A proton is a positively charged particle which is generally considered to be a composite particle comprising of three quarks interacting through the strong force (e.g. in the standard model.)

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
22 views

How does a Collider work? [on hold]

How does a collider work, explained using various Physics theories (or if there is a main one) . How does the acceleration play a part in the individual sub-atomic kinetic levels. What happens when ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Showing the annihilation of an electron-positron pair [duplicate]

How to show that the annihilation of an electron-positron pair under emission of one real photon (mass zero) is forbidden by energy-momentum conservation, the emission of two photons is allowed?
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Protons, electrons and integers

From this calculation (https://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080724101956AA4zed1), two protons seperated by the distance of one atom feel the electromagnetic force repelling them ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Does change in temperature affect the proton spin of molecular hydrogen?

How come the amount of parahydrogen present increases as the temperature lowers? Does change in temperature play a role in changing it's proton spin? Also it lists that "At 0°K, hydrogen contains ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Does an atom become positively charged as a result of Beta decay? [duplicate]

Since a neutron breaks down into an electron and a proton, and the electron is emitted as beta particles, the atom has an extra proton (protons>electrons). So, the atom becomes positively charged. But ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Could the Large Hadron Collider accelerate one kilogram of protons at once?

Is it possible to accelerate a very large number of protons in a particle accelerator as opposed to only a few as is regularly done? What's to keep someone from accidentally dumping too many particles ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Where all those particles come from - proton proton collision

I was reading an article about the "Higgs factory" China is planning to build and it got me thinking about what happens when two protons collide. I am an engineer so I have a good understanding of ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Visible light excitation by heavy particles [closed]

Can I excite visible light from an atom by a proton or muon beam? How would that be possible?
0
votes
3answers
36 views

What is the difference between beta positive decay and proton decay?

Though beta positive decay's have been observed, in which a proton decays into a neutron, positron and an electron- neutrino; the why is it not the same as the exotic proton decay which is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Does the proton wobble due to the electron's orbit in a Hydrogen atom?

In a hydrogen atom the nucleus only has one proton and no neutrons so the electron to nucleus radio is higher for hydrogen than that for any other atom. Does the orbiting electron induce a wobble on ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Which particles have helicity?

I know electrons have helicity but can particles which are not fundamental i.e.protons have helicity?
1
vote
1answer
72 views

In which experiments the charge to mass ratio of proton was determined?

Are there experiments where the charge to mass ratio for protons have been determined in the same way as in Thompson’s experiments (where he determined the charge to mass ratio of electron) but with ...
2
votes
3answers
140 views

Can a photon be absorbed by a proton?

When incident light passes through a hydrogen gas, for example, does it have 50% chance (since it's a 1:1 ratio of protons to electrons) of getting absorbed by the proton? Any chance at all? If no, ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

Why can protons collide?

Electromagnetic repulsion is inversely related to the square of the distance between both objects. Shouldn't this mean that the integral of the force between two protons is infinite if the distance ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What happens to mass during beta decay?

Sorry for being ignorant, but I'm in high school and our chemistry teacher barely went over beta decay. I decided to do some research and learned that in β+ decay, positrons are emitted from protons ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Is there a $\mathrm{p}^0$ particle?

In the following equation of a reaction $$\mathrm{p}^0 + \mathrm{n} \to \mathrm{K}^+ + \Sigma^-$$ What is the quark composition of the $\mathrm{p}^0$ particle? Or is it supposed to be $\rho^0$? ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Why is the charge of a proton positive? [duplicate]

Is there a reason that a proton has a positive charge while an electron has a negative charge? Are these just names that were given to the charges or was there a reason for making a proton have a ...
-1
votes
2answers
73 views

What should be the anti-particle for proton? [closed]

In alpha decay (electron emission), the particles emitted along with electron is anti-neutrino. On the other hand, the particles emitted by beta decay (positron emission), is neutrino. Neutrino and ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

The (relativistic) mass of a proton in the LHC

What would be the (relativistic) mass of a proton, in grams, as it is traveling at the maximum possible speed in the LHC?
5
votes
2answers
718 views

Quarks in a hadron- where does the mass come from

We know that the sum of the masses of the quarks in a proton is approximately $30~\text{MeV}/c^2$, whereas the mass of a proton is $931~\text{MeV}/c^2$. This extra mass is attributed to the kinetic ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Does core of a proton exist? [duplicate]

I understand a proton is made up of quarks/gluons. I want to know if a proton has an actual core? Also whether protons have a core/surface temperature.
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Nucleon-meson interaction

Suppose interaction lagrangian between neutron-proton doublet and $\pi$-mesons: $$ \tag 1 L_{\pi pn} = \bar{\Psi}\pi_{a}\tau_{a}(A\gamma_{5} + B)\Psi , \quad \Psi = \begin{pmatrix} p \\ n\end{pmatrix} ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What makes neutron heavier than a proton? [duplicate]

The mass of proton is 1.672*10¯²7 kg while it is 1.675*10¯²7 kg. Both are made up of 3 quarks each. Then what makes proton lighter than a neutron?
-1
votes
3answers
44 views

About the flow of current

Generally it is said that current is due to the flow of electrons; how can we make this claim? I mean, generally we say the atom contains a nucleus which consists protons (positively charged ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Is the Higgs field responsible of only 1% of the proton mass?

This post is a sequel of: Where does the majority of the mass of the usual matter come from? The following answer of @hft: Your question asks why the "current quark masses" [see ...
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

How can i only shine/shoot one proton/electron per second? [duplicate]

I would like to test out the two slit experiment but only one electron or proton at a time. This question is different from the rest that people are saying are duplicates as I am clearly asking how ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What is the kinetic energy of a proton as it is falling towards the core of the star?

Given: Star's mass = $1.99e10^{30}kg$ Type II supernova occurs (in a simple form: the outer layers of the star fall into the now inactive core at speeds of 126000km/s) $10^{44}$ joules of energy is ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Total energy of neutrons and protons

In a stable nucleus, are the total energies of neutrons and protons same?
0
votes
2answers
64 views

What do moles and moles of various subatomic particles gathered together look like?

I wonder whether it is even possible to find the answer. If it is impossible to find out, why? Do moles of neutrons basically look like a neutron star? If so, what does one look like? How about ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

What processes are involved in proton proton collision?

There is a lot of advanced materials at the internet but nowhere can I find brief introduction to the topic of proton-proton collisions in collider experiments (such as the large hadron collider). Can ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How many different experimental configurations does the Large Hadron Collider have?

I understand that the LHC can collide protons with protons, heavy ions with heavy ions, or protons with heavy ions, giving three main configurations. But, I'm wondering: is that the only property that ...
7
votes
3answers
821 views

Where does the majority of the mass of the usual matter come from? [duplicate]

I apologize in advance to experts for the naivety of the question. It should be a duplicate but I didn't find any satifying question or answer about that. The proton is composed by two up quarks ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Proton-Uranium collision

I am looking for references or numbers regarding what happens when one bombards Uranium with Protons. In particular: How to calculate how often does a collision occurs? Can a collision lead to a ...
2
votes
3answers
622 views

How does the number of electrons and protons determine the melting point and hardness of a solid?

How does the number of electrons, neutrons and protons determine the melting point and hardness of a solid/metal? And is it possible to create custom elements which is very strong and have very high ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Are all ground state protons the exact same mass and have the same number of elementary particles?

I have read that it is a misconception that a proton only has 3 quarks (2 up and one down). In reality, it seems there are many, many ("zillions" is the number I saw quoted) quarks in a proton. Do ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Faraday's Law: Current loop and proton

A single circular loop of wire with radius R carries a large clockwise current I(loop)=I0, which constrains a proton of mass M and charge e to travel in a small circle of radius r at constant speed ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Is it possible to make use of the gluon field's energy to use is applications?

As we know most of the mass of the proton comes from the energy caused due to the interactions of the quarks with the gluon fields (reference link of this statement ...
2
votes
1answer
342 views

Ratio of electrons and protons in Universe

What is the relation between amount of electrons and protons in Universe? I expect that the Universe should not be charged, so the estimation is 1:1. But then, why there should be the same amount of ...
1
vote
2answers
298 views

Binding energy of Helium and repulsion of protons

I've just done an exercise of computing the binding energy of Helium 4, which is around 27,43 MeV. Obviously the binding energy "compensates" for the repulsion between the protons due to their ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Proton creation [closed]

My question is simple: if proton antiproton pairs can be created in the laboratory (given certain energies) then they should also be able to be created in the universe at any time, not only during ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Altarelli-Parisi Splitting Function $P_{qq}(z)$ vanishing integral if and only if quark flavour sum rules and equivalence

Question 1: I believe both questions are in the context of Deep Inelastic Scattering. I've been given the expression for $F_{2}^{ep}(x)=(\frac{2}{3})^2[u(x)+\bar{u}(x)] +(\frac{1}{3})^2[d(x) + ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Electricity should deform the conductor then why doesn't it?

In electric current both negative particles and positive particles flow but in opposite directions. So why doesn't the conductor's shape deform because its particles are moving here and there? OR is ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Definition of charges

We say that a body is negatively charged when it has excess electrons otherwise say positively or uncharged. We also say that electrons are negatively charged. By the above statement, it has more ...
3
votes
2answers
390 views

Dose-depth curve of photons vs. protons

The dose-depth curve of protons and photons can be seen in the image below: Now, what I've heard is, that in some cases, proton therapy is advantageous compared to photons, and of course the other ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

How long remains a boron control rod?

I was wondering today, how long boron control rods remains in a nuclear power plant? When a boron atom absorbs two neutrons, it becomes the unstable isotope boron-12 and and the boron nuclei starts ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Why are the neutron and proton masses nearly equal? [duplicate]

The neutron to proton mass ratio is nearly one. Is there some fundamental reason from this or this simply a coincidence?
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Hard processes in particle collisions

This is in reference to a MC generator called Pythia, but has wider applicability because the phrases are used widely in particle phyiscs, even though I have not managed to find a clear, ...
0
votes
2answers
754 views

What would happen if two protons collide?

I am an High School student just curious about Physics. Im am planning to study it at University, but for now my knowledge is clearly very poor and non technical. I was thinking...what would happen ...
46
votes
5answers
6k views

What enables protons to give new properties to an atom every time one is added?

How does adding one more particle to the nucleus of an atom give that atom new properties? I can see how it changes it's mass, that's obvious... But how does it give that new atom different properties ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Modelling ions hitting a grid

I want to model the capture of ions by a negatively charged grid made of some proton conductor material like graphene oxide. Are ions captured as soon as they cross the surface, or do they have some ...