# Tagged Questions

Any of the various explanations of gravity as a quantum theory, including string theory and loop quantum gravity.

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### Why is the universe 3D if the holographic principle says it's encoded in a its surface?

The way I understand the holographic principle is that everything in a 3D space can be thought of as living on the 2D boundary of that space. If that is the case, why does everything in the universe ...
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### What is meant by the following divergent formula?

I have encountered the following formula a couple of times (in different physics contexts which I do not have a good understanding of) $$\int_{0}^\infty \frac{dt}{t}e^{-tx}=-\log x$$ Formally one ...
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### Gravitational wave contribution of the Hawking radiation from a black hole

Black holes are expected to radiate like a perfect black radiator at the Hawking temperature, which means that they'll emit all particles according to the relevant formulas one can derive using ...
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### How can gravitions exist without violating GR? [duplicate]

How can gravitions exist without violating GR, since GR says that gravity is curvature in space-time.
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### A Conceptual Problem With the Field Equations of General Relativity

I have two questions: Suppose that we have an amount of energy in the form of a perfect fluid in the right hand side of Einstein field equations (energy momentum tensor), this will lead to a ...
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### What is the P-parity, T-parity and C-parity of graviton? Are these conserved in general curved space-time?

I'm curious about the P,T,C-parity of graviton? 1)Are these graviton's parities even or odd? 2)Is the C,P,T-parity alternatively conserved in Einstein gravity? And does the CPT theorem still hold ...
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### Bekenstein bound for electron?

Using the Wikipedia version of the Bekenstein bound, and substituting the Wikipedia values for electron mass and radius, one obtains 0.0662 bits. Does this really mean that a system, any system, ...
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### Decoherence without time?

Decoherence is a phenomenon that provides a part of the explanation of why quantum systems and classical systems behave differently. What I understood from decoherence so far is that it requires ...
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### Gravity of Light [duplicate]

I'm reading Quantum field theory in a Nutshell and I find a very interesting calculation that leads to the gravitational interaction between 2 light beam. Is this kind of interaction permitted in ...
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### Dirac bracket and second class constraints in first-order gravity formalism

In the first order formulation of general relativity, the frame field $e_{\mu}^a$ and $\mathrm{SO}(3,1)$ spin connection $\omega_{\mu c}^b$ are independent variables. In the Hamiltonian formulation of ...
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### Toy models of asymptotic safety?

Are there some toy model QFTs where the asymptotic safety scenario is realized?
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### Regarding Non-renormalizatibility of GR

I've been doing some reading trying to get to a better understanding of some renormalization issues with the Einstein-Hilbert action. But, something odd came into mind that I'm hoping some users may ...
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### Could the singularity that gave rise to our universe be past-eternal?

Are there any compelling models that include a past eternal singularity that ultimately gave rise to our universe? Does the "no-boundary" hypothesis that utilizes imaginary time have past eternal ...
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### Maximum curvature in a black hole

If the curvature inside the horizon of a black-hole is not infinite in some quantum gravity theories (as in Loop quantum gravity), then what is the expression of the maximum value of the curvature ...
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### What is the relation between entropy and mass of black hole?

What is the relation between entropy and mass of black hole? And what is the relation between symmetry of physics operation and entropy?For instance,measuring or doing measure on state of quantum ...
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### What is “Energy” of a vacuum in the context of quantum theory?

I'm not a physicist or cosmologist, so I hope I am asking the right question with the right words here. My question regards the word "energy" as it pertains to quantum vacuum states, and to concepts ...
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### Is there an absolute minimum scale to the universe? If so, why?

Based on my rather circumscribed understanding of modern physics, one of the key insights of quantum mechanics over previous scientific theories is the prediction that there exists an absolute limit ...
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### Understanding the cause of the big bang

Ok, as I understand the expansion of the initial singularity was caused by quantum fluctuations like the ones predicted by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. But how can these fluctuations occur ...