This tag is for questions relating to what, if anything, the quantum mechanical formalism and experimental results say about the way the world works.

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1answer
83 views

Is there an absolute minimum scale to the universe? If so, why?

Based on my rather circumscribed understanding of modern physics, one of the key insights of quantum mechanics over previous scientific theories is the prediction that there exists an absolute limit ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Is relational QM experimentally distinguishable from standard QM?

Some people advocate for relational quantum mechanics, which is an interpretation (or at least Wikipedia calls it an interpretation) of QM where quantum states are thought of as representing a ...
0
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2answers
114 views

How could the multiverse theory be disproven?

Theorists (physicists) suggest that there is the term/entity, the Multiverse that contains a huge number of universes not necessarily like our own. I personally find this theory very elegant because ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Decoherence in Everett quantum mechanics

Take an initial state and its environment, $E$, as follows, $$ |\psi\rangle_i = |0\rangle |E\rangle + \sqrt{2}|1\rangle |E\rangle. $$ Suppose that I've written it already in the basis in which the ...
4
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1answer
64 views

Is frequency or Bayesian interpretation used in quantum mechanics?

In quantum mechanics, we discussed about probability. There are two kinds of interpretations: frequency and Bayesian. Which one is actually used in quantum mechanics? My impression is, it doesn't ...
2
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2answers
67 views

Logic of the 'imaginary wave function collapse' argument in Double Slit experiment

My question is in regards to the stance that the 'wave function collapse' is not an actual physical occurrence. That is, you are not, by observation, changing the particles position from a wave to a ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Are only 2 bits of information transmitted in quantum teleportation?

Prompted by the recent success in Delft, I've been reading a number of papers and articles about quantum teleportation. I'm comfortable with my understanding of most aspects but haven't found much ...
10
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1answer
459 views

Interpretations of quantum mechanics

It is well known that there are many interpretations of quantum mechanics. I'm wondering if there is a specific reason why the Copenhagen interpretation is the most popular. Why is it that the ...
0
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2answers
112 views

Does processing for a quantum computer take place in other universes?

Apologies in advance if my question seems misinformed. I am a software developer, and neither quantum mechanics nor physics are my specialties. From ...
3
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1answer
98 views

What's wrong with this experiment showing that either FTL communication is possible or complementarity doesn't hold?

The assumptions are: Alice and Bob have perfectly synchronized clocks Alice and Bob have successfully exchanged a pair of entangled photons The idea is simply to have Alice and Bob perform the ...
0
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6answers
160 views

Could this mean that Schrodinger's Cat thought experiment is false?

Since it is uncertain on whether or not the cat could be dead or alive, it is concluded that it depends on the observer to make it either dead or alive. But lets look at a clock. It doesn't take ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Quantum entanglement, principle of locality and speed of light

I know it's a newbie question but I was wondering about how the principle of locality and the speed of light's limit fit with the phenomena of quantum entanglement? I've read that, due to Bell's ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Could the space outside the observable universe be entangled?

The title really says it all. One follow-up question is: How could one falsify this?
7
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1answer
263 views

Box normalization

Whenever we study free fields, the solutions of these fields (or particles, whatever feels most comfortable) are always given by plane waves. The dispersion-relation $\omega=\omega(k)$ will of course ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Hamiltonian (temperature?) and frame of reference

So we can define a particle by defining its kinetic and potential energy, knowing that we can get a wavefunction describing a particle. But the kinetic energy involves motion, and motion can be ...
2
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4answers
245 views

Double slit experiment and single particles. Is the wave function just a mathematical model?

I really do want to apologize in advance, I know this question has been 'answered' before. I have this 'problem' of feeling negatively toward much of today's 'mystical' interpretations of physics, ...
4
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2answers
118 views

Books about alternative interpretations of quantum mechanics

Recently I've heard that there exist alternative interpretations of quantum mechanics which, while not as widespread as the Copenhagen intepretation (or so it would seem), are equally valid in the ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Choices within the many-worlds interpretation

I should preface this question by pointing out that I am a completely amateur scientist and may be missing something very obvious. I've been learning about the many-worlds interpretation recently and ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Can the Lorentz force stabilize the Hydrogen atom?

I've recently been working on relative equilibria for some systems of particles. (ie. studying equilibrium solutions in a rotating frame. Saturn's rings for example.) This has evolved into some ...
2
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0answers
111 views

“Consciousness causes collapse”-interpretation or free will excluded by quantum zeno effect? [closed]

This question is if the von Neumann–Wigner interpretation, aka "consciousness cause collapse" (see e.g. John von Neumann's 1932 book The Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics) is compatible ...
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2answers
65 views

Under what circumstances is observing a superposition possible?

According to Ian Stewart's 2013 Symmetry: A Very Short Introduction (pp. 119-120), Experiment and theory suggest that superposed states should not be observable as such; only individual ...
1
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3answers
114 views

What happens with a tunneling particle when its momentum is imaginary in QM?

In classical mechanics the motion of a particle is bounded if it is trapped in a potential well. In quantum mechanics this is no longer the case and there is a non zero probability of the particle to ...
2
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3answers
207 views

Are there any QM effects where charged particles are not intimately involved?

Are there any QM effects that have been/could be measured from interactions involving non-charged particles? Elementary QM is all about the electron energy levels in the atom, photon - atom ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Would QM be detectable in a all boson universe

If there was a universe with the same laws as this one, but there were only bosons in it, would QM 'do anything'? Would there be any QM effects - such as an energy level (but that would require ...
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6answers
3k views

Why is superdeterminism generally regarded as a joke? [closed]

Before anything, I'm sorry for being an outsider coming to opine about your field. This is almost always a stupid decision, but I do have a good justification for this case. I've been reading about ...
3
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2answers
269 views

Determinism loophole?

I was thinking about the question I posted yesterday, and I thought of a better way to ask it. I'm trying to figure out why QM necessitates "pure randomness". Assume you have a photon that has a ...
2
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2answers
151 views

Does quantum randomness predicate an infinite number of realities?

I am a layman when it comes to physics and especially quantum mechanics. I have seen many documentaries on the subject, and often in these productions there is a physicist featured explaining the ...
0
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1answer
102 views

If Copenhagen interpretation is true, why can't a blind man throw a ball through a wall?

If it is true that particles are in different potential locations until an observer comes along and collapses the wave function, then how can a blind man throw a ball and hit a wall if the particles ...
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1answer
86 views

Many worlds interpretation

I think many worlds interpretation is inconsistent with the EPR paradox. Quantum mechanics says that particles are really in more places at the same time and the particle is really only probability ...
7
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4answers
567 views

Quantum Wave Mechanics

I am studying QM-I these days. Now, I just think of the wave function as just a mathematical function that defines the state of the particle at an instant and from it you can extract various ...
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0answers
91 views

Test for Many Worlds Hypothesis

If one actually ran an experiment similar to the Schrodinger's cat thought experiment, and ran it enough times (with the same cat) to get the confidence interval good enough, could one say that ...
11
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3answers
720 views

Why am I wrong about how to view gauge theory?

Edit: I know there have been some similar questions but I don't think any had quite articulated my particular confusion. If gauge symmetries are really just redundancies in our description accounting ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Realistic interpretations of quantum entanglement: Are there alternatives to the “Transactional Interpretation”?

Quantum entanglement bridges space and time: entangled particles show correlations independently of where and when they are measured. This is most evident in "delayed choice quantum eraser" ...
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0answers
24 views

Representation of a Signal and its evolution via Quantum System

I am a total beginner in the field of Quantum Mechanics. So, the question I am asking may be a silly one. So kindly give me possible answers or advice for modifications. Recently I am learning the ...
4
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3answers
219 views

What's wrong with this faster-than-light gedankenexperiment?

It is common wisdom - and mathematically proven - that quantum entanglement cannot be used to bypass the relativistic speed limit and transfer information faster than light. So there must be something ...
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0answers
87 views

Are frequency and likelihood the same across the multiverse?

My probability text distinguishes between two interpretations of probability values: the frequency of occurrence "as percentage of success in a moderately large number of similar situations" (coin ...
15
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3answers
316 views

Classical and quantum probabilities in density matrices

In textbooks, it is sometimes written that a mixed state can be represented as mixture of $N$ (I assume here $N<+\infty$) quantum pure states $|\psi_i\rangle$ with classical probabilities $p_i$: ...
4
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0answers
78 views

Free Will Theorem question

The Kochen-Specker Theorem says, if I understand it correctly, that the results of spin measurements cannot be predetermined independent of measurement. They get to this conclusion by describing 33 ...
1
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4answers
181 views

Probability and the many-worlds interpretation

If I toss a coin, then according to the many worlds interpretation of QM, in half those worlds I'll get a head. If I then toss again, then in a quarter I will have got two heads. And so on. There will ...
0
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2answers
169 views

Many world interpretation on test

Is there any experiment conducted to prove Many world interpretation of Quantum mechanics? If it can't be proved why we should take MWI seriously? Recently I read some papers of Max Tegmark who is an ...
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4answers
185 views

Are there any non-interpretational arguments in favour of Everett's Many-Worlds?

As far as I understand Everett's Many-Worlds Interpretation, he makes the case for a realist theory of QM at the enormous cost of many-worlds. Are there any arguments in favour of Everett's ...
1
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1answer
123 views

Is it true that Macrorealism can be shown false?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leggett-Garg_inequality As you can see by the link above, it claims that if the violation of the Leggett–Garg inequality can be demonstrated on the macroscopic scale, it ...
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0answers
217 views

Does the Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser experiment prove consciousness causes collapse?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H6HLjpj4Nt4 This question comes from the video above. If you don't want to watch the video, I'll cut to the chase. Essentially, it claims the Delayed Choice Quantum ...
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0answers
67 views

Quantum mechanics formulations [closed]

There are about 9 different formulations of quantum mechanics. What are the merits and setbacks of each formulation? In the path integral formulation, is the sum over all possible paths idea purely ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

(thought) experiment re: Bell's Theorem and Schrodinger's cat

I apologize if this question is naive. I am wondering about what would happen with the following experiment. Start with a standard Bell's Theorem setup: We have two quibits entangled in a particular ...
7
votes
3answers
243 views

Is the Copenhagen interpretation merely an approximation to quantum mechanics?

So, I'm reading Max Tegmark's Our Mathematical Universe (Knopf edition, p. 229). He's discussing Everett/MWI for a bit and I'm not really paying attention and then I wake up to this: [I]t's time ...
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1answer
69 views

Does alternative reality theoretically prove? [closed]

Does Hugh Evert theory means Alternative-Reality (or in general, Parallel-Worlds) and Many-Worlds-Interpretation theoretically prove? Or are scientists have any progress to prove it?
2
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0answers
123 views

Double slit experiment and entanglement

Just wondering, what would happen in this experiment. In the experiment you would first have two entangled particles. Then you fire one of the particles, lets say "Particle A", at a double slit ...
0
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0answers
67 views

Born rule and Feynman propagators

Let us assume that we want to describe the full process of photon emission by electron A and absorption by electron B. Therefore electron B must be on the forward lightcone of electron A. In the ...
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2answers
151 views

What are the practical applications of quantum foundations?

Many quantum foundation researchers keep emphasizing that For All Practical Purposes (FAPP), quantum foundations are irrelevant. They even invented an acronym for it! Does that mean that quantum ...