Any of the various explanations of gravity as a quantum theory, including string theory and loop quantum gravity.

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518 views

Black hole complementarity - absorption of Hawking radiation

I try to understand two principles formulated by Leonard Susskind in his book The Black Hole War: 1, To any observer who remains outside a black hole, the stretched horizon appears to be a hot layer ...
0
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2answers
203 views

How do gravitons impact on general relativity?

As I'm reading about GR a lot lately, I was wondering: how do gravitons (if they exist ofc) impact the general relativity? Since in GR, when we look at particles moving in space-time, we are only ...
8
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1answer
268 views

How does one get these definitions of the energy momentum tensor?

I was just reading a book - Mirror Symmetry by Clay Mathematics Institute, and on Page 402 of the book, the writer says that energy momentum tensor is defined classically by $$\delta S = -\frac{1}{4 ...
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1answer
218 views

Does string/M-theory address higher-dimensional membrane vibration modes?

A loop is a 1-sphere that can vibrate in increasingly complex ways as it is embedded in higher dimensional spaces. Does string theory assume that 1-spheres are the only possible vibrating ...
13
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2answers
418 views

Why does nonlinearity in quantum mechanics lead to superluminal signaling?

I recently came across two nice papers on the foundations of quantum mechancis, Aaronson 2004 and Hardy 2001. Aaronson makes the statement, which was new to me, that nonlinearity in QM leads to ...
4
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2answers
256 views

Entropy of a naked singularity

According to the wikipedia article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naked_singularity: "Some research has suggested that if loop quantum gravity is correct, then naked singularities could exist in nature, ...
2
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1answer
283 views

Can an object be infinitely small?

I read somewhere that the earth has to be smaller than 1 cm to become a black hole, according to Schwarzschild. Since big bang came from a singularity, I am wondering, is there any minimum volume for ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Gravity as a gauge theory

Currently, (classical) gravity (General Relativity) is NOT a gauge theory (at least in the sense of a Yang-Mills theory). Why should "classical" gravity be some (non-trivial or "special" or ...
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1answer
100 views

Has anyone measure the strength of the force of gravity in relation to the molecular bonding? [closed]

It's clear to me that gravity it a function of mass. It is also clear to me that gasses are less affected by gravity. So I'm thinking that there exists a measurable minimum binding distance $d$ ...
5
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2answers
248 views

Does general relativity fail in conditions with very large gravitational forces?

It is said in this wikipedia article (in the 7th paragraph) that where there exists huge masses and very large gravitational forces (like around binary pulsars), general relativistic effects can be ...
7
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1answer
196 views

What object is quantized in quantum gravity?

In theories of quantum gravity, which object is it that is quantized? Working on field theories, I expect the quantization to mean the promotion of a classical field to an operator valued field that ...
3
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3answers
671 views

Can we apply Schrodinger equation in Newton Gravitational potential and derive the deterministic Newton's gravitation as a special case of it

We know the solutions for wave functions of a an hydrogen atom, and the energy values as given by spectral analysis of radiation emitted by Hydrogen, confirms the possible energy states as predicted ...
7
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0answers
174 views

Significance for LQG of Sen's result on entropy of black holes?

Sen 2013 says, ...we apply Euclidean gravity to compute logarithmic corrections to the entropy of various non-extremal black holes in different dimensions [...] For Schwarzschild black holes in ...
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2answers
333 views

In which direction do gravitons travel? Do they originate from mass or are they collected by masses?

This is a kind of silly question, that mostly goes unanswered: are gravitons detatched from the objects they act on, like photons in free space. Maybe gravity or gravitons are collected by mass ...
6
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1answer
172 views

Einstein action as a functional of the tetrad (first order formulation of gravity)

Let the Einstein-Hilbert action be rewritten as a functional of the tetrad $e$ (units shall be set to $1$) such that $S_{EH}(e)=\int \frac{1}{2}\epsilon_{IJKL}~e^I\wedge e^J\wedge F^{KL}(\omega(e))$, ...
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2answers
577 views

Since when were Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) and Einstein-Cartan (EC) theories experimentally proven?

Can this template at Wikipedia be true? It seems to suggest that Einstein-Cartan theory, Gauge theory gravity, Teleparalleism and Euclidean Quantum Gravity are fully compatible with observation! It ...
2
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1answer
232 views

Do physicists believe the singularity theorems to be accurate?

This question is largely based on the last post by reddit user RobotRollCall who gave some fantastic explanations of phenomena in relativity on a layman's level. About a year ago, she said: The ...
9
votes
1answer
277 views

Gauge symmetries and elementary particles

The Weinberg-Witten theorem (disclaimer: I don't know this wikipedia entry) is usually mentioned as the reason why gravitons may not be composite particles. I do understand the proof of the theorem, ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Is time quantized? Is there a fundamental time unit that cannot be divided? [duplicate]

Is the present just a sharp line between the past and the future with no time at all, or is the present a short frozen unit of time? Could time be quantized into a fundamental units? Like Planck ...
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0answers
54 views

Why are polymer representations called “polymer representations”?

Why are polymer representations called "polymer representations"? Polymer representations deal with non-continuous unitary representations of groups acting on nonseparable Hilbert spaces (see e.g. ...
2
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0answers
106 views

How can any QM interpretations which use a linear Schrödinger Equation be used to quantitize gravity?

Since general relativity is nonlinear, how could we quantitize gravity with QM interpretations which use the linear Schrödinger Equation? Or is this fundamentally unworkable?
2
votes
2answers
205 views

Was TP Singh right to say that a theory of quantum gravity necessitates the Copenhagen Interpretation?

http://iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596/174/1/012024 In the above link we see TP Singh arguing that only Copenhagen will work for a theory of quantum gravity. Some of his key points are "quantum theory ...
8
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4answers
450 views

Is the 125 GeV Higgs boson some kind of a “almost-commutative graviton” at the electroweak scale?

The clumsy "almost-commutative graviton" is provocative. I use it on purpose, to ask two questions in one : Is the observation of only one Higgs and no supersymmetric particle below 8 TeV (up to ...
0
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1answer
152 views

can be exist the negative mass? [duplicate]

I'm not sure about this but I guess there must be negative masses in the universe because of the symmetry. If the gravity is one of the main forces in nature it must has negatives mass to be able to ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

What are the implications of the Nesvizhevsky experiment and followup experiments with ultracold neutrons?

I remember reading about the groundbreaking experiment by Nesvizhevsky (et al. 2001) some 12 years ago using ultra-cold neutrons which showed the first experimental evidence of quantum gravity. It is ...
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1answer
144 views

Why Planck scale is so important?

I know that Planck scale is the scale where both, gravity and quantum effects are relevant simultaneously. Are there more reasons?
0
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1answer
239 views

Explanation for the notion that physical laws break down at the Big Bang

I've often heard the phrase "physical laws break down at the big bang". Why is this? Divide by zero? Please provide the mathematics.
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0answers
102 views

Why there can't be infinitely small existing?

Why there can't be infinitely small existing? I am not suggesting it can or cannot. I am asking can there be an absolute or reasonable answer to that question.
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2answers
613 views

What is the smallest existing thing in theory and law?

What is the smallest existing thing in theory and law?
4
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2answers
815 views

Are all points in the universe connected?

Is it true that every point in the universe is connected or could be so theoretically? If so how is this mediated? Is it through the quantum nature of the fabric of space or is it through the ...
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1answer
67 views

measure higher frequencies then half of Planck-frequency?

The maximum frequency is defined by the Planck frequency $\omega_P$. Also there is the Shannon theorem which tells us that to lossless capture a signal, you have to sample it with minimum of the ...
3
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2answers
183 views

Phys.org Spectral geometry to unite relativity and quantum mechanics, restate in laymens terms?

Lingua Franca links relativity and quantum theories with spectral geometry Could someone give me a short synopsis of this article in laymens terms? What implications does this have in the physics ...
13
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3answers
1k views

What is the current state of research in quantum gravity?

I was browsing through this and was wondering what progress in quantum gravity research has taken place since the (preprint) publication. If anyone can provide some helpful feedback I would be ...
8
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0answers
145 views

Why is the Planck length the shortest measurable length? [duplicate]

I quote from the Wikipedia article on Planck length: According to the generalized uncertainty principle, the Planck length is in principle, within a factor of order unity, the shortest ...
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0answers
400 views

Can the laws of quantum mechanics be derived from a more fundamental theory? [closed]

String theory takes quantum mechanics and tries to make it compatible with gravity. If it turns out to be a theory of everything then would it explain why our world is described by the laws of quantum ...
4
votes
1answer
440 views

How do I quantize a classical field theory

I have not been able to find any information about this on the Internet. I am a middle-schooler, 14, who self-studies physics, and I know up to and including ODEs, and some of the calculus of ...
8
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0answers
169 views

Is it believed that all UV completions have “Maldacena duals”?

I have heard occasional rumors that effective field theories have gravity duals. For example, I've been told that UV momentum cutoffs in N=4 SYM become finite radii in AdS. I've heard speculations ...
2
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0answers
219 views

Status of Teleparallel Quantum Gravity

There are several approches to incorporate torsion into a theory of gravity. According to this article, requiring a consistent coupling to Dirac fields leaves us with the Einstein-Cartan approach or ...
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650 views

Why isn't the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy considered the quantum gravitational unification?

Based on the Bekenstein-Hawking Equation for Entropy, hasn't the relationship between quantum mechanics and gravity already been established.
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2answers
2k views

Why is gravity such a unique force?

My knowledge on this particular field of physics is very sketchy, but I frequently hear of a theoretical "graviton", the quantum of the gravitational field. So I guess most physicists' assumption is ...
4
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2answers
599 views

The Uncertainty Principle and Black Holes

What are the consequences of applying the uncertainty principle to black holes? Does the uncertainty principle need to be modified in the context of a black hole and if so what are the implications ...
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4answers
916 views

Could all strings be one single string which weaves the fabric of the universe?

This question popped out of another discussion, about if the photon needs a receiver to exist. Can a photon get emitted without a receiver? A universe containing only one electron was hypothetically ...
12
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2answers
707 views

Why one-dimensional strings, but not higher-dimensional shells/membranes?

One way that I've seen to sort-of motivate string theory is to 'generalize' the relativistic point particle action, resulting in the Nambu-Goto action. However, once you see how to make this ...
13
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0answers
445 views

How is Matter Modelled in Loop Quantum Gravity?

I have a basic understanding of how gravitational degrees of freedom are modelled in loop quantum gravity, but as far as I know, the main machinery - spin network states and observables, does not ...
5
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1answer
301 views

Is the quantization of gravity necessary for a quantum theory of gravity? Part II

(At the suggestion of the user markovchain, I have decided to take a very large edit/addition to the original question, and ask it as a separate question altogether.) Here it is: I have since ...
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3answers
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Why is gravity so hard to unify with the other 3 fundamental forces?

Electricity and magnetism was unified in the 19th century, and unification of electromagnetism with the weak force followed suit, bringing into play the electroweak force. I've been told that ...
4
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1answer
298 views

Deriving the reduced Green's functions in Polchinski's volume 1

In equation 6.2.7, Polchinski defines his reduced Green's functions $G'$ on the 2-manifold to satisfy the equation, $$ \frac{-1}{2\pi \alpha '}\nabla ^2 G'(\sigma_1, \sigma_2) = ...
2
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1answer
374 views

Is Space-Time Quantisation necessary or even meaningful?

It is believed among people working on Quantum Gravity, that space-time must be quantised at the Planck scale. Although it is very hard to verify such proposition, it is interesting from a ...
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1answer
1k views

What happens to atoms inside a black hole?

Black holes have very high gravitational force that tends to crush everything. So as we know atoms in a molecule have inter-atomic spacing between them and further electrons also revolve at a certain ...
18
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1answer
608 views

Does local physics depend on global topology?

Motivating Example In standard treatments of AdS/CFT (MAGOO for example), one defines $\mathrm{AdS}_{p+2}$ as a particular embedded submanifold of $\mathbb R^{2,p+1}$ which gives it topology ...