ...
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Why doesn't the color force between two quarks have an inverse square law?

From what I understand the color force between two quarks doesn't decrease with distance. Why is it that the color force doesn't decrease with the square of the distance if there are three dimensions ...
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50 views

Changing, or static, quark color composition within a proton?

Consider say the proton. It is seems to be universally stated that a proton is "composed of three quarks, 2 up and a down, and you must have the three different 'colors'". So, you can have blue-up, ...
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336 views

Where does a hadrons mass come from [duplicate]

So I've come to the understanding that a hadrons mass does not come from the constituent quarks but instead comes from a combination of things like binding energy and the mass energy of virtual gluons ...
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61 views

Evidence for standard model description of neutrons

as I don't know too much about experiments I have the following question concerning the evidence about the quark constituents in neutrons. After a quick google investigation I found some sentences ...
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619 views

Do particle accelerators centrifuge the quarks of a proton?

Is it right that circular particle accelerators use magnetic fields to deflect the particle beam? Using the simple equation of "a charged particle in a magnetic field": ...
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What are the six quark mass values when extrapolated to Planck energy?

Let us assume that the standard model is correct up to Planck mass. (Yes, I know, this is a big assumption.) If we continue the running of quark masses with energy (due to renormalization), what are ...
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801 views

Quarks in a hadron- where does the mass come from

We know that the sum of the masses of the quarks in a proton is approximately $9.4^{+1.9}_{-1.3}~\text{MeV}/c^2$, whereas the mass of a proton is $\approx931~\text{MeV}/c^2$. This extra mass is ...
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250 views

Can the up quark still be massless?

It used to be commonly discussed that the bare mass of the up quark can be $0$. This was because we can't observe its effect directly. To my knowledge the up quark can only be measured by its effect ...
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Quark model in particle physics

As we all know that baryons are made up of three quarks while mesons are made up of a quark and an anti-quark. Is it possible for a particle to exist with five or seven quarks? Can a particle exist ...
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80 views

Collision symmetry and measuring the asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process

I saw a talk the other day about an asymmetry in the Drell-Yan process caused by CP-violation: Apparently one way this can be measured (ATLAS is doing this) is to collide protons and observe the ...
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200 views

Can quarks be considered real and elementary?

In our current theories all hadrons are made up of quarks and gluons. This view reduces considerably the big family of hadrons by providing a very logical structure in which all quantum properties ...
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76 views

What makes neutron heavier than a proton? [duplicate]

The mass of proton is 1.672*10¯²7 kg while it is 1.675*10¯²7 kg. Both are made up of 3 quarks each. Then what makes proton lighter than a neutron?
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Feynman rule for current-current operators

I wanted to know what is the Feynman rules for current-current vertex like this one: $$ {\cal{ L}} = G^\prime_F \hspace{2mm} \bar{d} \gamma^\mu (1-\gamma^5) u\hspace{3mm} \bar{s}\gamma_\mu ...