Quantum Field Theory (QFT) is the theoretical framework describing the quantisation of classical fields which allows a Lorentz-invariant formulation of quantum mechanics. QFT is used both in high energy physics as well as condensed matter physics and closely related to statistical field theory. Use ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

6
votes
0answers
764 views

The meaning of Goldstone boson equivalence theorem

The Goldstone boson equivalence theorem tells us that the amplitude for emission/absorption of a longitudinally polarized gauge boson is equal to the amplitude for emission/absorption of the ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Non-localities in Wilsonian effective action

Why terms non-analytical dependent on momenta in the effective action (in momentum space) are non-local? How to see this directly?
4
votes
1answer
251 views

Gauge symmetry description for $\phi^4$?

That is a follow-up to this question: Gauge symmetry is not a symmetry? Ok, gauge symmetry is not a symmetry, but ... ... a redundancy in our description, by introducing fake degrees of freedom ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What is spontaneous symmetry breaking in QUANTUM GAUGE systems?

Wen's question What is spontaneous symmetry breaking in QUANTUM systems? is cute, but here's an even cuter question. What is spontaneous symmetry breaking in QUANTUM GAUGE systems? There are some ...
1
vote
1answer
487 views

How to find the Green's Functions for time-dependent inhomogeneous Klein-Gordon equation?

I'm trying to find the Green's functions for time-dependent inhomogeneous Klein-Gordon equation which is : \begin{align*}‎‎ \left[ -‎ ‎\nabla ‎^2 + ‎‎‎‎\frac{1}{c^2} ‎‎\dfrac{\partial ^2}{\partial ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Imaginary pertubation to a Hamiltonian: how is it the same as rotation to imaginary time?

I am struggling with the following affirmation found in Ryder's QFT book, page 177: instead of rotating the time axis as we have done, the ground state contribution may be isolated by adding a ...
13
votes
2answers
456 views

What tree-level Feynman diagrams are added to QED if magnetic monopoles exist?

Are the added diagrams the same as for the $e-\gamma$ interaction, but with "$e$" replaced by "monopole"? If so, is the force between two magnetic monopoles described by the same virtual ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

Straightforward questions about calculating SUSY F-terms

So in the Lagrangian for a SUSY theory we have the F-terms, which I have seen written (e.g., in Stephen Martin's SUSY primer) as $F^*_i F^i$ where $F^i = \frac{\partial W}{\partial \phi^i}$. I ...
2
votes
1answer
523 views

Spontaneous symmetry breaking and 't Hooft and Polyakov monopoles

What is spontaneous symmetry breaking from a classical point of view. Could you give some examples, using classical systems.I am studying about the 't Hooft and Polyakov magnetic monopoles solutions, ...
5
votes
1answer
301 views

Commutator of scalar fields

So, in the calculation of $ D(t,r) = \left[ \phi(x) , \phi(y) \right] $, where $ t= x^0 - y^0,~ \vec{r} = \vec{x} - \vec{y} $ you need to calculate the following integral $$ D(t,r) = \frac{1}{2\pi^2 ...
4
votes
0answers
420 views

How does one calculate the quantum propagator for a massless photon

So I want to calculate the quantum massless photon propagator. To do this, I write $$ A_\mu(x) = \sum\limits_{i=1}^2 \int \frac{d^3p}{(2\pi)^3} \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\omega_p}} \left( \epsilon_\mu^i (p) ...
1
vote
0answers
218 views

How important are constrained Hamiltonian dynamics and BRST transformation as a formalism?

I am to study BRST transformations, for which I'm currently trying to understand constrained Hamiltonian dynamics to treat systems with singular Lagrangians. The crude recipe followed is Lagrangian -> ...
6
votes
1answer
844 views

Chiral anomalies à la Fujikawa: Why don't we just take another measure?

When deriving the chiral anomaly in the non perturbative approach for a theory of massless Dirac fermions, you start by showing that the path-integral measure is not invariant unter the chiral ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

What is the importance of Vacua in Field Theory?

I understand that defining the Vacuum is important in Field Theory, why? Is this because it is the 'ground' state, before particles are added, so defines the 'background'? I assume its not important ...
6
votes
4answers
549 views

Is String Theory a Field Theory?

Is String Theory a Field or Quantum Mechanical Theory of the String rather than a Particle? I should know this having studied this for a term, but we jumped into the deep end, without really ...
4
votes
2answers
361 views

Non-relativistic spinors

Even in a non-relativistic theory Spinors can arise as irreducible representations of the rotation subgroup of the symmetries of the theory. Why do people then put so much emphasize on the role of ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

is cosmic expansion related with IR divergencies?

This question is related to renormalization, but in the IR limit. It is assumed that unitarity does take care of IR divergencies in interacting theories like QED. But how would one interpret ...
9
votes
1answer
406 views

Why can i replace a gauge field by the current it couples to in the calculation of a greens function?

I am reading about anomalies in QFT at the moment and have a related question. Often people calculate the time ordered expectation value of some fields (in QED for example) by replacing the field ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

Propagator of the Klein-Gorden equation

Does this integral converge? My question is related to this one: Free particle propagation amplitude calculation I am reading the book of Peskin and Schroesder. In the second page of their chapter ...
3
votes
1answer
483 views

Gauge-invariant field strength term in Yang-Mills Lagrangian

I am reading the chapter of non-abelian gauge invariance from Peskin and Schroeder. Why is the term $-\frac{1}{4}(L_{\mu\nu}^i)^{2} $ gauge invariant?
4
votes
1answer
513 views

Does the vacuum energy problem of quantum field theory only occur in the Hamiltonian approach, or also in the path integral approach and in AQFT?

In a standard QFT class, you're being indoctrinated that there is the "infinite vacuum energy density problem". (This is sometimes paraphrased as the "cosmological constant problem", which is in my ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Correlation function which has branch cut in momentum space

When correlation function has branch cut in momentum space, how to find correlation in coordinate space? For example $$ \tilde {G}(\omega) = \frac{2i}{\omega+(\omega^2-\nu^2)^{1/2}}$$ How to get the ...
5
votes
0answers
222 views

Semiclassical QED and long-range interaction

I'm interested in the (very) low energy limit of quantum electrodynamics. I've seen that taking this limit does not yield Maxwell equations, but a quantum corrected non-linear version of them. If ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Two definitions: 'semi-classical space-time' and 'supersymmetric Minkowski space'

By reading articles I ran several times into two terms, never being defined so I assume they must have well established definitions somewhere. The first is semi-classical space-time. If I where to ...
0
votes
2answers
161 views

How is spacetime depicted in quantum field theory?

How is spacetime depicted in quantum field theory? Is space and time completely separate, and time is just nature of law as in Newtonian mechanics?
3
votes
3answers
557 views

Theory that gets rid of dark matter/energy

Is there any physics theory that either groups together gravity and dark energy/dark matter or eliminates dark energy/dark matter by modifying standard understanding of gravity or any force? If so, ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Does quantum field theory accept gravitational wave?

Does quantum field theory accept gravitational wave? As quantum field theory is flat spacetime theory, I wonder whether gravitational wave would be true. Does contemporary string theory variants ...
9
votes
1answer
523 views

How to determine if an emergent gauge theory is deconfined or not?

2+1D lattice gauge theory can emerge in a spin system through fractionalization. Usually if the gauge structure is broken down to $\mathbb{Z}_N$, it is believed that the fractionalized spinons are ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Majorana zero mode in quantum field theory

Recently, Majorana zero mode becomes very hot in condensed matter physics. I remember there was a lot of study of fermion zero mode in quantum field theory, where advanced math, such as index ...
1
vote
0answers
199 views

weird terms in W boson self energy

I calculated the correction to the self energy of the W boson due to a fermion doublet (below I have n(e) for neutrino (electron), but it could be up and down quarks or just any 4th generation ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Can symmetry be restored in high energy scattering?

Suppose you have a field theory with a real scalar field $\phi$ and a potential term of the form $\lambda \phi^4 - \mu \phi^2$ that breaks the symmetry $\phi \to - \phi$ in the ground state. Is this ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Yukawa Coupling of a Scalar $SU(2)$ Triplet to a Left-Handed Fermionic $SU(2)$ Doublet

Suppose we have a field theory with a single complex scalar field $\phi$ and a single Dirac Fermion $\psi$, both massless. Let us write $\psi _L=\frac{1}{2}(1-\gamma ^5)\psi$. Then, the Yukawa ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

Is every QFT non-local in the U.V.?

As much as I understand the renormalization group transformation and the concept of relevant/irrelevant operators, I'd say that if we push the reasoning of only looking at relevant operators when we ...
1
vote
1answer
743 views

Origin of the Higgs field

Are there any attempts in the literature at addressing the origin of the Higgs field? And, which lines of research that find it inevitable to address this question?
7
votes
4answers
478 views

How can there be a quantum field theory that predicts all particle masses?

Say I have a theory with only one (energy) scale, e.g. one given by the fundamental constants $$\epsilon=\sqrt{\dfrac{\hbar c^5}{G}}.$$ In this case, where I can't compare to something else, is ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the relationship between string net theory and string / M-theory?

I've just learned from this one of Prof. Wen's answers that there exists a theory called string net theory. Since I've never heard about this before it picks my curiosity, so I`d like to ask some ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

What is the mean field value of a scalar field with spontaneously broken symmetry in a scattering event?

Consider you have a quantum field theory that undergoes spontaneous symmetry breaking at some critical temperature. It doesn't necessarily have to be a continuous symmetry that's broken, I don't think ...
11
votes
3answers
720 views

Is there any quantum-gravity theory that has flat space-time and gravitons?

Many quantum-gravity theories are strongly interacting. It is not clear if they produce the gravity as we know it at low energies. So I wonder, is there any quantum-gravity theory that a) is a well ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Particle mixing and indistinguishability

Neutral kaons have two flavor combinations: $\mathrm{d}\bar{\mathrm{s}}$ and $\mathrm{s}\bar{\mathrm{d}}$. They can also be weak eigenstates: $\mathrm{\frac{d\bar{s} \pm s\bar{d}}{\sqrt{2}}}$. But ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

How to prove Wick's Theorem (Zee's eq. I.2 (16)) via Gaussian integration?

I'm working through Zee's QFT in a Nutshell but there's an integral [I.2 (16)] I couldn't quite derive. The problem is to find $$\langle x_i x_j ... x_k x_l\rangle=\frac{\int ... \int dx_1 ... dx_n ...
8
votes
1answer
244 views

Any link between decoherence and renormalization?

I have been studying decoherence in quantum mechanics (not in qft, and don't know how it is described there) and renormalization in QFT and statistical field theory, I found at first a similarity ...
6
votes
1answer
496 views

Physical interpratation of propagator

Consider the space-time domain Klein-Gordon propagator: $$G_F(x)=\int\frac{d^4p}{(2\pi)^4}e^{ipx}\frac{1}{p^2-m^2+i\epsilon}$$ I understand this as the amplitude at location $x$ created by a source ...
6
votes
2answers
634 views

Radiative Corrections and Bremsstrahlung

I am having trouble understanding why it is consistent to include "Breamsstrahlung" diagrams in computations of scattering amplitudes. For example, consider the scattering of two electrons to two ...
5
votes
4answers
657 views

What does it mean that particles are the quanta of fields?

I saw the question What are field quanta? but it's a bit advanced for me and probably for some people who will search for this question. I learned QM but not QFT, but I still hear all the time that ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

One-Plaquette Action and SU(2)'s Irreducible Representations

I have a typical single-plaquette partition function for a gauge-field $$ Z=\int [d U_{\text{link}}] \exp[-\sum_{p} S_{p}(U,a)]$$ with $U$ as the product of the the $U$'s assigned to each link around ...
2
votes
2answers
485 views

Auxiliary field and loop expansion

Something bugs me with the use of auxiliary fields in QFT. On one side I understand that they are nothing more than Lagrange multipliers and should be replaced by their equation of motions in the ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Zitterbewegung an artefact of single-particle theory?

I have seen a number of articles on Zitterbewegung claiming searches for it such as this one: http://arxiv.org/abs/0810.2186. Others such as the so-called ZBW interpretation by Hestenes seemingly ...
5
votes
2answers
822 views

The Faddeev-Popov Lagrangian

This is a non-abelian continuation of this QED question. The Lagrangian for a non-abelian gauge theory with gauge group $G$, and with fermion fields and ghost fields included is given by $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

The neutrality condition and the (non)-vanishing of the one-point correlator for the bosonic vertex operator

Consider the massless scalar field Hamiltonian, \begin{align} H = \frac{1}{2}\int \Pi^2- (\partial_x\phi)^2 dx \end{align} with $\Pi \sim \partial_t\phi$ the conjugate field of $\phi$. This ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

EM wave function & photon wavefunction

According to this review Photon wave function. Iwo Bialynicki-Birula. Progress in Optics 36 V (1996), pp. 245-294. arXiv:quant-ph/0508202, a classical EM plane wavefunction is a wavefunction (in ...