A proton is a positively charged particle which is generally considered to be a composite particle comprising of three quarks interacting through the strong force (e.g. in the standard model.)

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Arrangement of Nucleons due to Strong Force

I was reading up on the fundamental forces of nature and I was wondering about the arrangements of nucleons due to the strong force. Considering electromagnetic repulsion, having 2 protons "bonding" ...
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50 views

Could an ion cannon be in fact a proton beam? [closed]

For a while I have been fascinated with the real science behind some of the most common sci-fi weaponry out there, and I always like to find out which ones make any sense (although we cease ...
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Proton Spread Out Bragg Peak vs. lateral beam broadening (Radiotherapy)

I was wondering. When particles enter a medium it has a finite range until it reaches the Bragg Peak where it deposits most of its energy. Now, heavier ions means less lateral broadening of the beam ...
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Where all those particles come from - proton proton collision

I was reading an article about the "Higgs factory" China is planning to build and it got me thinking about what happens when two protons collide. I am an engineer so I have a good understanding of ...
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61 views

Which properties control the strength of strong interactions?

Does the strong nuclear force depend on mass, charge or spin? Accordingly, can we order neutron-neutron, proton-proton and neutron-proton pairs by the strength of the strong force between them?
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51 views

In the LHC, how is the proton separated from the electron in the hydrogen? [duplicate]

I know that we use protons in the LHC. So my question is, how is the proton separated from the electron in the hydrogen?
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1answer
101 views

Why do fundamental particles have charge? [duplicate]

More specifically, what is in the nature of these particles that they carry a charge, and thus repel objects of similar charge and attract those of opposite charge? Also, why would the charge of an ...
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34 views

Proton-Proton collision [duplicate]

How are the people at CERN able to exactly collide protons head on? What about the HUP? Do they accelerate many particles and smash them so that at least some of them collide head on?
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16 views

Protonic emissions

In a beta emission a neutron decays,into a proton and an electron, and an electron randomly gets ejected from the nucleus due to the phenomenon of barrier tunnelling(correct me if am wrong).But why is ...
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18 views

Does change in temperature affect the proton spin of molecular hydrogen?

How come the amount of parahydrogen present increases as the temperature lowers? Does change in temperature play a role in changing its proton spin? Also it lists that "At 0°K, hydrogen contains ...
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59 views

Nucleon-meson interaction

Suppose interaction lagrangian between neutron-proton doublet and $\pi$-mesons: $$ \tag 1 L_{\pi pn} = \bar{\Psi}\pi_{a}\tau_{a}(A\gamma_{5} + B)\Psi , \quad \Psi = \begin{pmatrix} p \\ n\end{pmatrix} ...
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60 views

Calculating the number of protons in the sun [closed]

The central density of the Sun is ρ = 150 gm/cm3. Suppose that the center of the Sun is composed only of free protons with a mass of 1.67 × 10−24 gm. What is the number of protons per cm3 at the ...
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4answers
107 views

What is mass constituted by quarks in a proton?

In a question I read Quarks in a hadron- where does the mass come from "The sum of the masses of the quarks in a proton is approximately $30~\text{MeV}/c^2$, whereas the mass of a proton is ...
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Quarks in a hadron- where does the mass come from

We know that the sum of the masses of the quarks in a proton is approximately $9.4^{+1.9}_{-1.3}~\text{MeV}/c^2$, whereas the mass of a proton is $\approx931~\text{MeV}/c^2$. This extra mass is ...
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27 views

How does a Collider work? [closed]

How does a collider work, explained using various Physics theories (or if there is a main one) . How does the acceleration play a part in the individual sub-atomic kinetic levels. What happens when ...
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4answers
13k views

Why do electron and proton have the same but opposite electric charge?

What is the explanation between equality of proton and electron charges (up to a sign)? This is connected to the gauge invariance and renormalization of charge is connected to the renormalization of ...
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2answers
858 views

Stable Nuclei - Deviation from equal protons and neutrons

While studying the semi-empirical mass formula for nuclei, I came across an "asymmetry term" whose function, as far as I understand, is to build in the fact that nuclei "prefer" to have equal numbers ...
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1answer
40 views

Showing the annihilation of an electron-positron pair [duplicate]

How to show that the annihilation of an electron-positron pair under emission of one real photon (mass zero) is forbidden by energy-momentum conservation, the emission of two photons is allowed?
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72 views

Protons, electrons and integers

From this calculation (https://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080724101956AA4zed1), two protons seperated by the distance of one atom feel the electromagnetic force repelling them ...
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33 views

Does an atom become positively charged as a result of Beta decay? [duplicate]

Since a neutron breaks down into an electron and a proton, and the electron is emitted as beta particles, the atom has an extra proton (protons>electrons). So, the atom becomes positively charged. But ...
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1answer
90 views

Could the Large Hadron Collider accelerate one kilogram of protons at once?

Is it possible to accelerate a very large number of protons in a particle accelerator as opposed to only a few as is regularly done? What's to keep someone from accidentally dumping too many particles ...
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3answers
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How do I know the proton isn't made of 3 anti-down quarks?

I have a proton, how do I know that it is made of 2 up quarks and 1 down quark or if it is made of 3 anti-down quarks, each with different color charges? This question is also applicable to the ...
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2answers
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Is a free proton a positive Hydrogen-1 ion?

The Hydrogen-1 isotope is a form of hydrogen with 1 electron, 1 proton, and 0 neutrons. If that isotope were to lose its electron (thus being a Hydrogen-1 ion with a positive charge) what would be ...
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Pion production in proton-proton collision

Why is $\pi^0$ created in the high-energy collision $p+p\to p+p+\pi^0$?
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59 views

Visible light excitation by heavy particles [closed]

Can I excite visible light from an atom by a proton or muon beam? How would that be possible?
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49 views

What is the difference between beta positive decay and proton decay?

Though beta positive decay's have been observed, in which a proton decays into a neutron, positron and an electron- neutrino; the why is it not the same as the exotic proton decay which is ...
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1answer
48 views

Does the proton wobble due to the electron's orbit in a Hydrogen atom?

In a hydrogen atom the nucleus only has one proton and no neutrons so the electron to nucleus radio is higher for hydrogen than that for any other atom. Does the orbiting electron induce a wobble on ...
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26 views

Which particles have helicity?

I know electrons have helicity but can particles which are not fundamental i.e.protons have helicity?
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1answer
146 views

In which experiments the charge to mass ratio of proton was determined?

Are there experiments where the charge to mass ratio for protons have been determined in the same way as in Thompson’s experiments (where he determined the charge to mass ratio of electron) but with ...
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1answer
264 views

Why can protons collide?

Electromagnetic repulsion is inversely related to the square of the distance between both objects. Shouldn't this mean that the integral of the force between two protons is infinite if the distance ...
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3answers
178 views

Can a photon be absorbed by a proton?

When incident light passes through a hydrogen gas, for example, does it have 50% chance (since it's a 1:1 ratio of protons to electrons) of getting absorbed by the proton? Any chance at all? If no, ...
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1answer
120 views

Proton flux model or data at energy range up to 100 keV

I am looking for a model or at best the database of proton fluxes (solar p+) at a energy range of some eV up to 100 keV. I have already found the SOHO database: http://umtof.umd.edu/pm/ But the ...
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1answer
81 views

Is there a $\mathrm{p}^0$ particle?

In the following equation of a reaction $$\mathrm{p}^0 + \mathrm{n} \to \mathrm{K}^+ + \Sigma^-$$ What is the quark composition of the $\mathrm{p}^0$ particle? Or is it supposed to be $\rho^0$? ...
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1answer
137 views

What happens to mass during beta decay?

Sorry for being ignorant, but I'm in high school and our chemistry teacher barely went over beta decay. I decided to do some research and learned that in β+ decay, positrons are emitted from protons ...
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122 views

Why is the charge of a proton positive? [duplicate]

Is there a reason that a proton has a positive charge while an electron has a negative charge? Are these just names that were given to the charges or was there a reason for making a proton have a ...
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82 views

What should be the anti-particle for proton? [closed]

In alpha decay (electron emission), the particles emitted along with electron is anti-neutrino. On the other hand, the particles emitted by beta decay (positron emission), is neutrino. Neutrino and ...
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1answer
274 views

The (relativistic) mass of a proton in the LHC

What would be the (relativistic) mass of a proton, in grams, as it is traveling at the maximum possible speed in the LHC?
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1answer
242 views

From which dimensionful constants does proton mass arise?

It is well known that the most of the proton (or any other hadron with light quarks) mass is not made up from quark masses, but it is dynamically generated by QCD mess inside. I've also heard that, ...
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44 views

Does core of a proton exist? [duplicate]

I understand a proton is made up of quarks/gluons. I want to know if a proton has an actual core? Also whether protons have a core/surface temperature.
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3answers
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What does a subatomic charge actually mean?

I was recently reading a popular science book called The Canon - The Beautiful Basics of Science by Natalie Angier, and it talks about subatomic particles like protons, neutrons and electrons in ...
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1answer
1k views

Why are there 3 quarks in a proton? [closed]

A few quark related questions (I don't know much about them other than that there are 2 flavors concerning protons and neutrons). Why are there 3 quarks in a proton or neutron? Why not 2 or 4? Is ...
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1answer
76 views

What makes neutron heavier than a proton? [duplicate]

The mass of proton is 1.672*10¯²7 kg while it is 1.675*10¯²7 kg. Both are made up of 3 quarks each. Then what makes proton lighter than a neutron?
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About the flow of current

Generally it is said that current is due to the flow of electrons; how can we make this claim? I mean, generally we say the atom contains a nucleus which consists protons (positively charged ...
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1answer
116 views

How can i only shine/shoot one proton/electron per second? [duplicate]

I would like to test out the two slit experiment but only one electron or proton at a time. This question is different from the rest that people are saying are duplicates as I am clearly asking how ...
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105 views

Is the Higgs field responsible of only 1% of the proton mass?

This post is a sequel of: Where does the majority of the mass of the usual matter come from? The following answer of @hft: Your question asks why the "current quark masses" [see ...
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What is the kinetic energy of a proton as it is falling towards the core of the star?

Given: Star's mass = $1.99e10^{30}kg$ Type II supernova occurs (in a simple form: the outer layers of the star fall into the now inactive core at speeds of 126000km/s) $10^{44}$ joules of energy is ...
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152 views

Total energy of neutrons and protons

In a stable nucleus, are the total energies of neutrons and protons same?
3
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2answers
186 views

Proton-Neutron Lattice as a form of matter?

Would it be possible for a lattice of protons and neutrons (I'm picturing a plane of hexagons in my head) to exist bound by the strong nuclear force (not gravity)? I know that the strong force losses ...
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2answers
76 views

What do moles and moles of various subatomic particles gathered together look like?

I wonder whether it is even possible to find the answer. If it is impossible to find out, why? Do moles of neutrons basically look like a neutron star? If so, what does one look like? How about ...
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1answer
58 views

How many different experimental configurations does the Large Hadron Collider have?

I understand that the LHC can collide protons with protons, heavy ions with heavy ions, or protons with heavy ions, giving three main configurations. But, I'm wondering: is that the only property that ...