Any of the various explanations of gravity as a quantum theory, including string theory and loop quantum gravity.

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5
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2answers
795 views

What is background independence and how important is it?

What is background independence and how important is it? In order to be a theory of everything, will the final string-theory/m-theory have to be background independent? Does the current lack of ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Will Randall-Sundrum extra dimension scenario become defunct if not supported by LHC?

The Randall-Sundrum extra dimension scenario had been one of the most extensively studied class of theories. This offered a solution to the hierarchy problem. However, if this picture is not supported ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Why doesn't the firewall argument also apply to far away ingoing modes?

Gidom Mera's answer at http://physics.stackexchange.com/a/45511 is illuminating, but on closer analysis, it brings up further puzzles. Backscattering works in both directions. Let's see what we get ...
12
votes
1answer
328 views

Quantum uncertainty of particle falling in black hole

A stationary observer at infinity sees a particle of mass m falling in a supermassive Schwarzschild black hole. He observes an increasing redshift and sees the particle ceasing to progress when it ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Is there a black hole interior in black hole complementarity?

According to black hole complementarity, for an external observer, the interior of the black hole is replaced with a stretched horizon at a Planck distance above where the horizon ought to be. Is this ...
2
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0answers
67 views

Wick rotation for FRW in quantum gravity

There is no timelike Killing vector for FRW cosmologies. In the path integral formalism, is it possible to Wick rotate for quantum cosmology in quantum gravity? If yes, how? If no, how does one work ...
3
votes
1answer
603 views

Why does the universe exhibit three large-scale spatial dimensions? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is 3+1 spacetime as privileged as is claimed? Regardless of your favorite theory of how many dimensions the universe has in total, the universe seems to have a deep ...
7
votes
3answers
387 views

An electron falling into a black hole

If an electron falls into a black hole. How can the Heisenberg uncertainty principle hold? The electron has fallen into the singularity now so it has a well defined position which means that it ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Information loss

First time poster! I just burnt a piece of paper containing a 5 digit number I made up randomly and as far as I am concerned no one else will ever be able to retrieve the information contained on ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Is String Theory formulated in flat or curved spacetime?

String Theory is formulated in 10 or 11 (or 26?) dimensions where it is assumed that all of the space dimensions except for 3 (large) space dimensions and 1 time dimension are a compact manifold with ...
1
vote
1answer
817 views

Branes Collision -> Big Bang

Imagine universe occurred when two parallel branes collided, Momentum of Branes converted to big bang kinetic energy after Collision. Thus, high-energy quanta are high-Vibrating strings. what ...
0
votes
1answer
390 views

Firewall's grandfather paradox

See What are cosmological "firewalls"?. Alice is in freefall in her spacecraft just above the horizon of a gigantic black hole. She measures whether or not the near modes of the horizon ...
-1
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1answer
86 views

Question about de Broglie Waves?

Is photon interaction , electrostatic interaction outside the nucleus and gravitational interaction is all due to electromagnetic waves ? and CAN be identified as with the de Broglie waves ? I ...
8
votes
3answers
448 views

Thermodynamically reversed black holes, firewalls, Casimir effect, null energy condition violations

Scott Aaronson asked a very deep question at Hawking radiation and reversibility about what happens if black hole evolution is reversed thermodynamically. Most of the commenters missed his point ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

what does holographic principle from string theory say about the possibilities of wormhole travel?

Is travel through stable macroscopic wormholes between remote points of spacetime going to be possible in a definitive theory of gravity, be it string theory or something beyond it? Physicists level ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

Formation of a black hole and Hawking radiation

From the perspective of an outside observer it takes infinitely long for the black hole to form. But if the black hole is no extremal black hole, it emits Hawking radiation. So the outside observer ...
3
votes
1answer
559 views

Special relativity paradox and gravitation/acceleration equivalence

One of the features of the black hole complementarity is the following : According to an external observer, the infinite time dilation at the horizon itself makes it appear as if it takes an ...
1
vote
0answers
256 views

Newton's gravitational constant $G$, the reduced Planck constant $\hbar$, the speed of light $c$: the Dream Team of moderators?

The three great constants of Nature are well known: the speed of light $c$ (special relativity), the reduced Planck constant $\hbar$ (quantum mechanics), Newton's ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Macroscopic quantum gravity phenomena

A theory of quantum gravity is said to be needed when quantum and gravitational effects are strong at the same time i.e. at black hole singularities and at the big bang. This also makes it difficult ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

Black hole entropy

Bekenstein and Hawking derived the expression for black hole entropy as, $$ S_{BH}={c^3 A\over 4 G \hbar}. $$ We know from the hindsight that entropy has statistical interpretation. It is a measure ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

What are cosmological “firewalls”?

Reading the funny title of this talk, Black Holes and Firewalls, just made me LOL because I have no idea what it is about but a lively imagination :-P (Sorry Raphael Bousso but the title is just too ...
4
votes
1answer
965 views

What is the essence of BCFW recursion techniques?

I have recently briefly read about new methods as the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) on-shell recursion method. Can anybody please tell me about the essence of it? What does it mean for the ...
5
votes
0answers
152 views

Implications of Unruh-inertia to theories of gravity

If it turns out to be true that the galaxy rotation curves can be explained away by Unruh modes that become greater than the Hubble scale at accelerations around $10^{-10} m/s^2$ as proposed in here, ...
2
votes
3answers
462 views

Planck time, distance, mass? Why do we take those values?

Say we want to make an educated guess for critical values of time, distance and mass, where quantum gravity effects are supposed to be non-negligible. These values are given the prefix "Planck-". Now, ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

The Unruh effect for temporarily accelerated particles

Do temporarily accelerated particles experience the Unruh effect? I think, they don't, because they don't see an apparent event horizon. On the other hand, if the duration of the acceleration is long ...
6
votes
3answers
176 views

why nontrivially space-like connected event horizons do not respect unitarity?

I want to understand the assertion that the gluing between distant event horizons is forbidden by unitarity. What is exactly the argument that unitarity will necessarily forbid topological nontrivial ...
3
votes
3answers
712 views

Is it possible that QM is just GR?

The more I learn about General Relativity, the more it seems like it isn't fully understood. It seems that before it's full consequences were exhaustively understood, not 10 years after its discovery, ...
16
votes
3answers
629 views

Is there a thought experiment which brings to light the contradiction between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics?

I've been told that GR and QM are not compatible, is there an intuitive reason/thought experiment which demonstrates the issue? (Or one of the issues?)
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Can the Montevideo interpretation of quantum mechanics do what it claims?

Partly inspired by the great responses to a my previous physics.SE question about "reversing gravitational decoherence, today I was rereading the intriguing papers by Gambini, Pullin, Porto, et al., ...
14
votes
8answers
2k views

Reversing gravitational decoherence

[Update: Thanks, everyone, for the wonderful replies! I learned something extremely interesting and relevant (namely, the basic way decoherence works in QFT), even though it wasn't what I thought I ...
3
votes
2answers
263 views

Why isn't Hawking radiation frozen on the boundary, like in-falling matter?

From the perspective of a far-away observer, matter falling into a black hole never crosses the boundary. Why doesn't a basic symmetry argument prove that Hawking radiation is therefore also frozen on ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

In the Wheeler-de Witt formalism, do big bangs act as sources and future singularities as sinks?

In the Wheeler-De Witt formalism of quantum gravity, do big bangs act as sources and future singularities as sinks? A finite time ago, existence emerged from the big bang, and existence will fade in a ...
1
vote
0answers
184 views

't Hooft's landscape of conformally constrained QFTs

As described in "A class of elementary particle models without any adjustable real parameters", "The Conformal Constraint in Canonical Quantum Gravity", and "Probing the small distance structure of ...
8
votes
0answers
114 views

gauss-bonnet gravity constraints from string theory

recently there has been advances in observational constraints of gravity theories that contains scalars coupled to the gauss-bonnet topological term: http://arxiv.org/abs/0704.0175 ...
7
votes
1answer
945 views

How does the holographic principle imply nonlocality?

For example in the discussions here and here there are comments by Ron Maimon: Your complaint about locality would be more serious if holography didn't show the way--- the CFT in AdS/CFT ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Hawking radiation and black hole entropy

Is black hole entropy, computed by means of quantum field theory on curved spacetime, the entropy of matter degrees of freedom i.e. non-gravitational dofs? What is one actually counting?
2
votes
1answer
380 views

ADM Hamiltonian formalism and Quantum gravity

is there a Hamiltonian reformultion of gravity ?=? if so if we use the usual Quantization scheme we can not we quantizy the gravity ?? in terms of a Gauge Theory with the potential $ A_{\mu}^{i} $ ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Can anything come out from the big bang?

If any configuration of matter can fall into a black hole and hit the singularity, and ditto for the big crunch, and there is time reversal CPT invariance, does it mean anything can pop out of the ...
12
votes
4answers
684 views

What exactly does the holographic principle say?

Does the holographic principle say given a spatially enclosing boundary satisfying the Bousso condition on expansion parameters, the log of the number of microstates in its interior is bounded by ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Thermal gravitational radiation and its detection

To my poor knowledge on the topic, the gravitational waves that are most likely to be detected by LIGO or other experiments do not have thermal spectrum. But I'm not certain. I know that Hawking's ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

How is the 'cluster decomposition principle' implemented in holographic theories?

Since holographic theories are non-local by definition, how is this principle implemented? Naively, it seems to me it is not, at least, in some sense. I would appreciate an explanation as simple ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

Was Planck's constant $h$ the same when the Big Bang happened as it is today?

Was Planck's constant $h$ the same when the Big Bang happened as it is today? Planck's constant : $$h= 6.626068 × 10^{-34}\, m^2 kg / s,$$ $$E=n.h.\nu,$$ $$\epsilon=h.\nu$$
4
votes
2answers
262 views

What is the mechanism for fast scrambling of information by black holes?

Sekino and Susskind have argued that black holes scramble information faster than any quantum field theory in this paper. What is the mechanism for such scrambling?
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Is spacetime discrete or continuous?

Is the spacetime continuous or discrete? Or better, is the 4-dimensional spacetime of general-relativity discrete or continuous? What if we consider additional dimensions like string theory ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Why are white holes the same thing as black holes in quantum gravity?

Why are white holes the same thing as black holes in quantum gravity? Their Penrose diagrams in semiclassical gravity are utterly different.
0
votes
2answers
132 views

Is the Chern-Simons integral of gauge fields over black hole singularities zero?

Suppose we have an evaporating black hole and a nonabelian Yang-Mills theory with a $\theta$ topological term. This counts the total number of instantons minus antiinstantons. Consider the total ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

What is unification, unified interactions, or dualities between interactions?

Scientists succeeded in unifying EM with the weak force, then with the strong force to achieve the standard model. They then studied supersymmetry and GUTs that showed improved gauge coupling ...
1
vote
2answers
437 views

Laws of gravity for a universe that only consists of two objects?

So, we know that when two objects of normal matter get away from each other, the gravitational pull they feel from each other, decreases. I wanted to see how that would work. And in my ...
6
votes
2answers
172 views

Are timelike diffeomorphisms really redundancies in description in quantum gravity?

Are timelike diffeomorphisms really redundancies in description in quantum gravity? Certainly Yang-Mills gauge transformations can be considered redundancies in description. Ditto for p-form ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Euclidean quantum gravity and gravitational instantons

I have some questions concerning the calculations made by Hawking in the 80-90's using Euclidean (canonical) quantum gravity on gravitational instantons. Were those tunnelings only between identical ...