Quantum information is the study of the informational content of quantum states. The most common object of study is the "qubit", the information in a two-state quantum system such as spin-1/2 or photon polarization.

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Measurement in many body systems

Any wavefunction for a system of many particles can be decomposed into linear combinations of the direct product of single particle states with respect to a certain observable(single particle basis). ...
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Proof of Tridecompositional Uniqueness Theorem (Elby and Bub, 1994)

I'm looking for a proof of the Tridecompositional Uniqueness Theorem (Elby and Bub, 1994). Could someone help me? References: Maximilian Schlosshauer, arXiv:quant-ph/0312059; p.12-13. A. Elby &...
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rotation of a state in Bell basis

Suppose I have a state in Bell basis. For example \begin{equation} \rho = \begin{pmatrix} \rho_{11} &0 & 0 & \rho_{14} \\ 0 &\rho_{22} & \rho_{23} & 0 \\ 0 &\rho_{32} &...
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Reduced Density operator in matrix form

I already read book of Quantum Computation and Quantum Information by Nielsen and Chuang according to reduced density operator and I already understand how to do the reduced density using Dirac ...
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Replacing fermionic operators with their Fourier transform and boundary conditions

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. To compute the complexity of the algorithm ...
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Representing Graphs in Entangled States [closed]

Are there ways to represent a graph G=(V,E) in an entangled state of a system of qubits ? and is there a way to forget the labels of the nodes so as to use the representation as a template to check ...
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If an isolated quantum system consists of only one particle, is it possible for it to be in a mixed state?

Mixed states are defined as the statistical ensemble of pure states. Classically, I understand the word, "statistical" referring to a system with a large number of microscopic particles. So if I go ...
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Is it possible to build a logical theory in QM based on quantum logic? [closed]

Quantum Probabilities as Bayesian Probability, Quantum probabilities as degrees of belief Above are two articles about quantum Bayesianism. I don't know why quantum Bayesianism use some results from ...
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Does Unitary operator take a pure state to a pure state or can it take a pure state to a mixed state? [closed]

Does Unitary operator take a pure state to a pure state or can it take a pure state to a mixed state? I think so but why? I assume the Unitary operator acts on a pure state only.
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Why is there a state which is annihilated by two different operators with same absolute Fourier index?

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposed a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. To compute the complexity of the algorithm ...
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Are the 'clock' and 'shift' operators used in Qudit codes physically realizable?

I've recently started doing some reading on the subject of qudit codes. In particular, i'm interested in the frequently used clock and shift operators. Can these operators be physically realized? Or,...
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Confused about the substitution of the fermionic operators with their Fourier transform in an adiabatic Hamiltonian

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. To compute the complexity of the algorithm ...
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Implication of non-positive tripartite information

Hayden et al 2011 showed that tripartite information is non-positive given Ryu-Takanayagi formula. (For definition of tripartite information, see for instance section 4.4 of this paper) Is there ...
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Has Jaynes' argument for quantum mechanics as a possible theory of inference been debunked?

To my understanding, there is currently no scientific consensus on which interpretation of quantum physics is the correct one, if any. The most famous one, perhaps for historical reasons, is the ...
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227 views

In quantum weak measurement, what kind of theory replace Copenhagen interpretation?

Here, I denote the initial states of device and quantum system as $|\Phi_\textrm{in}\rangle$ and $|\Psi_\textrm{in}\rangle$. The measurement interval is $[t_i,t_f]$, after measurement, the device and ...
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49 views

Reason behind choosing the invariant states for an operator which commutes with an adiabatic Hamiltonian

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. To compute the complexity of the algorithm ...
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28 views

Boundary value condition used during Jordan-Wigner transformation for a $1 D$ Ising chain

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. To compute the complexity of the algorithm ...
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Why does the Quantum Approximate Optimization Algorithm work?

I am trying to understand the structure of the QAOA algorithm (see here) which is seen as one of the candidates to demonstrate early quantum supremacy. Yet Farhi, Goldstone and Gutmann only describe ...
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Reasoning behind taking the Fourier transform of the fermionic operators for a circular $1$D spin chain [closed]

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. To compute the complexity of the algorithm ...
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Ground state of an adiabatic Hamiltonian as an eigenstate of the total spin

I am going through Quantum Adiabatic Evolution Algorithms with Different Paths by Farhi et al. Here, the authors propose to add a special term to the adiabatic Hamiltonian so that the path of the ...
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What do operations on single Qubits of Unfactorable Superpositions Do?

So suppose I have the following Quantum Circuit: A ---- |Control| -----|Hadamard|---- B ---- |xxxxxxx|------------------------ Which is a 2 input Controlled Gate (applying some gate of two choices ...
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What kind of product is $\prod^n_{j=1}\sigma^{(j)}_x$?

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. The adiabatic Hamiltonian is defined as $$...
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Physical interpretation of applying a unitary operator to a state

When we apply one of the Pauli matrices $\sigma_y$ on one of its eigen-vectors $| \odot \rangle$, what does the eigen-value tell us about $| \odot \rangle$? Is this considered a measurement of $| \...
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Size of the quotient of normalizer by the stabilizer in the Pauli group [closed]

Let $P_n$ be the Pauli group on the $n$-qubit and $S$ be a stabilizer subgroup of it. Let $N$ be the normalizer of $S$ in $P_n$. In p. 69 of Lidar & Brun, Quantum Error Correction, it mentioned ...
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Questions involving seperable states

I'm reading Mark Wilde's book Quantum Information Theory, and I'm stuck on two parts. I'm unable to prove: The state $\sum_{z} p_{Z}(z) \; \rho_z \; \otimes \sigma_z $, where $\rho_z$ and $\sigma_z$ ...
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Why does $\prod^n_{j=1}\sigma^{(j)}_x$ commute with this adiabatic Hamiltonian? [closed]

In the section 4.1 of Quantum Computation by Adiabatic Evolution, Farhi et al proposes a quantum adiabatic algorithm to solve the $2$-SAT problem on a ring. The adiabatic Hamiltonian is defined as $$...
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easy thought experiment for quantum Maxwell demon

I am learning QM,and when I learn tunneling I think of Maxwell demon (I have no thermodynamics backgrounds) Here it goes: There is a potential barrier sitting at x=0 (the whole experiment is 1D) ...
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Von Neumann entropy of mixtures of coherent states

I'm trying to calculate the Von Neumann entropy of statistical mixtures of coherent states. The problem is that such states are in general non-Gaussian, so one cannot follow the formalism developed ...
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93 views

The minimal knowledge required for theoretical research in Quantum computing & AMO physics [duplicate]

I'm a senior undergraduate student and I have chosen my future Ph.D research area in {Quantum Computing}$\bigcap${AMO physics} (e.g. design a new experimental realization of QC or propose a new way to ...
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Quantum cloning of orthonormal states

If I understand correctly, for two orthonormal states $\left|\psi_1\right\rangle$ and $\left|\psi_2\right\rangle$ in the Hilbert space H, there must exist a unitary transformation $U$, such that: $$U\...
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Undergraduate quantum book treating density operators, mixed states, and entanglement [duplicate]

I'm working on a project on quantum measurement theory - in particular, relating to the quantum Zeno effect - over the summer. Right now, I'm in the process of doing background readings that'd enable ...
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Quantum entanglement and affecting the particles [duplicate]

I am trying to grasp some aspects of the quantum entanglement, but the existing resources (including some of the links here) seem a bit confusing. I am trying to find an answer to the following ...
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What is an incoherent state?

I am reading through a recent paper which speaks frequently of "incoherent states" without ever defining what such a state is. I gather from the context of the paper that it has something to do with ...
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Bloch sphere representation of $\sigma_x$ operator on $|1\rangle$

I am trying to visualize a Hamiltonian H=$\hat{\sigma_x}$ $$ \hat{\sigma}_{x} = \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 \end{array} \right) $$ acting on the state $| 1 \rangle$. I can write ...
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Can we perform matrix operations of CNOT on 2 qubit systems? [closed]

I am trying to get started on quantum computing. I find that 2x2 matrices like Pauli X,Y,Z,or gates like H,S can be used to perform operations on single qubits as direct matrix multiplication. For e.g ...
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Teleportation without classical channel

In an article on vixra, there is a statement that teleportation of information can be done without the use of classical communication channel. I know that this is forbidden by the no-communication ...
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Can every density operator be written as an outer product of two vectors?

I have a feeling this is a very basic question. I apologize if it is. Using Dirac's notation, can every (mixed) density operator $\rho_A$ of system $A$ be written as the ket-bra (outer) product $|a_1 ...
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What is the entropy of a pure state?

Well, zero of course. Because $S = -\text{tr}(\rho \ln \rho)$ and $\rho$ for a pure state gives zero entropy. But... all quantum states are really pure states right? A mixed state just describes ...
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Questions on the Lechner-Hauke-Zoller quantum annealing architecture

The Lechner-Hauke-Zoller quantum annealing architecture was first introduced in A quantum annealing architecture with all-to-all connectivity from local interactions. While going through the paper, I ...
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Why is Quantum Teleportation important in Cryptography?

I think the physical principle is that (Wikipedia): For every qubit teleported, Alice needs to send Bob two classical bits of information. These two classical bits do not carry complete ...
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Probability of measuring a pure qubit state after some unitary rotation [closed]

Suppose I have the prepared state $$|+\rangle = \frac{|0\rangle + |1\rangle}{\sqrt{2}}$$ and the unitary $Z_{\pi/2}$ which rotates a state in the Bloch sphere by $+\pi/2$ about the $z$-axis. As I ...
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How is the lifetime of a symmetric and antisymmetric state determined by its constituents

In the context of quantum mechanics, there is the concept of so called symmetric and antisymmetric states, which can have multiple constituents. A type of hybridized state, if you will. To keep the ...
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Why can't a classical bit behave like a qubit?

For example i have a 2 qubits which can have 4 possibilities i.e. 00, 01, 10, 11 so this shows that the 2 qubits can contain four bits of information as they are superpositioned but i think 2 ...
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A 'distance' measure that involves 3 quantum states

The following question was asked by my friend Elie Wolfe. Given two quantum (or even classical) states $\rho, \sigma$, there are various measures that say how 'far' these two quantum states are, such ...
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How is CNOT operation realized physically?

I think I understood very well how operations on one qubit are done - if qubit is electron, we just apply magnetic field in direction we want to make spin precess (unitary operations on single qubit). ...
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Complexity of quantum simulation

Richard Feynman showed that Quantum simulation on a Turing machine will have an exponential slowdown. If that is so, does this put quantum simulation outside of P (complexity class)? I thought quantum ...
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What's Bob's state after this quantum circuit? [closed]

As shown in the picture, we know Alice's state will be intact after this circuit, but what about Bob's state, will it be $|0\rangle$ or $(|0\rangle+|1\rangle)/\sqrt{2}$ and why? I think it will be $(|...
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Why probability of detection by performing unambiguous quantum measurement is less than random guess in mesoscopic quantum regime?

In mesoscopic quantum regime (mean photon number 10000) and non-orthogonal coherent state(number of non-orthogonal coherent state 2000), why probability of detection by performing quantum unambiguous ...
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Why probability of detection of optimum unambiguous discrimination between linearly independent symmetric states is less than random guess? [duplicate]

Considering the analysis and result of this paper, http://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/9807023v1.pdf, I have used equation (3.15) and (4.3) to calculate the optimum probability of success for mean photon ...
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Does the Observer Effect define quantum behavior regardless of conscious observation?

I read the Wikipedia article about the Observer effect and I was a bit confused by the wording of the introductory section. Does the method of observation collapse the wave function (or define the ...