Any of the various explanations of gravity as a quantum theory, including string theory and loop quantum gravity.

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Need some intuition behind spontaneous dimensional reduction

In quantum gravity there is the notion of spontaneous dimensional reduction. Namely, at small scales, the dimension of spacetime is less than the ostensible four. In the causal dynamical ...
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21 views

In discrete models of spacetime, what are some implications of the Einstein equation

We have several models of discrete spacetime. Sorkin has a causal growth dynamics, there's spin foams, Panangaden showed a correspondence between interval domains and spacetimes. I am looking for ...
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2answers
87 views

Why can't gravitons be created in traditional particle accelerators?

I've heard that it is incredibly difficult to detect a graviton, but I don't quite understand why. With all of the knowledge I have at the present time it seems like it should be possible to create a ...
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1answer
63 views

General relativity and quantum fields evolution in curved space [on hold]

There are many cases when we have to discuss the problem of evolution of quantum fields on GR background (inflaton evolution during inflation, axion field evolution etc). But GR isn't quantized as ...
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1answer
99 views

Quantum mechanical explanation of the expansion of the universe?

All the explanations for the expansion of the universe that I have heard about are usually based off Einstein's General Relativity, and many quote the proposed all permeating Dark Energy as the cause ...
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38 views

About spin 2, graviton, in the context of attractive force.

excerpt from Introduction to Black hole physics, Valeri P. Frolov and Andrei Zelnikov In this textbook, there is comment about spin of gravitons as follows For gravitating bodies the gravitational ...
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62 views

Where are the gravitons in the Wheeler-de-Witt formalism?

As I understand it, in the Wheeler-de-Witt formalism you sum over the spaces bounded by a start space and and end space. What I want to know is where do gravitons fit into this picture? I ...
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1answer
224 views

Is John Nash's “Interesting Equation” really interesting?

As recently mentioned in the news, before his passing, John Nash worked on general relativity. According to the linked article John Nash's work is available online from his webpage. His work is ...
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1answer
64 views

Hawking Temperature of the BTZ Black Hole

The metric of the BTZ Black Hole is given by $$ ds^2 = - N^2 dt^2 + N^{-2} dr^2 +r^2(d\phi + N^\phi dt)^2 $$ with $$ N^2 = -M+ \frac{r^2}{l^2} + \frac{J^2}{4 r^2}, \ \ \ \ \ \ N^\phi = ...
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66 views

How could general relativity and quantum mechanics ever be combined? [duplicate]

Maybe I'm mistaken but here it's what I understand: Einstein's theories have to do with space time curvature. Whilst quantum mechanics has to do with probabilities. The solutions to the Shrodinger ...
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2answers
1k views

Is Gravity a Problem?

I was watching the movie "Interstellar" recently and in that a character "Romly" mentions that if he could peep into the black hole "Gargantua" he could solve gravity. I have a questions, is that a ...
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1answer
75 views

What happens as you approach/cross the Planck temperature?

According to IFLScience, above the Planck Temperature (absolute hot) conventional physics break down. My question is what happens as you approach this temperature, and, if it is possible, what ...
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729 views

Apparently John Nash found a way to replace Einstein's theory of relativity days before crash [closed]

True story, John Nash told his friend that he revised Einstein's theory of relativity to account for quantum gravity days before dying in the car crash. This guy worked on manifold theory big time (in ...
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56 views

What is the significance of Planck charge?

It seems for me that Planck units are somehow connected to limits where our current knowledge breaks down because of (quantum) gravitational effects. Please correct me if I'm wrong. For example ...
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3answers
6k views

Is the Planck length the smallest length that exists in the universe or is it the smallest length that can be observed?

I have heard both that Planck length is the smallest length that there is in the universe (whatever this means) and that it is the smallest thing that can be observed because if we wanted to observe ...
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1answer
75 views

What areas of research question the existence of the Planck length?

As a follow up to What are the structures that exist at roughly the scale of the Planck length?, what areas of research question the idea of a Planck length (or Planck scale)? Or if there are no areas ...
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1answer
89 views

What are the structures that exist at roughly the scale of the Planck length? [closed]

What are the mathematical/geometric structures that exist at the level of the Planck length?
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1answer
100 views

What does the universe look like at the Planck length (in a drawing)?

What is an informative drawing of the universe at the Planck length, to get a deeper sense of the meaning of it? For example, you see stuff like this: But that confuses you because there is no ...
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3answers
118 views

What do gravitons do?

Yes, I know gravitons are 'just a theory', but I'm wondering how they theoretically act. Are they raining down on everything with mass to "push" other things towards it? Or do the gravitons form a ...
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1answer
60 views

How are gravitons supposed to work?

If gravitons are particles, how is it that they can hold us to the ground, or create gravity between two stars millions of miles away from each other?
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1answer
44 views

Can anyone explain to a novice physicist whether there is a gravitational-electromagnetic symmetry?

I am trying to understand how the four fundamental forces relate to one another and to a theory of everything. As I understand it the unified force that is thought to exist at very high energies gets ...
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7answers
10k views

Does gravity exist in a vacuum?

My understanding has always been that it does from conventional science courses, but really thinking about it, I was wondering if this is really the case. To my limited understanding there is a ...
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2answers
88 views

Speed of gravity within a mass

We all consider that gravity travels at the speed of light. Light travels at the speed of light except when it is in a medium ,say glass, where it travels slower. What happens when gravity passes ...
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23 views

Planck Temperature

I have heard of two different things occurring at Planck Temperature: 1. A black hole forms 2. The quantum gravity takes over and the wavelength of light emitted from the object is Planck length ...
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27 views

Poincare patch of $AdS_2$

I know that a metric for global $AdS_{2}$ can be witten as $ds^2=\frac{1}{\cos^{2}\theta}\left(-dt^2+d\theta ^2\right)$, where $\theta \in [-\pi/2; \pi/2]$. So one can draw Penrose diagram for it as ...
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37 views

Force of gravity at quantum level is indetermined?

Newton's law of Universal Gravitation states that any two bodies in the universe attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional ...
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37 views

Why should we want to quantize Gravity? [duplicate]

I understand that it will be "nice" to have a quantum description of Gravity as well, just like the other 3 forces. I would like to find out what problems arise in existing theory (not counting String ...
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148 views

We Don't NEED Quantum Gravity because Gravity isn't Even A Force! [duplicate]

Now, I understand the motivation for quantum gravity. I honestly want to work on a theory myself. However, gravity, according to General Relativity, is not a fundamental force of nature. To me, it's ...
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41 views

A question on intermediate step in deriving gravitational anomaly by Fujikawa's method

In Fujikawa's 'Path integrals and Quantum Anomalies', Eq.(10.26) in the derivation of gravitational anomaly in Chapter 10.1 is puzzling for me. ...
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53 views

Black Hole singularity in Loop Quantum Gravity

How is the singularity of a Black Hole treated in Loop Quantum gravity ? Does it go away ? And if it does, what's after the event horizon ?
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93 views

Quantum Gravity Singularity Question?

I am not a expert in QG (Quantum Gravity) or GR (General Relativity) for that matter so please forgive if I make any small mistakes, its just a curious question but I know that a singularity is a ...
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1answer
33 views

Value of Planck scale

I read several times that the Planck scale is the energy scale at which the effects of gravity are comparable to the effects of the other fundamental forces. How can I show that this actually happens ...
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2answers
91 views

Would the presence of B-modes in the CMB provide evidence for quantum gravity?

Finding B-modes in the CMB (which aren't due to foreground contamination) would be evidence for gravitational waves, because they cannot be produced by density perturbations (to first order, is my ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Is there a 2D manifold on which the Dirac equation has a zero mode?

The two-dimensional (2D) Dirac equation $(\sigma_1iD_1+\sigma_2 iD_2)\psi=E\psi$ admits zero mode ($E=0$) solutions on a non-trivial gauge background, such as the zero mode at the core of a U(1) gauge ...
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232 views

What are Galileons good for?

Lately I've seen many papers (for example "The galileon as a local modification of gravity"; 292 total hits on the arXiv) on types of field theories known as Galileons, and I'm wondering what the ...
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98 views

Why is the universe 3D if the holographic principle says it's encoded in a its surface?

The way I understand the holographic principle is that everything in a 3D space can be thought of as living on the 2D boundary of that space. If that is the case, why does everything in the universe ...
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1answer
70 views

What is meant by the following divergent formula?

I have encountered the following formula a couple of times (in different physics contexts which I do not have a good understanding of) $$\int_{0}^\infty \frac{dt}{t}e^{-tx}=-\log x$$ Formally one ...
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2answers
26 views

Gravitational wave contribution of the Hawking radiation from a black hole

Black holes are expected to radiate like a perfect black radiator at the Hawking temperature, which means that they'll emit all particles according to the relevant formulas one can derive using ...
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107 views

How can gravitions exist without violating GR? [duplicate]

How can gravitions exist without violating GR, since GR says that gravity is curvature in space-time.
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1answer
47 views

Decomposition of the gravitino into helicity $\pm \frac{3}{2}$ and $\pm \frac{1}{2}$ components

I'm reading this book on string theory. When they decompose two dimensional gravitino (formula 7.16) $$ \chi_\alpha = \frac{1}{2}\rho^\beta \rho_\alpha \chi_\beta + \frac{1}{2}\rho_\alpha \rho^\gamma ...
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3answers
450 views

Are length contractions limited by Planck length?

While we are getting closer to speed of light our length in the direction of the movement is according to Lorentz transformation getting shorter. But we can not (even theoretically) consider length ...
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58 views

How does one experience single gravitons and/or Planck-force?

Moving sufficiently far away from a light source one would not be able to measure a steady stream of light, but only single photons every now an then. The experience would be a very faint blinking. ...
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241 views

Could future experiments on “Gravitational Casimir Effect” confirm the existence of gravitons?

From Casimir effect, we know that when two plates are placed very close to each other in vacuum, they attract each other because the quantum fluctuations that press on the two plates' outer surfaces ...
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5answers
2k views

Why doesn't matter clump together such that it can't be taken apart again?

Given the inverse square law force of gravity shouldn't two particles that are infinitely close to each other be infinitely attracted to one another? For example, suppose the hands of some super deity ...
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2answers
118 views

Gravity as a particle-based force vs space-time warp

I'm interested to understand the interpretation of gravity as a result of exchange of force particles (ie gravitons) vs General Relativity-based warping of space-time. Related to this is while a ...
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48 views

Would a directional “graviton” emitter violate any known laws of physics?

Setting aside that we don't known what the mediating partial in quantum gravity looks like and have no way to manipulate it, what would the implications be of a directional graviton source be? Would ...
2
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1answer
168 views

How does this new theory of a possible infinitely old universe not violate the second law of thermodynamics

I read the following article: http://phys.org/news/2015-02-big-quantum-equation-universe.html And followed it back to this journal reference : http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.3093 It appears to be ...
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101 views

Theories that predict the number of space-time dimensions

My impression in that most theories assume three spatial dimensions and one temporal dimension, though could in principle be formulated in others numbers of dimensions without inconsistencies. I know, ...
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80 views

What does quantum gravity look like at or beyond the Planck scale?

I am reading an article called The fundamental nature of space and time by Gerard 't Hooft. On page 3 he writes the following: Physically, however, the perturbative approach fails. The difficulty ...
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Is black hole complementarity compatible with canonical quantization?

Suppose at time $t$, Alice and Bob are hovering just outside the event horizon of a black hole, sharing the same position, velocity and acceleration. Shortly afterward, in less than the Schwarzschild ...