The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

1
vote
1answer
48 views

Quantum computing can be done via measurement alone, why is this significant?

I read in the Afterword section of Nielsen and Chuang's book Quantum Computation and Quantum Information that A second area of progress has been in understanding of what physical resources are ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views
+100

Approximating a target operator

I was wondering if anyone knew how the author got to equation 12 on page four of this paper, I will attempt to explain the situation below. Given $C$, a target operator, we wish to create an ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Why do Transformations on Qubits for Quantum Computation have to be Unitary?

In the quantum circuit model we prepare some inital state $|\psi\rangle$ and throw our algorithm in form of some unitary transformation(s) $U$ on it to get our result $|\Psi\rangle$: ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How to apply Controlled-NOT gate?

look at the figure below it is about an example to multiply two qubits by 3 Controlled gate to get the SWAP operation .. I'm trying to follow this step-by-step but I couldn't know how this is ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Creating an arbitrary state of the quantum simple harmonic oscillator [duplicate]

Suppose $\mathcal{B}=\{\lvert 0\rangle, \lvert 1\rangle, \lvert 2\rangle, ... \}$ is the energy eigen-basis of a quantum simple harmonic oscillator. I want to create the state \begin{equation} ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Do we have algorithms that are polynomial on a Q-Computer but not poly. on a classical Computer?

I am currently reading “Introduction to Topological Quantum Computation” by J.K. Pachos. In the book the author mentions that Shor’s factoring algorithm is polynomial (with regard to the complexity ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Limitations of Quantum Simulations on a Classical Computer

My question is on the simulation of a quantum computer on a classical machine. I understand that a classical computer to simulate any quantum algorithm--the problem is that the quantum computer does ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Proof that Quantum Computation cannot be simulated on classical computers

I have read , for example , in chapter 3, Computer-aided-design Methods for Emerging Quantum Computing Technologies By David Dov Yehuda Feinstein this statement several times, but I am not able to ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How powerful would a quantum computer need to be to break RSA encrytion codes?

First off, just to reassure everybody, I have no motive other than pure curiosity for asking this question. I don't want my bank account hacked any more than you want the same done to yours. My ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Anyonic Braiding and Conformal Field Theory

I am looking for resources (both pedagogical and newer research articles) on the connection between topological quantum computation and conformal field theory. In particular, a CFT description of ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Is the first excited state of a superconducting qubit a stationary state?

A superconducting qubit is essentially an anharmonic oscillator with uneven spacings of the eigenstates. These states are eigenstates of the overall hamiltonian, which should mean that it is an energy ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

How useful is the study of entanglement entropy to quantum computing? [closed]

My question is somewhat conceptual: how, exactly, can we get closer to building a quantum computer by studying entanglement entropy? I've been reading all about the AdS/CFT correspondence and watching ...
-6
votes
1answer
50 views

What is Quantum computer? [closed]

What is a quantum computer and how can I understand the concept behind this at very basic level. Please provide complete description if possible.
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How does one measure the state probabilities of a 2 level Hydrogen atom qubit?

I have been struggling with trying to understand how one could measure the probabilities of a superimposed Hydrogen atom's two energy states. Say the atom is in a superimposed state: Psi = a|0> + ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Rigorous definition of superselection sector/quasiparticle type in anyon systems

The systems I have in mind are for example Kitaev's toric code model (arXiv:quant-ph/9707021) and Kitaev's honeycomb model (arXiv:cond-mat/0506438). What I'm looking for is a mathematically rigorous ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Why is a transmon a charge qubit?

The classic charge qubit is the cooper pair box which is a capacitor in series with a Josephson junction. In my understanding, by changing the gate voltage at the capacitor, one can create a ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

which are the non-abelian anyons for universal quantum computation

I am trying to get a list of non-abelian anyons that can be used for universal quantum computation by implementing gates via braiding. I found that Majorana fermions and para-fermions (not sure about ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Topological Quantum Computing beyond Anyonic Braiding

In materials such as those that exhibit fractional quantum hall states, the ground-state topological degeneracy is known to be robust against external perturbations. This ultimately tells us that we ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

are there known fundamental limits of quantum computer scaling?

Quantum computers provide exponential speedup relative to classical computers. However, it is empirical fact that increasing of number of qubits makes the the computer harder and harder to keep ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Why can't a classical bit behave like a qubit?

For example i have a 2 qubits which can have 4 possibilities i.e. 00, 01, 10, 11 so this shows that the 2 qubits can contain four bits of information as they are superpositioned but i think 2 ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

How does quantum superposition make calculation faster?

In every description of a quantum computer I've seen (that isn't extremely technical), they've been described as computers that use qubits, that use a superposition of 1 and 0 to make processing ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Dilemma: Fusion space from a direct sum of anyons or NOT

In Preskill's note, 9.1.2 in page 44, concerning the fusion space, it states that: The fusion rules of the model specify the possible values of the total charge $c$ when the constituents have ...
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Why do flux qubits have to be micrometer-sized?

Flux qubits are made using micrometer sized Josephson junctions. They exploit superconducting properties to create and interfere with the magnetic flux between them. My question is that I've seen ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Quantum Computer Implementation

Hey I recently finished my bachelor in nanotechnology and am rather interested in quantum computation. I've already looked at the recommendation threads for this topic but they tend to be about ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Difference between apply quantum gate and measure a qubit?

When you apply a quantum gate, why does the superposition state not collapse? Does this in any way intervene with the qubit as in the measurement?
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Anyonic braiding statistics from density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) simulations

How does the ground state energy of the system change when we braid two anyons? Can the braiding of anyons be simulated with a computational method such as the density matrix renormalization group, ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

CNOT gate application to separated qubits

In the case 1 in the picture, it is easy to perform matrix calculations concerning the circuit to obtain a final state. In case 2 however, I am wondering what is a general procedure to calculate it ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

What type of Quantum Gate is this

I'm trying to work out if this is a certain type of 'known' Quantum Gate $|1\rangle|1\rangle $ goes to $|1\rangle|1\rangle $ $|1\rangle|0\rangle $ goes to $|1\rangle|0\rangle $ $|0\rangle|1\rangle ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Hadamard Gate application help

I need to prove that if you apply Hadamard gates on the input/output before and after a CNOT gate that you get the same answer as flipping the target and control qbits of a CNOT. So for example I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Continued Fraction Algorithm in Shor's Algorithm

I am just trying to make the final link of Shor's algorithm clear. Here $r$ is the order of $x$ modulo $N$. We have a number $\psi$, which for a rational number $\dfrac{s}{r}$ satisfies ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

In Grover and Shor Algorithms 2 registers of qubits are handled at books, but it's really just one seen as 2?

I found in the literature that we require at least two quantum registers for arithmetics operation. Example: The function $f(x)=x^2$ is then a unitary evolution of the two registers, in this ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Quantum computer simulators [closed]

What are good, free, open source, GUI-based quantum computer simulators? I remember there used to be a Java-based one that was very good, but it doesn't seem to be online anymore, or it's relocated.
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Condition for quantum error correction based on encoded states

I am trying to understand the properties of quantum error correcting codes. Consider a quantum code on a lattice, with the property that a given region $R$ is correctable (for any error localized to ...
4
votes
0answers
123 views

Quantum Error Correction: Surface code vs. color code

Recently, two groups working on quantum computers published results on quantum error correction. The first was Rainer Blatt's group, who used trapped ions to perform a topologically encoded qubit ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Have there been any experiments that have demonstrated a quantum error correcting code?

Has quantum error correction been demonstrated? I know that classical error correction has been demonstrated by [1], they correct a single bit flip error, but has anyone been able to detect and ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Properties of controlled z-rotations

Given n qubit gate of the form c-z-z-z... (shorthand for c-z between qubit 1 and 2 followed by c-z between 1 and 3 and so on up to n qubits) it seems to be possible to find local unitaries which will ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

QFT Perturbative analysis of multiple atom-level quantum computers close to each other

Following up on this question, I'm wondering about electromagnetic interactions perturbation expansions close to a "black-box" quantum computer and modularity of Feynman diagrams in general. Let me ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

How would a quantum computer receive input from a classical computer?

One of the potential applications of a quantum computer would be as a coprocessor to a classical computing system, much in the same way as a graphics processing unit (GPU) performs specialized ...
2
votes
3answers
316 views

Can existing quantum computers be considered evidence for parallel universes?

In this video ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJpIclDmi2M ) Max Tegmark , a MIT cosmologist says that if we build a quantum computing successfully it will be a evidence that Parallel Universes ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

What is the difference between a bit and a qubit?

I am Computer Science student and learning about quantum computing. But, I have a problem in understanding Bit and Qubit relationship. A bit with 2 bits = 4 states 00,01,10,11--- 1 state at a time. ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How does one devise a Grover quantum oracle despite the no-cloning theorem?

I think I have misunderstood Grover's quantum search algorithm, and would appreciate clarification. From what I understand, the Oracle operator takes an index register of qubits $|x\rangle$ (that ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Deutsch's Algorithm. Unitary Transform $U_f$

I'm studying Deutsch's algorithm and I keep coming across the phrase along the lines of "There is a unitary transform (a sequence of quantum gates) $U_f$ that transforms the state $|x\rangle |y\rangle ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Would quantum computers be better at everything a GPU normally does? [closed]

I have a very basic understanding of what GPU's and quantum computers are good at. To me, it seems like they overlap, but maybe this isn't completely true. GPU's are good for graphics which requires a ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Is the process on initialization of qubits unitary?

It is said in some texts, that quantum computer undergoes only 2 types of transofrmations: 1) unitary evolution while computing and 2) non-unitary transformation ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Why are crystals so useful for quantum isolation?

Some implementations of quantum gates (in the hopes of building a quantum computer one day) use crystals to isolate the qubits (to prevent decoherence). Why is a crystal so much better than an ...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

The fine structure constant - can it genuinely be a random variable?

The question Does it make sense, and are there physical reasons to think about the fine structure constant as a (very concentrated) probability distribution rather than a single real number? ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What is trivial and non-trivial gate in computing?

My question seems like it should be posted in Computer Engineering section, but below is how I found this word. I was reading the textbook: Quantum Computation And Quantum Information - by Michael A. ...
0
votes
2answers
371 views

What's the Cause of Quantum Entanglement? [duplicate]

What is the cause of quantum entanglement? When two particles become entangled what property of them basically changes as to establish a link between them and how the information is exchanged between ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Why quantum computer is so fast factoring numbers?

I am trying to get myself a more clear understanding of the root of significant acceleration in number factoring by P. Shor's algorithm. I am probably missing something but q-bits for me are no more ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Will Quantum Computation fail if spacetime is discrete?

Will Quantum Computation fail if spacetime is discrete? Basically, would a discrete spacetime impose unexpected limits on how many Qubits could be used in calculations? Conversely, can quantum ...