Quantum information is the study of the informational content of quantum states. The most common object of study is the "qubit", the information in a two-state quantum system such as spin-1/2 or photon polarization.

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How many states does a qubit have? [closed]

There is something I am trying to understand about qubits. If a qubit can exist in an infinite (is that even correct?) number of states prior to the measurement, then why can it only be measured in ...
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Reference request: QFT and AdS/CFT for information theorists

There is a lot of buzz recently about connections between quantum information theory and quantum field theory/string theory. I would like to understand in particular how quantum information methods ...
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Is Thermalization of a subsystem simply the result of Decoherence of its state?

I would appreciate answers that explain both the concepts in short to underline if there are any key differences between the two. Also, how does a localized state survive decoherence?
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How is the range of $x\cdot s$ in Simon's algorithm restricted to $\{0,1\}$?

The final critical step of Simon's algorithm (before setting up a simpler system of equations to solve) involves taking advantage of the fact that $$x\cdot s \in\{0,1 \}$$ but for $x,s \in \{0,1\}^...
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Can a qubit have an imaginary component?

My knowledge of linear algebra is limited and my physics knowledge mostly comes from high school and Youtube so please bear with me. In the equation $$|x\rangle = a|0\rangle+b|1\rangle,$$ I read that ...
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Numerically finding the energy diagram of the hamiltonian

I'm looking at a collection of three two level systems (qubits) coupled to each other (with known bare state energies and couplings). The hamiltonian is given by $$\mathcal{H}=\sum_{i=1}^3{\omega_ia^\...
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What is the difference between the atomic resonance frequency and the Rabi frequency?

I've been trying to work my way through the solution to the optical bloch equations for a two-level atom system which is being driven by a laser. One thing that has been confusing me is the difference ...
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127 views

Understanding the Mathematics of Wigner function [duplicate]

I fully understand that Wigner function provides the complete information of a state of a quantum system, i.e. quantum phase space, while not violating Uncertainty principle. But can anyone tell me ...
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124 views

How can all information be localized if local realism is dead?

I'm confused about whether quantum mechanics is local or not. The authors of a recent, much publicized experiment argue that their results "imply statistically significant rejection of the local-...
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What's so confusing about quantum physics? [closed]

Okay, just right off the bat, I want to make it clear that this is a stupid question. Check out this graph, from SMBC: Ignore the 'political discourse' part and replace it with 'talking about ...
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How to transform a wigner function to represent loss of mode information (coarse graining)?

I have a highly multi-mode gaussian wigner function representing an optical field: $$W\left(\{p\},\{q\}\right)=\mathrm{Exp}\left(-\sum_{j=0}^{f}(b_{j}q^{2}_{j}+a_{j}p^{2}_{j})\right).$$ However the ...
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60 views

What are some of the differences between (the fields of) quantum computation and quantum information theory? [closed]

I have just started self-learning quantum information theory, and have a sub-trivial question: what is the difference between that field of study and quantum computation? I have some understanding ...
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Electron jump into a transistor to read qubit state

Prof. Andrea Morello, a quantum physicist, in one of its quantum computer models uses the spin of the outermost electron in a phosphorus atom to represent a qubit. This atom is embedded to a transitor....
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Normal Ordering and Smearing

I read on Wikipedia two different descriptions of the "Husimi-Q representation." One is that it is the Wigner function convolved with a Gaussian, which in particular results in a positive definite ...
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Is there something behind non-commuting observables?

Consider a quantum system described by the Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ and consider $A,B\in \mathcal{L}(\mathcal{H},\mathcal{H})$ to be observables. If those observables do not commute there's no ...
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Proof Reversible quantum gate is linear

Edit: to avoid confusion, this problem should start off my assuming the input bits and output bits are classical and just try all the possible combinations of constants to show linearity.
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Looking for an example of an operator that will not converge on maximally mixed state

Based on my former questions and the kind help from the answers (especially Norbert Schuch), it seems that the maximally mixed state is not that special as I thought. But still I have to admit that it ...
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64 views

How to represent a Liouville projection superoperator in Hilbert space?

Is there a general way to represent a Liouville projection operator in Hilbert space, or can they take on any form so long as they satisfy the required properties of a projector? e.g. The thermal ...
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60 views

Holonomic and Topological Quantum Computing [closed]

In topological quantum computation, anyons are braided in spacetime, performing non-trivial evolutions of some degenerate groundstate. In holonomic quantum computation, the system is braided in ...
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Would the quantum state of a photon be disturbed if it were traveling through fiber optic cabling?

See here... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_optical_quantum_computing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_fiber_cable I'm just worried that upon reflection within the cable the photon's ...
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Conservation of quantum coherence?

Is coherence conserved under unitary transformation? As we saw in the process of generating entanglement, coherence between states of the subsystem is transferred to quantum correlations (related to ...
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50 views

An augmented version of the optimization problem

In my last question, I proposed the following problem: (1) Given a finite dimensional composite system AB whose initial state is a product state of A and B so that $\rho_{AB}=\rho_A\otimes \rho_B$. ...
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How to solve such a maximal entropy oriented optimization problem?

I am considering such a problem: (1) Given a finite dimensional composite system AB whose initial state is a product state of A and B so that $\rho_{AB}=\rho_A\otimes \rho_B$. (2) Assuming AB ...
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Finding the dependence of dephasing time on flux noise in Transmon Qubits

Before introducing some relevant concepts I'll begin by stating my question. What I am looking for is the connection between the noise the flux through the SQUID in my transmon qubit (related to the ...
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Is this correct? $Tr_{B}(U_{AB}(I_A\otimes \rho_B)U_{AB}^{+})=I_A$

A composite system AB, its initial state is a product state of A and B given by $(I_A\otimes \rho_B)$ (A in a completely mixed state). The composite system undergoes a unitary operation $U_{AB}$. My ...
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137 views

SPDC and single photon production

In Spatial Parametric Down Conversion, incoming photons are split into entangled photon pairs by passing through a non-linear optical medium. Since I get a photon pair as an output then how can I say ...
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Probability of obtaining the desired state in quantum linear regression

I was reading today the paper "Pattern classification with linear regression on a quantum computer" where the authors calculate in a final step the probability of success to measure the last qubit in ...
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Generating Single photons

How can single photons be generated by making a coherent state weaker by attenuating it?(For reference please see, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by Nielsen and Chuang, 10th edition,pg....
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Did Leggett and Caldeira solve the measurement problem?

In 1983 Leggett and Caldeira published a paper (see also here) that shows the evolution of the density matrix in a dissipative system. Follow-up work by Zurek and others shows the relevance to ...
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Entanglement for Gaussian states

Let us consider the product Fock space $\Gamma(\mathbb{C}^m) \otimes \Gamma(\mathbb{C}^n)$ and consider Gaussian states in that space. While reading some literature on Gaussian state entanglement (...
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Partial trace question: how does this term become zero?

I have recently been introduced to the partial trace but I have a question about how my lecturer recognises 'zero' and 'non-zero' terms. Consider the state: $\psi_{AB} = c_{00}|00\rangle + c_{01}|01\...
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90 views

Interpretation of position projection operator

Does the operator: $$\int_a^b \mathrm{d}x \, |x\rangle \langle x|$$ have physical meaning acting in a Hilbert space where it does not exactly correspond to the identity operator? Does it correspond ...
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44 views

Understanding the optimal approximate qubit cloning method

I'm trying to understand the operation used for optimal cloning of pure qubits states from the paper Optimal Cloning of Pure States by R. F. Werner. The paper describes the optimal cloning method $\...
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Understanding amplitude amplification in quantum computing

In short, what is the essence of amplitude amplification type of techniques that appear in quantum computing? More precisely, my main questions are, relating them more to Grover's search which ...
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The state of a black hole at Page time

For a black hole with mass $M$ and entropy $A = M^2$, it evaporates and hits the Page time. Since half of its entropy is lost, then the remaining mass is $M_{rem}=M/\sqrt{2}$, and the evaporated mass ...
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2x2 Matrices that are not valid quantum states

Given a 2-dimensional Hilbert space, quantum states can be expressed as $2\times 2$ density matrices. In terms of the Pauli matrices, or Bloch representation, they can be written as \begin{equation} \...
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Why the thermofield double is correspondent to 'maximally entangled' eternal black holes?

For a TFD state $\sum_ne^{-\beta E_n/2}|E_n>_L|E_n>_R/\sqrt{Z(\beta)}$arXiv:hep-th/0106112, the reduced density matrix is $\rho_L=\sum_n e^{-\beta E_n}|E_n>_L<E_n|/Z(\beta)$, obviously not ...
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Using open system dynamics to define a quantum state

Background The density matrix of a closed quantum system with Hilbert space $\mathscr H$ evolves according to the von Neumann equation \begin{align*} i\hbar\dot\rho=[H,\rho]. \end{align*} Given a ...
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Quantum teleportation of atomic states that involve energy [duplicate]

With quantum computing the concern is with information, and when quantum teleportation appears, the states being transferred are often spin states. However, there is an energy difference, even if ...
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Simulation probabilistic classical computation on quantum computers

Given an $N$-level quantum system with computational basis $\{|1> ,|2> , \cdots, |N> \}$, if we perform an unitary operation $U$ on a computational basis state $\{|j> \}$ and then measure ...
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Has Jaynes' argument for quantum mechanics as a possible theory of inference been debunked?

To my understanding, there is currently no scientific consensus on which interpretation of quantum physics is the correct one, if any. The most famous one, perhaps for historical reasons, is the ...
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Can black holes with the same mass evaporate with different speeds?

I am curious about the following observations: (1) For a normal Schwarzschild black hole, it evaporates according to $dm/dt=-1/m^2$; (2) We have eternal black holes which do not evaporate (though ...
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Converting a Bell state to a less entangled state by LOCC [closed]

How can I convert a maximally entangled state, $ \frac {1} {\sqrt2} (|00\rangle +|11\rangle) $, to a less entangled state like, $$ cos(\theta)|u_0 v_0\rangle + sin(\theta)|u_1 v_1\rangle $$, by using ...
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What is the expression of the state after $n$ parallel hadamard gate on $n$ $\left|1\right>$ qubits? [closed]

The state after $n$ parallel hadamard gate on $n$ $\left|0\right>$ qubits is $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2^n}}\sum_{x}\left|x\right>$. I am looking for a similar expression for $n$ $\left|1\right>$ ...
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2answers
121 views

Why when we have GHZ, then we cannot send a qubit using teleportation technique? [closed]

Suppose the following example Alice has a qubit $|A\rangle$ and Bob has a qubit $|B\rangle$, then by teleportation technique we can send an unknown qubit state (i.e. $|\psi\rangle = \alpha |0\rangle ...
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Measurement without collapse

Does anybody have a reference for Cini's model of Quantum Measurement theory. I have a background of Quantum Mechanics (Ballentine level). Also I don't have access to Cini's paper.
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measurement of tripartit qubit state [closed]

From general schmidt decomposition, GSD, the state of tripartite is classify by five parameter as below: |V>=a|000>+b|100>+c|110>+d|101>+e|111>. how can I determine the value of parameter a,b,c,d,e? ...
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Has Jaynes's argument against Bell's theorem been debunked?

As a student of theoretical physics I'm well acquainted with the multitude of crackpot ideas attempting to circumvent Bell's theorem regarding local hidden variable theories in quantum physics. ...
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Reference for statistical mechanics from information theoretic view

I am interested in knowing if some one here knows book/notes for statistical mechanics from the information theoretic viewpoint.
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Temperature influence in Optical Quantum Computing

I've recently been looking into the (perhaps a bit outdated but still very interesting) field of linear optical quantum computing. Using photons as information carriers, and using objects like mirrors,...