3
votes
1answer
69 views

What is meant by Proton Structure Function?

I am going to embark on a project involving deep-inelastic scattering but first I am trying to do some really basic background reading to get me up to task. My only background in particle physics is ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Why is the charge on protons == to charge on electrons? [duplicate]

I am not a expert on physics, just another high schooler, so sorry if the question is obvious. This is something I've been wondering about for a while. Why is the charge on a proton equal but ...
8
votes
2answers
234 views

The life of proton

I have two questions regarding protons 1) Wikipedia says Mean lifetime of a proton $>2.1×10^{29}$ years (stable) Obviously this means practically nothing happens to a proton, but what does ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

How can one calculate the gamma-ray energy spectrum for proton-proton collisions?

How does one calculate the the energy spectrum of gamma-rays produced by a proton-proton collision? I'm at a complete loss.
1
vote
1answer
188 views

What makes the quarks stay inside the proton?

Inside a single proton for example, what is the force(s) that keeps the quarks together? Why don't they leave the proton? If they do, how does that even happen? And maybe an additional sub question: ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

What are the strongest sources of collimated neutrons and protons?

I am imagining an unusual experiment which will require intense beams of either protons or neutrons. The experiment would work better with neutrons, but neutron sources are much weaker messier so I ...
7
votes
2answers
764 views

How do I know the proton isn't made of 3 anti-down quarks?

I have a proton, how do I know that it is made of 2 up quarks and 1 down quark or if it is made of 3 anti-down quarks, each with different color charges? This question is also applicable to the ...
7
votes
1answer
551 views

Proton Radius Puzzle, Is it possible that proton's radius differ depending on how you measure it? What does that even mean?

I just read this NewScientist article, and I was stunned by its results. So I found the original paper here on arxiv. In the introduction of the paper it is stated: The recent determination of ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

Pion production in proton-proton collision

Why is $\pi^0$ created in the high-energy collision $p+p\to p+p+\pi^0$?
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Is there something like Hawking radiation that makes protons emit component quarks?

If Hawking radiation can escape from black holes, could quarks perhaps become separated from protons despite it being "impossible" for that to happen?
0
votes
1answer
326 views
3
votes
0answers
94 views

Proton flux model or data at energy range up to 100 keV

I am looking for a model or at best the database of proton fluxes (solar p+) at a energy range of some eV up to 100 keV. I have already found the SOHO database: http://umtof.umd.edu/pm/ But the ...
0
votes
2answers
279 views

What happens if up quarks are replaced by down quarks and down quarks are replaced by up quarks?

I believe the quarks would flip the proton's internal charge, reverse the spin of the proton, transform into another flavor, and then become unconfined and free.
8
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the difference between a neutron and hydrogen?

Differences? They are both an electron and a proton, since the neutron decays to a proton and an electron, what's the difference between a neutron and proton + electron? so is it just a higher binding ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Is it possible to destroy proton in proton-proton collision?

Or in proton-electron collision. To destroy is to turn into other particles, not baryons. In context of the baryon asymmetry.
7
votes
3answers
407 views

What's with the very slightly larger mass of the neutron compared to the proton?

Neutron mass: 1.008664 u Proton mass: 1.007276 u Why the discrepancy? On a related note, how does one go about measuring the mass of a neutron or proton, anyway?