Quantum Field Theory (QFT) is the theoretical framework describing the quantisation of classical fields which allows a Lorentz-invariant formulation of quantum mechanics. QFT is used both in high energy physics as well as condensed matter physics and closely related to statistical field theory. Use ...

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Superfields and the Inconsistency of regularization by dimensional reduction

Question: How can you show the inconsistency of regularization by dimensional reduction in the $\mathcal{N}=1$ superfield approach (without reducing to components)? Background and some references: ...
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235 views

Systematic approach to deriving equations of collective field theory to any order

The collective field theory (see nLab for a list of main historical references) which came up as a generalization of the Bohm-Pines method in treating plasma oscillations are often used in the study ...
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233 views

O(N) sigma model at large N

I would like to better understand the main principles of large-N expansion in quantum field theory. To this end I decided to consider simple toy-model with lagrangian (from Wikipedia) $ \mathcal{L} = ...
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595 views

Could this model have soliton solutions?

We consider a theory described by the Lagrangian, $$\mathcal{L}=i\bar{\Psi}\gamma^\mu\partial_\mu\Psi-m\bar{\Psi}\Psi+\frac{1}{2}g(\bar{\Psi}\Psi)^2$$ The corresponding field equations are, ...
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463 views

Wick rotation and spinors

I am quite familiar with use of Wick rotations in QFT, but one thing annoys me: let's say we perform it for treating more conveniently (ie. making converge) a functional integral containing spinors; ...
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131 views

Quantum symmetries that are not classical symmetries

An anomaly is a symmetry of the classical action that fails to be a symmetry of the path integral, due to non-invariance of the path integral measure. Does it ever occur that the opposite thing ...
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236 views

Relation among anomaly, unitarity bound and renormalizability

There is something I'm not sure about that has come up in a comment to other question: Why do we not have spin greater than 2? It's a good question--- the violation of renormalizability is linked ...
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163 views

Intuitive sketch of the correspondence of a string theory to its limiting quantum field theory

I'm looking for an intuitive sketch of how one shows the correspondence of string theory to a certain QFT. My best guess is that one calculates the scattering amplitudes in the string theory as a ...
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170 views

Differential geometry of Lie groups

In Weinberg's Classical Solutions of Quantum Field Theory, he states whilst introducing homotopy that groups, such as $SU(2)$, may be endowed with the structure of a smooth manifold after which they ...
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130 views

Mathematical motivation of OPE?

In Peskin & Schroeder (and also Cheng which I have skimmed through) they motivate the Operator Product Expansion with a lot of words. Is there any way to motivate it mathematically, e.g. Taylor ...
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100 views

experimental bounds on microcausality violation

In "The Great Soviet Encyclopedia", 3rd Edition from 1970-1979, (evidently an old book), some V. I. Grigor’ev has a well-written little note on microcausality. Towards the end he states an ...
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622 views

Gauge redundancies and global symmetries

It is often said that local (gauge) transformation is only redundancy of description of spin one massless particles, to make the number degrees of freedom from three to two. It is often said that ...
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87 views

Monopoles and the magnetic Higgs mechanism

In a paper of 't Hooft about the rôle of magnetic monopoles for a model of quark confinement, I don't understand the following sentence (end af paragraph 14) [...] in order for monopoles to ...
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150 views

Gauge fields in Polyakov's treatment of renormalization for nonlinear sigma model

I am deriving the results of renormalization for nonlinear sigma model using Polyakov approach. I am closely following chapter 2 of Polyakov's book--- ``Gauge fields and strings''. Action for the ...
8
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338 views

How does Haldane conjecture follow from the topological $\Theta$ term

The one dimensional SU(2) Heisenberg quantum spin chain is known to be described by the 1+1d O(3) nonlinear $\sigma$ model with a $\Theta$ term, following the action ...
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348 views

Renormalization group evolution equations and ill-posed problems

There is a class of observables in QFT (event shapes, parton density functions, light-cone distribution amplitudes) whose the renormalization-group (RG) evolution takes the form of an ...
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597 views

Reflection positivity in general

In the Euclidean QFT obtained by "Wick-rotating" a unitary QFT, the correlation functions satisfy a property called reflection positivity, see e.g. this Wikipedia article for the case of a scalar ...
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515 views

On the naturalness problem

I know that there are several questions about the naturalness (or hierarchy or fine-tunning) problem of scalars masses in physics.stackexcange.com, but I have not found answers to any of the following ...
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87 views

Intuition behind mass corrections to massless fermions

I'm trying to understand the intuition behind the mass correction to massless fermions. To be concrete lets consider a theory with a massless Weyl fermion ($\psi $), as well as two massive particles, ...
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56 views

Candidates for holographic QFT of 4D Einstein gravity

If we are to believe that holographic principle holds over a wide number of dimensions, and gravitational theories, but specially, those that are relevant to our universe, then there must be some 3D ...
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125 views

Green's function for the inhomogenous Klein-Gordon equation

I'm trying to solve the massive Klein-Gordon equation in good old Minkowski space-time: $$(\square + m^2) \phi = \rho(t,\mathbf{x})$$ where $\square = \partial_{\mu} \partial^{\mu} = \partial_{t}^2 - ...
7
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242 views

Penrose's Zig-Zag Model and Conservation of Momentum

I was reading through Penrose's Road to Reality when I saw his interesting description of the Dirac electron (Chapter 25, Section 2). He points out that in the two-spinor formalism, Dirac's one ...
7
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220 views

Dimensional regularization and IR divergences and scale invariance

I want to know if dimensional regularization has any issues if the theory has IR divergences or is scale invariant. Does dimensional regularization see "all" kinds of divergences? I mean - what ...
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269 views

Noether currents for the BRST tranformation of Yang-Mills fields

The Lagrangian of the Yang-Mills fields is given by $$ \mathcal{L}=-\frac{1}{4}(F^a_{\mu\nu})^2+\bar{\psi}(i\gamma^{\mu} D_{\mu}-m)\psi-\frac{1}{2\xi}(\partial\cdot A^a)^2+ ...
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239 views

Does the Standard Model have a Landau pole?

I have seen the statement that the Standard Model has a Landau pole, or at least it its believed that it does at $\sim 10^{34}$ GeV. Has this actually been proven (at least in perturbation theory, as ...
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185 views

Instantons and Borel Resummation

As explained in Weinberg's The Quantum Theory of Fields, Volume 2, Chapter 20.7 Renormalons, instantons are a known source of poles in the Borel transform of the perturbative series. These poles are ...
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341 views

What is the 2-point correlation function of the electron field in QED?

The Feynman propagator for the free electron field is the Fourier transform w.r.t. $y$ of the time-ordered 2-point VEV $\left<0\right|\mathcal{T}[\hat\psi(x)\hat\psi(x+y)]\left|0\right>$, taking ...
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286 views

Descent equation and anomaly polynomial

I am just reading Ryu, Moore and Ludwig's paper on classifications of topological insulators and quantum anomaly. They are trying to relate the quantum anomaly as a signal of the presence of a ...
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120 views

Propagators, path Integrals, transition amplitudes, Green's functions etc

I'm trying to make a simple conceptual map regarding some of the things in the title as they pertain to quantum mechanics and or quantum field theory, and I'm finding that I'm a little perplexed about ...
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58 views

What is a superfluid in field theoretic terms?

I'm wondering how one precisely defines a superfluid in terms of the effective field theory description. In Nicolis's paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1108.2513 there seems to be an extremely simple ...
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52 views

Ambiguity in Asymptotic Perturbative Series and Instantons

I know there are a number of questions about the asymptoticity of perturbative series and about instantons on StackExchange (e.g. Instantons and Non Perturbative Amplitudes in Gravity from user566, ...
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37 views

Field redefinitions and new counterterms

My question was motivated by my attempt to answer this question. Suppose we are given an action and we make a change of variables such that the theory is non-renormalizable. Does the new theory then ...
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83 views

2 Component Spinor Formalism

In Chapters 34-36 of the Srednicki QFT book, 2 component spinors and their combinations in Dirac and Majorana spinors are carefully constructed. Specifically, in equations 36.14 and 36.15 the ...
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98 views

Deriving Feynman rules from Renormalized Lagrangian

In the context of Renormalized Pertubation Theory Peskin Schröder says: The Lagrangian $$ \mathcal{L}=\frac{1}{2} (\partial_\mu\phi_r)^2-\frac{1}{2}m^2\phi_r^2-\frac{\lambda}{4!}\phi_r^4 + \frac{1}{2} ...
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Is the Higgs bare mass larger than the physical mass?

The Higgs boson propagator can be written $$\frac{1}{p^2-m^2+\Sigma(p^2)}$$. If we take $p^2=m_P^2$ the physical mass, we get $m_P^2=m^2-\Sigma(m_P^2)$. Now, if $\Sigma\sim \Lambda^2$, we get ...
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151 views

Eikonal approximation in QFT

Does the eikonal approximation for calculating a scattering amplitude in QFT provide the exact result in the limit of $s\rightarrow\infty$ at finite $t=0$ ($s$ and $t$ are the usual Mandelstam ...
6
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118 views

Are there any serious alternatives to QCD nowadays?

I've read several posts here where people talk about the history of the developement of the theory of strong interactions. And they mention Regge theory, pomerons, S-matrix and so on. I'm confused ...
6
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141 views

How do we know for sure a theory is non-renormalizable?

In quantum field theory, we are looking for a Lagrangian that is, amongst other, renormalizable. But how do we determine whether or not a theory is renormalizable? Is this purely done by power ...
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95 views

d=2 O(3) sigma model becomes “conformal antiferromagnet”

In Advanced topic in quantum field theory / M. Shifman on page 251 the author discusses the fact that the theta term is topological and does not affect the equations of motion. Then he said: "In ...
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118 views

Srednicki's book chapter 8

Reading first page in chapter 8 of Srednicki's it reads: To employ the $\epsilon$ trick, we multiply $H_0$ with $1-i\epsilon$. The results are equivalent to replacing $m^2$ with $m^2-i\epsilon$. ...
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326 views

Exact diagonalization by Bogoliubov transformation

I am developing a model of multiple gaps in a square lattice. I simplified the associated Hamiltonian to make it quadratic. In this approximation it is given by, $$ H = \begin{pmatrix} \xi_\mathbf{k} ...
6
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128 views

Finding difficulties in taking continuum limit in nonlinear sigma model

I am learning nonlinear sigma model from Assa Auerbach's book "Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism" and getting some difficulties in taking continuum limit. I am following chapter 12: The ...
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134 views

Why is it hard to give a lattice definition of string theory?

In Polyakov's book, he explains that one possible way to compute the propagator for a point particle is to compute the lattice sum $\sum_{P_{x,x'}}\exp(-m_0L[P_{x,x'}])$, where the sum goes over all ...
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157 views

What is the relation between the representation the Higgs field transforms under, the types of couplings in the theory and Higgs/Coulomb branches?

When reading about Higgs and Coulomb 'phases' I came across two separate definitions: The first tells us that the Higgs/Coulomb phases are determined by the representation that the Higgs field ...
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68 views

How to rearrange the fermions in CohFT?

A simple question about notation of Moore Nekrasov and Shatashvili which makes me confused. Page 3, the authors rearranged the action into a novel form. For D=3+1,5+1,9+1 respectively, the path ...
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88 views

Relations between diffeomorphism symmetry theories and invariant $SU(N), N \rightarrow \infty$ theories

Is it possible to have, an exhaustive panorama (as much as possible), about the relations between theories having a diffeomorphism symmetry, and theories having a $SU(N), N\rightarrow\infty$ ...
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201 views

Computing functional determinant for Dirac fermions

In the path integral formulation for quantum field theory, one often encounters functional determinants of operators, for example for a free scalar field $\log \det (\partial^2+m^2)$. For this ...
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Does the Standard Model plasma develop a spontaneous magnetisation at finite temperature?

Reference: arXiv:1204.3604v1 [hep-ph] Long-range magnetic fields in the ground state of the Standard Model plasma. Alexey Boyarsky, Oleg Ruchayskiy, Mikhail Shaposhnikov. The authors of this paper ...
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Is the search for a Simple-group-based Electro-Weak theory over?

Just wondering: We know that, in its current form of the $SU(2)_L\times U(1)$, the electroweak theroy rides a wave of huge success. However, is it not possible that the correct simple group ...
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311 views

Trace of stress tensor vanishes ==> Weyl invariant

You often see in textbooks the statement that ${T^\mu}_\mu = 0$ implies Weyl invariance or conformal invariance. The proof goes like $\delta S \sim \int \sqrt{g} T^{\mu\nu} \delta g_{\mu\nu} \sim ...