Proton decay is a hypothetical form of radioactive decay in which the proton decays into lighter subatomic particles. There is currently no experimental evidence that proton decay.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the maximum proton lifetime allowed by the standard model?

Is some amount proton decay necessary in the standard model or is it possible for the proton lifetime to be infinite?
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Estimate mass of exchange boson by decay time

I have made a rough estimate that the minimum lifetime $\tau$ of the proton must be $10^{23} \, \mathrm{s}$. From this I would like to estimate the mass of the X boson which would mediate this decay ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why positron emission is unlikely to occur for nuclei with an excess of neutrons?

Is it because a neutron decays into a proton and electron rather than a positron. Which type of nucleus emits positron and which emits electrons . Is it something to do with beta plus and beta minus ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Time and frequency extremes

I wonder if there exists a table of which physical events have the shortest time scale (like matter/antimatter annihilation) and which have the longest (like proton decay). The same question applies ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Is there any stable hadron?

Neutron can decay into proton and I think some hypothesis claim that proton can also undergoes decay into subatomic particles... Is there any hadron that never decays?
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Why do protons not break into quarks?

I know that free a neutron breaks into a proton because a proton has less mass and energy. Then, why do protons not break into quarks, since they have even less energy? Or why do gluons join quarks? ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Proton Decay Energy Level Diagram

there is energy level diagram for Alpha decay, Beta decay and Gamma decay. Is there energy level diagram for proton decay as well? Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Why is this nuclear reaction $p\to n+e^++\nu$ forbidden for a free proton? [closed]

Why is this nuclear reaction forbiden for a free proton? $$p\to n+e^++\nu$$ Where $p$ is the proton, $n$ is a neutron, $e^+$ is a positron, and $\nu$ is a neutrino. What i´ve been thinking is because ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Can photons decay without interaction?

Can photons decay like other particles without interacting with other particles or fields, i.e. by just "being"? In case the answer is "no" - does this have anything to do with them travelling at c, ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

What happens to the nucleus energy when it decays?

When an atom decays into another atom, what happens to the potential energy of the nucleus ? I think it will get more negative because, in general, through fission and fusion an atom tries to get a ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Why is energy released during decay?

Why is energy released when an atom decays into another atom, even though no energy is added? What does the mass defect mean? Is it because a nucleus which decays is unstable (proton/neutron = 1)? ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

are protons in proton decay allowing theories stable inside nuclei?

It is known that isolated neutrons are unstable, but that neutrons inside nuclei can be stable. I know there are candidate theories that allow proton decay but I wonder whether in these theories ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

If neutron would be lighter by 1 MeV, how stability of Hydrogen could be changed?

In current Universe proton is stable and the following reaction does not go $ p + e \rightarrow n + \overline{\nu_e}$ Currently proton is lighter than neutron by 1.293 MeV. If neutron would be ...
3
votes
1answer
476 views

Charge on the remaining atom after Alpha decay

In radioactive alpha decay, a helium atom is shown to be released. However, I was told that only thing released is a helium nucleus. If so, then it should leave two of its electrons in the atom ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Why do gauge bosons/leptoquarks not mediate proton decay in the Pati-Salam model?

In the Pati-Salam $\mathrm{SU}(4)_c\times\mathrm{SU}(2)_L\times\mathrm{SU}(2)_R$ model, I see Wikipedia and some slides mention this model doesn't predict gauge mediated proton decay without giving ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Can we observe proton decay?

I know that the half life of a proton is more than $6.6\cdot 10^{33}$ years (antimuon decay). I have found this data on Wikipedia proton decay but I do not know the probability distribution that leads ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Color-charge conservation in proton decay

In some extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics (Supersymmetry with R-parity violation being a prominent example), the proton is allowed to decay, e.g. via $p\to e^+\pi^0$: While this ...
1
vote
2answers
297 views

Questions on beta-decay

According to my textbook, for all the beta decays, it is required that the mass of the original atom to be heavier than the mass of the final atom. Is this due to the fact that all the beta decays ...
0
votes
2answers
151 views

It's possible to create a proton colliding a positron with enough energetic photons?

If a proton is supposed to decay in a positron and gamma ray photons is possible to obtain the opposite process colliding enough energetic photons with a positron and create a proton ?
9
votes
2answers
421 views

The life of proton

I have two questions regarding protons 1) Wikipedia says Mean lifetime of a proton $>2.1×10^{29}$ years (stable) Obviously this means practically nothing happens to a proton, but what does ...
15
votes
1answer
458 views

Dark matter and SO(10) grand unification

$SO(10)$ grand unified theories nicely accommodate a massive $\sim 10^{14-15}\; GeV$ sterile neutrino. Would this be a viable dark matter candidate? I haven't found any specific material regarding ...
2
votes
2answers
826 views

Relation between decay probability and the energy of particle

Is there any way to find the energy of a particle through its decay probability?
1
vote
1answer
438 views

Does the strong (nuclear) force ever contribute to decay?

Does the strong (nuclear) force ever contribute to decay ? Or is the weak nuclear force the only decaying force ?
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Can colliders detect B violation?

I think there is some theoretical uncertainty whether high-energy collisions can violate B. It is known that at high temperature (higher than the Higgs scale) you violate B by SU(2) instantons. But in ...