Quantum information is the study of the informational content of quantum states. The most common object of study is the "qubit", the information in a two-state quantum system such as spin-1/2 or photon polarization.

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Bell polytopes with nontrivial symmetries

Take $N$ parties, each of which receives an input $s_i \in {1, \dots, m_i}$ and produces an output $r_i \in {1, \dots, v_i}$, possibly in a nondeterministic manner. We are interested in joint ...
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Quantum computing records (entangled qubits)

What is the current record number of entagled qubits and how has this number been increased? The latest result on stack exchange, which is 3 years old, reports 14 via this post: How many stabilised ...
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SciFi Stasis Field and the Quantum Zeno Effect

The Quantum Zeno Effect concerns the use of repeated measurement of a particle to prevent the time evolution of the wave function, and hence "freeze" it in the observed state. A Stasis Field is a ...
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Is there a way to obtain an RG flow equation for Quantum spin systems using MERA

We restrict ourselves to ground states of translationally invariant 1d quantum systems. I understand that there is the scale invariant MERA(multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz) which ...
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Eigenvalue of the adiabatic Hamiltonian of Farhi's three qubit 2-SAT problem

I was trying to reproduce example 3.3 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution by Edward Farhi et. al. This is an adiabatic algorithm to solve an instance of three qubits 2-SAT problem. I think ...
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A beautiful ion-trap proposal for Boson Sampling: what are its limitations?

A very beautiful recent paper, Scalable Implementation of Boson Sampling with Trapped Ions. C. Shen, Z. Zhang, and L.-M. Duan. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 no. 5, 050504 (2014); arXiv:1310.4860 ...
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Finding the ground state of the toric code Hamiltonian

How do I write by proof, the ground state of the toric code (by Kitaev) Hamiltonian $ H=-\sum_{v}A(v)-\sum_{p}B(p) $ where $A(v)=\sigma_{v,1}^{x}\sigma_{v,2}^{x}\sigma_{v,3}^{x}\sigma_{v,4}^{x}$ and ...
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Known properties of a specific class of quantum states

Recently, I have been studying a quantum protocol for the "Hidden Matching" problem that makes use of states that can be expressed as $|\psi\rangle=\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}\sum_{i=1}^n ...
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Density matrix formalism and group representation

The postulates of quantum theory can be given in the density matrix formalism. States correspond to positive trace class operators with trace 1 on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Composition is defined ...
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Taking photos without photons?

I was looking up some science news and I came across this! Blind quantum camera snaps photos of Schrödinger’s cat ...
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Subgroups of the Clifford Group

We recall the definition of a Clifford group (over $n$ qubits) is the set of unitary transformations: $$\{U: UPU^\dagger\in\mathcal{P}\}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the corresponding Pauli group ...
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What are the requirements on conditional unitaries for overcomplete bases?

On way to describe "pure" decoherence (that is, decoherence with respect to a basis that doesn't involve transitions between basis states) between a system $\mathcal{S}$ and an environment ...
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What is the probability of quantum tunneling occurring in this CPU?

You may have noticed over the last few years that Moore's law is no longer applying to the real world. This observation states that over the history of computing hardware, the number of transistors on ...
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Entanglement entropy and area law

I am currently reading a review "Area law for the entanglement entropy" by Eisert, Cramer and Plenio (2010). From what I understand: In one dimension, for local gapped models, we have an area law ...
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Physical consequences of non-trivial quantum states homology

The set of quantum states of a finite dimensional system is a complex projective space, whose homology groups are non-trivial http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complex_projective_space#Homology. Has this ...
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ER = EPR and Time Travel

In Maldacena-Susskind paper arXiv:1306.0533, they propose an idea of $$\text{ER = EPR}$$ the relation between the wormhole and the quantum entanglement. which ER means Einstein Rosen (ER) bridges, ...
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Does natural unit of information and entropy, nat, play special role in the freebit picture?

Please refer this question to understand why I consider the freebit picture important. In short, it is conjectured, that for certain real systems the most complete physical description possible ...
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Thermalising a sub-system of a larger, interacting system

I'm considering a joint system consisting of a spin-1/2 particle (qubit) and a spin-l particle (reference) coupled via a Hamiltonian $H_0$. At a certain point I want to couple the qubit to a bosonic ...
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on quantum steering

I have become interested in quantum steering after listening a talk and tried to read more about it. I think I am more confused now. My understanding is as follows: Sharing a (entangled) state, ...
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Optimality of product input state in quantum channel

Let $\mathcal N^{A_1\rightarrow B_1}_1,..,\mathcal N^{A_1\rightarrow B_1}_k$ be a set of valid quantum evolutions with equal input and output dimensions. And let the effect of a channel on a system ...
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projective measurement & POVM

Let us consider the following completely positive map $\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)\ni\rho\mapsto L\rho L^\dagger$, where $L\in\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)$ is any arbitrary operator (and can have rank ...
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POVM advantage in state discrimination

Suppose we are given the task of discriminating, with minimum error, between a set of states $\{|\psi_1\rangle,|\psi_2\rangle,\ldots,|\psi_N\rangle\}$. In other words, we are given an unknown state ...
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Concurrence in higher dimensions?

Does anybody know of any calculation of the concurrence for some mixed state other than the qubit-qubit case (which was solved by Wootters)?
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are pinch-off bubbles valid solutions to general relativity?

are bubbles of spacetime pinching-off allowed solutions to general relativity? With "pinch-off bubble" i really mean a finite 3D volume of space whose 2D boundary decreases until it reaches zero and ...
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Local unitary transformation that maximizes overlap

Could anyone point me in the right direction (reference to papers would suffice) regarding the following: Given two quantum states $|\psi\rangle ,|\phi\rangle \in (\mathbb{C}^d)^{\otimes n}$, where ...
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Information retrieval from a database

Consider a database $\cal D$ containing $N$ entries $A_0, A_1, ... A_{N-1}$, which are some fixed and unknown strings of $k$ bits; you can access this database sending a coherent superposition of ...
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What kind of transformation can be applied to qubits?

I have a doubt on what kind of transformations can be applied to qubits. I understand that the transformations need to be reversible , but they also have to preserve the norm: that's why the ...
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Are universally valid possibilistic theories possible?

This is a spin-off of the following question: Are Thomas Breuer's subjective decoherence and Scott Aaronson's freebits with knightian freedom the same things in essence? Given that Thomas ...
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How to prove that the ground state of the Hubbard model is not a Slater determinant?

Of course it is expected. But how to prove it analytically? Slater determinant is mentioned in almost every quantum mechanics textbook. But it is necessary to warn the undergraduate students that not ...
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Most natural tensor structure for a quantum field

A quantum field is described by a Hilbert space. In many instances, the chosen tensor structure on this Hilbert space corresponds to that of space-like separated regions of space-time. The ...
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Continuous Variable Entanglement Measure for the Statistically Mixed State

Can anybody tell me, which is the best entanglement measure for the Continuous Variable Entanglement of a Statistically Mixed State ? I have read that Schmidt decomposition is not valid in this ...
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Entangled event horizons

Assuming it is possible in principle to entangle the degrees of freedom of the event horizons of two black holes, and that this is something that can be done, either after the black hole is formed, or ...
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Spatial profile for a superconducting qubit's wavefunction

What is a spatial profile for a wavefunction of a superconducting qubit (such as say a flux qubit, charge qubit, or a transmon)? I am trying to calculate the energy shift of an superconducting qubit ...
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Quantum computing records (storage times)

Long storage times for qubits will be integral in the construction of a scalable quantum computer. This leads me to ask the current state of affairs in our ability to store qubits. Namely, what is the ...
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leaving 2-norm propelled probability implications

I am curious about why there are no further generalized probability structures used in Physics. The great revolution was moving away from one-norm system to a two-norm system. What happens if we ...
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Qubit in Type 1.5 superconductor?

I'm interested in Type 1.5 superconductors, first proposed by Egor Babaev in 2002 and found in the laboratory in 2009 (magnesium dibromide). Such conductors favor small bundles of vortices. The most ...
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Double slit experiment and entanglement

Just wondering, what would happen in this experiment. In the experiment you would first have two entangled particles. Then you fire one of the particles, lets say "Particle A", at a double slit ...
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Can a quantum state with infinite variance of photon number be found in nature or artificially created?

Suppose we have a quantum state $\rho$ and let's denote the photon number operator $\hat{n}=\hat{a}^\dagger\hat{a}$ where $\hat{a}$ is the annihilation operator. Let mean photon number ...
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Can I usefully interpret a non-unital completely positive (CP) map as a cooling process?

Non-unital completely positive (CP) maps take a maximally mixed quantum state (aka a normalized identity matrix aka an infinite temperature state) and map it to something else. This necessarily ...
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How to obtain stabilizer's generators of a QEC code

The theory of QEC with stabilizer codes defines an alternative way to represent a quantum state in terms of operators. To understand better what I am concerning about, let's consider the 7-qubit ...
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What is known about the trace of two copies of a channel / four copies of an isometry

Let $\mathcal{E} : \mathcal{L}(A) \to \mathcal{L}(B)$ be a completely positive trace preserving map. By the Choi–Jamiołkowski isomorphism there is an isometry $J : A \to B \otimes C$ such that ...
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Quantum annealing computing

What is Quantum Annealing and quantum annealing computing and what are its advantages and disadvantages with respect to quantum circuit quantum computing/computers?
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Definition of a 'tunneling lifetime'

I'm given a one-dimensional potential with two wells, one local minimum at some higher energy and one deep global minimum next to it, separated by a barrier of own shape and height (phase qubit). I ...
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Spin Transition Energies

I am reading a paper: http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1305/1305.2445.pdf On p. 22, the following Hamiltonian is given: $$ H = \mu_B g \mathbf{B} \cdot \mathbf{S} + D(S_Z^2+\frac{1}{3}S(S+1)) + ...
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The role of state space composition in quantum computation

In a paper by Richard Josza and Noah Linden they argue that the way state spaces of composite systems are formed is a key aspect in the benefits of quantum computers. In (classical) phase space, two ...
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fiber optic second order PMD as an operator on the tensor product Hilbert space

Second order polarization mode dispersion (SOPMD) is a coupling mechanism between polarization and frequency. Take our photon to be the following tensor product: $\psi = \int \gamma_{\omega} | ...
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decoherence free subspace of a single photon

Take the state vector for a single photon as $\psi = \int \gamma_{\omega} | \omega \rangle \otimes (\alpha |H \rangle + \beta | V \rangle )d \omega$ $H, V, \omega$ are the horizontal polarization, ...
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Is the translational information all that matters, or do we need to take into account internal states?

For anyone in this community that's familiar with quantum teleportation, I need desperate help. I am currently working on my senior thesis and my goal is to teleport a molecule. Background: So in ...
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Are there any connections between James–Stein estimator and quantum mechanics?

Very nice statement from wiki: When three or more unrelated parameters are measured, their total MSE can be reduced by using a combined estimator such as the James–Stein estimator; whereas when ...
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Looking for description of Helstrom's measurement

I hope someone can help me find the page or chapter where Helstrom discusses his famous measurement for distinguishing between two mixtures in the textbook Quantum Detection and Estimation Theory. ...