A research field within general optical physics concerned with light and its material interaction: where light is modelled by full quantum mechanical description.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
3 views

Single particle passing through the double slit at a time

In modern experiments, With the classical setup of photons or electrons passing through double slit, the intensity is kept extremely low, such that one can detect a single particle passing through ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What is the difference between Fermi golden rule and Wigner-Weisskopf theory?

What is the difference between Fermi golden rule and Wigner-Weisskopf theory? They both deal with the spontaneous emission process. So what is the difference? As far as I know, the fermi golden rule ...
-6
votes
0answers
37 views

Time that we have changing color [closed]

I have a question but I don't know the answers and the book or sth else for answering to it : Please help me and tell me anything When do we have a color changing in clothes when they get wet?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Do photons emitted from a LED show bunching?

If photons are emitted from a thermal source, we get photon bunching. For coherent radiation, the detection probability doesn't change after detecting a photon. For single photon sources, we get ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

When was Electromagnetically Induced Transparency first introduced?

The oldest paper I know regarding this topic was published in 1997 by Stephen E. Harris. But I am not sure if he is the first to introduce this idea. Could you tell me when and by who did introduce ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Describing a single photon with creation and annihilation operators

Since I am not fully aware of the creation and annihilation operator formalism for single photons, I want to ask, if the following is correct: I am considering a photon in the vacuum which travel ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

First order coherence through double slit

The state $$|\Psi \rangle = |0\rangle + \sum_j \int d\omega f_j(\omega)\hat{a}^\dagger_j (\omega) |0\rangle $$ is coming from a far field and incident on a double slit setup. Here j is the index of ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Any suggestion of laser pointer for everyday life study of fluorescence?

I want to buy a laser pointer to study fluorescence in my kitchen. Any suggestion? What kind of laser pointer? What stuff for demonstration?
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Why the plots of a second-order intensity correlation function appear both Bunching and Antibunching?

This second-order correlation function is calculated based on a single atom in a cavity, driven by classical light source,under the condition of two photons resonance. When I plotted it in ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Classical and semi-classical vs quantum interferometry

What is the difference between classical, semi-classical and quantum interferometry? How the detectors look like? As far as I know in classical interferometry light is treated as a wave, whereas in ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Alternate young double slit experiment

What will happen in young's double slit experiment, when instead of screen I put a black screen with a hole and a second screen behind the black one. Will it still form interference pattern albeit a ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

Do Bell inequality violations appear instantly when the source is turned on, or do they increase over time?

This experimental Question is a result of reading a particular article on Bell violations. I addressed the e-mail below to the corresponding authors —because who knows, they might reply— but it is not ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Collapse and revival in the Jaynes Cummings model

I'm having some trouble understanding the exact details of the collapse and revival in the Jaynes Cummings model. What I understand is this: We assume our two level atom to initially be in the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Refractive index for matter waves

What is the relation for a group velocity of matter waves with refractive index of general medium? Google will tell you the answer but majority of them are related to experimental work for a specific ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

How many photons are absorbed during Rabi oscillations?

In my understanding, Rabi oscillations are derived using the classical approximation for the electromagnetic field. I don't get how this picture fits with a quantized EM field though. Say you excite a ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Time-dependence of ladder operators in quantized EM fields

My Question Are the operators for the $A$, $E$ and $B$ field to be treated as operators in a Heisenberg description or is their time dependence explicit when performing a textbook EM quantization as ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Phase shift of the displacement operator

According to my professor, the displacement operator $D(α)=e^{\alpha a^†−α^*a}$ can be written, "with a simple phase shift", as $D(α)=e^{i\alpha(a^†+a)}$ which he then proceeds to write as ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

How does a laser emit light in a coherent state?

Lasers work by stimulated emission of atomic transitions. Stimulated emission produces two photons which, because the particle number is well-defined, projects the field into a Fock state. However, it ...
0
votes
3answers
116 views

How far back can you trace a photon?

You have a photomultiplier tube pointed at a distant star, exactly 100 light years away. It's perfectly set up so that nothing can get into the tube unless it came from that star. Every hour or so, ...
5
votes
3answers
503 views

Beam splitters and Mach-Zender interferometers

I have a question (my very first here) related to 50/50 beam splitters as used in the Mach-Zehnder interferometers (see for example the Wikipedia page). Let's concentrate on the input beam splitter: ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Are the Wigner and Husimi transforms injective?

I am wondering if the Wigner function is injective. By injective I mean, that, for every density matrix $\rho$, there is a different Wigner distribution. The same question applies to the Husimi ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

How can a photon have a frequency but not a phase?

When a single photon is emitted as a result of relaxation of an electronic energy level, it (the field) is clearly in a Fock state because it has a well-defined number of quanta. By the uncertainty ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

doppler cooling temperature limit

Wikipedia shows a heating effect that causes minimum temperature achievable in doppler cooling as: "The atom performs a random walk in momentum space with steps equal to the photon momentum due to ...
5
votes
0answers
174 views

Output of a beamsplitter with photon number (Fock) state inputs

Given a beamsplitter drawn below, where $\hat{a}$ and $\hat{b}$ are input modal annihilation operators, transmissivity is $\tau\in[0,1]$, and output modal annihilation operators are ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

how to arrive at first-order correlation function with the above master equation?

My question arose when I was reading a paper called " Multi-photon Blockade of the dressing of the dressed states'. This is the states this paper used: This is the master equation this paper has ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Why is the frequency bandwidth of the environment important for Markovianity?

In the derivation of Spontaneous Emission in two level systems in Quantum Optics (be it Wigner Weisskopf or a different approach, such as density operators to find the master equation), one makes ...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

Group theory and quantum optics

This is a question about application of group theory to physics. The starting point is the group $SU(n)$. I have a representation $R$ of $SU(n)$ that takes values on the unitary group on an infinite ...
3
votes
0answers
309 views

Pockels effect/Kerr effect

In Pockels electro-optic effect, change in Electric field produces change in refractive index/ birefringence. Moreover this effect becomes electric field squared in the case of Kerr effect. If we ...
3
votes
2answers
47 views

How to construct matrix to apply U(2) beam splitter to a N dimentional Beam

So I am trying to read this paper (no paywall here). In this the formal construction of a matrix $T$ is given as The product of matrices is equivalent to setting up experimental devices in ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Thomson scattering on the elections does not produce any circular polarization?

All references on CMB polarization has this statement as if it is a trivial fact. But I have to admit that I completely don't understand what this sentence is telling us.
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Ultrafast Lasers

Is the main idea of femtosecond or attosecond lasers is to achieve the high energy or do we have any other parameters achieved by ultra-fast lasers ?
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Phase noise and linewidth of laser

I learned that the linewidth of a single frequency laser is closely related to the phase noise. But this sentence from a book completely confuses me: "A quantum-limited beam in a so-called coherent ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Shot noise at high frequencies (can it really be ideal white noise?)

Quantum shot noise (either optical intensity noise or electrical current noise) described by the noise spectral density of $2 e I$ (electrically) or $2 h \nu P$ (optically). So it is white noise. I ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Quantum memories: What are they?

Searching the literature for the term "quantum memory" seems to bring up results from two different communities. On the one hand there are quantum opticians, who see a quantum memory as something ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

How to connect Rabi frequency with absorption intensity?

If a particle with non-degenerate spectrum starts in some eigenstate, and the frequency of the external EM field matches some transition frequency, then this would lead the particle to do periodic ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Is $\phi_n =\left\langle \vec r | n \right\rangle $ the photon wave function?

I am a bit confused about this issue and I am still not clear whether is there is a photon wave function or not. Since we use Fock states $| n \rangle$ to represent the state of a quantized ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Jaynes-Cummings Model in Quantum Optics

Why doesn't JC model remain valid under the weak atom-field coupling?
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Can a two-levels photon pair be created either entangled or not entangled? [closed]

I am learning about experiments on Quantum Optics and Quantum Tomography in order to understand how to measure two qubits with an arbitrary quantum state of their polarization degrees of freedom. ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Density matrix of a single qubit as a function of its Stokes Parameters

$\newcommand{\bra}[1]{\left\langle#1\right|} \newcommand{\ket}[1]{\left|#1\right\rangle} \newcommand{\prom}[1]{\langle{#1}\rangle} \newcommand{\matrixel}[3]{\bra{#1}{#2}\ket{#3}}$ How can I prove ...
2
votes
3answers
296 views

How noisy are photon detectors?

I have a single photon detector and $N$ photons per second arrive at the detector. Then something happens and the number of incoming photons per second changes by the factor of $\alpha$. So now ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Calculating a resonance fluorescence spectrum (Mollow Triplet)

I was working through a lecture on quantum optics, in which we calculate the spectrum of electric field correlations of fields produced by two level emitters. Now, the part where I got stuck was ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Structure of white light? [duplicate]

White light is a mixture of different wavelengths. If so what will be the structure of a beam of white light ? Is there a separation between different colours ? what does it actually mean ? Does a ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Rationale for definition of input/output operators in quantum langevin equations

I am going through Gardiner & Zoller's 'Quantum Noise', and following the derivation of the Langevin equations in terms of input/output operators. Let the bath Hamiltonian be: ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Single photon pulse and its electromagnet field

I describe the temporal distribution of a single photon pulse in an interferometer experiment in vacuum via the Gaussian function $\psi$: $$ \psi(t) = \tfrac{1}{(2\pi\sigma^2)^{1/4}} \text ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Lowest detectable power of a laser?

What is the lowest power of a laser beam which is still detectable? More precise: If the intensity of my laser beam is reduced by a factor of $10^{-8}$, can I still detect it? Of course this depends ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

How to represent a laser pulse in quantum optics

Every quantum optics textbook that I've found says something like "a coherent state represents the output of a laser", but a coherent state is a static thing (aside from the oscillating phase of the ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

Rabi oscillations with quantized light: which is the “quantum” effect, collapse, revival or both?

In wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaynes%E2%80%93Cummings_model#History it is stated that It was later discovered that the revival of the atomic population inversion after its collapse is ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

(Optical) Coherent states being all orders coherent

I recently read that coherent states $|{\alpha}\rangle = e^{-|\alpha|^2/2} \sum_{n=0}^\infty{\frac{\alpha^n}{\sqrt{n!}}|{n}\rangle }$ are all orders coherent, according to the definitions given on ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Why does an external laser drive only couples certain levels?

I was always wondering how is it that all the quantum optics levels schemes are depicted as if the laser couples only two certain levels with some frequency. For exmaple the standard lambda system ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Flip of polarisation of light

Consider an optical experiment with photons or light pulses. Is there an optical element that acts in the polarisation degree of freedom like the unitary $$ U = \frac 1 {\sqrt 2} \begin{pmatrix} 1 ...